Eastern Rite Churches东方礼的教会,东仪天主教教会

Uniate ChurchesUniate教会

General Information一般资料

Eastern Rite churches are communities of eastern Christians in union with the Roman Catholic church.东部成年礼的教堂在东部基督徒社区工会与罗马天主教教堂。Also known as Uniate churches, they retain their own distinctive spiritual, liturgical, and canonical traditions.教堂也被称为Uniate,他们保留自己独特的精神,礼仪,传统和规范。In addition to differences from the Roman (Western) rite in liturgy, many of the Eastern Rite churches permit a married clergy.除了从罗马(西方)在仪式礼仪的差异,东部成年礼的教会许多允许一个已婚的神职人员。

Between 10 and 11 million Catholics are members of these churches. 10至11万天主教徒是这些教会的成员。Like the Orthodox Church, they are divided into families; the five major families are the Alexandrian, Antiochene, Armenian, Chaldean, and Byzantine.像东正教教堂,他们分为家庭;五大家庭的亚历山大,安提阿学派,亚美尼亚,迦勒底,和拜占庭。They often originated among Orthodox and other eastern Christian communities under the political influence of a Roman Catholic sovereign.他们往往源于东正教和其他东部之间的下一个罗马天主教的主权的政治影响力的基督教社区。The largest Eastern Rite church - the Ukrainian Catholic church - was formed when Ukrainian subjects of the king of Poland were united with Rome in 1596.最大的东部成年礼的教堂 - 乌克兰天主教教堂 - 成立时,乌克兰,波兰国王与罗马团结受试者在1596年。Another large group - the Maronites of Lebanon - established ties with the papacy when their country was occupied by Western Crusaders in the 12th century.另一大群体 - 黎巴嫩马龙派教徒 - 成立时,他们的国家被西方十字军占领了12世纪罗马教廷的关系。The Romanian Eastern Rite church was created under Habsburg rule in 1700.罗马尼亚东部成年礼教堂哈布斯堡统治下创建于1700年。

The Ukrainian Catholic church, with an estimated 4 to 5 million members, is concentrated in the western Ukraine, especially in the areas of Lvov and Ivano - Frankovsk, which were under Austrian and Polish jurisdiction until World War II.乌克兰天主教教会,估计4至5万会员,主要集中在乌克兰西部,特别是在利沃夫地区和伊万诺 - Frankovsk,这下奥地利和波兰的管辖范围,直到第二次世界大战。After the war, when the region became part of the USSR, the church was outlawed and driven underground by the Soviet government.战争结束后,当该地区成为苏联的一部分,教会被取缔,并带动了苏联政府在地下。It was allowed to resume open activity in the freer atmosphere of the late 1980s.它获准恢复在80年代后期更自由的气氛开放活动。

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Each of the Eastern Rite churches is headed by its own Patriarch, who has jurisdiction over the bishops, clergy, and people of that rite.东部成年礼教堂的每一个由它自己的主教为首,谁拥有的主教,神职人员,以及该仪式的人管辖权。 All of the patriarchs are members of the Congregation for the Oriental Churches, which governs the relations of the Vatican with the Eastern Rites.所有的始祖是为东方教会,而制定与东部礼记梵蒂冈的关系会众成员。

Bibliography 参考书目
D Attwater, The Christian Churches of the East (1961); B Proko, Ukrainian Catholics in America (1982).ð Attwater,东(1961)基督教,B Proko,乌克兰在美国的天主教徒(1982年)。


Eastern Rite Churches东部成年礼教会

Uniate ChurchesUniate教会

General Information一般资料

The Eastern Rite Churches are Eastern Christian churches consisting of five rites derived from ancient traditions of Christian churches in the East.东部成年礼教堂是来自东部的东方基督教教会古老的传统衍生five组成的基督教仪式。They are now in communion with the Western church under the papacy. Distinct from both the Orthodox churches and the so-called Independent churches of the East, neither of which recognize papal primacy, the Eastern Rite churches are also sometimes known as Eastern Catholic, or Uniate, churches. Today more than 10 million Eastern Catholics are in the various rites.他们现在在共融与罗马教廷在西方教会。 来自东正教教堂和东所谓的独立的教会,这两个国家都承认罗马教皇的首要地位殊异,东成年礼教堂有时也被称为东方天主教,或Uniate,教堂,如今10多万东欧天主教徒在各种仪式。

The five rites are the Byzantine, Alexandrian, Antiochene, Chaldean, and Armenian.五是拜占庭仪式,亚历山大,安提阿学派,迦勒底和亚美尼亚。Within these rites are further subdivisions according to national or ethnic origins.在这些仪式是进一步细分根据国家或民族的起源。The largest single group of Eastern Catholics is the Ukrainian church (Byzantine rite); it has about 7 million members, with approximately 70 percent in Ukraine.最大的天主教东单组是乌克兰教会(拜占庭仪式),它已拥有约70%的乌克兰约700万成员。In the United States there are about 250,000 Ukrainian Catholics.在美国大约有25万乌克兰天主教徒。

A rite signifies more than a liturgy; it denotes distinctive traditions across a broad front.仪式标志着一个比一个多礼拜仪式,它是指在广泛的领域独特的传统。Noteworthy among these for Eastern Catholics, in contrast with those of the Roman rite, is a married clergy. Distinctive sacramental practices are also found, such as the immediate admission of baptized infants to confirmation and the Eucharist.其中东部天主教徒这些值得注意的是,在与罗马礼的反差,是一个已婚的神职人员。 独特圣礼做法还发现,如婴儿的洗礼,以确认和圣体直接入场。Rather than Latin, the liturgical languages of the Eastern Rite churches are either those spoken by the original missionary founders or the present-day vernacular. The Second Vatican Council, in its Decree on the Catholic Eastern Churches, confirmed the pledge to preserve the Eastern rites intact. 而不是拉丁语,东部成年礼教堂的礼拜仪式的语言无论是原来的传教士创办或当今白话口语的,第二次梵蒂冈会议,在其东部的天主教教会法令,确认了承诺保持东部仪式完好无损。 Such a reassurance was welcome because of the repeated criticism by these churches that their traditions were gradually being eroded by their communion with Rome.这样的保证是因为这些教会一再批评他们的传统逐渐被侵蚀他们与罗马的共融欢迎。

The effecting of this communion was a long process.这种共融effecting是一个漫长的过程。After the Great Schism of 1054 between Eastern and Western Christians, some groups, such as the Maronites and Armenians, were united to Rome in the following century. 1054后,东西方的基督徒,一些群体,如马龙派教徒和亚美尼亚人,大分裂,罗马人团结起来,在接下来的一个世纪。The real history of the development of the Eastern rite churches, however, began in the 16th century.而在东部仪式教堂发展的真正的历史,然而,开始于16世纪。In 1596, by the Brest-Litovsk Union, two Ukrainian Orthodox bishops acknowledged the primacy of the pope. 1596年,由布列斯特联盟,两个乌克兰东正教主教承认教皇的首要地位。Other groups followed, such as the Chaldeans (1681) and other churches of the Byzantine rite (the Ruthenians in 1592, the Romanians in 1698, and the Melkites in 1724).随后其他团体,如迦勒底(1681年)和拜占庭式的教堂仪式等,(鲁塞尼亚于1592年的,在1698年罗马尼亚人,并于1724年的Melkites)。 The last were the Malankarese (Antiochene rite) of India in 1930.最后是印度Malankarese(安提阿学派成年礼)于1930年。As these various groups of Eastern Catholics grew, Rome established ecclesiastical hierarchies for them.作为东部天主教徒这些不同群体的成长,为他们建立了罗马教会的层次结构。

The Eastern churches have their own canon law and are not bound by the Code of Canon Law of the Western church.东部教会有自己的教会法,是不是由佳能的西方教会法典的约束。Each church is governed by a patriarch (the patriarchs of Alexandria, Babylon, and Cilicia, and three patriarchs of Antioch).每个教会是由一个族长(即亚历山大,巴比伦和基利家始祖,三元老安提)。A patriarch with his synod has the highest authority within his jurisdiction and is even able to appoint bishops and create dioceses.与他的主教族长有他的管辖范围内的最高权力机构,甚至能够任命教区主教和创造。Nonetheless, the Sacred Congregation for the Oriental Churches, whose membership includes the Eastern Rite patriarchs, has general competence over the Eastern rites.尽管如此,为东方教会,其成员包括东祭始祖,神圣的会众有超过东部仪式一般的权限。

John W. O'Malley约翰W奥马利



Also, see:此外,见:
Eastern Rite Churches东部教会礼仪
Roman Catholic Church罗马天主教会
Eastern Orthodox Church东正教

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