General Information一般资料

The Elect are those chosen by God for some special purpose (Ps. 106:23; Isa. 43:20; 45:4).选民是上帝选择了一些特殊的目的(诗106:23;赛43:20,45:4)的人。Among the Elect mentioned in Scripture are Moses, the Israelites, Christ, angels, and Christ's disciples.在圣经中提到的当选是摩西,以色列人,基督,天使,和基督的门徒。

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General Information一般资料

Election is God's eternal decree to choose from sinners deserving condemnation those whom He will Save, providing Salvation through Christ and the Holy Spirit.选举是上帝的永恒的法令,从罪人选择值得谴责那些人,他将保存,透过基督和圣灵拯救。

The source of Election is in God alone (John 6:37, 44; Eph. 1:4).选举的来源是只有上帝(约翰福音6:37,44;弗1:4)。The cause is His compassionate Mercy and His own Glory.其原因是他的同情怜悯和他自己的荣耀。The objects of Election are individual men (Matt. 22:14; John 15:19; Rom. 8:29; 9:13, 15, 18 22).选举的对象是:(马太福音22时十四;约翰15时19分,罗8时29分; 9时13,15,18 22)个别男子。

Elect, Election选举,选举

Advanced Information先进的信息

Scripture employs a rich vocabulary to express several aspects of God's sovereign election, choice, and predestination.经文采用了丰富的词汇来表达神的主权选举,选择和宿命的几个方面。Five types of election call for distinction.五种类型的选举呼吁区别。

  1. There is only one reference to "the elect angels" (1 Tim. 5:21; cf. 1 Cor. 6:3; 2 Pet. 2:4; Jude 6).只有一个提到“选天使”(提前5时21分;比照林前6:3;。彼后2:4;犹6)。

  2. Election to service or office is evident in God's sovereign choice of David as Israel's king (1 Sam. 16:7 - 12) and in Jesus' choosing of the disciples and apostles (Luke 6:13; John 6:70; 15:16; Acts 9:15; 15:7).选举服务或办公室是显而易见的,在上帝的主权选择大卫为以色列王(撒上16时07分 - 12)和门徒和使徒(路加福音6时13分选择在耶稣“;约翰6:70; 15时16 ;徒九点15分,15时07分)。

  3. The election of Abraham's descendants to form the theocratic nation of Israel is a common biblical theme (Deut.4:37; 7:6 - 7; 10:15; 1 Kings 3:8; Isa. 44:1 - 2; 45:4; 65:9, 15, 22; Amos 3:2; Acts 13:17; Rom. 9:1 - 5).亚伯拉罕的后裔当选形成政教合一的国家,以色列是一种常见的圣经主题(Deut.4:37; 7:6 - 7;十点15分,1国王3:8;赛44:1 - 2,45: 4,65:9,15,22;阿莫斯3:2;徒13点17分,罗9点01 - 5)。 The election of Israel originated in God's sovereign choice, expressed his covenantal love, and served the goal of redemptive history culminating in Jesus Christ.以色列大选起源于神的主权选择,表达了他立约的爱,并担任了救赎最终在耶稣基督的历史目标。

  4. The election of the Messiah is a fourth type of election.弥赛亚的选举是选举第四种类型。Isaiah referred to the servant of the Lord as "my chosen one" (42:1; cf. Matt. 12:18).以赛亚提到主为“我选择了一个”仆人(42:1;比照马特12点18)。Of the Synoptics only Luke refers to Jesus as the Chosen One (9:35; 23:35).在对观福音只有卢克是指耶稣的不二人选(9时35分,23时35分)。Peter echoes another Isaiah reference (28:16) in 1 Pet.彼得呼应1宠物另一个以赛亚引用(28:16)。1:20 and 2:4, 6. 1:20,2:4,6。These references indicate the unique mediatorial office of Christ and the Father's pleasure in him.这些提法表明基督的唯一中保办公室和父亲对他的乐趣。It is an election basic to the final type,这是选举到最后基本类型,

  5. election to salvation, with which the rest of this article is concerned.选举救恩,与该本文的其余部分而言。

The most common NT reference to election is God's eternal election of certain persons to salvation in Jesus Christ.最常见的NT参照选举是上帝的某些人在耶稣基督拯救永恒选举。The subject is dealt with comprehensively in Eph.这个题目是在弗全面处理。1:3 - 11 and Rom.1:3 - 11和光盘。8:28 - 11:36.8时28分 - 11:36。John Calvin, who became a major defender of the Reformed doctrine, saw the whole doctrine of election summarized in Eph.约翰卡尔文,谁成为了改革的主要原则的捍卫者,看到了整体主义在选举弗总结。1.1。All the Reformed confessions include divine election, but the Canons of Dort, reflecting the controversy with the Arminians, provide the greatest detail.所有的口供,包括神圣的选举改革,但多特大炮,反映了与阿敏念派的争论,提供了最大的细节。Election is part of God's eternal decree and it has a soteriological role: "That some in time are given faith by God and that others are not given faith proceeds from His eternal decree" (1.6).选举是上帝的永恒的法令的一部分,它有一个救世神学的作用:“这在某些时候都是通过上帝的信仰和别人不给他的永恒的法令,从信仰收益”(1.6)。 Election is then defined as "the unchangeable purpose of God whereby, before the foundation of the world, out of the whole human race, which had fallen by its own fault out of its original integrity into sin and ruin, He has, according to the most free good pleasure of His will, out of mere grace, chosen in Christ to salvation a certain number of specific men, neither better nor more worthy than other, but with them involved in a common misery" (1.7).选举被定义为“上帝的宗旨不变,即,在世界的基础出了整个人类,这已经下降了自己的过错,其入罪,破坏了原有的完整性,他已根据最自由的喜悦他的意志,走出单纯的优雅选择了基督救恩的具体一定数量的男子,既不更好,也不比其他有价值的,但他们在一个共同的苦难“(1.7)参与。

Double predestination is the typical Reformed doctrine宿命是典型的双重改革主义

The Canons of Dort distinguish election and reprobation because the Scripture "declares that not all men are elect but that certain ones have not been elected, or have been passed by in the eternal election of God. These God out of His most free, most just, blameless, and unchangeable good pleasure has decreed to leave in the common misery into which they have by their own fault plunged themselves, and not to give them saving faith and the grace of conversion" and "finally to condemn and punish them eternally" for all their sins (1.15).对多特的大炮区分选举和非难,因为圣经“宣称,并非所有的男人都选的,但某些尚未选出,或已在神永恒的选举过去了,这些神了他最自由,最公正,无可指责,和不变的喜悦已下令留在共同的苦难,他们已经到了自己的过错陷入自己,不给他们得救的信心和转换的宽限期“和”终于来谴责和惩罚他们永远的“他们所有的罪(1.15)。 Predestination thus includes election and reprobation, and reprobation involves both a sovereign passing by (preterition) and a just condemnation.宿命因此包括选举和非难,并非难包涵着一个主权路过(preterition)和公正的谴责。

Principles of Election原则选举

Six main features of election deserve attention.六选举的主要特点值得关注。

FH KloosterFH Klooster酒店

(Elwell Evangelical Dictionary)(Elwell宣布了福音字典)

Bibliography 参考书目
GC Berkouwer, Divine Election; L Boettner, The Reformed Doctrine of Predestination; J Calvin, Institutes 3.21 - 24; PY De Jong, ed., Crisis in the Reformed Churches: Essays in Commemoration of the Great Synod of Dort, 1618 - 1619; FH Klooster, Calvin's Doctrine of Predestination; BB Warfield, "Predestination," in Biblical Doctrines, "Predestination in the Reformed Confessions," in Studies in Theology, and "Election," in Selected Shorter Writings of BB Warfield, I.GC Berkouwer,神圣的选举; L,改革的宿命学说Boettner〔J卡尔文学院3.21 - 24; PY德容,编辑,在改革教会的危机:在对多特,1618年大议会纪念论文集 - 1619; FH,卡尔文的宿命学说Klooster酒店; BB沃菲尔德,“宿命”,在圣经的教义,“在改革后的自白宿命”,在研究神学,而“选举”,在选择较短的BB沃菲尔德,一,著作

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