Saint Luke圣路加

General Information一般资料

Saint Luke, traditionally considered to be the author of the third Gospel and the Acts of the Apostles, was a companion and fellow worker of Saint Paul.圣路加,传统上被认为是第三福音和使徒行传的作者,是圣保罗的一个同伴和同事。According to Colossians 4:11-14, he was a Gentile and a physician.根据歌罗西书4:11-14,他是一个外邦人和一名医生。Later legend made him an artist, and during the Middle Ages the picture of the Virgin Mary in Santa Maria Maggiore, Rome, was ascribed to him.后来传说他一个艺术家,在中世纪的Santa Maria Maggiore,罗马圣母玛利亚的图片,被归因于他。He is the patron saint of physicians and artists.他是医生和艺术家的守护神。Feast day: Oct. 18.节日:10月18日。

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Bibliography 参考书目
Evans, F., Saint Luke (1990); Jervell, Jacob, Luke and The People of God (1972); Marshall, I. Howard, Luke: Historian and Theologian (1971; repr. 1989).埃文斯,楼,圣路加(1990年); Jervell,雅各,卢克和神的人(1972年);马歇尔,卢克:一,霍华德,历史学家和神学家(1971年,再版1989年。)


Saint Luke圣路加

Advanced Information先进的信息

Luke, the evangelist, was a Gentile.卢克的传播者,是一个外邦人。The date and circumstances of his conversion are unknown.他的转换的日期和情况不明。According to his own statement (Luke 1:2), he was not an "eye-witness and minister of the word from the beginning."据他自己的声明(路加福音1:2),他是不是“眼睛见证和字从一开始部长。”It is probable that he was a physician in Troas, and was there converted by Paul, to whom he attached himself.这是可能的,他是一个医生,在特罗亚是有转换保罗,他重视自己。He accompanied him to Philippi, but did not there share his imprisonment, nor did he accompany him further after his release in his missionary journey at this time (Acts 17:1).他陪同他腓,但并未有分享他的监禁,他也没有陪他进一步释放后,他在他的传教之旅在这个时候(徒17:1)。On Paul's third visit to Philippi (20:5, 6) we again meet with Luke, who probably had spent all the intervening time in that city, a period of seven or eight years.保罗的第三次访问腓(20时05分,6),我们再次会见卢克,大概花了所有的时间在这个城市,七,八年的时间。From this time Luke was Paul's constant companion during his journey to Jerusalem (20:6-21:18).从这个时候路加是保罗的忠实的伙伴,在他的旅程耶路撒冷(20:6-21:18)。He again disappears from view during Paul's imprisonment at Jerusalem and Caesarea, and only reappears when Paul sets out for Rome (27: 1), whither he accompanies him (28:2, 12-16), and where he remains with him till the close of his first imprisonment (Philemon 24; Col. 4:14).保罗在耶路撒冷和凯撒利亚入狱期间他再次从视图中消失,只有再次出现时,保罗的罗马(27:1),往那他伴随着他(28:2,12-16),并在他与他保持直到接近他的第一监禁(腓利门书24;西4:14)。

The last notice of the "beloved physician" is in 2 Tim.“敬爱的医生”最后的通知是在2蒂姆。4:11.4:11。There are many passages in Paul's epistles, as well as in the writings of Luke, which show the extent and accuracy of his medical knowledge.在保罗的书信中有许多段落,以及在卢克的著作,这表明他的医学知识的程度和准确性。

(Easton Illustrated Dictionary)(伊斯顿说明字典)


Apostle and Evangelist Luke, the first iconographer使徒和传播者卢克,第一iconographer

Orthodox Information东正教信息

(This information may not be of the scholastic quality of the other articles in BELIEVE. Since few Orthodox scholarly articles have been translated into English, we have had to rely on Orthodox Wiki as a source. Since the Wikipedia collections do not indicate the author's name for articles, and essentially anyone is free to edit or alter any of their articles (again, without any indication of what was changed or who changed it), we have concerns. However, in order to include an Orthodox perspective in some of our subject presentations, we have found it necessary to do this. At least until actual scholarly Orthodox texts are translated from the Greek originals!) (此信息的信奉的其他文章的学术质量。由于少数东正教学术文章已被译成英文翻译,我们都不得不依靠作为源东正教的Wiki。以来的维基百科集合做不注明作者的姓名的文章,而且基本上任何人自由编辑或改变任何自己的文章(再没有什么改变,或改变它的任何指示),我们有顾虑。然而,为了在我们的一些主题,包括东正教的角度介绍,我们发现有必要做到这一点。,至少要等到实际学术东正教文本翻译从希腊原件!)

The holy, glorious and all-laudable Apostle and Evangelist Luke is the author of the Gospel of Luke, the companion of the Apostle Paul (Phil 1:24, 2 Tim 4:10-11), and is numbered among the Seventy Apostles.神圣,光荣和所有值得称赞的使者和传播者卢克福音的作者路加,使徒保罗(腓1:24,4:10-11添2)同伴,编号之间的70使徒。 He was a native of Syrian Antioch and a physician, and is the founder of iconography.他是土生土长的叙利亚安提阿和医生,是意象的创始人。

His emblem is the calf, the third symbolical beast mentioned by Ezekiel (1:10), which is a symbol of Christ's sacrificial and priestly office, as pointed out by St. Irenaeus.其标志是小腿,以西结书(1:10),这是一个象征基督的牺牲和祭司办公室提到的第三个象征性的野兽,正如圣irenæus。 His feast days are celebrated on October 18; on April 22 with Apostles Nathaniel and Clement; on June 20 on which day his relics, among others, were translated to the Church of the Holy Apostles in Constantinople; and on January 4, the synaxis of the Seventy.他的节日庆祝10月18日,4月22日与使徒纳撒尼尔和克莱门特,他的遗物,其中包括在6月20日这一天,被翻译到君士坦丁堡的圣使徒的教会; 1月4日,在synaxis七十。

Life生命

Saint Luke, was of Greek origin born in the Hellenistic city of Antioch, [1] and was extremally educated.圣路加,希腊血统出生在希腊化城市的安提阿,[1],并extremally教育。His studies included Greek philosophy, medicine, and art in his youth.他的研究,在他的青年时期的希腊哲学,医学和艺术。He was also a professional physician.他也是一位专业医师。St. Luke came to Jerusalem where he came to believe in the Lord.圣卢克来到耶路撒冷,在那里他开始相信在主。He and Cleopas met the resurrected Lord on the road to Emmaus (Luke 24).他和革流巴遇见复活的主厄玛乌(路加福音24)的道路上。

After Pentecost, Luke returned to Antioch and worked with the Apostle Paul, traveling with him to Rome, and converting Jews and pagans to the Christian Faith.五旬节之后,卢克回到安提阿和使徒保罗,他到罗马旅游,和转换的基督教信仰的犹太人和异教徒。"Luke, the beloved physician, greets you," writes the Apostle Paul to the Colossians (Colossians 4:14). “卢克,心爱的医生, 迎接你”,写的歌罗西使徒保罗(歌罗西书4:14)。At the request of Christians, St. Luke wrote his Gospel in the first century.圣卢克在基督徒的要求,在第一世纪写他的福音。According to some accounts this took place around 60 AD, and according to others around 80 AD After St. Paul's martyrdom, St. Luke preached the Gospel throughout Italy, Dalmatia, Macedonia, and other regions.据一些帐户了大约60公元的地方,根据他人圣保禄殉道后大约80公元,圣卢克福音传遍整个达尔马提亚,意大利,马其顿,和其他地区。 He painted icons of the Most-holy Theotokos—not just one, but three—as well as icons of the Holy Apostles Peter and Paul.他画的最神圣Theotokos不只是一个图标,但圣使徒彼得和保罗三以及图标。For this reason, St. Luke is considered the founder of Christian iconography.出于这个原因,圣卢克被认为是基督教意象的创始人。 In his old age, he visited Libya and Upper Egypt; from Egypt he returned to Greece, where he continued to preach and convert many with great zeal despite his age.在他的晚年,他访问了利比亚和上埃及,他从埃及返回希腊,在那里他继续宣讲和转换许多以极大的热情,尽管他的年龄。In addition to his Gospel, St. Luke wrote the Acts of the Apostles and dedicated each of these works to Theophilus, the governor of Achaia.除了他的福音,圣路加写使徒行传,这些作品的专用西奥菲勒斯,亚该亚总督。Luke was 84 years old when the wicked idolaters tortured him for the sake of Christ and hanged him from an olive tree in the town of Thebes, in Beothia of Greece [2].卢克84岁,当恶人拜偶像的折磨为基督的缘故,他和他吊死在底比斯镇的橄榄树在希腊[2] Beothia,。

St. Luke wrote the first icon, of the Most Holy Theotokos Directress or Hodigitria, mentioned in the Paraklesis to the Theotokos:圣路加写的第一个图标,至圣Theotokos Directress或Hodigitria的Theotokos Paraklesis提到:

Speechless be the lips of impious ones,无语不虔诚的嘴唇,
Those who do not reverence那些不敬畏
Your great icon, the sacred one你的大图标,神圣的
Which is called Directress,这是所谓Directress
And was depicted for us并为我们描绘
By one of the apostles,使徒之一,
Luke the Evangelist.卢克的传播者。

The Service of the Small Paraklesis (GOARCH)小Paraklesis(GOARCH)服务

The Relics of St. Luke圣卢克的遗物

His miracle-working relics were transported to Constantinople during the 4th-century, under the reign of Emperor Constantius (357AD), the son of Constantine.他的奇迹工作的文物被运到君士坦丁堡的皇帝康斯坦丘斯(357AD),君士坦丁的儿子统治下,在第四世纪。 In 1204, the Crusadors of the IV Crusade stole the relic from Constantinople and transported it to Padova in Italy and it is still located there in the Catholic church of Santa Justina at the centre of the city.在1204年,第四远征Crusadors从君士坦丁堡偷遗物,并在意大利运到帕多瓦,它仍然是坐落在天主教教会的圣梁魏懋在城市的中心。 In 1992, the then Metropolitan Ieronymos of Thebes and Levathia (currently the Archbishop of Greece) requested the return of a "a significant fragment of the relics of St. Luke to be placed on the site where the holy tomb of the Evangelist is located and venerated today". 1992年,底比斯和Levathia(目前希腊大主教),然后大都会Ieronymos要求返还“的圣卢克在网站上放置在神圣的传播者墓位于的显著文物片段尊敬的今天“。 This prompted a scientific investigation of the relics in Padua, and by numerous lines of empirical evidence confirmed that these were the remains of an individual of Syrian descent who died between 130 and 400 AD The Bishop of Padua then delivered to Metropolitan Ieronymos the rib of St. Luke that was closest to his heart to be kept at his tomb in Thebes, Greece.这提示了在帕多瓦的文物进行科学的调查,由无数线的经验证据证实这是一个叙利亚裔的人之间的130和400广告的帕多瓦主教然后传递到大都会Ieronymos肋骨圣死亡的遗体卢克,是最接近他的心脏在他的墓在希腊的底比斯,保存。 [1][1]

The tomb works miracles even today.该墓的工程奇迹即使到了今天。In December 22, 1997 at 1.30pm myrrh appeared on the tomb's marble and since then the interior of the marble sarcophagus is fragrant.The olive tree is still living to the right side of the cemetery in Thebes.该墓的大理石上出现,1997年12月22日下午一时三十分没药,并自那时以来,内部的大理石石棺fragrant.The橄榄树是仍然生活在底比斯墓地的右侧。 On the right side of the sanctuary of this church is tthe roman sarcophagus where the body of St. Luke had been placed.在这座教堂的避难所的右侧是tthe罗马石棺圣卢克的尸体已被放置。This tomb belonged to a Roman family of the 2nd-century BC but later on it was emptied and the Christians of Thebes used it as "honour" for St. Luke's relic since it was a majestic tomb.该墓属于家庭的第二世纪至公元前的罗马,但后来它被掏空和底比斯的基督徒作为“荣誉”圣路加的遗物,因为它是一座雄伟的墓。

Hymns赞美诗

Troparion (Tone 5) [2]Troparion(音5)[2]

Let us praise with sacred songs the Holy Apostle Luke,让我们用神圣的圣使徒卢克歌曲赞美,
The recorder of the Joyous Gospel of Christ,欢乐的基督福音的录音机,
And the scribe of the Acts of the Apostles,使徒行传隶,
For his writings are a testimony of the Church of Christ:对于他的著作是基督的教会的见证:
He is the Physician of human weaknesses and infirmities.他是人性的弱点和软弱的医师。
He heals the wounds of our souls,他的伤口愈合我们的灵魂,
And constantly intercedes for our salvation!不断调解我们的拯救!

Kontakion (Tone 4)集祷颂(音4)

You became a disciple of God the Word,你成为神的弟子的话语,
With Paul you enlightened all the world,与保罗开明的世界,
Casting out its darkness by composing the Holy Gospel of Christ.铸造出基督的圣福音组成的黑暗。

Kontakion (Tone 2)集祷颂(音2)

Let us praise the godly Luke:让我们赞美敬虔卢克:
He is the true preacher of piety,他是真正的虔诚的布道者,
The orator of ineffable mysteries不可言喻的奥秘演说者
And the star of the Church,而教会的明星,
For the Word who alone knows the hearts of men,为Word仅知道男人的心,
Chose him, with the wise Paul, to be a teacher of the gentiles!聪明的保罗,选择了他,是一个外邦人的老师!

Notes注释

1 According to the book of the "Life of the Saints" of the Orthodox Church" 1,根据东正教的“圣徒的生命”的书“
2 Nikiphoros-Kallistos Xanthopoulos, Eccles.2 Nikiphoros Kallistos桑卓普洛斯,埃克尔斯。History XIVth c.历史XIVth C.AD., Migne PG 145, 876公元145,876,米涅PG

Source来源

St. Nikolai Velimirovic, The Prologue of Ohrid圣尼古拉Velimirovic,奥赫里德的序言

External links外部链接

Apostle and Evangelist Luke, October 18 (OCA)使徒和传播者卢克,10月18日(亚奥理事会)
Apostle and Evangelist Luke of the Seventy, January 4 (OCA)使徒和传播者卢克七十1月4日(亚奥理事会)
October 18: Feast of the Holy Apostle and Evangelist Luke (GOARCH)10月18日:盛宴的圣使徒和传播者卢克(GOARCH)
Luke the Evangelist (GOARCH)卢克的传播者(GOARCH)
Icon and Story of St. Luke, Evangelist & Iconographer圣卢克图标和故事,传播者和Iconographer



Also, see:此外,见:
Book of Luke预订路加福音


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