Passion Week激情周 第

General Information, Outline一般资料,大纲

The 'Passion' comprises the very last week of Jesus' life on Earth. “激情”,包括耶稣“地球上的生命非常上周。It began on Palm Sunday and concluded on the morning of Easter Sunday.棕榈周日开始,复活节周日上午结束。

The First Day in Passion-Week, Palm Sunday在受难周的第一天,棕榈周日

The Royal Entry into Jerusalem.进入耶路撒冷皇家条目。

The Second Day in Passion-Week在受难周第二次日

The Barren Fig-Tree, The Cleansing of the Temple, The Hosanna of the Children.无花果树,洁净圣殿,孩子们的撒那。

The Third Day in Passion Week在复活节前第二周的第三天

The Question of Christ's Authority, The Question of Tribute to Caesar, The Widow's Fathing, The Greeks who sought to see Jesus, Summary and Retrospect of the Public Minsitry of Christ.基督的权威的问题,贡凯撒,寡妇的Fathing,希腊人寻求公共Minsitry基督耶稣,总结和回顾的问题。

The Last Controversies and Discourses, The Sadducees and the Resurrection, The Scribe and the Great Commandement, Question to the Pharisees about David's Son and Lord Final Warning to the People: The Eight 'Woes', Farewell.最后的争论和话语,撒都该人的复活,文士和大Commandement,大卫的儿子和主最后警告人民的法利赛人:八“困境”,告别问题。

The Last Series of Parables: To the Pharisees and to the People, On the Way of Jerusalem: The Parable of the Labourers in the Vineyard, In the Temple: The Parable of the 'No' and 'Yes' of the Two Sons, The Parable of the Evil Husbandmen Evilly Destroyed, The Parable of the Marriage of the King's Son and of the Wedding Garment.最后的寓言系列:法利赛和人民,在耶路撒冷的方式:在寺庙的劳动者在葡萄园的比喻,“否”和“是”两个儿子的比喻,比喻邪恶的邪恶Husbandmen破坏,国王的儿子和婚姻的婚礼服装的寓言。

The Evening of the Third Day in Passion-Week晚上在受难周的第三天

On the Mount of Olives: Discourse to the Disciples concerning the Last Things在橄榄山:话语弟子关于最后的事情

Last Parables: To the Disciples concerning the Last Things, The Parable of the Ten Virgins, The Parable of the Talents, Supplementary Parable of the Minas and the King's Reckoning with His Servants and His Rebellious Citizens最后寓言:关于上次的事情向弟子,十个童女的比喻,寓言人才,补充寓言的米纳斯和国王的清算与他的仆人和他的反叛公民

The Fourth Day in Passion-Week受难周的第四天

Jesus in His Last Sabbatic Rest before His Agony, and the Sanhedrists in their Unrest, The Betrayal, Judas: His Character, Apostasy, and End耶稣在他最后的安息稍事休息后,他的痛苦,和动乱,背叛,犹大Sanhedrists:他的性格,叛教,并最终

The Fifth Day in Passion-Week在受难周的第五日

'Make Ready the Passover!' “预备逾越节的!”

The Paschal Supper, The Institution of the Lord' Supper逾越节的晚餐,主的晚餐学会

The Last Discourse of Christ, The Prayer of Consecration基督最后的话语,奉献的祈祷

Gethsemane客西马尼

Thursday Night, Before Annas and Caiaphs, Peter and Jesus星期四晚上,亚那和Caiaphs之前,彼得和耶稣

The Morning of Good Friday耶稣受难日上午

'Crucified, Dead, and Buried' “钉在十字架上,死了,埋”

Easter Sunday复活节周日

On the Resurrection of Christ from the Dead在基督从死里复活

'On the Third Day He rose again from the Dead; He ascend into Heaven' “第三天,他再次上升,从死里复活;他登高入天堂”


Passion Play激情戏

General Information一般资料

Based on events relating to the trial, crucifixion, and resurrection of Jesus Christ, the passion play enacts the central drama of the Christian faith.根据有关的事件的审判,钉在十字架上,耶稣基督复活,激情戏制定中央戏剧基督教信仰。The episodes of the passion play are performed at a series of shrines, or "mansions," one for each episode.一系列的圣地,或“豪宅”,每集一个激情戏的情节。Mansions are arranged in various ways, most often so that both performers and audience can move to each in turn.大厦被安排在不同的方式,表演者和观众最经常这样既可以将依次到每个。

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Mansions may be arranged side by side in a line, as in the Valenciennes Passion; grouped around a courtyard; or spread out over a countryside. The passion play derives from the devotions made by parishioners inside the church before the Stations of the Cross, which show the same events depicted in the play. The passion play was performed in many small towns in Europe during the Middle Ages, but for the most part disappeared soon thereafter.可能被安排大厦一侧侧行,因为在瓦朗谢讷激情;分组围绕一个庭院;或遍布农村的激情戏的热爱,从教堂内的教区居民跨站前派生显示在剧中所描绘的相同事件。激情戏是在中世纪,在欧洲的许多小城镇,随后很快就会消失,但大部分。 The Oberammergau Passion in Bavaria, still enacted once every 10 years, was inaugurated in thanksgiving for the end of the Black Death in 1633.在巴伐利亚Oberammergau的激情,仍然每10年制定一次,黑死病年底落成于1633年在感恩节。The Black Hills Passion Play is given annually in Spearfish, S.Dak.黑丘陵激情游戏是每年斯皮尔菲什,S.得。

ET Kirby东部柯比

Bibliography参考书目
Blackburn, Henry, Art in the Mountains: Story of the Passion Play (1870; repr. 1978); Edwards, Robert, The Montecassino Passion and the Poetics of Medieval Drama (1977); Sticca, Sandro, The Latin Passion Play: Its Origins and Development (1970); West, Larry E., The Saint Gall Passion Play (1976).布莱克本,亨利,在山中的艺术:激情戏(1870,再版1978年),爱德华兹,罗伯特,Montecassino激情和诗学的中世纪戏剧(1977); Sticca,桑德罗,“情迷拉丁”播放的故事:它的起源和发展(1970年),拉里东路,西圣胆受难剧(1976)。


Passion Cycle激情循环

General Information一般资料

The events of the Passion are among the most frequent subjects of religious art.宗教艺术的最频繁的科目之间的激情事件。They are popular because the sacrifice of the Crucifixion is central to Christian belief and because Holy Week, during which the events of the Passion occur, marks the culmination of the liturgical year.他们是受欢迎的,因为在十字架上的牺牲,是基督教信仰的核心,因为圣周,在此期间受难的事件发生,标志着一年的礼仪之大成。

Some scenes from the Passion appeared in Christian art as early as the 4th century.从一些激情的场面出现在基督教艺术,早在4世纪。These subjects became especially common, however, in the late Middle Ages and at the beginning of the Renaissance, probably because depictions of Christ's suffering were in keeping with the heightened religious emotion that followed the Black Death and the Hundred Years' War.这些科目变得尤为常见,但在中世纪晚期和文艺复兴时期的开始,可能是因为基督的苦难的描写,在保持高涨的宗教情感,遵循黑死病和百年战争。 Also during this period the Pieta was introduced and developed.另外,在此期间圣母怜子图的引进和开发。Although without biblical authority, this scene became part of the Passion cycle.虽然没有圣经的权威,这一幕成为激情周期的一部分。

The wide appeal of the Passion cycle is clearly shown by the prints of Albrecht Durer.阿尔布雷希特丢勒的版画清楚地显示出广泛的吸引力的激情周期。Durer executed woodcut series known as the Small Passion (1509-11) and the Large Passion (1510-11) as well as another sequence called the Engraved Passion (1507-13).丢勒执行小激情(1509年至1511年)和大型激情(1510至1511年),以及另一个序列称为刻有激情(1507年至1513年)的木刻系列。 The scenes included in these cycles differ considerably, as they contain, respectively, 11 woodcuts and a title page, 36 woodcuts and a title page, and 15 engravings.在这些周期中包含的场景相差很大,因为它们包含分别,11木刻和标题页,36个木刻,标题页,15版画。This variation is typical of Passion cycles, because artists frequently added scenes to provide a historical context for the Passion or an epilogue to emphasize its importance.这种变化是典型的激情周期,因为艺术家经常添加的场景提供了激情或尾声,以强调其重要性的历史背景。

Eric G. Carlson埃里克G.卡尔森

Bibliography参考书目
Fergusson, George, Signs and Symbols in Christian Art (1959).弗格森,乔治,体征和基督教艺术的符号(1959)。



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