Abu Bakr艾布伯克尔

General Information一般资料

Abu Bakr, bc573, d.艾布伯克尔,bc573,D.Aug. 23, 634, father-in-law of the Prophet Muhammad, was first caliph ("successor") after the Prophet's death in 632.8月23日,634,先知穆罕默德的岳父,是第一哈里发(“接班人”)后,先知的死亡在632。An early convert and loyal follower of Muhammad, Abu Bakr led the Muslim community from 632 to 634, but his caliphate was contested by Ali, the Prophet's son-in-law.早期的转换和穆罕默德的忠实追随者,艾布伯克尔领导的穆斯林社区,从632到634,但他的哈里发,先知的女婿阿里的质疑。 He also faced opposition from unruly tribes and led successful military campaigns across the Arabian peninsula into Syria and Palestine.他也面临着不羁的部落的反对,并导致整个阿拉伯半岛,叙利亚和巴勒斯坦的成功的军事战役。

BELIEVE Religious Information Source web-site相信宗教信息来源
BELIEVE Religious Information Source相信宗教信息来源
Our List of 2,300 Religious Subjects

我们2300 宗教科目名单
E-mail电子邮件
Bibliography: 参考书目:
Crone, P., and Hinds, M., God's Caliph (1986); Shaban, MA, Islamic History, AD 600-750 (1971).科龙,体育,和海因兹,M.,上帝的哈里发(1986年),沙班,马,伊斯兰的历史,公元600-750(1971)。


Abu Bakr艾布伯克尔

General Information一般资料

Abu Bakr (573-634), was the first Muslim caliph (632-634), and father of Aisha, the wife of the Prophet Muhammad.阿布巴克尔(573-634),是第一个穆斯林哈里发(632-634),和父亲的阿伊莎,先知穆罕默德的妻子。 He was born in Mecca and became Muhammad's most trusted follower, accompanying him on the Hegira.他出生在麦加,成为穆罕默德的最值得信赖的追随者,陪同他的Hegira。After Muhammad died, Abu Bakr was made caliph, or successor to the Prophet, by an assembly of the faithful.穆罕默德去世后,阿布巴克尔了哈里发,或继任者,先知,忠实大会。As caliph, Abu Bakr prevented some tribes from reverting to heathenism and fought successfully against Persia and the Byzantine Empire.作为哈里发,阿布巴克尔阻止恢复异教的一些部落,成功抗击波斯和拜占庭帝国。He was succeeded by Umar I.他的继任者欧麦尔一



Also, see:此外,见:
Islam, Muhammad伊斯兰教,穆罕默德
Koran, Qur'an可兰经,可兰经
Pillars of Faith支柱的信仰
Abraham 亚伯拉罕
Testament of Abraham全书亚伯拉罕
Allah 安拉
Hadiths hadiths
Revelation - Hadiths from Book 1 of al-Bukhari启示-h adiths从第一册的基地布哈里
Belief - Hadiths from Book 2 of al-Bukhari信仰-h adiths从第二册的基地布哈里
Knowledge - Hadiths from Book 3 of al-Bukhari知识-h adiths从第三册的基地布哈里
Times of the Prayers - Hadiths from Book 10 of al-Bukhari时代的祈祷-h adiths从书展1 0个基地布哈里
Shortening the Prayers (At-Taqseer) - Hadiths from Book 20 of al-Bukhari缩短祈祷(在taqseer ) -h adiths从书展2 0铝布哈里
Pilgrimmage (Hajj) - Hadiths from Book 26 of al-Bukhari朝圣(朝觐) -h adiths从书展2 6铝布哈里
Fighting for the Cause of Allah (Jihad) - Hadiths of Book 52 of al-Bukhari争取事业的阿拉(杰哈德) -h adiths图书5 2铝布哈里
ONENESS, UNIQUENESS OF ALLAH (TAWHEED) - Hadiths of Book 93 of al-Bukhari同一性,独特的阿拉tawheed ) -h adiths图书9 3铝布哈里
Hanafiyyah School Theology (Sunni)hanafiyyah学校神学(逊尼派)
Malikiyyah School Theology (Sunni)malikiyyah学校神学(逊尼派)
Shafi'iyyah School Theology (Sunni)shafi'iyyah学校神学(逊尼派)
Hanbaliyyah School Theology (Sunni)hanbaliyyah学校神学(逊尼派)
Maturidiyyah Theology (Sunni)maturidiyyah神学(逊尼派)
Ash'ariyyah Theology (Sunni)ash'ariyyah神学(逊尼派)
Mutazilah Theologymutazilah神学
Ja'fari Theology (Shia)ja'fari神学(什叶派)
Nusayriyyah Theology (Shia)nusayriyyah神学(什叶派)
Zaydiyyah Theology (Shia)zaydiyyah神学(什叶派)
Kharijiyyah kharijiyyah
Imams (Shia)伊玛目(什叶派)
Druze 德鲁兹
Qarmatiyyah (Shia)qarmatiyyah (什叶派)
Ahmadiyyah ahmadiyyah
Ishmael, Ismail伊斯梅尔,司马义。
Early Islamic History Outline早在伊斯兰历史纲要
Hegira hegira
Averroes averroes
Avicenna 阿维森纳
Machpela machpela
Kaaba, Black Stone天房,黑石头
Ramadan 斋月
Sunnites, Sunni逊尼派,逊尼派
Shiites, Shia什叶派,什叶派
Mecca 麦加
Medina 麦迪
Sahih, al-Bukharisahih ,铝-布哈里
Sufism 苏非派
Wahhabism 瓦哈比主义
Abu Bakr阿布巴克尔
Abbasids abbasids
Ayyubids ayyubids
Umayyads 倭马亚王朝
Fatima 法蒂玛
Fatimids (Shia)法蒂玛王朝(什叶派)
Ismailis (Shia)伊斯玛仪教派(什叶派)
Mamelukes mamelukes
Saladin 萨拉丁
Seljuks seljuks
Aisha 的Aisha
Ali 阿里
Lilith lilith
Islamic Calendar伊斯兰日历
Interactive Muslim Calendar互动穆斯林日历


This subject presentation in the original English language这在原来的主题演讲, 英语



Send an e-mail question or comment to us:发送电子邮件的问题或意见给我们:E-mail电子邮件

The main BELIEVE web-page (and the index to subjects) is at:的, 主要相信网页(和索引科目),是在:
BELIEVE Religious Information Source相信宗教信息来源
http://mb-soft.com/believe/beliecha.html