Pentecost, Whitsunday五旬

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Pentecost is a term derived from the Greek pentekostos, meaning fiftieth, which was applied to the fiftieth day after the passover.五旬节是希腊的一个术语pentekostos出处,含义五十,这是应用在逾越节后第二天到五十。It was the culmination of the feast of weeks (Exod. 34:22; Deut. 16:10), which began on the third day after the passover with the presentation of the first harvest sheaves to God and which concluded with the offering of two loaves of unleavened bread, representing the first products of the harvest (Lev. 23:17 - 20; Deut. 16:9 - 10).这是34:22的高潮节日周(出埃及记,申命记。16:10),其中第3天开始收获后先介绍与逾越节的滑轮对上帝和其中两个结束此次发售无酵饼,代表23:17 - 20的第一批产品的收获(利未记,申命记。16:9 - 10)。After the Exile it became one of the great pilgrimage feasts of Judaism, at which many of those who lived in remote sections of the Roman world returned to Jerusalem for worship (Acts. 10:16).流亡后成为一对犹太教的节日伟大的朝圣上,世界各国许多的罗马谁住在偏远的部分返回耶路撒冷礼拜(Acts. 10:16)。 For that reason it served as a bond to unite the Jewish world of the first century and to remind them of their history.出于这个原因,债券充当团结第一世纪犹太世界上,并提醒他们的历史。

In the Christian church Pentecost is the anniversary of the coming of the Holy Spirit. When Jesus ascended, he instructed his disciples to remain in Jerusalem until they should receive power from on high. 在基督教教会五旬节是神圣的精神周年的到来。耶稣升天时,他指示他的弟子留在耶路撒冷,直到他们应该获得高功率从。As a group of 120 were praying in an upper room in Jerusalem fifty days after his death, the Holy Spirit descended upon them with the sound of a great wind and with tongues of fire which settled upon each of them.作为一个120组正在祈祷他的去世在上面的房间后,在耶路撒冷五十天,圣灵降临他们与一个伟大的风声,并与他们的舌头火灾后的每个结算。 They began to speak in other languages and to preach boldly in the name of Christ, with the result that three thousand were converted.他们开始发言的其他语言,并大胆地在宣扬基督的名字,转换结果是3000人。This tremendous manifestation of divine power marked the beginning of the church, which has ever since regarded Pentecost as its birthday.这神圣的权力巨大的表现有标记的生日开始的教堂,它曾经作为其自视为圣灵降临节。

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In the church year Pentecost covered the period from Easter to Pentecost Sunday.在五旬节教会今年复活节期间所涵盖的五旬节到周日。The day itself was observed by feasting, and was a favorite occasion for administering baptism.这一天本身是观察吃喝,她是一个最喜欢的一次洗礼的管理。It was the third great Christian feast after Christmas and Easter.这是第三次伟大的基督教节日圣诞节和复活节之后。In the liturgy of the Anglican Church it is called Whitsunday, from the custom of wearing white clothing on that day.在教会礼仪的圣公会它被称为圣灵降临节当天,从自定义衣服就穿白色。

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(Elwell Evangelical Dictionary)(埃尔韦尔福音字典)


Pentecost圣灵降临节

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Pentecost, ie, "fiftieth", found only in the New Testament (Acts 2:1; 20:16; 1 Cor. 16:8).圣灵降临节,即“50”,发现只有在新约圣经(使徒2:1; 20时16分,1肺心病。16:8)。The festival so named is first spoken of in Ex.如此命名是首先在节日前的讲话中。23:16 as "the feast of harvest," and again in Ex.收获23:16为“过节”,并再次在惠。34:22 as "the day of the firstfruits" (Num. 28:26).初熟34:22为“白天”(民数记故事章26节)。From the sixteenth of the month of Nisan (the second day of the Passover), seven complete weeks, ie, forty-nine days, were to be reckoned, and this feast was held on the fiftieth day.从尼散月的16月份(即第二日的逾越节),7周,即完成,四十九天,不可忽视的是,这个节日是在50日举行。The manner in which it was to be kept is described in Lev.它的方式是保持列夫是描述研究。23:15-19; Num. 23:15-19;序号。28:27-29. 28:27-29。Besides the sacrifices prescribed for the occasion, every one was to bring to the Lord his "tribute of a free-will offering" (Deut. 16:9-11).除了规定的牺牲之际,每个人是将他的主“)致敬的自由意志提供”(申命记16:9-11。The purpose of this feast was to commemorate the completion of the grain harvest.过节的目的,这是为了纪念收获完成了粮食。Its distinguishing feature was the offering of "two leavened loaves" made from the new corn of the completed harvest, which, with two lambs, were waved before the Lord as a thank offering.其显着特点是主提供“两个前挥手酵饼,是”新制成的玉米收获已完成,其中羔羊,有两个作为一个感谢祭。The day of Pentecost is noted in the Christian Church as the day on which the Spirit descended upon the apostles, and on which, under Peter's preaching, so many thousands were converted in Jerusalem (Acts 2).在五旬节中所指出的是基督教教会的)这一天的精神下来后,使徒,和的,而根据彼得的说教,使数以千计2转化在耶路撒冷(使徒。

(Easton Illustrated Dictionary)(伊斯顿图解词典)


Pentecost (Whitsunday)五旬节(圣灵降临节)

Catholic Information天主教信息

A feast of the universal Church which commemorates the Descent of the Holy Ghost upon the Apostles, fifty days after the Resurrection of Christ, on the ancient Jewish festival called the "feast of weeks" or Pentecost (Exodus 34:22; Deuteronomy 16:10).一个节日盛宴的普遍教会的50天之后复活纪念后裔的圣灵后,犹太基督的使徒,在古代称为周“盛宴”或圣灵降临节(出埃及记34:22;申命记16:10 )。Whitsunday is so called from the white garments which were worn by those who were baptised during the vigil; Pentecost ("Pfingsten" in German), is the Greek for "the fiftieth" (day after Easter).圣灵降临节是从所谓的守夜白色服装穿在其中那些谁被洗礼,圣灵降临节(“菲斯滕”在德国),是希腊的50为“”(复活节后)。

Whitsunday, as a Christian feast, dates back to the first century, although there is no evidence that it was observed, as there is in the case of Easter; the passage in I Corinthians (16:8) probably refers to the Jewish feast.圣灵降临节盛宴,作为一个基督徒,可以追溯到公元一世纪,尽管没有发现证据证明它是,由于复活节是在有关案件;的)通过在哥林多前书(16:8可能指的是犹太节日。 This is not surprising, for the feast, originally of only one day's duration, fell on a Sunday; besides it was so closely bound up with Easter that it appears to be not much more than the termination of Paschal tide.这并不奇怪,因为过节,本来只有一天的时间,落在一个星期天,除了它是如此密切相关复活节与它似乎没有太大的潮流比复活节的终止。 That Whitsunday belongs to the Apostolic times is stated in the seventh of the (interpolated) fragments attributed to St. Irenæus.这圣灵降临节属于使徒时代的片段中所述)的第七届(插值归因于圣爱任纽。In Tertullian (De bapt., xix) the festival appears as already well established.在良(德BAPT的。,19)作为电影节似乎已经确立。The Gallic pilgrim gives a detailed account of the solemn manner in which it was observed at Jerusalem ("Peregrin. Silviæ", ed. Geyer, iv).高卢朝圣者提供了一个“佩里格林详细的庄严方式,观察它在耶路撒冷(。Silviæ”,编辑。格耶,四)。The Apostolic Constitutions (V, xx, 17) say that Pentecost lasts one week, but in the West it was not kept with an octave until at quite a late date. It appears from Berno of Reichenau (d. 1048) that it was a debatable point in his time whether Whitsunday ought to have an octave.使徒宪法(五,二十,17)说,五旬节为期一周,但在西方它没有跟上一倍频程直到相当晚的日期。这似乎d.从1048 Berno赖兴瑙(),这是一争论点在他的时间是否圣灵降临节应该有一个八度。At present it is of equal rank with Easter Sunday.目前它是同等级别的复活节。During the vigil formerly the catechumens who remained from Easter were baptized, consequently the ceremonies on Saturday are similar to those on Holy Saturday.晚会在复活节前的慕道谁仍然从被洗礼,因此在星期六仪式上类似的圣周六。

The office of Pentecost has only one Nocturn during the entire week.该办事处已五旬节在整个星期只有一诺克。At Terce the "Veni Creator" is sung instead of the usual hymn, because at the third hour the Holy Ghost descended.在泰尔塞的“韦尼造物主”,唱圣歌,而不是通常的时刻,因为在第三圣灵的后裔。The Mass has a Sequence, "Veni Sancte Spiritus" the authorship of which by some is ascribed to King Robert of France.地下有一个序列,“韦尼桑克特山醑”法国的著作权,其中一些是得益于罗伯特国王。The colour of the vestments is red, symbolic of the love of the Holy Ghost or of the tongues of fire.该法衣的颜色是红色,象征火的爱情的圣灵的舌头或。Formerly the law courts did not sit during the entire week, and servile work was forbidden.前身是法院没有参加在整个一周,奴性的工作被禁止。A Council of Constance (1094) limited this prohibition to the first three days of the week.临一周康斯坦茨(1094)禁止向这有限的头三天。The Sabbath rest of Tuesday was abolished in 1771, and in many missionary territories also that of Monday; the latter was abrogated for the entire Church by Pius X in 1911.安息日的休息日废除了1771年,而且在许多传教土亦是星期一,后者是1911年废除了X在整个教会的庇护。Still, as at Easter, the liturgical rank of Monday and Tuesday of Pentecost week is a Double of the First Class.尽管如此,截至复活节,圣神降临周礼仪职级的星期一和星期二是一个双重的头等舱。

In Italy it was customary to scatter rose leaves from the ceiling of the churches to recall the miracle of the fiery tongues; hence in Sicily and elsewhere in Italy Whitsunday is called Pascha rosatum.在意大利,这是玫瑰教堂习惯分散叶片从天花板的回顾舌头奇迹的火热,因此在意大利西西里岛和其他地方被称为圣灵降临节复活节rosatum。 The Italian name Pascha rossa comes from the red colours of the vestments used on Whitsunday.意大利名复活节罗萨来自用于圣灵降临节的红颜色的法衣。In France it was customary to blow trumpets during Divine service, to recall the sound of the mighty wind which accompanied the Descent of the Holy Ghost.在法国,是吹小号的习惯在神圣的服务,记得鬼声音的强大的风,伴随着神圣的下降。In England the gentry amused themselves with horse races.在英国绅士与马逗乐赛事本身。The Whitsun Ales or merrymakings are almost wholly obsolete in England.在圣灵降临节强麦或merrymakings几乎全英国过时研究。 At these ales the Whitsun plays were performed.在这些啤酒的圣灵降临节演出的戏剧有。At Vespers of Pentecost in the Oriental Churches the extraordinary service of genuflexion, accompanied by long poetical prayers and psalms, takes place.在五旬节晚祷在东方教会的特殊服务的跪拜,诗篇伴随着诗意的祈祷和长,发生的。(Cf. Maltzew, "Fasten-und Blumen Triodion", p. 898 where the entire Greco-Russian service is given; cf. also Baumstark, "Jacobit. Fest brevier", p. 255.) On Pentecost the Russians carry flowers and green branches in their hands. (参见Maltzew,“法尔胜,北达科布吕芒Triodion”,第898页在整个希腊和俄罗斯服务的机会;比照。还鲍姆施塔克,“Jacobit。巨星布雷维尔”,第255页。)在五旬节的鲜花和俄罗斯进行绿色的树枝在他们手中。

Publication information Written by FG Holweck.出版信息Holweck写玻纤。Transcribed by Wm Stuart French, Jr.转录由箭牌糖类斯图尔特法国小。Dedicated to Brenda Eileen Metcalfe French The Catholic Encyclopedia, Volume XV.致力于布伦达艾琳梅特卡夫法国天主教百科全书,体积十五。Published 1912.1912年出版。 New York: Robert Appleton Company.纽约:罗伯特Appleton还公司。Nihil Obstat, October 1, 1912. Nihil Obstat,1912年10月1日。Remy Lafort, STD, Censor.人头马lafort,性病,检查员。Imprimatur. +John Cardinal Farley, Archbishop of New York认可。+约翰法利枢机主教,约克大主教新

Bibliography书目

KELNEER, Heortology (St. Louis, 1908); HAMPSON, Medii viæ kalendarium, I (London, 1841) 280 sqq.; BRAND-ELLIS, Popular Antiquities, I (London, 1813), 26 sqq.; NILLES, Kalendarium Manuale, II (Innsbruck, 1897), 370 sqq. KELNEER,Heortology(圣路易斯,1908年);汉普森Medii viæ kalendarium,我(伦敦,1841年)280时12 sqq。;品牌埃利斯热门古物,我(伦敦,1813年),26时12 sqq。;尼耶,Kalendarium马努阿莱,二(因斯布鲁克,1897),370时12 sqq。



Pentecost圣灵降临节

Orthodox Church Information东正教信息

Pentecost (also called Trinity Day or Descent of the Holy Spirit ) is one of the Great Feasts of the Orthodox Church, celebrated fifty days after Pascha (thus always falling on a Sunday).圣灵降临节 (也称为三一日精神后裔圣 )是东正教教堂之一的大节日,庆祝复活节后五十天(因此总是落在一个星期日)。

Day of Pentecost圣灵降临节第二天

Fifty days after the Resurrection, on the excising Jewish feast of Pentecost, while the disciples and many other followers of Jesus Christ were gathered together to pray, the Holy Spirit descended upon them in the form of "cloven tongues of fire," with the sound of a mighty rushing wind, and they began to speak in languages that they did not know. There were many visitors from the Jewish diaspora to Jerusalem at that time for the Jewish observance of the feast, and they were astonished to hear these untaught fisherman speaking praises to God in their alien tongues. 50天之后复活,在犹太人的五旬节切除,而耶稣基督的门徒和许多其他的追随者人聚集祷告,圣灵的声音后,他们的后裔在舌头的“偶的形式火,”与一个强大的狂风呼啸,他们开始说话的语言,他们不知道。犹太侨民有许多游客来自耶路撒冷的时间在这个节日的庆祝犹太人,他们惊奇地听到这些上空渔民来说赞美上帝在他们的外国人的舌头。 This account is detailed in the Acts of the Apostles, chapter 2.此帐户是在第二章详细的使徒行传。

The number fifty, as in the fiftieth day after Pascha, stands for eternal and heavenly fulfillment, seven times seven, plus one.这个数字50,在复活节后第50天,代表着永恒和神圣的完成,7次7,加一。

Feast of Pentecost五旬节盛宴

The Orthodox Church sees Pentecost as the final fulfillment of the mission of Jesus Christ and the first beginning of the messianic age of the Kingdom of God, mystically present in his Church.东正教教会认为五旬节教会作为他的最后履行使命,在基督耶稣的弥赛亚时代和第一的开始,目前神王国,神秘。It is traditionally called the beginning of the One Holy Catholic and Apostolic Church.这是传统上被称为教会开始在一个神圣的天主教和使徒。

Besides celebrating the coming of the Holy Spirit, the feast also celebrates the full revelation of the divine Trinity, Father, Son, and Holy Spirit.除了庆祝圣灵降临的神圣,也庆祝的节日充满圣灵三位一体的神圣启示,父亲,儿子,和。Hymns of the Church, celebrate the sign of the final act of God's self-disclosure to the world of His creation.教会圣诗的,庆祝披露签署自我的最后一幕上帝的给他创造的世界。

To Orthodox Christians, the feast of Pentecost is not just a celebration of an event in history.正统的基督徒,在圣灵降临节的不仅是一个历史的一个庆祝活动。It is also a celebration their membership in the Church.这也是庆祝他们在教会的成员。They have lived Pentecost and received "the seal of the gift of the Holy Spirit" in the sacrament of chrismation.他们住圣灵降临节,并获得“的chrismation封圣的恩赐,本着”圣事中。

Celebration of the feast庆祝的节日

For the feast of Pentecost the icon of the Holy Trinity, the three angelic figures who appeared to Abraham, is placed in the center of the church for veneration.对于五旬节的,图标的圣三位一体,天使般的人物出现三个亚伯拉罕是谁放置在崇拜中心为教会。This icon is used with the traditional Pentecost icon.此图标是使用传统的五旬图标。The church building is decorated with flowers and the green leaves of the summer to show that God's divine breath comes to renew all creation.教堂建筑装饰有花,夏天的绿叶,以证明上帝的神圣的气息来更新所有的创造。 Green vestments and coverings are also used.绿色法衣和覆盖物也使用。

In many parishes the feast is celebrated starting the evening before with Great Vespers.在许多教区庆祝节日开始前一天晚上与大晚祷。Some parishes also serve Matins on the morning of the feast before the Divine Liturgy.有的还担任教区礼仪早上晨祷对神圣的节日之前。

The Liturgy of Saint John Chrysostom with special hymns replacing the standard Antiphons.在金口圣若望礼仪,特别赞美诗取代标准Antiphons。The hymns O Heavenly King and We have seen the True Light are sung for the first time since Easter, calling the Holy Spirit to "come and abide in us," and proclaiming that "we have received the heavenly Spirit." Ø天王的赞美诗和我们看到了真光是唱复活节以来首次调用圣灵“来和我们常在”,并宣称“我们已收到天上的精神。”

The Great Vespers of Pentecost (Sunday) evening features three long prayers at which the faithful kneel for the first time since Pascha.该)傍晚大晚祷圣灵降临节(星期日具有三个很长的祷告会上复活节以来的第一次跪忠实的。Many smaller parishes have this service immediately following the liturgy.许多较小的教区有这项服务后立即礼仪。

After Pentecost五旬节之后

The Monday after Pentecost is the Feast of the Holy Spirit in the Orthodox Church, and the Sunday after Pentecost is the Feast of All Saints.五旬节之后的星期一是教会节,圣灵在东正教,和五旬节之后的星期日是圣人节的全部。

Even though the start of the Church year is considered to start in September, the liturgical center of the annual cycle of Orthodox worship is the feast of Pascha, preceded by Great Lent, and pre-lent, and followed by the fifty days of paschal celebration until the feast of Pentecost.尽管今年年初的教会被认为是9月开始,东正教崇拜礼仪中心的年度周期是逾越节的筵席,大斋期之前,和前出借,以及随后几天庆祝逾越节的50直到圣灵降临节盛宴。 Until the start of the next Great Lent, the Sundays and weeks following Pentecost, are numbered from Pentecost. Liturgical readings and hymns will be based on the "weeks after Pentecost" as listed in the Octoechos, Apostolos, and Lectionary arranged Gospel.直到圣灵降临节开始的下一个伟大的封斋期,在周日和周后,从五旬节的编号。礼仪读物和赞美诗将根据“周后五旬节”为Lectionary列在Octoechos,阿波斯托洛,并安排了福音。

Hymns赞美诗

Troparion (Tone 8) [1] Troparion(音8)[1]

Blessed art You O Christ Our God你有福艺术基督我们的上帝
You have revealed the fishermen as most wise您已被证实为最明智的渔民
By sending down upon them the Holy Spirit通过发送后,他们下山圣灵
Through them You drew the world into Your net通过他们,你把你的提请世界网
O Lover of Man, Glory to You!Ø情人的人,荣耀你!

Kontakion (Tone 8)Kontakion(音8)

When the most High came down and confused the tongues,当最高级下来和混乱的舌头,
He divided the nations;他分裂了的国家;
But when he distributed the tongues of fire但是,当他分发了火灾舌头
He called all to unity.他呼吁大家团结。
Therefore, with one voice, we glorify the All-holy Spirit!因此,以同一个声音,我们颂扬全圣灵!


Also, see:此外,见:
Pentecostalism 五旬节运动


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