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Scientology is a religious movement based on the teachings of the American writer and visionary L Ron Hubbard (1911 - 86).达基是一个宗教运动对美国作家和富有远见的L罗恩贺伯特的教义为基础(1911 - 86)。Hubbard won prominence with his book Dianetics: The Modern Science of Mental Health (1950), in which he outlined a form of therapy (Dianetics) for curing emotional and psychosomatic illnesses and enhancing life.哈伯德赢得了他的书戴尼提突出:心理健康的现代科学(1950年),他在其中概述了治疗情绪和心身疾病,提高生活的治疗(戴尼提)的形式。 Subjects were trained by auditors (therapists) to increase the power of the analytical (conscious) mind and subdue the influence of "engrams" (painful impressions of past experiences) that confuse the "reactive," or unconscious, mind.培训对象为核数师(治疗),以增加分析(意识)头脑的力量和征服的“engrams”(过去的痛苦经验,展示)影响,混淆了“无功”,或无意识的,心。 Hubbard's work took on a religious dimension with the publication of Science of Survival (1951), which explained the religious philosophy of Scientology.哈伯德的工作是宗教层面上与科学的生存(1951年),这解释了达基宗教哲学的出版物。The Church of Scientology, founded in 1954, has an estimated 8 million members in more than 70 countries.科学论教会,成立于1954年,在全球超过70​​个国家估计有800万成员。

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It teaches that human beings are immortal spirits called thetans and practices a ritual known as auditing, the purpose of which is to free the thetan from past painful experiences, making possible increased spiritual awareness and abilities.它教导我们,人类是不朽的精神和做法称为悉旦审计称为一个仪式,目的是摆脱过去的痛苦经验thetan,使可能增加精神的认识和能力,其中。 A device called an E - meter is used to guide individuals during auditing and help them to locate precise areas of spiritual difficulty.一个设备,称为一个E - 米是用来指导审计过程中的个人和帮助他们准确定位困难的精神领域。 The church has been the subject of much controversy.教堂一直是备受争议。Its headquarters is in Los Angeles.它的总部设在洛杉矶。

Bibliography: 参考书目:
H Whitehead, Renunciation and Reformulation (1987); JA Winter, Dianetics: A Doctor's Report (1987). ħ白石,放弃和重新(1987年);茉莉冬季,戴尼提:一个医生的报告(1987年)。


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In general, BELIEVE tries to avoid repeating information that seems to have minimal documentation, but there is an interesting anecdote that exists.一般情况下,相信试图避免重复信息,似乎有最小的文件,但有一个有趣的故事存在。Allegedly, L. Ron Hubbard, a former therapist, and Arthur C. Clarke, the noted author, were friends, and Hubbard bet Clarke that he could start a new religion.据称,L.罗恩贺伯特,前治疗师,和阿瑟克拉克,著名作家,是好朋友,而且哈伯德克拉克打赌,他可以启动一个新的宗教。 The anecdote concludes with him creating Scientology as a result.他的故事结尾,结果创造达基。Again, we have not found specific evidence either supporting or denying that story.同样,我们还没有发现任何具体证据支持或否认这个故事。

There seem to be two main versions of this story.似乎有两个主要版本的这个故事。One is that the alleged conversation occurred in private, at Mr. Clarke's home, with no actual witnesses, and that one or both later commented to friends about it.之一是发生在私人谈话指称,在克拉克先生的家里,没有实际的证人,而一方或双方后来说大约它的朋友。The other is that the alleged conversation was supposed to have occurred at a Conference of science fiction writers.另一种是所谓的谈话应该是有一个科幻小说作家会议发生。

Regarding the first, there is obviously no way to confirm or deny that such a conversation actually took place.关于第一,显然无法证实或否认,这样的对话确实发生了。Regarding the second, a County Court Case in Munich, Germany heard a Complaint (in October 1982, around 30 years after the alleged fact) against adversaries of Scientology regarding publicizing a story regarding the Conference version.关于第二个,一个县法院判例在德国慕尼黑,听取了投诉(1982年10月,大约30年后,声称事实)对有关宣传科学论有关会议的故事版本对手。 Two Affidavits (Kyle and Klein) are in the Court files regarding their statements that they were present at that Conference and that no such conversation had occurred.两个誓章(凯尔和克莱因)在法院文件都对自己的陈述,他们在该次会议出席并没有这样的对话发生。It is immensely difficult to "prove a negative", and it is hard to see how attendees at such a Conference could provide absolute proof that the two gentlemen did not have a brief conversation somewhere where the two witnesses were not by their sides!这是非常困难的“证明一负”,这是很难想象在这样的会议参加者可以提供绝对的证据,证明两位先生没有一个简短的谈话在某处的两个证人在侧没有! In any case, there are apparently official documents in a County Court in Munich, Germany (9 0 19 087/82) where the two claim that the alleged conversation had never occurred.在任何情况下,有一个在德国慕尼黑,县法院显然正式文件(9 0 19 087/82)两个论点,即据称谈话从未发生过。 As an impartial observer, I note that this Court action was not done in the United States and not earlier than 30 years after the fact and in a relatively minor Court.作为一个公正的观察者,我注意到,这个法院的行动却没有这样做在美国和在不早于30年后的事实和法院在一个相对较小。

It still seems unclear to us whether there was any such conversation, in private somewhere, although it now seems better established that there was probably no public conversation.它似乎仍然不清楚我们是否有任何这样的谈话,在私人地方,但现在看来更好地确立起来,有可能是没有公开的对话。 Whatever the reality was, there is now a fairly large group of believers in Scientology!无论现实是,现在有一个达基信徒在相当大的团体!

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