Church of England,Anglican Church英格兰教会,圣公会

General Information一般资料

The Church of England is the established church in England.英国教会是在英国成立的教会。It is divided into two provinces, York and Canterbury, with 43 dioceses and approximately 27 million members.它分为两个省,约克和坎特伯雷,43教区和大约27万成员。The monarch is technically at the head of the ecclesiastical structure, and the archbishops of Canterbury and York are next in line.技术上的君主在教会结构头和坎特伯雷大主教和约克的是线下。

The beginnings of the Church of England date at least to the 2d century, when merchants and other travelers first brought Christianity to Britain.对英国教会的日期至少在二维世纪的开端,当商人和其他旅客带来了基督教第一次到英国。It is customary to regard St. Augustine of Canterbury's mission in 597 as marking the formal beginning of the church under papal authority, as it was to be throughout the Middle Ages.它是在习惯上把597作为纪念教堂下的罗马教皇的权威正式开始圣坎特伯雷的使命奥古斯丁,因为它是在整个中世纪。In its modern form, the church dates from the English Reformation of the 16th century, when royal supremacy was established and the authority of the papacy repudiated.在它的现代形式,教会日期从16世纪英国宗教改革时,皇家至高无上成立,推翻了罗马教廷的权威。With the advent of British colonization, the Church of England established churches on every continent and achieved international importance.随着英国殖民化的到来,英国教会建立在每个大陆的教会,并取得国际的重要性。In time, these churches gained independence, but retained connections with the mother church in the Anglican Communion.随着时间的推移,这些教会获得独立,但保留与在英国圣公会教堂母亲的连接。

The Church of England is identified by adherence to the threefold ministry of bishops, priests, and deacons and by a common order of worship found in the Book of Common Prayer.英国教会是确定的坚持的主教,司铎和执事三倍部和一个共同的崇拜秩序的共同祈祷书找到。The church is also characterized by a common attitude of loyalty to Christian tradition, while seeking to accommodate a wide range of people and views.教堂的另一个特点是一个忠诚的基督教传统,共同的态度,同时寻求容纳人,广泛发表意见。It holds in tension the authorities of tradition, reason, and the Bible, but asserts the primacy of the Bible.它拥有在紧张的传统,理性和圣经的当局,但声称圣经的首要地位。It thus seeks to comprehend Catholic, humanist, and reformed elements, historically represented by Anglo-Catholics (high church), Liberals (broad church), and Evangelicals (low church).因此,它的目的,是理解宽容,以人为本,与改革要素,历史上由英天主教徒(高教会)表示,自由党(广泛教堂)和福音派(小堂)。

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The established status of the Church of England means that all episcopal appointments are made by the crown, and all revisions of the liturgy must be approved by Parliament.对英国教会的固有地位意味着所有主教的任命是由冠和礼仪的所有修订必须由议会批准。In modern times, however, Parliament has been composed of non-Anglicans as well as Anglicans, and this places the church in an awkward position.在近代,然而,议会已经组成,非教徒以及英国圣公会和这个地方处于尴尬境地的教堂。This has resulted in efforts, such as those represented by the Oxford Movement, to maintain the church's integrity by separating it from the state.这就造成了努力,如牛津运动为代表的,以维持分离的状态教会的完整性。 On the other hand, it has also spurred efforts to comprehend other Christians in the national church.另一方面,它也促使在努力理解其他民族教会的基督徒。The Church of England has been active in the Ecumenical Movement.英国教会一直活跃在基督教运动。

John E Booty约翰E藏宝

Bibliography 参考书目
Moorman, JRH, A History of the Church in England, 3d rev.穆尔曼,JRH,一个在英国,3D转教会历史。 ed.编辑。(1973); Welsby, Paul, The History of The Church of England 1945-80 (1984).(1973年); Welsby,保罗,对英国1945至80年教会历史(1984年)。



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