Major Orders大订单

Advanced Information先进的信息

The Major Orders are the senior or higher ranks, classes, or grades of the ordained ministry in the church in contradistinction from minor orders (porters, lectors, exorcists, and acolytes).的大订单是高级或较高职级,类,或在从(搬运工,讲师,驱魔师,和追随者)小订单对比教堂祝圣职部。 In the Roman Catholic Church there are three major orders, episcopacy, priesthood, and the diaconate.在罗马天主教教会有三大订单,主教,教士和diaconate。These are seen to be of divine origin: "Christ, whom the Father sanctified and sent into the world, has, through his apostles, made their successors, the bishops, partakers of his consecration and his mission. These in their turn have legitimately handed on to different individuals in the church various degrees of participation in this ministry. Thus the divinely established ecclesiastical ministry is exercised on different levels by those who from antiquity have been called bishops, priests and deacons" (Vatican Council II, Constitution on the Church).这些被认为是神圣的起源:“基督,谁神圣和融入世界发出的父亲,已经通过他的使徒们,使他们的继承人,主教,他的奉献和他的使命有分在轮到自己这些都交给合法就在教会的参与程度不同的各种个人在该部。因此,神设立教会部行使不同层次的那些谁从古代被称为(在教会梵蒂冈理事会第二,宪法)主教,司铎和执事“ 。Until 1972, when it was abolished, the subdiaconate had been included among the major orders.直到1972年,当它被取消,subdiaconate已列入的大订单。

All who are in major orders are required to be celibate.谁在所有主要的订单都必须是独身。To be a priest it is necessary first to be ordained deacon; to be a bishop it is necessary to have been ordained deacon and priest.要成为一个牧师,有必要先被祝圣执事,是一个主教,必须有被规定执事和牧师。

In the Eastern, Orthodox, Anglican, and Old Catholic churches there is also agreement that the diaconate, priesthood, and episcopate are essential orders of ministry within the church.在东部,东正教,圣公会,天主教教堂和旧有也一致认为,diaconate,牧师和主教都是必不可少的订单部内的教堂。 The Eastern and Orthodox churches also have various minor orders of ministry.东部和东正教教堂也有部各种小订单。Most Protestant denominations reject the idea of both major and minor orders and recognize only one basic form of ordained ministry.大多数新教教派拒绝了大型和小型订单的想法,承认只有一个受戒部的基本形式。

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Major Orders大订单

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(This information may not be of the scholastic quality of the other articles in BELIEVE. Since few Orthodox scholarly articles have been translated into English, we have had to rely on Orthodox Wiki as a source. Since the Wikipedia collections do not indicate the author's name for articles, and essentially anyone is free to edit or alter any of their articles (again, without any indication of what was changed or who changed it), we have concerns. However, in order to include an Orthodox perspective in some of our subject presentations, we have found it necessary to do this. At least until actual scholarly Orthodox texts are translated from the Greek originals!) (此信息可能不是在相信其他文章的学术质量。由于很少有正统学术文章已被翻译成英文,我们不得不依赖于作为源东正教的Wiki,由于维基百科集合不注明作者姓名的文章,而且基本上任何人都可以自由地编辑或改变他们的任何文章(同样没有任何的改变是什么或谁改变了它的指示),我们有顾虑,但为了我们的主题包括在一些正统的角度介绍,我们发现有必要做到这一点。至少到实际的学术正统的希腊文本从原稿翻译!)

Major Orders in the Orthodox Church refers to the three degrees of ordained clergy: bishop, presbyter, and deacon.在东正教大订单,是指按立神职人员的三度:主教,长老,和执事。Persons who hold these offices are charged with the celebration of the divine services and the administration of Church life.人谁持有这些办事处担负着神圣的服务和教会生活管理的庆祝活动。They have received the grace of the Holy Spirit to perform these jobs through the mystery of Holy Orders.他们获得了圣灵的恩典来执行,通过这些神秘的圣职工作。

The first and highest degree of the clergy is the bishop (episkopos in Greek, which means overseer).该神职人员第一和最高程度的主教(希腊文,这意味着监督员episkopos)。He is the successor to the Apostles in the service and government of the Church.他是在服务政府和教会的使徒的继任者。A bishop is responsible for and the head of all the parishes located in his diocese.一位主教是和所有的在他的教区设教区负责人负责。All authority of the lower orders of clergy is derived from the bishop.所有的神职人员下订单的权力来自主教。

The second degree of the clergy is the presbyter, or priest.的神职人员二度是长老或牧师。The presbyter governs a particular parish by the authority and with the blessing of his bishop.该长老管辖的权力,并与他的主教的祝福特定的教区。The presbyter blesses all of the divine services conducted in his parish and is authorized to celebrate all of the mysteries (sacraments) of the Church, with the exception of ordination, which is reserved to the bishop.在长老的祝福在他的教区进行的神圣的所有服务,并授权庆祝所有的奥秘(圣礼)教会与协调,这是保留给主教除外。The priest supervises all persons holding any office in his parish, including a deacon.神父监督所有的人拿着他的教区任何职位,包括一名执事。The third and lowest degree of the major orders of clergy belongs to the deacons.对僧侣的大订单,第三和最低程度属于执事。 The word deacon means server and originally it referred to a person who waited on tables.这个词意味着服务器和执事最初它提到一个人谁在表上等待着。The deacon ministers to the priest and bishop in the Divine Services and assists in the celebration of the mysteries of the Church.执事部长牧师和神圣的服务和对教会的奥秘庆祝助攻主教。A deacon may not, however, celebrate the mysteries by himself.一个执事不可以,但是,庆祝自己的奥秘。

See also也见

Holy Orders圣职
Minor orders小额订单
Clergy牧师
Major orders Bishop | Priest | Deacon大订单主教|牧师|执事
Minor orders Subdeacon | Reader | Cantor | Acolyte小额订单Subdeacon |读者|康托尔|僧
Other orders Chorepiscopos | Exorcist | Doorkeeper | DeaconessChorepiscopos其他订单|驱魔|看门|女执事
Episcopal titles Patriarch | Catholicos | Archbishop | Metropolitan | Auxiliary | Titular圣公会主教标题| Catholicos |大主教|都市|辅助|挂名
Priestly titles Protopresbyter | Archpriest | Protosyngellos | Economos祭司标题Protopresbyter |主牧师| Protosyngellos | Economos
Diaconal titles Archdeacon | ProtodeaconDiaconal标题副主教| Protodeacon
Minor titles Protopsaltes - Lampadarios次要标题Protopsaltes - Lampadarios
Monastic titles Archimandrite | Abbot - Igumen寺院名称司祭|方丈 - Igumen



Also, see:此外,见:
Holy Orders神圣的订单
Monasticism 修道
Nuns 修女
Friars friars
Convent 修道院
Ministry

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