Hezbollah真主党

General Information一般资料

Hezbollah, or Party of God, is an informal umbrella group of Shiite Muslim militants in Lebanon that advocates the creation of an Islamic republic there.真主党,或上帝党,是一个什叶派穆斯林武装在黎巴嫩的非正式伞组,主张在那里建立一个伊斯兰共和国。Formed in about 1983, it places Islam above Arab nationalism and has demanded that Westerners leave Lebanon and that Christians there be tried for crimes against Muslims.在大约1983年成立,它把伊斯兰教和阿拉伯民族主义上面有要求,而西方人离开黎巴嫩的基督徒对穆斯林有罪行的审判。 Hezbollah's more than 5,000 members, subsidized and trained by Iran, are concentrated in the southern slums of Beirut and al - Biqa (Bekaa) Valley; they become martyrs if they sacrifice their lives in what is considered a holy war.真主党的5000多名成员,由伊朗资助和培训,主要集中在贝鲁特南部的贫民区和基地 - Biqa(贝卡)山谷,他们成为烈士牺牲什么,如果他们被认为是一个神圣的战争中丧生。

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The organization has no formal structure; its fluid membership includes such shadowy terrorist groups as Islamic Jihad, the Revolutionary Justice Organization, Islamic Jihad for the Liberation of Palestine, and the Arab Revolutionary Cells.该组织没有正式的结构,其成员包括流体等阴暗的伊斯兰圣战组织,革命正义组织,伊斯兰圣战组织为解放巴勒斯坦和阿拉伯革命细胞恐怖组织。 Hezbollah groups have claimed responsibility for the 1983 bombings of the US embassy and marine headquarters in Beirut, several hijackings, and the taking of Western and Israeli hostages.真主党游击队已经声称对1983年美国使馆爆炸案和海洋总部设在贝鲁特,一些劫机事件,以及西方和以色列劫持人质的责任。 In January 1989, after months of armed clashes, Hezbollah signed a peace agreement with the mainstream Lebanese Shiite group, the Syrian backed Amal (Hope). 1989年1月,经过几个月的武装冲突,真主党签署了与主流黎巴嫩什叶派集团,叙利亚支持的阿迈勒(希望)和平协议。

The 1989 death of Iranian leader Ayatollah Khomeini and a Syrian brokered Lebanese peace accord led to a decline in Hezbollah's influence in the early 1990s.在伊朗精神领袖霍梅尼和黎巴嫩的叙利亚斡旋的和平协议,1989年去世导致了真主党的影响力在90年代初下降。 Hezbollah's tactics and shadowy nature frustrated conventional political, diplomatic, and military strategies and contributed to a US foreign policy scandal, the Iran Contra Affair.真主党的战术和阴暗沮丧传统的政治性质,外交和军事战略,促成了美国外交政策的丑闻,伊朗魂斗罗事件。 After the Persian Gulf War (1991), in an effort to end its international isolation, the Iranian government persuaded Hezbollah groups to release some hostages.波斯湾战争结束后(1991年),以努力结束国际孤立,伊朗政府说服真主党游击队释放一些人质。

The BELIEVE Religious Information Source web site is not connected with the organization described in this presentation.相信宗教信息来源网站没有连接,在此演示中描述的组织。This happens to be ONE of the 1,000 religious subjects which are included in BELIEVE.这种情况将有哪些是相信包括1000名宗教科目之一。

Our small Protestant Christian Church, which created and maintains the BELIEVE site, has no contact with the organization described here, so we cannot help in providing contacts or addresses.我们的小基督教新教,创造和维护相信网站,没有接触该组织介绍在这里,所以我们不能帮助提供接触或地址。 In addition, since BELIEVE does not "sell" anything, we cannot help in finding books, icons or souvenirs.此外,由于相信没有“卖”什么,我们不能帮助寻找书籍,图标或纪念品。



Also, see:此外,见:
Islam, Muhammad伊斯兰教,穆罕默德
Koran, Qur'an可兰经,可兰经
Pillars of Faith支柱的信仰
Abraham 亚伯拉罕
Testament of Abraham全书亚伯拉罕
Allah 安拉
Hadiths hadiths
Revelation - Hadiths from Book 1 of al-Bukhari启示-h adiths从第一册的基地布哈里
Belief - Hadiths from Book 2 of al-Bukhari信仰-h adiths从第二册的基地布哈里
Knowledge - Hadiths from Book 3 of al-Bukhari知识-h adiths从第三册的基地布哈里
Times of the Prayers - Hadiths from Book 10 of al-Bukhari时代的祈祷-h adiths从书展1 0个基地布哈里
Shortening the Prayers (At-Taqseer) - Hadiths from Book 20 of al-Bukhari缩短祈祷(在taqseer ) -h adiths从书展2 0铝布哈里
Pilgrimmage (Hajj) - Hadiths from Book 26 of al-Bukhari朝圣(朝觐) -h adiths从书展2 6铝布哈里
Fighting for the Cause of Allah (Jihad) - Hadiths of Book 52 of al-Bukhari争取事业的阿拉(杰哈德) -h adiths图书5 2铝布哈里
ONENESS, UNIQUENESS OF ALLAH (TAWHEED) - Hadiths of Book 93 of al-Bukhari同一性,独特的阿拉tawheed ) -h adiths图书9 3铝布哈里
Hanafiyyah School Theology (Sunni)hanafiyyah学校神学(逊尼派)
Malikiyyah School Theology (Sunni)malikiyyah学校神学(逊尼派)
Shafi'iyyah School Theology (Sunni)shafi'iyyah学校神学(逊尼派)
Hanbaliyyah School Theology (Sunni)hanbaliyyah学校神学(逊尼派)
Maturidiyyah Theology (Sunni)maturidiyyah神学(逊尼派)
Ash'ariyyah Theology (Sunni)ash'ariyyah神学(逊尼派)
Mutazilah Theologymutazilah神学
Ja'fari Theology (Shia)ja'fari神学(什叶派)
Nusayriyyah Theology (Shia)nusayriyyah神学(什叶派)
Zaydiyyah Theology (Shia)zaydiyyah神学(什叶派)
Kharijiyyah kharijiyyah
Imams (Shia)伊玛目(什叶派)
Druze 德鲁兹
Qarmatiyyah (Shia)qarmatiyyah (什叶派)
Ahmadiyyah ahmadiyyah
Ishmael, Ismail伊斯梅尔,司马义。
Early Islamic History Outline早在伊斯兰历史纲要
Hegira hegira
Averroes averroes
Avicenna 阿维森纳
Machpela machpela
Kaaba, Black Stone天房,黑石头
Ramadan 斋月
Sunnites, Sunni逊尼派,逊尼派
Shiites, Shia什叶派,什叶派
Mecca 麦加
Medina 麦迪
Sahih, al-Bukharisahih ,铝-布哈里
Sufism 苏非派
Wahhabism 瓦哈比主义
Abu Bakr阿布巴克尔
Abbasids abbasids
Ayyubids ayyubids
Umayyads 倭马亚王朝
Fatima 法蒂玛
Fatimids (Shia)法蒂玛王朝(什叶派)
Ismailis (Shia)伊斯玛仪教派(什叶派)
Mamelukes mamelukes
Saladin 萨拉丁
Seljuks seljuks
Aisha 的Aisha
Ali 阿里
Lilith lilith
Islamic Calendar伊斯兰日历
Interactive Muslim Calendar互动穆斯林日历


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