Medina, Madina, Al-Madinah, Medinat-en-Nabi, Medinat Øasul Allah梅迪纳

General Information一般资料

Medina (Arabic: Al-Madinah), the second holiest city in Islam (after Mecca) and site of the tomb of Muhammad, is located in Hejaz region, western Saudi Arabia.梅迪纳(阿拉伯语:阿尔 - 麦地那),在伊斯兰圣城(后麦加)和穆罕默德的坟墓地点,位于沙特阿拉伯西部希贾兹地区,。It is about 485 km (300 mi) north of Mecca by coastal highway, 1,320 km (820 mi) south of Damascus by railroad, and 193 km (120 mi) northeast of the Red Sea.这是约485公里(300英里)麦加以北沿海高速公路1,320公里(820英里)大马士革南部铁路,193公里(120英里)东北部红海。 The population is 198,196 (1986 est.).人口198196人(1986年统计)。All residents are Arabic-speaking Muslims.所有居民都讲阿拉伯语的穆斯林。The city lies 625 m (2,050 ft) above sea level, on the western edge of a large lava field along the eastern slope of the Hejaz mountain range.该城市位于海平面以上625米(2,050英尺),大熔岩沿希贾兹山脉东坡的西部边缘。

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Medina is noted for its pottery and date palms and has recently developed a date-packing industry.梅迪纳指出其陶器和椰枣和最近开发出一种日期,包装行业。Other agricultural produce includes fruit, grapes, vegetables, and cereal grains.其他农产品包括水果,葡萄,蔬菜和谷物。 The old walled city is surrounded by the pilgrim camping ground (Al Manakh) and the An Bariya Quarter, the former commercial district in which the Turks located the railroad station.老寨城四周是朝圣者宿营地(基地Manakh)和一个Bariya季度,土耳其人位于铁路站前商业中心区。Islamic University (1961) has about 1,000 students.伊斯兰大学(1961)拥有约1,000名学生。Numerous historical sites include the tomb of Aaron as well as that of Muhammad; the Mosque of Quba, the first mosque in Islamic history; the Mosque of the Two Quiblahs, commemorating Muhammad's changing of the direction to be faced while praying from toward Jerusalem to toward Mecca; and the Prophet's Mosque, which Muhammad helped to build.无数历史网站亚伦墓以及穆罕默德;的Quba清真寺,在伊斯兰的历史第一清真寺;的两个Quiblahs清真寺,纪念穆罕默德的方向改变以将面临着而祈祷走向耶路撒冷,以朝麦加;和先知的清真寺,穆罕默德帮助建立的。 Medina is often visited by Muslim pilgrims en route to Mecca.麦地那的穆斯林朝圣者在途中去麦加经常走访。Non-Muslims are forbidden access to all pilgrimage sites.非穆斯林禁止所有朝圣网站的访问。

The first settlers of Medina were Jews expelled from Palestine by the Romans in AD 135.麦地那的第一批定居者是由罗马人在公元135从巴勒斯坦驱逐犹太人。Muhammad arrived from Mecca in 622, and, although he first treated the Jews with indulgence, he soon drove them out of Hejaz and made Medina the administrative capital of his Islamic state, a position it maintained until 661.穆罕默德从麦加来到622,虽然他先用放纵的犹太人,他很快开车出来的希贾兹麦地那,并提出了他的伊斯兰国家,661保持的位置,直到行政首都。 After 661 the Umayyads, Egyptians, and Turks controlled the city at various times until 1916, when the independent Arab kingdom of Hejaz was formed.后661在不同时期的倭马亚王朝,埃及人,土耳其人控制的城市,直到1916年,当希贾兹独立的阿拉伯王国成立。In 1932, Hejaz became part of Saudi Arabia.1932年,希贾兹成为沙特阿拉伯的一部分。

Ira Sheskin艾拉Sheskin


Medina麦地那

General Information一般资料

Medina, also Medinat-en-Nabi (Arabic for "City of the Prophet") and Medinat Øasul Allah ("City of the Apostle of God"), city in western Saudi Arabia, located in the Al Hijâz (Hejaz) Province.麦地那,也Medinat - EN -彩蝶(阿拉伯语为“先知之城”)和Medinat Øasul安拉(“上帝的使者之城”),在沙特阿拉伯西部,坐落在Al Hijâz(希贾兹)省,市。The city houses the remains of the Prophet Muhammad, who fled to Medina from Mecca in 622, an event that marks the beginning of the Islamic calendar. Medina is consequently one of the most sacred shrines of Islam.城市房屋先知穆罕默德从麦加逃到麦地那,在622,一个事件,标志着伊斯兰日历开始的遗体。因此,麦地那是伊斯兰教最神圣的圣地之一。 It is second only to Mecca among the holy places of Muslim pilgrimage. Muhammad's tomb is in the Mosque of the Prophet, located in the eastern section of the city. 它是仅次于去麦加朝圣的圣地。穆罕默德的墓是在先知清真寺,座落在城市的东部部分。The mosque also contains the tombs of Muhammad's daughter Fatima and of Umar I, the second Orthodox caliph of the Muslim Empire.清真寺也包含穆罕默德的女儿法蒂玛和,第二穆斯林帝国东正教哈里发欧麦尔我的坟墓。

In ancient times, Medina was known as Yathrib.在古代,梅迪纳被称为Yathrib。The Alexandrian geographer Ptolemy referred to it as Lathrippa in the 2nd century AD.亚历山大的地理学家托勒密称为Lathrippa在公元2世纪。Medina was the capital of the Muslim world until 661, when the caliphate was transferred to Damascus.麦地那的穆斯林世界的资本,直到661,当哈里发被转移到大马士革。Later, Medina was successively controlled by the Egyptians and the Ottoman Turks.后来,麦地那,先后由埃及人和奥斯曼帝国的土耳其人的控制。The latter were expelled in 1919 by the troops of Husein ibn Ali, first king of Al Hijâz.铝Hijâz的第一位国王侯赛因伊本阿里,部队,后者在1919年被驱逐。Husein's forces were defeated (1924) by Abdul Aziz ibn Saud, sultan of Najd.侯赛因的军队被打败(1924年),Najd苏丹阿卜杜勒阿齐兹伊本沙特。The city of Medina was incorporated into the kingdom of Saudi Arabia in 1932.沙特阿拉伯王国于1932年被纳入城市麦地那。 Population (1990 estimate) 500,050.人口(1990年估计​​)500050。



Also, see:此外,见:
Islam, Muhammad伊斯兰教,穆罕默德
Koran, Qur'an可兰经,可兰经
Pillars of Faith支柱的信仰
Abraham 亚伯拉罕
Testament of Abraham全书亚伯拉罕
Allah 安拉
Hadiths hadiths
Revelation - Hadiths from Book 1 of al-Bukhari启示-h adiths从第一册的基地布哈里
Belief - Hadiths from Book 2 of al-Bukhari信仰-h adiths从第二册的基地布哈里
Knowledge - Hadiths from Book 3 of al-Bukhari知识-h adiths从第三册的基地布哈里
Times of the Prayers - Hadiths from Book 10 of al-Bukhari时代的祈祷-h adiths从书展1 0个基地布哈里
Shortening the Prayers (At-Taqseer) - Hadiths from Book 20 of al-Bukhari缩短祈祷(在taqseer ) -h adiths从书展2 0铝布哈里
Pilgrimmage (Hajj) - Hadiths from Book 26 of al-Bukhari朝圣(朝觐) -h adiths从书展2 6铝布哈里
Fighting for the Cause of Allah (Jihad) - Hadiths of Book 52 of al-Bukhari争取事业的阿拉(杰哈德) -h adiths图书5 2铝布哈里
ONENESS, UNIQUENESS OF ALLAH (TAWHEED) - Hadiths of Book 93 of al-Bukhari同一性,独特的阿拉tawheed ) -h adiths图书9 3铝布哈里
Hanafiyyah School Theology (Sunni)hanafiyyah学校神学(逊尼派)
Malikiyyah School Theology (Sunni)malikiyyah学校神学(逊尼派)
Shafi'iyyah School Theology (Sunni)shafi'iyyah学校神学(逊尼派)
Hanbaliyyah School Theology (Sunni)hanbaliyyah学校神学(逊尼派)
Maturidiyyah Theology (Sunni)maturidiyyah神学(逊尼派)
Ash'ariyyah Theology (Sunni)ash'ariyyah神学(逊尼派)
Mutazilah Theologymutazilah神学
Ja'fari Theology (Shia)ja'fari神学(什叶派)
Nusayriyyah Theology (Shia)nusayriyyah神学(什叶派)
Zaydiyyah Theology (Shia)zaydiyyah神学(什叶派)
Kharijiyyah kharijiyyah
Imams (Shia)伊玛目(什叶派)
Druze 德鲁兹
Qarmatiyyah (Shia)qarmatiyyah (什叶派)
Ahmadiyyah ahmadiyyah
Ishmael, Ismail伊斯梅尔,司马义。
Early Islamic History Outline早在伊斯兰历史纲要
Hegira hegira
Averroes averroes
Avicenna 阿维森纳
Machpela machpela
Kaaba, Black Stone天房,黑石头
Ramadan 斋月
Sunnites, Sunni逊尼派,逊尼派
Shiites, Shia什叶派,什叶派
Mecca 麦加
Medina 麦迪
Sahih, al-Bukharisahih ,铝-布哈里
Sufism 苏非派
Wahhabism 瓦哈比主义
Abu Bakr阿布巴克尔
Abbasids abbasids
Ayyubids ayyubids
Umayyads 倭马亚王朝
Fatima 法蒂玛
Fatimids (Shia)法蒂玛王朝(什叶派)
Ismailis (Shia)伊斯玛仪教派(什叶派)
Mamelukes mamelukes
Saladin 萨拉丁
Seljuks seljuks
Aisha 的Aisha
Ali 阿里
Lilith lilith
Islamic Calendar伊斯兰日历
Interactive Muslim Calendar互动穆斯林日历


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