Chronology of the Bible在基督教中的所有重要顺序

General Information一般资料

This presentation gives a chronological sequence of the events described in the Bible.此演示文稿给出了一个在“圣经”中描述的事件的时间顺序。Each event includes the appropriate Scriptural reference(s).每个事件,包括适当的圣经参考(S)。Also, the location of the events are indicated, as appropriate.此外,事件的位置表明,适当。

Much of the chronology of the Old Testament presents many complex and difficult problems.旧约年表,提出了许多复杂和困难的问题。Often the data are completely lacking, and where they exist, they are often not particularly adequate or clear in statement.通常情况下,数据是完全缺乏,和它们的存在,他们往往不是特别充分,或在一份声明中明确。Even where the data are abundant, the precise meaning is often not immediately clear, and there are therefore many interpretations possible.即使数据丰富,确切的含义是往往不是立即清除,因此有许多可能的解释。For the period from the Creation, through Adam, to Abraham, essentially no external corroboration exists for the Biblical statements.从创作,通过亚当,亚伯拉罕期间,基本上没有外部的佐证存在圣经报表。In that period, the Bible describes a variety of genealogical numbers between the Flood and Abraham, but the Masoretic text, the LXX, and the Samaritan Pentateuch, tend to provide different numbers!在此期间,“圣经”描述了各种数字之间的洪水和亚伯拉罕的家谱,但马所拉文本的lxx,和撒玛利亚pentateuch,往往提供不同的电话号码,! (They should be the same.) (他们应该是相同的。)

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Beginning around 1000 BC, certain Biblical references to external people and events have been matched to information amassed by historians.从公元前1000年左右开始,某些圣经的引用外部的人物和事件已经由历史学家所积累的信息匹配。Therefore, those dates become somewhat more certain.因此,这些日期变得较为肯定。By the time of Jesus, a number of large societies used established calendars, so the years are likely to be even more certain.由耶稣的时候,一个用于建立日历的大社会,所以几年可能会更加肯定。Modern research by both Biblical scholars and historians continue to improve the accuracy of the dates of the various events described and mentioned in the Bible.现代圣经学者和历史学家的研究,不断提高精度的描述,并在“圣经”中提到的各种事件的日期。

For events during the life of Jesus, please see the separate Chronology for that period, at: Chronology of the Life of Jesus .在耶稣的生命的事件,请参阅单独为这一时期的年表,在耶稣的生命年表。

The Old Testament旧约

Description在基督教中的所有重要顺序几篇文章。信息来源,以便更深入地了解宗教科目。"> Where在哪里 When Scripture圣经
The Creation of the Universe宇宙的创造 . before calendars之前的日历 Gen 1第1代
The Creation of Light光的创造 . before calendars之前的日历 Gen 1:3-4创1:3-4
The Creation of the Earth地球的创造 . before calendars之前的日历 Gen 1:9-10创1:9-10
The Creation of Oceans对海洋的创造 . before calendars之前的日历 Gen 1:9-10创1:9-10
The Creation of Plants植物的创造 . before calendars之前的日历 Gen 1:11-12创1:11-12
The Creation of Fish鱼的创作 . before calendars之前的日历 Gen 1:20-22创1:20-22
The Creation of Land Animals陆地动物的创造 . before calendars之前的日历 Gen 1:24-25创1:24-25
The Creation of Man人类的创造 Eden伊甸园 before calendars之前的日历 Gen 1:26创1:26
The Flood (the Deluge)洪水(洪水) before calendars之前的日历 Gen 7:11创7:11
Abraham亚伯拉罕 c. C.1921 BC1921年公元前 Gen 11:26根11:26
The Patriarchs始祖 c. C.1921-1706 BC1921至1706年公元前 Gen
The Descent into Egypt进入埃及的由来 c. C.1706 BC1706公元前 Gen 37:25根37:25
Moses, the Exodus摩西出埃及记 Egypt埃及 c. C.1491 BC1491公元前 Exod 2:1-10出埃及记2:1-10
c. C.1445 BC1445公元前 Exod 5:25出埃及记5:25
c. C.1445 BC1445公元前
The Crossing of the Jordan约旦隧道 c. C.1451 BC1451公元前
Coronation of Saul加冕扫罗 Israel以色列 c. C.1095 BC1095公元前
Saul, David, Solomon, The United Monarchy扫罗,大卫,所罗门,联合国君主制 c. C.1050 BC1050公元前
The Division of the Monarchy君主制的司 c. C.975 BC975公元前
Judah, Israel, The Divided Monarchy犹大,以色列,除以君主制 931 BC931公元前 1Sam 11:8; 1Kings 14:19,291Sam 11时08分; 1Kings 14:19,29
Israel, The Assyrian Captivity以色列,亚述圈养
Fall of Samaria撒马利亚降
c. C.722 BC公元前722年 2Kings 17:6; 18:11列王记下17:6; 18点11分
Judah, the Babylonian Captivity犹太,巴比伦圈养 586 BC公元前586年
Judah Released from Babylonian Captivity犹大从巴比伦圈养发布 538 BC538公元前
Nehemiah returned to Babylon尼希米返回到巴比伦 433 BC433公元前



During Jesus' Life在耶稣的生命

4 BC - 30 AD公元前4年 - 30年
See Chronology of the Life of Jesus耶稣生平年表



After the Crucifixion在十字架上后

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The Resurrection and the Great Forty Days复活和大四十天

See Chronology of the Life of Jesus耶稣生平年表



The Apostles, Books使徒,书籍

Description在基督教中的所有重要顺序几篇文章。信息来源,以便更深入地了解宗教科目。"> Where在哪里 When Scripture圣经
Pentecost圣灵降临节 c. C.30 AD30年
Conversion of Saul/Paul扫罗/保罗的转换 34 or 35 AD公元34或35
Death of Herod Agrippa死亡的希律亚基帕 44 AD44公元
Epistle of James书信詹姆斯 before 50 AD西元前50 James詹姆斯
First Missionary Journey第一传教之旅 48-49 AD48-49公元
Jerusalem Conference耶路撒冷会议 49 or 50 AD公元49或50
Second Missionary Journey第二次传教之旅 begun Spring 50 AD开始春季公元50
Paul at Corinth保罗在哥林多 Corinth科林斯 50-52 AD50-52公元
1Thess and 2Thess composed1Thess和2Thess组成 Corinth科林斯 51 AD51公元 1Thess, 2Thess1Thess,2Thess
Galatians composed加拉太组成 Corinth(?)科林斯(?) early 52 AD52公元初 Galatians加拉太书
Gallio as Proconsul加利奥为方伯 May 52 AD5月52公元
Third Missionary Journey第三次传教之旅 begun 54 AD54公元开始
Paul at Ephesus保罗在以弗所 Ephesus以弗所 54-57 AD54-57公元
1Cor composed哥林多前书组成 Ephesus以弗所 Spring 57 AD春季57公元 1Cor哥林多前书
2Cor composed2Cor组成 Macedonia马其顿 Fall 57 AD秋季57公元 2Cor 2Cor
Romans composed罗马人组成 Corinth科林斯 Winter 57-58 AD冬季57-58 AD Romans罗马书
Paul's arrest at Jerusalem保罗在耶路撒冷逮捕 Jerusalem耶路撒冷 Pentecost 58 AD五旬节58公元
Paul's imprisonment at Caesarea保罗在该撒利亚的监禁 Caesarea凯撒利亚 58-60 AD58-60公元
Paul on the island of Malta保罗马耳他岛 Malta马耳他 Winter 60-61冬季60-61
Paul's arrival at Rome保罗在罗马的到来 Rome罗马 Spring 61 AD春季61公元
Paul's imprisonment in Rome保罗在罗马的监禁 Rome罗马 61-63 AD61-63公元
Colossians, Philemon, Ephesians composed歌罗西书,腓利门书,以弗所书组成 Rome罗马 Summer 62 AD夏季62公元 Col, Philemon, EphCOL,腓利门,弗
Philippians composed腓组成 Spring 63 AD春季63公元 Philip菲利普
Paul's release and further work保罗的释放和进一步的工作 63-65 AD63-65公元
1 Tim, Titus composed1添,提图斯组成 63 AD63公元 1Tim, Titus1Tim,泰特斯
Hebrews composed希伯来人组成 64 AD公元64年 Hebrews希伯来书
Synoptic Gospels and Acts观福音和行为 before 67 AD西元前67 Matt, Mark, Luke, Acts马特,马克,路加,使徒
1Peter, 2Peter composed彼得前书,彼得后书组成 Rome罗马 64-65 AD64-65公元 1Peter, 2Peter彼得前书,彼得后书
Peter's death at Rome彼得在罗马去世 Rome罗马 65 AD65公元
Paul's second Roman imprisonment保罗第二次罗马监禁 Rome罗马 66 AD66公元
2Tim composed2Tim组成 Rome罗马 66 AD66公元 2Tim 2Tim
Paul's death at Rome保罗在罗马去世 Rome罗马 late 66 or early 67 AD晚66或67公元初
Epistle of Jude composed裘德书信组成 67-68 AD67-68公元 Jude裘德
Destruction of Jerusalem耶路撒冷的销毁 70 AD公元70年
Writings of John著作约翰 before 100 AD公元100年之前 Rev, 1John, 2John, 3John冯,约翰一书,2John,3John
Death of John约翰的死亡 98-100 AD98-100公元



Later Christian History后来基督教的历史

Description在基督教中的所有重要顺序几篇文章。信息来源,以便更深入地了解宗教科目。"> Where在哪里 When
Marcion马吉安 c. C.140 AD140 AD
Irenaeus爱任纽 130-202 AD130-202公元
Old Latin Bible旧拉丁美洲圣经 150-170 AD150-170公元
Muratorian穆拉多利 c. C.170 AD170公元
Tertullian德尔图良 150-220 AD150-220公元
Old Syriac Bible古叙利亚文圣经 200 AD公元200年
Origen奥利 185-254 AD185-254公元
Hippolytus希波吕托斯 200-225 AD200-225公元
Eusebius尤西比乌斯 325-340 AD325-340公元
Codex Vaticanus食品法典委员会Vaticanus 325-350 AD325-350公元
Codex Sinaiticus食品法典西奈抄本 325-425 AD325-425公元
Athanasius亚他那修 367 AD367公元
Amphilocius Amphilocius 380 AD380公元
Peshitta Bible培熹托圣经 375-400 AD375-400公元
Carthage 3迦太基3 c. C.397 AD397公元
Codex Alexandrinus食品法典委员会Alexandrinus 425-475 AD425-475公元
NOTE: There are substantial variances of opinion on some of the dates above.注意:有一些上面的日期上意见有实质性差异。
Jerome / Vulgate Bible杰罗姆/武加大圣经“ 384 AD384公元
Council of Nicaea尼西亚理事会 325 AD公元325年
Great Schism大分裂 1054 or 1204 AD公元1054或1204
Wyckliffe BibleWyckliffe圣经 1384 AD1384的AD
Tyndale Bible丁道尔圣经 1531 AD1531的AD
King James Bible国王詹姆斯圣经 1611 AD1611的AD
Rheims and Douai (Catholic) Bible兰斯和杜埃(天主教)圣经 1582, 1609 AD1582年,1609的AD
Revised Standard Bible修订标准圣经 1946, 1971 AD1946年,1971年公元
NIV Bible为证:圣经 1973, 1984 AD1973年,1984年公元

Chronology年表

Advanced Information先进的信息

Chronology is the arrangement of facts and events in the order of time.年表的事实和事件的时间顺序安排。The writers of the Bible themselves do not adopt any standard era according to which they date events. “圣经”自己的作家不采取任何标准的时代,根据他们的日期事件。Sometimes the years are reckoned, eg, from the time of the Exodus (Num. 1:1; 33:38; 1 Kings 6:1), and sometimes from the accession of kings (1 Kings 15:1, 9, 25, 33, etc.), and sometimes again from the return from Exile (Ezra 3:8).有时年计算,例如,从出埃及记(民数记1:1; 33:38; 1国王6时01分),而且有时会从加入国王(1国王15时01分,9,25, 33等),有时再从从流放地​​返回(以斯拉记3:8)。Hence in constructing a system of Biblical chronology, the plan has been adopted of reckoning the years from the ages of the patriarchs before the birth of their firstborn sons for the period from the Creation to Abraham.因此,在建设系统的圣经年表,该计划已通过清算期间从创作到亚伯拉罕其长子的儿子出生前几年的始祖岁。

After this period other data are to be taken into account in determining the relative sequence of events.经过这一时期的其他数据,要考虑到在确定事件的相对顺序。As to the patriarchal period, there are three principal systems of chronology: (1) that of the Hebrew text, (2) that of the Septuagint version, and (3) that of the Samaritan Pentateuch, as seen in the scheme on the opposite page.至于宗法期间,有三个主要系统的年表:(1)(2)的希伯来文,septuagint版本,以及(3)撒玛利亚五,相反在该计划上看到,页面。

The Samaritan and the Septuagint have considerably modified the Hebrew chronology.撒玛利亚的译本有很大修改的希伯来文年表。This modification some regard as having been wilfully made, and to be rejected.修改某些方面作为被故意作出,并予以拒绝。The same system of variations is observed in the chronology of the period between the Flood and Abraham.同一系统的变化是观察之间的洪水和亚伯拉罕时期的年表。Thus: The Septuagint fixes on seventy years as the age of Terah at the birth of Abraham, from Gen. 11:26; but a comparison of Gen. 11:32 and Acts 7:4 with Gen. 12:4 shows that when Terah died, at the age of two hundred and five years, Abraham was seventy-five years, and hence Terah must have been one hundred and thirty years when Abraham was born.因此:他拉在亚伯拉罕出生的年龄11时26分从将军,75年的译本修复,但将军11时32分的比较和行为与将军12时04 7时04分表明,当他拉死在两百年的年龄和五年,亚伯拉罕是七十五年,和,因此他拉必须有一百三十多年,当亚伯拉罕出生。Thus, including the two years from the Flood to the birth of Arphaxad, the period from the Flood to the birth of Abraham was three hundred and fifty-two years.因此,包括从洪水亚法撒出生两年,从洪水期亚伯拉罕的诞生是三个一百五十多年。

The next period is from the birth of Abraham to the Exodus.今后一个时期是从亚伯拉罕的诞生出埃及记。 This, according to the Hebrew, extends to five hundred and five years.这一点,根据希伯来文,延伸到五百强和五年。The difficulty here is as to the four hundred and thirty years mentioned Ex.这里的困难是四百提到前30年。12:40, 41; Gal. 12:40,41;加尔。3:17. 3:17。These years are regarded by some as dating from the covenant with Abraham (Gen. 15), which was entered into soon after his sojourn in Egypt; others, with more probability, reckon these years from Jacob's going down into Egypt.这些年有些人认为,从“公约”与亚伯拉罕(创15),这是进入后不久,他在埃及逗留以来,他人,与更多的可能性,估计这些年来,从雅各进入埃及。 (See Exodus.)(见出埃及记“。)

In modern times the systems of Biblical chronology that have been adopted are chiefly those of Ussher and Hales.在近代已通过圣经年表系统主要厄舍尔和海尔斯。The former follows the Hebrew, and the latter the Septuagint mainly.前者遵循的希伯来文,后者译本主要。Archbishop Ussher's (died 1656) system is called the short chronology.大主教厄舍尔(死于1656年)的系统被称为短期年表。It is that given on the margin of the Authorized Version, but is really of no authority, and is quite uncertain.它是授权版本的保证金,但真的是没有权力,是相当的不确定性。

To show at a glance the different ideas of the date of the creation, it may be interesting to note the following:要显示一目了然创建日期不同的想法,它可能是有趣的要注意以下几点:

From Creation to the year 1894 AD.从创建到公元1894年度。

(Easton Illustrated Dictionary)(伊斯顿说明字典)

(Note that all those time intervals are generally either the short (Hebrew) chronology (around 5,900 years) or the long (Septuagint) chronology (around 7,400 years). (请注意,所有这些时间间隔一般是短期的(希伯来文)年表(约5,900年)或长期(译本)年表(约7,400年)。


Chronology of the Bible“圣经年表

Advanced Information先进的信息

(According to Theophilus, around 168 AD)(据西奥菲勒斯,公元168左右)

(Excerpt from Theophilus to Autolycus - Book III)(摘录从西奥菲勒斯Autolycus - 第三册)

Chapter XXIV.--Chronology from Adam.章二十四.--年表从亚当。

Adam lived till he begat a son, [687] 230 years.亚当活,直到他生了一个儿子,[687] 230年。And his son Seth, 205.而他的儿子塞思,205。And his son Enos, 190.和他的儿子以挪士,190。And his son Cainan, 170.和他的儿子彩南,170。And his son Mahaleel, 165.而他的儿子Mahaleel,有165个。And his son Jared, 162.和他的儿子贾里德,162。And his son Enoch, 165.而他的儿子以诺,有165个。And his son Methuselah, 167.和他的儿子玛土撒拉,167。And his son Lamech, 188.和他的儿子拉麦,188。And Lamech's son was Noah, of whom we have spoken above, who begat Shem when 500 years old.拉麦的儿子诺亚,其中上面我们已经说过,谁生了闪,当500岁。During Noah's life, in his 600th year, the flood came.在诺亚的生活,在他的第600年,洪水来了。The total number of years, therefore, till the flood, was 2242.年数总和,因此,直到洪水,2242。And immediately after the flood, Shem, who was 100 years old, begat Arphaxad.洪水过后立即闪,谁是100岁,生了亚法撒。And Arphaxad, when 135 years old, begat Salah.亚法撒,当135岁,生了沙拉。And Salah begat a son when 130.和Salah生了一个儿子,当130。And his son Eber, when 134.而他的儿子希伯,当134。And from him the Hebrews name their race.而从他的希伯来名字他们的种族。And his son Phaleg begat a son when 130.和他的儿子Phaleg生了一个儿子,当130。And his son Reu, when 132 And his son Serug, when 130.和他的儿子许瑞,当132和他的儿子Serug,当130。And his son Nahor, when 75.而他的儿子拿鹤,当75。And his son Terah, when 70.他拉,他的儿子时,70。And his son Abraham, our patriarch, begat Isaac when he was 100 years old.而他的儿子亚伯拉罕,我们的族长,他100岁的时候生了以撒。Until Abraham, therefore, there are 3278 years.因此,在亚伯拉罕之前,有3278年。The fore-mentioned Isaac lived until he begat a son, 60 years, and begat Jacob.前述以撒住,直到他生了一个儿子,60岁,生了雅各。 Jacob, till the migration into Egypt, of which we have spoken above, lived 130 years.雅各,直到进入埃及的迁移,我们上述发言,活了130年。And the sojourning of the Hebrews in Egypt lasted 430 years; and after their departure from the land of Egypt they spent 40 years in the wilderness, as it is called.旅居在埃及的希伯来历时430年后,他们从埃及的土地上出发,他们花了40年在旷野,因为它是所谓。All these years, therefore, amount to 3,938.这些年来,因此,金额为3938。And at that time, Moses having died, Jesus the sun of Nun succeeded to his rule, and governed them 27 years.在那个时候,摩西双亡,耶稣太阳嫩成功地将他的统治,并管辖27年。And after Jesus, when the people had transgressed the commandments of God, they served the king of Mesopotamia, by name Chusarathon, 8 years.耶稣后,当人们已经逾越了神的诫命,他们担任的美索不达米亚的国王,名称Chusarathon,8年。Then, on the repentance of the people, they had judges: Gothonoel, 40 years; Eglon, 18 years; Aoth, 8 years.然后,在悔改的人,他们有法官:Gothonoel,40岁;伊矶伦,18岁; Aoth,8年。Then having sinned, they were subdued by strangers for 20 years.然后让犯了罪,他们被制服了20年的陌生人。Then Deborah judged them 40 years.然后德博拉判断他们40年。Then they served the Midianites 7 years.然后,他们担任米甸人7年。Then Gideon judged them 40 years; Abimelech, 3 years; Thola, 22 years; Jair, 22 years.基甸判断他们40岁;亚比米勒,3年; Thola,22岁;睚,22岁。Then the Philistines and Ammonites ruled them 18 years.然后非利士和亚扪人裁定18岁。After that Jephthah judged them 6 years; Esbon, 7 years; Ailon, 10 years; Abdon, 8 years.之后,耶弗他判断,他们6年; Esbon,7年; Ailon,10年;阿夫东,8年。Then strangers ruled them 40 years.然后陌生人排除他们40年。Then Samson judged them 20 years.大力士判断他们20年。Then there was peace among them for 40 years.其中有40年的和平。Then Samera judged them one year; Eli, 20 years; Samuel, 12 years.然后Samera判断他们一年;礼,20年,12岁;塞缪尔。


[687] ie, till he begat Seth. [687]即,直到他生了塞特。[A fragment of the Chronicon of Julius Africanus, ad 232, is given in Routh's Reliquiæ, tom.[朱利叶斯Africanus,广告232 Chronicon片段,是在劳斯的Reliquiæ,汤姆。ii.II。p.238, with very rich annotations. 238,具有非常丰富的注解。pp. 357-509.]页357-509。]


Chapter XXV.--From Saul to the Captivity.章二十五.--从扫罗的囚禁。

And after the judges they had kings, the first named Saul, who reigned 20 years; then David, our forefather, who reigned 40 years.后的法官,他们的国王,第一个名为扫罗,在位20年,然后大卫,我们的祖先,在位40年。Accordingly, there are to the reign of David [from Isaac] 496 years.因此,有从以撒[]大卫在位496年。And after these kings Solomon reigned, who also, by the will of God, was the first to build the temple in Jerusalem; he reigned 40 years.后,这些国王所罗门在位,谁也,神的旨意,是先建在耶路撒冷的圣殿,他在位40年。And after him Rehoboam, 17 years; and after him Abias, 7 years; and after him Asa, 41 years; and after him Jehoshaphat, 25 years; and after him Joram, 8 years; and after him Ahaziah, 1 year; and after him Athaliah, 6 years; and after her Josiah, 40 years; and after him Amaziah, 39 years; and after him Uzziah, 52 years; and after him Jotham, 16 years; and after him Ahaz, 17 years; and after him Hezekiah, 29 years; and after him Manasseh, 55 years; and after him Amon, 2 years; and after him Josiah, 31 years; and after him Jehoahaz, 3 months; and after him Jehoiakim, 11 years.后,他罗波安,17年后,他Abias,7年后他亚撒,41岁后,他约沙法,25年后,他约兰,8年后,他亚哈谢,1年;后他亚他利雅,6年后她约西亚,40年后他亚玛谢,39岁;后,他乌西雅,52年;后,他约坦,16岁;后,他亚哈斯,17年后,他希西家玛拿西,55年后,他阿蒙,2年;后,他约西亚,31年后他约哈斯,3个月后,他约雅敬,11岁,29岁;后,他。 Then another Jehoiakim, 3 months 10 days; and after him Zedekiah, 11 years.然后,另一个约雅敬,3个月10天;后,他泽德基亚,11岁。And after these kings, the people, continuing in their sins, and not repenting, the king of Babylon, named Nebuchadnezzar, came up into Judæa, according to the prophecy of Jeremiah.的巴比伦王尼布甲尼撒后这些国王,人民,继续在他们的罪孽,不思悔改,想出了到犹太,根据耶利米的预言。He transferred the people of the Jews to Babylon, and destroyed the temple which Solomon had built.他转移到巴比伦的犹太人人,并摧毁了所罗门建的寺庙。And in the Babylonian banishment the people passed 70 years.在巴比伦放逐的人通过了70年。Until the sojourning in the land of Babylon, there are therefore, in all, 4954 years 6 months and 10 days.直到旅居在巴比伦的土地,因此,在所有4954年6月和10天。And according as God had, by the prophet Jeremiah, foretold that the people should be led captive to Babylon, in like manner He signified beforehand that they should also return into their own land after 70 years.并根据为上帝,先知耶利米,预言的人应该在他喜欢的方式标志着事前,他们也应该返回到他们自己的土地上70年代后的领导俘虏到巴比伦,。 These 70 years then being accomplished, Cyrus becomes king of the Persians, who, according to the prophecy of Jeremiah, issued a decree in the second year of his reign, enjoining by his edict that all Jews who were in his kingdom should return to their own country, and rebuild their temple to God, which the fore-mentioned king of Babylon had demolished.然后完成这70年,居鲁士成为波斯人的王,发行人,根据耶利米的预言,在他在位的第二年的一项法令,责令他的诏书,所有的犹太人,在他的王国应该返回自己的自己的国家,重建他们的寺庙神,前述的巴比伦王拆毁。 Moreover, Cyrus, in compliance with the instructions of God, gave orders to his own bodyguards, Sabessar and Mithridates, that the vessels which had been taken out of the temple of Judæa by Nebuchadnezzar should be restored, and placed again in the temple.此外,赛勒斯在与神的指示,吩咐自己的保镖,Sabessar和梯,尼布甲尼撒的犹太庙已经采取的船只应该恢复,并再次放置在寺庙中。 In the second year, therefore, of Darius are fulfilled the 70 years which were foretold by Jeremiah.因此,在第二年,大流士完成了70年,这是由耶利米预言。


Chapter XXVI.--Contrast Between Hebrew and Greek Writings.第二十六章.--希伯来文和希腊著作之间的对比。

Hence one can see how our sacred writings are shown to be more ancient and true than those of the Greeks and Egyptians, or any other historians.因此,人们可以看到,如何显示的是我们神圣的著作更古老,比希腊人和埃及人,或任何其他的历史学家的真正。 For Herodotus and Thucydides, as also Xenophon, and most other historians, began their relations from about the reign of Cyrus and Darius, not being able to speak with accuracy of prior and ancient times.希罗多德和修昔底德,色诺芬也,和其他大多数历史学家,居鲁士和大流士统治时期开始了他们的关系,不能够发言,事先和远古时代的准确性。 For what great matters did they disclose if they spoke of Darius and Cyrus, barbarian kings, or of the Greeks Zopyrus and Hippias, or of the wars of the Athenians and Lacedæmonians, or the deeds of Xerxes or of Pausanias, who ran the risk of starving to death in the temple of Minerva, or the history of Themistocles and the Peloponnesian war, or of Alcibiades and Thrasybulus?他们对于什么伟大的事宜,并透露,如果他们谈到大流士和Cyrus,胡人国王,或Zopyrus的希腊人和希庇亚斯,或战争雅典和Lacedæmonians,薛西斯的保萨尼亚斯的事迹,谁跑的风险在密涅瓦的寺庙,或米斯托克利和伯罗奔尼撒战争史,或饿死亚西比德和Thrasybulus? For my purpose is not to furnish mere matter of much talk, but to throw light upon the number of years from the foundation of the world, and to condemn the empty labour and trifling of these authors, because there have neither been twenty thousand times ten thousand years from the flood to the present time, as Plato said, affirming that there had been so many years; nor yet 15 times 10,375 years, as we have already mentioned Apollonius the Egyptian gave out; nor is the world uncreated, nor is there a spontaneous production of all things, as Pythagoras and the rest dreamed; but, being indeed created, it is also governed by the providence of God, who made all things; and the whole course of time and the years are made plain to those who wish to obey the truth.对于我的目的不是提供只是大谈此事,但抛出后数年,从世界的基础,并谴责这些作者的劳动和琐碎的空,既不是因为有两万有一千多年,从洪水到现在的时间,柏拉图说,肯定曾有过这么多年,也尚未15倍10,375年,正如我们已经提到阿波罗纽斯埃及了;也不是自存的世界,也不是有自发生产的所有的东西,如毕达哥拉斯和其余的梦想,但是,确实创造,它也是由普罗维登斯的上帝,万物;整个过程的时间和多年的那​​些纯要服从真理。 [688] Lest, then, I seem to have made things plain up to the time of Cyrus, and to neglect the subsequent periods, as if through inability to exhibit them, I will endeavour, by God's help, to give an account, according to my ability, of the course of the subsequent times. [688]免,我似乎以已取得的东西纯高达居鲁士的时间,和忽视以后期间,仿佛通过不能以展示他们,我将努力,由上帝的帮助,给予一个帐户,根据以我的能力,随后的时间过程。


[688] [Usher notes this as affirmed in general terms only, and qualified afterwards, in cap.[688] [亚瑟注意到这仅笼统肯定,合格后章。xxix, infra, note i, p.二十九,基础设施,注意我,第121.]121。


Chapter XXVII.--Roman Chronology to the Death of M. Aurelius.第二十七章.--罗马年表分枝奥勒死亡。

When Cyrus, then, had reigned twenty-nine years, and had been slain by Tomyris in the country of the Massagetæ, this being in the 62d Olympiad, then the Romans began to increase in power, God strengthening them, Rome having been founded by Romulus, the reputed child of Mars and Ilia, in the 7th Olympiad, on the 21st day of April, the year being then reckoned as consisting of ten months.当居鲁士,那么,已在位24 - 9年,并已Massagetæ国家Tomyris杀害,这在62D奥运会,那么罗马人开始增加权力,上帝加强他们,罗马成立罗穆卢斯,火星和伊利亚被誉为孩子,在第七届奥运会,今年的4月21日日,当时估计为十个月。 Cyrus, then, having died, as we have already said, in the 62d Olympiad, this date falls 220 AUC, in which year also Tarquinius, surnamed Superbus, reigned over the Romans, who was the first who banished Romans and corrupted the youth, and made eunuchs of the citizens, and, moreover, first defiled virgins, and then gave them in marriage.赛勒斯,然后,经死了,正如我们已经说过在62D奥运会,,这个日期适逢220联合自卫军,在哪一年也姓Superbus,塔克文纽斯,在位,在罗马,谁是谁贬罗马和败坏青年,太监公民,此外,第一玷污处女,然后给他们结婚。 On this account he was fitly called Superbus in the Roman language, and that is translated "the Proud."在这个帐户上,他恰好称为Superbus在罗马语言,而且是翻译成“骄傲。”For he first decreed that those who saluted him should have their salute acknowledged by some one else.他首先下令那些敬礼,他应该有他们的敬礼承认另外一个人。He reigned twenty-five years.他在位二十五年。After him yearly consuls were introduced, tribunes also and ediles for 453 years, whose names we consider it long and superfluous to recount.在他之后每年领事介绍,tr​​ibunes也ediles 453年,其名称,我们认为它的长和多余的叙述。For if any one is anxious to learn them, he will ascertain them from the tables which Chryserus the nomenclator compiled: he was a freedman of Aurelius Verus, who composed a very lucid record of all things, both names and dates, from the rounding of Rome to the death of his own patron, the Emperor Verus.对于任何一个渴望学习他们,他会确定他们从表Chryserus nomenclator编译:他是从四舍五入的奥勒Verus弗里德曼,组成一个非常清晰的记录,所有的东西,这两个名字和日期,罗马自己的靠山,皇帝Verus死亡。 The annual magistrates ruled the Romans, as we say, for 453 years.一年一度的裁判裁定入乡随俗,正如我们所说,为453年。Afterwards those who are called emperors began in this order: first, Caius Julius, who reigned 3 years 4 months 6 days; then Augustus, 56 years 4 months 1 day; Tiberius, 22 years; then another Caius, 3 years 8 months 7 days; Claudius, 23 years 8 months 24 days; Nero, 13 years 6 months 58 days; Galba, 2 years 7 months 6 days; Otho, 3 months 5 days; Vitellius, 6 months 22 days; Vespasian, 9 years 11 months 22 days; Titus, 2 years 22 days; Domitian, 15 years 5 months 6 days; Nerva, 1 year 4 months 10 days; Trajan, 19 years 6 months 16 days; Adrian, 20 years 10 months 28 days; Antoninus, 22 years 7 months 6 days; Verus, 19 years 10 days.之后那些所谓的皇帝开始顺序是:第一,凯厄斯朱利叶斯,谁在位3年4个月6天,然后奥古斯都,56年4月1日;厄斯,22岁;然后再凯厄斯,3年8个月7天克劳狄斯,23年8个月24天;尼禄,13年6个月58天;加尔巴,2年7个月6天; Otho,3个月5天; Vitellius,6个月22天;维斯帕先,9年11个月22天;提图斯,2年22天;杜米仙,15岁5个月6天; NERVA,1年4个月10天;图拉真,19年6个月16天;阿德里安,20年10个月28天;安东尼,22年7个月6天; Verus,19岁10天。 The time therefore of the Cæsars to the death of the Emperor Verus is 237 years 5 days.因此,凯撒皇帝Verus死亡的时间是5天237年。From the death of Cyrus, therefore, and the reign of Tarquinius Superbus, to the death of the Emperor Verus, the whole time amounts to 744 years.从赛勒斯,因此,死亡和塔克文纽斯Superbus的统治,皇帝Verus,整个时间达744年的死亡。


Chapter XXVIII.--Leading Chronological Epochs.第二十八章.--领先的年代时代。

And from the foundation of the world the whole time is thus traced, so far as its main epochs are concerned.而从整个世界的基础,因此追查,到目前为止,作为其主要的时代。From the creation of the world to the deluge were 2242 years.从创造的世界大洪水的2242年。And from the deluge to the time when Abraham our forefather begat a son, 1036 years.从洪水到时候我们的老祖宗生了一个儿子,1036年亚伯拉罕。And from Isaac, Abraham's son, to the time when the people dwelt with Moses in the desert, 660 years.从亚伯拉罕的儿子以撒,到时候住的人与摩西在沙漠中,660年。And from the death of Moses and the rule of Joshua the son of Nun, to the death of the patriarch David, 498 years.并从死亡的摩西和嫩的儿子约书亚,规则大卫族长死亡,498年。And from the death of David and the reign of Solomon to the sojourning of the people in the land of Babylon, 518 years 6 months 10 days.从大卫和所罗门统治时期的死亡旅居在巴比伦的土地的人,518年6个月10天。And from the government of Cyrus to the death of the Emperor Aurelius Verus, 744 years.居鲁士政府皇帝奥勒Verus死亡,744年。All the years from the creation of the world amount to a total of 5698 years, and the odd months and days.所有这些年来从创造世界量到5698年,多个月和天。[689][689]


[689] [As Verus died ad 169, the computation of our author makes the creation, bc 5529.[689] [Verus死于公元169年,我们的作者的计算,使得创作,公元前5529。Hales, who says bc 5411, inspires us with great respect for Theophilus, by the degree of accuracy he attained, using (the LXX.) the same authority as his base.黑尔斯,他说,公元前5411启发,我们非常尊重西奥菲勒斯,他所达到的准确度,使用相同的权限(LXX)作为他的基地。 Slight variations in the copies used in his day might have led, one would think, to greater discrepancies.]他每天使用的副本可能导致轻微的变化,人们会认为,更大的差异。]



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