Subordinationism Subordinationism

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A doctrine that assigns an inferiority of being, status, or role to the Son or Holy Spirit within the Trinity .一种学说,分配一个三位一体的自卑被,地位,其儿子或圣灵内或作用 Condemned by numerous church councils, this doctrine has continued in one form or another throughout the history of the church. In the early centuries, the struggle to understand the human and divine natures of Christ often led to placing the Son in a secondary position to the Father. Justin Martyr, Origen, and Tertullian all evidence a certain amount of subordinationism in their writings.议会谴责许多教堂,这一原则继续在这种或那种形式在整个教会历史的。 早在几个世纪,斗争理解和基督的神性往往导致把人的儿子在一个次要的位置父亲。贾斯汀烈士,渊源,和良的所有证据一定数额的subordinationism在他们的著作。

This incipient subordinationism, especially that of Origen, eventually led to Arianism and other systems such as Sabellianism, Monarchianism, and Macedonianism .这种早期subordinationism,尤其是俄,最终导致阿里乌教派和其他系统,如形态论,Monarchianism和Macedonianism。 Arius, who would allow no intermediary being between the supremacy of the One God and his creatures, denied the full deity of Christ.阿里乌斯,谁允许没有中介之间的生物被他的一个至高无上的神,否认基督的完全神。From this it followed that Christ the Word was less than God incarnate and was instead a subordinate image of the Father. In subordinationism lay the roots from which modern unitarianism and related theologies were to spring .从这个它遵循基督的道就是神的化身不足,是一个父亲,而不是从属的形象。subordinationism从根源在于在单一制和相关的现代神学的春天

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The Nicene fathers ascribed to the Son and Spirit an equality of being or essence, but a subordination of order, with both deriving their existence from the Father as primal source. Athanasius insisted upon the coequality of the status of the three Persons of the Trinity, and Augustine that these Persons are coequal and coeternal. 尼西亚归功于父亲的儿子和精神的本质是平等的,或者而是服从命令的,既产生了三位一体的存在,从父亲的原始来源三亚他那修坚称后的coequality的地位,和奥古斯丁,这些人都是同等的和coeternal。 Ancient and modern theologians have argued for a subordination in the role of Son and Spirit to the Father and cite in support such passages as Matt.古代和现代的神学家们争论的精神处于从属地位,作用和儿子的父亲和支持举出这样的通道,因为马特。11:27; John 5:26 - 27; 6:38; 8:28; 14:28.11:27;约翰5:26 - 27; 6:38,8:28,14:28。Some apply a doctrine of subordination of woman to man on the basis of a similar relationship within the Trinity (1 Cor. 11:3).有些适用于女性主义的服从男子的肺心病的基础上在类似的关系三位一体(1。11:3)。Others argue that passages that seem to teach a subordination of Son to the Father speak of Christ's voluntary humiliation when he assumed human form (Phil. 2:5 - 8).其他人则认为段落似乎服从教子向父屈辱讲基督的自愿当他就任人形(腓2:5 - 8)。In his exaltation, however, he returned to the equality of the eternal relationship expressed in such passages as John 1:1; 5:17 - 23; 10:15, 30; Titus 2:13; Rom.在他的提升,不过,他回到了这样的通道,作为平等的关系,表达了永恒的约翰1:1; 5:17 - 23; 10:15,30;提多书2:13;光盘。9:5; 1 John 5:7. 9:5;约翰一5:7。

The Athanasian Creed declared that in the Trinity "none is before or after another: none is greater or less than another," and the Second Helvetic Confession, the second most influential confession in Reformed tradition, condemns as heretics any who teach a subordination of Son or Holy Spirit (III, v).亚他那修信经宣布,在三位一体“之前或之后都不是另一个:无大于或小于另一个”和第二海尔维供认,第二最具影响力的传统供认改制,谴责为异端任何一个儿子谁教的从属或圣灵(三,五)。

RC Kroeger and CC Kroeger钢筋混凝土克罗杰和CC克罗杰
(Elwell Evangelical Dictionary) (埃尔韦尔福音字典)

Bibliography 书目
EH Bickersteth, The Trinity; HM Gwatkin, Studies in Arianism; TC Hammond, In Understanding Be Men; B / A Mickelsen, "What Does 'Head' Mean in the NT?"高血压比克斯特思,三位一体;航模格沃特金,阿里乌教派研究;训练班哈蒙德,理解是男性;的B / A米克尔森,“什么'在新台币首领的意思?”CT, Feb 1981; P Schaff, History of the Christian Church; WW Stevens, Doctrines of the Christian Religion.电脑断层,1981年2月,基督教教会P的沙夫,历史的;第一次世界大战史蒂文斯,宗教教义的基督教。


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