Religious Confession宗教忏悔

General Information一般资料

Confession is the popular name for the Christian Sacrament of Penance or Reconciliation recognized by the Roman Catholic and Orthodox churches. The rite consists in the acknowledgment of sins to a priest, who grants absolution in the name of God. 认罪是通俗名称或和解为基督教的忏悔圣承认,由罗马天主教和东正教教堂。神的仪式包括在向神父承认罪,谁的名字在授予赦免。Its biblical basis is found in the action of Jesus forgiving sins (Mark 2) and his commissioning of the Apostles to forgive sins (John 20:22-23).其依据是发现圣经中的耶稣宽恕罪孽行动(马克2)和他的门徒委托宽恕罪孽(约翰20:22-23)。

Essential to every confession is an inner conversion of the heart, with sorrow for sin and intent to lead a new life. In the Orthodox Church, confession is usually required before the reception of Communion. Since 1215, Roman Catholics have been required to confess their sins annually if they are in serious sin.供认是必不可少的每一个转换的内心,与生命的罪恶和悲伤领导一个新的意图。 在东正教教堂,招供,通常需要圣餐前的酒会。自从1215年,罗马天主教徒被要求承认其每年的罪,如果他们在严重的罪。A new Roman Catholic rite was introduced in 1973, which places greater emphasis on the community and its place in reconciliation.一个新的罗马天主教的仪式是在1973年推出,这使对社会和和解的地方更大的重视。

Some other Christian churches, such as the Lutheran and the Anglican, provide for individual confession on request, but general confession during public worship, and individual confession directly to God in private, is more characteristic of Protestantism.其他一些基督教教会如路德和英国圣公会,要求提供个人供述,但在公众崇拜一般忏悔和个人直接向私人忏悔神,更多的是新教的特点。

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Bibliography 参考书目
Favazza, Joseph, The Order of Penitents (1988); Martos, Joseph, Doors to the Sacred (1982).Favazza,约瑟夫,忏悔者令(1988年);马尔托斯,约瑟夫,给神圣(1982)门。


Religious Confession宗教忏悔

Advanced Information先进的信息

The Hebrew yada and Greek homologeo (plus derivatives and related concepts) convey the idea of confession, acknowledgement, and praise of God's character and glorious works, often with expression of man's confession of faith in God and in his Son, Jesus Christ; also man's confession to God of his sins and wicked works.希伯来文亚达和希腊homologeo(加上衍生工具及相关概念)传达的忏悔,承认思想,神的性格和光荣的作品和赞誉,往往与人的招供的信仰上帝的表达和他的儿子,耶稣基督也是男人的忏悔他的罪过与邪恶的作品神。

In the OT one acknowledges and praises God's name: "We give you thanks and praise your glorious name" (I Chr. 29:13; cf. Ps. 145:1).在加时赛的承认和赞扬上帝的名字:“我们给你的感谢和赞美你荣耀之名”(我染色体​​29:13;比照诗145:1。。。)。 Also the very person of God is praised: thanks is given to God who is good (Ps. 106:1), whose name (and therefore person) is holy (Pss. 97:12; 99:3), great, and awesome (Ps. 99:3).也是上帝非常人称赞:感谢是给上帝谁是好的(诗篇106:1),他的名字(因此人)是神圣的(Pss. 97:12,99:3),伟大的,真棒(诗篇99:3)。Exalted above all, God is praised as God of gods and Lord of lords (Ps. 136:2-3) and the God of heaven (Ps. 136:26).首先万能的,上帝是被誉为万神之神,万主之领主(诗篇136:2-3)和天上的神(诗篇136:26)。He is praised for his works of creation (Pss. 89:5; 136:4-9) and providential acts to his people (Ps. 136:10-24) and creatures (Ps. 136:25).他称赞他的作品的创作(Pss. 89:5; 136:4-9)和他的人(诗篇136:10-24)和动物(诗篇136:25)天赐的行为。A believer's true commitment to God is implied in such praise.一个信徒的真正的承诺上帝是隐含在这样的赞美。

In the NT emphasis is placed on the personal acknowledgment of Christ: "Whoever acknowledges me before men" (Matt. 10:32) and particular acknowledgment of him as Savior and Lord (Rom. 10:9; cf. Phil. 2:11).在新台币重点放在个人的基督承认:“谁在人面前承认我”(马太福音10:32),并特别感谢他为救主和主(罗马书10:9;比照菲尔2:11。。 )。This confession of Christ includes acknowledging him in his deity as the Son of God (Matt. 16:16; I John 4:15) and in his humanity as incarnate in the flesh (I John 4:2; II John 7).这包括基督的供词中承认他的神作为神的儿子(太16:16;约翰一书4:15),并在他作为人类的肉肉身(约翰4:2;二约翰7)。

The Bible also teaches that one is to confess his sins to this sovereign God.圣经也教导我们,一个是交代自己的罪恶而这一主权的上帝。In the OT levitical sacrifices this is portrayed when the worshiper confesses his sins over the head of the sacrificial animal (cf. Lev. 1:4; 16:21), a picture or type of Christ, the Lamb of God (John 1:29), bearing the sins of his people (Isa. 53:6; I Cor. 5:7).在加时赛利未牺牲,这是描绘了当崇拜者承认了自己的罪献祭动物头上(参见列夫1:4; 16点21。)图片或类型的基督,是神​​的羔羊(约翰福音一: 29),轴承的罪过他的人(以赛亚书53:6。我肺心病5:7)。The OT also emphasizes the great confessions of Israel's sins (Ezra 10:1; Neh. 1:6; 9:2-3; Dan. 9:4, 20).催产素还强调,以色列的罪过大招供(以斯拉10:1;。尼1:6; 9:2-3;丹9点04分,20。)。Personal confession is seen in David's acknowledgment (Ps. 32:5).个人的供词是出现在大卫的承认(诗篇32:5)。

Confession of sin is also emphasized in the NT (Matt. 3:6; Mark 1:5), and with it is connected the promise of forgiveness of sins (I John 1:9; cf. Matt. 6:12), a forgiveness which is based solely on the death of Christ (Eph. 1:7).罪恶的忏悔还强调在新台币(太3:6;马克1:5),以及与它连接的赦罪的承诺(约翰1:9;。。比照马特6:12),一宽恕是纯粹的基督(弗1:7)死亡的。 That confession of sin, an acknowledgment that forgiveness is possible only through Christ the risen Lord, God uses as an instrument in bringing the sinner to salvation (Rom. 10:9-10).这罪恶的忏悔,宽恕是一种承认,只有通过基督复活的主,神使用作为一个使罪人得救(罗马书10:9-10)工具。 This is to be a sacrifice of praise to God (Heb. 13:15).这是值得赞美的祭祀神(希伯来书13:15)。Although confession of sin is to be made to God alone (Luke 18:13), on occasion believers are encouraged to share their confession with one another (James 5:16).虽然罪供认是要作出只有上帝(路加福音18时13分),有时是鼓励信徒分享彼此(雅各书5:16)他们的供词。

WH Mare瓦马尔
(Elwell Evangelical Dictionary) (Elwell宣布了福音字典)

Bibliography 参考书目
WA Quanbeck, IDB,I,667-68; RH Alexander, TWOT,I, 364-66; O. Michel, TDNT,V, 199-219; VC Grounds, ZPEB,I, 937-39.西澳Quanbeck,美洲开发银行,我,667 - 68;相对湿度亚历山大,TWOT,我,364-66;澳米歇尔TDNT,五,199-219; VC的理由,ZPEB,我,937-39。



Confessions of Faith信仰的自白

General Information一般资料

The official Protestant statements of belief issued as standards of doctrine during the 16th and 17th centuries are called confessions of faith. The result of dogmatic controversy, they are generally polemical and reflect the historical situations from which they arose. 官方的新教信仰世纪报表作为标准发布学说在16和17被称为信仰的自白。教条式的争论结果,他们一般论战,反映了他们从中产生的历史情境。 A list of the major confessions of faith issued by the Lutheran, Calvinist, or Reformed churches includes the Augsburg Confession (1530), Helvetic Confessions (1536 and 1566), Gallican Confession (1559), Belgic Confession (1561), Scottish Confessions (1560 and 1581), Heidelberg Catechism (1562), and Westminster Confession (1647).一个教堂列表,或改革,路德加尔文主义的主要信仰的自白包括发出的奥格斯堡自白 (1530), 海尔维自白 (1536和1566),高卢自白(1559),Belgic自白 (1561),苏格兰的自白(1560年和1581年), 海德堡问答 (1562),和西敏寺自白 (1647)。Since the 17th century, other confessions have been issued by the Congregationalists, Baptists, Presbyterians, and Quakers. Many Reformation statements were called Articles of Religion.自17世纪以来,其他教派已经发出的公理,浸信会,长老会,和贵格。 许多改革发了所谓的宗教细则。The ancient professions of faith are usually called Creeds.专业的信仰,通常被称为古老信条。

(Editor's Note: BELIEVE contains individual web-page presentations of each of the above confessions, as well as the full text of several of them. See the links at the end of this presentation.) (编者注:相信包含了上述供词每个单独的Web页的介绍,以及对其中几个全文见在本月底提交的链接。。)


Confessions of Faith信仰的自白

Advanced Information先进的信息

Variations on the term "confession" are found in the NT (eg, I Tim. 3:16; 6:13).关于所谓“口供”变奏曲被发现在新台币(例如,我添3:16。6:13)。In the early church the word was used to describe the testimony of martyrs as they were about to meet their deaths.在早期教会这个词是用来形容烈士的证词,因为他们要满足他们的死亡。Its most common usage, however, designates the formal statements of Christian faith written by Protestants since the earliest days of the Reformation.其最常见的用法,但是,指定的基督教信仰写的新教徒的改革以来最早的天的正式声明。As such, "confessions" are closely related to several other kinds of brief, authoritative summations of belief.因此,“供词”是密切相关的参考资料,信仰求和一些其他类型的权威。The term "creed" most frequently refers to statements from the early church which Christians in all times and places have recognized, the Apostles' Creed, the Nicene Creed, the Definition of Chalcedon, and (less frequently) the Athanasian Creed.术语“信条”最频繁,是指从早期教会的基督徒在所有的时间和地点都承认,使徒们的信条,尼西亚,对卡尔西的定义,(少)亚他那修信经陈述。

While Orthodox Churches hold to the authority of seven ancient ecumenical creeds, and while the Roman Catholic Church continues to use the term for later doctrinal formulations (as "the Creed of the Council of Trent," 1564), it is not uncommon to speak of just the Apostles' or just the Nicene affirmations as the creed.虽然东正教教堂举行的基督教信仰的七大古都的权威,而罗马天主教会继续使用期限为以后理论配方(如“的信条理事会的遄达”1564年),这并非罕见可言只是使徒或只是作为信条尼西亚肯定。 "Catechisms" are structured statements of faith written in the form of questions and answers which often fulfill the same functions as confessions. “要理问答”的结构中的问题和答案,这往往履行相同的功能供词书面形式的信仰声明。Finally, the technical term "symbol" is a general designation for any formal statement, whether creed, confession, or catechism, which sets apart the community which professes it from those who do not.最后,技术术语“符号”是一般指定任何正式声明,无论信仰,认罪,或教义,其中规定,除了在社区内自称来自那些谁不是。

(Elwell Evangelical Dictionary)(Elwell宣布了福音字典)


Confessions of Faith信仰的自白

General Information一般资料


Articles of Religion文章宗教

General Information一般资料

Short theological statements, articles of religion were official Protestant declarations of doctrine issued during the 16th and 17th centuries. The best known are the Thirty-Nine Articles of the Church of England (1563), revised by the US Episcopal Church in 1801. 短期神学声明,宗教品是第16和17世纪的新教官方声明中发出的学说。最广为人知的是美国圣公会在1801年第三条九个教会,英国(1563)修订。 Other Reformation articles include the Schwabach Articles (1529), Ten Articles (1536), Schmalkaldic Articles (1537), Six Articles (1539), Forty-two Articles (1553), Lambeth Articles (1595), and Irish Articles (1615).其他改革的文章包括施瓦巴赫文章(1529年),十大文章(1536年),Schmalkaldic文章(1537),六条(1539年),第四两篇文章(1553年),兰贝斯文章(1595年),和(1615)爱尔兰文章。 Many Reformation statements were called Confessions of Faith.许多发言,被称为改革的信仰告白。

Bibliography 参考书目
George, Timothy, Theology of the Reformers (1988); Leith, John H., ed., Creeds of the Churches (1982).乔治,霍震霆,神学维新(1988年)。雷斯,约翰H,教育署,信仰的教堂(1982年)。


Confession供词

Catholic Information天主教新闻

(Latin confessio).(拉丁confessio)。

Originally used to designate the burial-place of a confessor or martyr (known also as a memoria or martyrion), this term gradually came to have a variety of applications: the altar erected over the grave; the underground cubiculum which contained the tomb; the high altar of the basilica erected over the confession; later on in the Middle Ages the basilica itself (Joan. Bar., De invent. s. Sabini); and finally the new resting-place to which the remains of a martyr had been transferred (Ruinart, II, 35).最初用来指定埋葬为A忏悔或烈士(被称为备忘或martyrion也)的地方,这个词逐渐有多种应用:在严重的祭坛上竖立;地下cubiculum其中载有墓;的高坛的大殿竖立在供认,后来在中世纪的教堂本身(。Joan.酒吧,德发明第萨比尼。);最后,新安息的地方其中一个烈士遗体已经被转移(Ruinart,二,35)。 In case of translation the relics of a martyr were deposited in a crypt below the high altar, or in a hollow space beneath the altar, behind a transenna or pierced marble screen such as were used in the catacombs.在翻译案件烈士文物被存放在地下室以下的高坛,或在一个中空的空间下的祭坛后面transenna或穿大理石屏,如在地下墓穴中使用。 Thus the tomb was left accessible to the faithful who wished to touch the shrine with cloths brandea) to be venerated in their turn as "relics".因此,墓左侧访问的忠实谁愿意用布brandea触摸靖国神社)将在轮到他们崇敬的“文物”。In the Roman church of St. Clemente the urn containing the remains of St. Clement and St. Ignatius of Antioch is visible behind such a transenna.在罗马教会的圣克莱门特的骨灰盒包含的圣克莱门特和圣依纳爵的安提阿剩下的就是背后的transenna可见。 Later still the term confession was adopted for the hollow reliquary in an altar (Ordo Rom. de dedic. altaris).后来这个词还供认是在一个祭坛的空心舍利通过(奥光盘。德德迪奇。altaris)。The oil from the numerous lamps kept lighted in a confession was considered as a relic.从众多的灯一直亮油在供词作为遗物考虑。Among the most famous subterranean confessions of Rome are those in the churches of S. Martino al Monti; S. Lorenzo fuori le Mure, containing the bodies of St. Laurence and St. Stephen; S. Prassede containing the bodies of the two sisters Sts.其中最有名的地下罗马供认是那些人的S.马蒂诺蒙蒂的教堂;学洛伦佐fuori乐牟礼,含圣劳伦斯和圣士提反尸体;学Prassede载有两个姐妹STS的机构。 Praxedes and Pudentiana. Praxedes和Pudentiana。The most celebrated confession is that of St. Peter.最著名的供词是圣彼得。Over the tomb of the Apostle Pope St. Anacletus built a memoria, which Constantine when building his basilica replaced with the Confession of St. Peter.在教皇的使徒圣Anacletus墓建成了备忘,他的君士坦丁大殿时,建设与忏悔圣彼得取代。Behind the brass statues of Sts.背后STS的黄铜雕像。Peter and Paul is the niche over the grated floor which covers the tomb.彼得和保罗是在磨碎的地板,涵盖墓利基。In this niche is the gold coffer, the work of Benvenuto Cellini which contains the palliums to be sent to archbishops de corpore b.在这种环境是金库房,切利尼的Benvenuto工作,包含palliums发送到大主教德corpore湾 Petri according to the Constitution "Rerum ecclesiasticarum" of Benedict XIV (12 Aug., 1748).根据宪法的Petri“Rerum ecclesiasticarum”本笃十四(1748年8月12日)。All through the Middle Ages the palliums after being blessed were let down through the grating on to the tomb of the Apostle, where they remained for a whole night (Phillips, Kirchenrecht, V, 624, n. 61).经过中世纪后,所有的palliums祝福是通过对放下来的使徒,他们在那里整整一个晚上(菲利普斯,Kirchenrecht,五,624,注61)仍然墓光栅。 During the restoration of the present basilica in 1594 the floor gave way, revealing the tomb of St. Peter and on it the golden cross weighing 150 pounds placed there by Constantine, and inscribed with his own and his mother's names.在目前的大教堂在1594年恢复了在地上的方式,揭示了圣彼得和墓上的黄金交叉放置重达150磅的君士坦丁那里,并与他自己和他母亲的名字刻。

Publication information Written by FM Rudge.出版信息撰稿调频拉奇。Transcribed by Donald J. Boon.转录的唐纳德J福音。The Catholic Encyclopedia, Volume IV.天主教百科全书,第四卷。Published 1908.发布1908年。 New York: Robert Appleton Company.纽约:罗伯特Appleton还公司。Nihil Obstat.Nihil Obstat。Remy Lafort, Censor.人头马lafort,检查员。Imprimatur.认可。+John M. Farley, Archbishop of New York+约翰米farley,大主教纽约



Also, see:此外,见:
Sanctification 成圣
Justification 理由
Conversion 转换
Salvation 救赎

Various Attitudes不同态度
Supralapsarianism supralapsarianism
Infralapsarianism infralapsarianism
Amyraldianism amyraldianism
Arminianism arminianism

Nicene Creed尼西亚
Apostles' Creed使徒们的信条
Athanasian Creed阿他那修信经信条

Helvetic Confessionhelvetic自白
Helvetic Confession texthelvetic供认文本
Belgic Confessionbelgic自白
Belgic Confession textbelgic供认文本
Heidelberg Catechism海德堡问答
Heidelberg Catechism text海德堡讲授文
Augsburg Confession奥格斯堡自白
Puritan Confession清教徒的自白
Puritan Confession text清教徒的自白文
Puritan Catechism清教徒问答
Canons of Dordt (Dort)大炮的dordt ( dort )
Canons of Dort text大炮的dort文本
Geneva Confession日内瓦自白
London Confession伦敦自白
London Confession text伦敦供认文本
London Baptists' Confession伦敦浸信会'自白
Episcopal Confession主教自白
Scottish Confession苏格兰自白
Westminster Confession西敏寺自白
Westminster Confession text西敏寺供认文本
Book of Concord (Lutheran)本书的康科德(路德)
Formula of Concord (Lutheran)公式康科德(路德)
Southern Baptist Confession of Faith美南浸信会招供的信仰
Methodist Articles of Religion循道卫理文章宗教
Free Methodist Articles of Religion免费循道文章宗教
New Hampshire Baptist Confession新罕布什尔州浸信自白
Reformed Church Beliefs经过改革的教会信仰
Thirty-Nine Articles (Anglican)39条(圣公会)


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