Westminster Confession of Faith 威斯敏斯特信条信仰

London Confession of Faith伦敦信仰告白

1644 1644

A very slightly modified version is also called the一个非常轻微的修改版本也被称为

Puritan Confession of Faith清教徒的信仰告白

Outline大纲

Note: In 1677, the Second London Confession of Faith eliminated several chapters near the end that tended to mix Church and state, and those Chapters are noted appropriately in the outline below.注:在1677年,第二次伦敦的信条淘汰接近尾声的几个章节,往往混合教会和国家,并在下面的大纲中适当注意到这些章节。

BELIEVE Religious Information Source web-site相信宗教信息来源
BELIEVE Religious Information Source相信宗教信息来源
Our List of 2,300 Religious Subjects

我们2300 宗教科目名单
E-mail电子邮件
Chapter 1 - Of the Holy Scripture第1章 -圣经
Chapter 2 - Of God, and of the Holy Trinity第2章 -神,三位一体
Chapter 3 - Of God's Eternal Decree第3章 -上帝的永恒的法令
Chapter 4 - Of Creation第4章 -创造
Chapter 5 - Of (Divine) Providence第5章 - (神州)静宜
Chapter 6 - Of the Fall of Man, of Sin, and of the Punishment Thereof第6章 -人的堕落,罪,及其处罚
Chapter 7 - Of God's Covenant with Man第7章 -神与人国际公约“
Chapter 8 - Of Christ the Mediator第8章 -基督的调解员
Chapter 9 - Of Free Will第9章 -自由意志
Chapter 10 - Of Effectual Calling第10章-行之有效的呼唤
Chapter 11 - Of Justification第11章 -的理由
Chapter 12 - Of Adoption第12章 -领养
Chapter 13 - Of Sanctification第13章 -成圣
Chapter 14 - Of Saving Faith第14章 -得救的信心
Chapter 15 - Of Repentance Unto Life (and Salvation)第15章 -入生的忏悔(救世军
Chapter 16 - Of Good Works第16章 -优秀作品
Chapter 17 - Of the Perseverance of the Saints第17章 -圣徒的毅力
Chapter 18 - Of the Assurance of Grace and Salvation第18章 -的恩典和救恩的保证
Chapter 19 - Of the Law of God第19章 -神“
Chapter 20 - Of Christian Liberty and Liberty of Conscience第20章 -基督教自由和信教自由
Chapter 21 - Of Religious Worship and the Sabbath Day第21章 -宗教崇拜和安息日
Chapter 22 - Of Lawful Oaths and Vows第22章 -合法的宣誓,并誓言
Chapter 23 - Of the Civil Magistrate第23章-民事裁判
Chapter 24 - Of Marriage and Divorce第24章 -结婚和离婚
Chapter 25 - Of the Church第25章 -教会
Chapter 26 - Of the Communion of Saints第26章 -圣徒相通
Chapter 27 - Of the Sacraments (Ordinances)第27章 -的圣礼(条例)
Chapter 28 - Of Baptism第28章 -的洗礼
Chapter 29 - Of the Lord's Supper第29章 -主的晚餐
Chapter 30 - Of Church Censures (not included in Puritan Confession) 第30章 -教会谴责(不包括在清教徒的自白)
Chapter 31 - Of Synods and Councils (not included in Puritan Confession) 第31章 -主教会议和市政局(不包括在清教徒的自白)
Chapter 32 - Of the State of Man After Death, and of the Resurrection 第32章 -人死后的国家,和复活
Chapter 33 - Of the Last Judgment第33章 -最后的审判
Chapter 34 - Of the Holy Spirit (not included in Puritan Confession) 第34章 -圣灵(不包括在清教徒的自白)
Chapter 35 - Of the Gospel of the Love of God and Missions (not included in Puritan Confession)第35章 -神和特派团的爱的福音(不包括在清教徒的自白)


Westminster Confession of Faith (1647)西敏寺信仰告白(1647)

Advanced Information先进的信息

The Westminster Assembly (so called because of its meeting place) was summoned by the English Parliament in 1643.西敏寺议会(所谓的,因为它的聚会场所)由英国议会于1643年被传唤。Its mission was to advise Parliament in restructing the Church of England along Puritan lines.它的使命是提醒议会restructing沿英国教会清教徒线。To the assembly were invited 121 ministers (the "divines"), 10 members of the House of Lords, 20 of the Commons, plus 8 nonvoting (but influential) representatives of Scotland, which was allied to the English Parliament by a treaty, the "Solemn League and Covenant."向大会邀请了121部长(“神学”),上议院10名成员,下议院20,加上8列席(但影响力)苏格兰的代表,这是盟国英国议会通过一项条约, “庄严联赛和公约”。Different views of church government were represented, presbyterianism being the dominant position.教会的政府代表了不同的意见,长老会的主导地位。On theological matters, however, there was virtual unanimity in favor of a strong Calvinistic position, unequivocally rejecting what the assembly saw as the errors of Arminianism, Roman Catholicism, and sectarianism.然而,在神学事项,有虚拟一致赞成在一个强大的加尔文主义的立场,明确拒绝亚米纽斯主义,罗马天主教,和宗派主义的错误,看到什么大会。

The assembly's Confession of Faith, completed in December, 1646, is the last of the classic Reformed confessions and by far the most influential in the English-speaking world.大会的供述,1646 12月完成,信仰,是最后的经典改革口供,到目前为止,在英语世界最有影响力的。Though it governed the Church of England only briefly, it has been widely adopted (sometimes with amendments) by British and American Presbyterian bodies as well as by many Congregational and Baptist churches.虽然它只是简单地管辖的英格兰教会,它已被广泛采用(有时修订)由英国和美国长老会的团体,以及许多公理会和浸信会教堂。 It is well known for its thoroughness, precision, conciseness, and balance.这是人所共知其彻底,精确,简洁和平衡。Notable elements are: (1) The opening chapter on Scripture, called by Warfield the best single chapter in any Protestant confession.值得注意的要点是:(1)对圣经的开篇,沃菲尔德任何新教忏悔最好的一章。(2) The mature formulation of the Reformed doctrine of predestination (chs. III, V, IX, XVII). (2)改革的宿命学说(chs.第三,第五,第九,第XVII)的成熟配方。It is noncommittal on the debate between supra- and infralapsarianism, but teaches clearly that God's will is the ultimate cause of all things, including human salvation.这是超和infralapsarianism辩论不置可否,但清楚地教导,上帝的意志是一切事物的终极原因,包括拯救人类。 It teaches the doctrine of reprobation in very guarded terms (III. vii. viii.).它教导在非常森严的条件的学说非难(III.七,八)。 It is careful to balance this teaching with a chapter on human freedom (IX).这是小心地平衡这种教学与人的自由(九)一章。(3) The emphasis on covenants as the way in which God relates to his people through history (VII, esp.). (3)的方式,其中神涉及到他的人通过历史(七,ESP)。公约的重点。(4) Its doctrine of redemption structured according to God's acts (X-XIII) and human response (XIV-XVII), thus underscoring its "covenantal" balance between divine sovereignty and human responsibility.(4)根据上帝的行为(X - 13)和人类的反应(第XIV - XVII),从而强调其“圣约”神圣的主权和人的责任之间的平衡结构的赎回学说。(5) Its Puritan doctrine of assurance (XVIII), a strong affirmation, yet more sensitive than other Reformed confessions to the subjective difficulties believers have in maintaining a conscious assurance. (5)在保持有意识地保证其清教教义的保证(十八),强烈的肯定,但更多的信徒主观困难比其他改革的供述敏感。(6) Its strong affirmation of the law of God as perpetually binding the conscience of the believer, even though certain ceremonial and civil statutes are no longer in effect (XIX), balanced by a careful formulation of the nature of Christian liberty of conscience (XX). (6)上帝的法律,其强大的肯定,作为永久约束力的信徒的良知,即使某些礼仪和民事法规中的作用(十九)不再平衡仔细制定一个基督徒的良心自由的性质(二十)。 (7) Its Puritan view of the sabbath, regarding the day as a perpetual obligation, contrary to Calvin's Institutes and other Reformed writings.(7)清教认为安息日,就作为一个永久的义务的一天,相反卡尔文学院和其他改革的著作。 (8) The first clear confessional distinction between the visible and invisible church (XXV). (8)首次明确教派的区别之间的有形和无形的的教会(XXV)号决议。

JM Frame JM帧
(Elwell Evangelical Dictionary)(Elwell宣布了福音字典)

Bibliography 参考书目
D. Laing, ed., The Letters and Journals of Robert Baillie; SW Carruthers, The Westminster Confession for Today; W. Hetherington, History of the Westminster Assembly of Divines; A. Mitchell and J. Struthers, Minutes of the Sessions of the Westminster Assembly; J. Murray, "The Theology of the Westminster Confession of Faith," in Scripture and Confession, ed. D.莱恩,海关,信函和罗伯特贝利期刊;西南卡拉瑟斯,今天的威斯敏斯特忏悔; W.赫瑟林顿,神学西敏寺大会的历史; A. Mitchell和J.斯特拉瑟斯的会议纪要威斯敏斯特大会; J.默里,“神学西敏寺信仰告白,”,在圣经和忏悔,主编。J. Skilton; BB Warfield, The Westminster Assembly and Its Work; GI Williamson, The Westminster Confession of Faith for Study Classes.J. Skilton; BB沃菲尔德,威斯敏斯特大会及其工作;胃肠威廉姆森,信仰的威斯敏斯特供认学习班。


Westminster Catechisms威斯敏斯特Catechisms

Advanced Information先进的信息

After the Westminster Assembly completed its work on the confession, it focused its attention on preparation of a catechism.威斯敏斯特大会后完成其供认的工作,其注意力集中在准备教义。Its early attempts were frustrated, and a consensus developed that two catechisms would be needed, "one more exact and comprehensive, another more easier and short for new beginners."其早期的尝试受挫,并达成共识,将需要两个catechisms,“一个准确,全面,另一个更容易和新的初学者。” The Larger was intended for pulpit exposition, while the Shorter was intended for the instruction of children.更大的目的是为讲坛的论述,而较短的目的是为儿童的指令。These were completed, the Shorter in 1647 and the Larger in 1648.这些完成后,短1647年,在1​​648年中的较大者。Both function as official standards of doctrine in many denominations today within the Reformed tradition.这两个功能作为官方标准在许多教派的学说在今天改革传统。The Larger has, to a considerable extent, fallen into disuse, while the Shorter has been greatly used and loved, though many have found it too difficult to be an effective teaching aid for children.较大,下降淘汰,在相当程度上,而较短已经大大使用和喜爱,虽然很多人觉得它太困难了对儿童有效的教学援助。

The theology of the catechisms is the same as that of the confession.神学的catechisms供认是相同的。The catechisms (especially the Shorter) also share the confession's conciseness, precision, balance, and thoroughness.catechisms(尤其是越短),也分享供认的简洁,精确,平衡,和彻底性。Neither breathes the warm, personal spirit of the Heidelberg Catechism, but it may be argued that some of the answers are equally memorable and edifying.无论呼吸海德堡教理问答的热情,个人的精神,但它可能会认为,一些问题的答案同样令人难忘的和有启发性的的。Both are structured in two parts: (1) what we are to believe concerning God, and (2) what duty God requires of us.结构分为两部分:(1)我们相信关于上帝,和(2)什么责任上帝对我们的要求。The first part recapitulates the basic teaching of the confession on God's nature, his creative and redemptive work.第一部分概括了神的性质,他的创作和救赎工作的自白的基本教学。The second part contains (a) exposition of the Decalogue, (b) the doctrine of faith and repentance, and (c) the means of grace (word, sacrament, prayer, concluding with an exposition of the Lord's Prayer).第二部分包含(一)十诫的论述,(B)的信心和悔改的教义,和(C)的宽限期,指(词,圣餐,祈祷,与主祷文博览会结束)。

The Larger is sometimes thought to be overdetailed, even legalistic, in its exposition of the law.较大有时被认为是overdetailed,甚至墨守成规,在其法律的论述。One emerges with an enormous list of duties that are difficult to relate to the simple commands of the Decalogue.一出巨大的职责,是很难涉及十诫简单的命令列表。There is truth in such criticisms, but those who urge them often fail to realize the importance of applying scriptual principles authoritatively to current ethical questions.在这样的批评是有真理,但那些敦促他们往往没有意识到scriptual原则权威性当前的伦理问题的重要性。 Whatever we may think of their conclusions, the Westminster divines provide us with a good example of zealousness at that task.无论我们可能会认为他们的结论,西敏寺神学为我们提供一个很好的例子在该任务的热忱。

JM Frame JM帧
(Elwell Evangelical Dictionary)(Elwell宣布了福音字典)

Bibliography 参考书目
GI Williamson, The Shorter Catechism.GI威廉姆森,较短的教义问答。



Also, see:此外,见:
Westminster Confession - Text西敏寺自白-文本


This subject presentation in the original English language这在原来的主题演讲, 英语



Send an e-mail question or comment to us:发送电子邮件的问题或意见给我们:E-mail电子邮件

The main BELIEVE web-page (and the index to subjects) is at:的, 主要相信网页(和索引科目),是在:
BELIEVE Religious Information Source相信宗教信息来源
http://mb-soft.com/believe/beliecha.html