Jihad, Jehad圣战

Editor's Note: This presentation is about the true subject of Jihad.编者注:此演示文稿是关于圣战真正的主题。There is a relatively new organization which named itself "Islamic Jihad" which is very different.有一个相对较新的组织,名为本身“伊斯兰圣战组织”,这是非常不同的。That organization is a small militant extremist group that has a distorted understanding of jihad.该组织是一个小的武装集团,有一个极端的圣战歪曲的理解。They focus on a few words in the Koran that tell Muslims to hate and fight enemies of "the book", believing that that reference is about the Koran.他们集中在古兰经几句话,告诉穆斯林的仇恨和斗争的“书”的敌人,认为该参考有关古兰经。However, the context of that text in the Koran makes it clear that the Book referred to is the Torah, or Taurah, or Pentateuch, the first five Books of the Bible.然而,在可兰经文本中明确规定,本书提到​​的是圣经,或Taurah,或五,第一个五年书籍的圣经。If that group truly understood the Koran, they would see that Muslims, Jews and Christians all fully believe in those Five Books, and are therefore not enemies at all.如果该组真正理解古兰经,他们会看到,穆斯林,犹太人和基督徒都完全相信这些五本书,不是敌人,因此在所有。 However, they have been taught differently.然而,他们被教导的不同。

General Information一般资料

In Islam, the duty of each Muslim to spread his or her religious beliefs is termed jihad. Although the word is widely understood to mean a "holy war" against nonbelievers, jihad may also be fulfilled by a personal battle against evil inclinations, the righting of wrongs, and the supporting of what is good. 在伊斯兰教,穆斯林的职责,把每一个传播他或她的宗教信仰被称为圣战。虽然这个词被广泛理解为一个“神圣的战争”对非信徒,也可能是扶正圣战履行了个人与邪恶的战斗倾向,在人的恶,配套的东西是好的。

The BELIEVE Religious Information Source web site is not connected with the organization described in this presentation.相信宗教信息来源网站没有连接,在此演示中描述的组织。This happens to be ONE of the 1,000 religious subjects which are included in BELIEVE.这种情况将有哪些是相信包括1000名宗教科目之一。

Our small Protestant Christian Church, which created and maintains the BELIEVE site, has no contact with the organization described here, so we cannot help in providing contacts or addresses.我们的小基督教新教,创造和维护相信网站,没有接触该组织介绍在这里,所以我们不能帮助提供接触或地址。 In addition, since BELIEVE does not "sell" anything, we cannot help in finding books, icons or souvenirs.此外,由于相信没有“卖”什么,我们不能帮助寻找书籍,图标或纪念品。

BELIEVE Religious Information Source web-site相信宗教信息来源
BELIEVE Religious Information Source相信宗教信息来源
Our List of 2,300 Religious Subjects

我们2300 宗教科目名单
E-mail电子邮件

Jihad圣战

General Information一般资料

Many polemical descriptions of Islam have focused critically on the Islamic concept of jihad.伊斯兰教的许多争论都集中批判性的描述对伊斯兰圣战的概念。Jihad, considered the sixth pillar of Islam by some Muslims, has been understood to mean holy war in these descriptions.圣战组织,有些人认为穆斯林伊斯兰教第六支柱,已被理解为指这些描述神圣的战争。However, the word in Arabic means "to struggle" or "to exhaust one's effort," in order to please God.然而,在阿拉伯语中的意思是“奋斗”或“用尽自己的努力,”为了取悦上帝。Within the faith of Islam, this effort can be individual or collective, and it can apply to leading a virtuous life; helping other Muslims through charity, education, or other means; preaching Islam; and fighting to defend Muslims.在伊斯兰教的信仰,这种努力可以是个人或集体的,它可以适用于领导一个良性的生活;帮助,通过慈善,教育或其他手段等穆斯林,鼓吹伊斯兰教和战斗力保卫穆斯林。

Western media of the 20th century continue to focus on the militant interpretations of the concept of jihad, whereas most Muslims do not. 20世纪西方媒体继续把重点放在了激进的圣战概念的解释,而大多数穆斯林并不。


Jihad圣战

General Information一般资料

The Dictionary of Islam defines jihad as "a religious war with those who are unbelievers in the mission of Muhammad. It is an incumbent religious duty, established in the Qur'an and in the Traditions as a divine institution, enjoined specially for the purpose of advancing Islam and of repelling evil from Muslims." 伊斯兰教辞典定义穆罕默德圣战“的使命的宗教战争中的那些谁是不信。它是一种宗教义务责任,机构设立了一个神圣的古兰经和传统的,责成专门为宗旨推动和击退邪恶的伊斯兰教的穆斯林。“


Note注意:

From the above, it seems clear that there are at least two rather different understandings of the term.从上面的,它似乎很清楚,至少有两个相当不同的术语的理解。It would seem that the majority of Muslims, who are peaceful, accept the personal and very peaceful interpretation, while militant Muslims seem to understand the violent interpretation.这似乎是说,大多数穆斯林,谁是和平的,接受个人和非常和平的解释,而激进的穆斯林似乎理解暴力的解释。 In recent decades, a relatively small number of very militant Muslim terrorist groups have used newspapers, radio, television, and other media to promote their view.近几十年来,一种非常激进的穆斯林恐怖组织使用相对少数报纸,广播,电视等媒体,以促进他们的看法。This seems to have affected growing numbers of Muslims into having more and more violent views toward non-Muslims, particularly Jews and Americans.这似乎已经发展成为具有影响对非穆斯林,犹太人和美国人,特别是越来越多的穆斯林人数暴力的意见。

It is probably true that the vast majority of Muslims do not (yet) agree with this terrorist usage of their religion, and are troubled as much as non-Muslims by the regular calls for "Islamic Jihad", a Holy War, against Westerners, particularly Americans.这可能是不错,绝大多数穆斯林不(还)同意这种恐怖主义的使用他们的宗教,并陷入困境的非穆斯林一样受到了“伊斯兰圣战”,一个神圣的战争,对西方人经常通话,特别是美国人。 Such call are made by (still) very small militant and terrorist groups, but they are very vocal and the news media have tended to publicize their activities.该项要求是由(仍然)非常小的武装和恐怖组织,但他们畅所欲言,而新闻媒体往往宣传他们的活动。As a result of this publicity, they have been able to gain many more followers for their terrorist activities, and also inspire more fear than such small groups could probably cause on their own.由于这种宣传的结果,他们已经能够为他们的恐怖活动获得更多的追随者,也激励更多的恐惧会比这样的小团体都可能导致自己。

Again, out of the 1,000,000,000 Muslims in the world, only a few thousand are actively involved in the terrorist activities.同样,出于对世界1,000,000,000穆斯林,只有几千积极参与了恐怖活动。 That means that the remaining 999,950,000 Muslims are peace-loving as their religion actually teaches them.这意味着,剩余的99995.00万穆斯林是爱好和平的宗教,其实他们的教他们。In a similar way, the vast majority of Christians are Peace-loving, as Jesus Taught, but a very few aberrant people who call themselves Christians show up in TV news, and might give the impression that all Christians are violent, which is certainly not true.在一个类似的方式,绝大多数的基督徒是爱好和平的,如耶稣教,除了极少数异常自称基督徒的人谁出现在电视新闻了,而且可能给人的印象是所有基督徒是暴力,这当然不如此。 Quiet, peaceful people seldom make news.安静,平和的人很少成为新闻。Vocal, violent people do.声乐,暴力的人。That's a characteristic of a "free press" which free societies choose to have.这是一个“自由新闻”的自由社会的选择有特点。

Those terrorist groups are certainly extremely dangerous, and must be controlled or eliminated, but they shouldn't necessarily tarnish the overall reputation of either Islam or Christianity.这些恐怖组织一定非常危险的,必须加以控制或消除,但他们不一定玷污伊斯兰教或基督教或整体声誉。



Also, see:此外,见:
Islam, Muhammad伊斯兰教,穆罕默德
Koran, Qur'an可兰经,可兰经
Pillars of Faith支柱的信仰
Abraham 亚伯拉罕
Testament of Abraham全书亚伯拉罕
Allah 安拉
Hadiths hadiths
Revelation - Hadiths from Book 1 of al-Bukhari启示-h adiths从第一册的基地布哈里
Belief - Hadiths from Book 2 of al-Bukhari信仰-h adiths从第二册的基地布哈里
Knowledge - Hadiths from Book 3 of al-Bukhari知识-h adiths从第三册的基地布哈里
Times of the Prayers - Hadiths from Book 10 of al-Bukhari时代的祈祷-h adiths从书展1 0个基地布哈里
Shortening the Prayers (At-Taqseer) - Hadiths from Book 20 of al-Bukhari缩短祈祷(在taqseer ) -h adiths从书展2 0铝布哈里
Pilgrimmage (Hajj) - Hadiths from Book 26 of al-Bukhari朝圣(朝觐) -h adiths从书展2 6铝布哈里
Fighting for the Cause of Allah (Jihad) - Hadiths of Book 52 of al-Bukhari争取事业的阿拉(杰哈德) -h adiths图书5 2铝布哈里
ONENESS, UNIQUENESS OF ALLAH (TAWHEED) - Hadiths of Book 93 of al-Bukhari同一性,独特的阿拉tawheed ) -h adiths图书9 3铝布哈里
Hanafiyyah School Theology (Sunni)hanafiyyah学校神学(逊尼派)
Malikiyyah School Theology (Sunni)malikiyyah学校神学(逊尼派)
Shafi'iyyah School Theology (Sunni)shafi'iyyah学校神学(逊尼派)
Hanbaliyyah School Theology (Sunni)hanbaliyyah学校神学(逊尼派)
Maturidiyyah Theology (Sunni)maturidiyyah神学(逊尼派)
Ash'ariyyah Theology (Sunni)ash'ariyyah神学(逊尼派)
Mutazilah Theologymutazilah神学
Ja'fari Theology (Shia)ja'fari神学(什叶派)
Nusayriyyah Theology (Shia)nusayriyyah神学(什叶派)
Zaydiyyah Theology (Shia)zaydiyyah神学(什叶派)
Kharijiyyah kharijiyyah
Imams (Shia)伊玛目(什叶派)
Druze 德鲁兹
Qarmatiyyah (Shia)qarmatiyyah (什叶派)
Ahmadiyyah ahmadiyyah
Ishmael, Ismail伊斯梅尔,司马义。
Early Islamic History Outline早在伊斯兰历史纲要
Hegira hegira
Averroes averroes
Avicenna 阿维森纳
Machpela machpela
Kaaba, Black Stone天房,黑石头
Ramadan 斋月
Sunnites, Sunni逊尼派,逊尼派
Shiites, Shia什叶派,什叶派
Mecca 麦加
Medina 麦迪
Sahih, al-Bukharisahih ,铝-布哈里
Sufism 苏非派
Wahhabism 瓦哈比主义
Abu Bakr阿布巴克尔
Abbasids abbasids
Ayyubids ayyubids
Umayyads 倭马亚王朝
Fatima 法蒂玛
Fatimids (Shia)法蒂玛王朝(什叶派)
Ismailis (Shia)伊斯玛仪教派(什叶派)
Mamelukes mamelukes
Saladin 萨拉丁
Seljuks seljuks
Aisha 的Aisha
Ali 阿里
Lilith lilith
Islamic Calendar伊斯兰日历
Interactive Muslim Calendar互动穆斯林日历


This subject presentation in the original English language这在原来的主题演讲, 英语



Send an e-mail question or comment to us:发送电子邮件的问题或意见给我们:E-mail电子邮件

The main BELIEVE web-page (and the index to subjects) is at:的, 主要相信网页(和索引科目),是在:
BELIEVE Religious Information Source相信宗教信息来源
http://mb-soft.com/believe/beliecha.html