Ex Opere Operato前 opere 运营商产品

General Information一般资料

Ex Opere Operato means that if the communicative nature of the Christian sacraments is acknowledged, a sacrament properly performed is seen to convey God's grace independently of the faith or moral character of the celebrant or recipients.前opere operato意味着,如果基督教圣礼交际的本质是承认,妥善​​进行了圣餐被认为传达的信念或监礼人或受助人的道德品质上帝的恩典独立。Its value springs from its divine institution, "from the work already done" (Latin ex opere operato ), in which the sacrament participates.从它的神圣制度“,从已完成的工作”(拉丁文前opere operato),其中参加圣餐,其价值弹簧。The opposite position has been maintained by some - that the value of the sacrament does depend in some way on those who celebrate and receive, ex opere operantis ("from the work being done").与此相反的立场一直保持着一些-这是圣餐的价值并不取决于那些谁在一些庆祝和接受, 前opere operantis(“从正在开展的工作”)的方式。

Ex Opere Operato前opere operato

Advanced Information先进的信息

The historic Roman Catholic view of the way sacraments are effective is that they operate ex opere operato ("from the work done"). This position became official at the Council of Trent (1545 - 63).历史悠久的罗马天主教圣事的方式是有效的观点是,他们经营前opere operato(“从已完成的工作”),成为这一立场在安理会的遄达(1545 - 63)官方Canon VIII of the seventh session opposed the view that "grace is not conferred through the act performed, but that faith alone in the divine promise suffices for the obtaining of grace."佳能第七届会议第八反对这种观点:“宽限期是不通过执行行为赋予的,但是,在为神的恩典获得足够的信心承诺单”。The condition for the recipient is only that one does not place an obstacle (obex, sinful act or disposition) against the sacrament's administration.为收件人的条件,只是一个不到位对圣餐的行政障碍(OBEX,罪恶行为或处置)。Grace is given by God when the sacrament is conferred rightly by the church. This ex opere operato working makes the sacraments unique conductors of divine grace.恩典是上帝赋予授予时圣事是由教会正确的, 这使得前opere operato工作的神圣恩典圣礼独特的导体。

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The Reformers rejected this view. Calvin said it contradicted the nature of the sacraments. 改革者拒绝了这一观点。卡尔文说,矛盾的圣礼的性质。Protestants have stressed the need for faith to be present in the recipient for a sacrament to have validity.新教徒都强调,信仰需要在收件人目前有一个圣礼的有效性。Sacraments are the instruments used by God to confirm the word of his promise to those who believe.圣礼是上帝用来确认他的承诺,谁相信那些字的工具。

DK McKim DK McKim
(Elwell Evangelical Dictionary)(Elwell宣布了福音字典)

Bibliography 参考书目
GC Berkouwer, The Sacraments; ODCC; R Seeberg, Text book of the History of Doctrines; P Schaff, Creeds of Christendom, II; P Tillich, A Complete History of Christian Thought.GC Berkouwer,圣礼; ODCC,R Seeberg,文字的教义历史书,P沙夫,基督教,二信条,P蒂利希,一个完整的基督教思想史。

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