Reconciliation和解 中文 - Zhong Wen

General Information一般资料

Reconciliation is a change of the relationship between God and man based on a changed status of man through the Redemptive Work of Christ.和解是一个神和基督的救赎工作,通过改变一个人的状态为基础的人之间的关系的变化。Enmity between God and sinful man was removed by the death of Christ.上帝和罪人之间的敌对基督的死被删除。Reconciliation is then appropriated by each individual sinner through Faith (Acts 10:43; 2Cor. 5:18,19; Eph. 2:16).和解是拨给每一个人通过信仰的罪人(10时43分; 2Cor徒5:18,19;。弗2点16)。

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Reconciliation is a doctrine usually ascribed to Paul, although the idea is present wherever estrangement or enmity is overcome and unity restored: Matt.和解是一种学说通常归因于保罗,虽然想法是存在的,无论是克服疏远或敌对团结恢复:马特。5:24ff.5:24 FF。(brothers, litigants, perhaps man-to-God); bringing lost sheep to fold, prodigal to father, the lost back to God (Luke 19:10; cf. I Pet. 3:18). (兄弟,诉讼当事人,也许是人到神);把迷失的羊倍,浪子父亲,失去了回神(路加福音19:10;比照我宠物3:18)。Indeed reconciliation is exemplified in Jesus' attitude to sinners, the truth in Athanasius's though that incarnation is reconciliation.事实上,和解是体现在耶稣的罪人,在他那修的真相“的态度,尽管这化身是和解。

The root idea (in Greek) is change of attitude or relationship.根的想法(在希腊)的态度或关系的变化。 Paul applies it to wife and husband (I Cor. 7:11), to Jews and Gentiles reconciled to each other in being reconciled to God (Eph. 2:14ff.), and to the alienated, divisive elements of a fragmented universe "brought under one head" again in Christ (Eph. 1:10; Col. 1:20).保罗将其应用于妻子和丈夫(我肺心病。7时11分),不甘心不甘心神(以弗所书2时14分几段)。彼此的犹太人和外邦人,和疏离,一个支离破碎的宇宙的分裂元素“受到一个头“在基督(弗1:10;上校1点20分)。 His illustrations include those far off made nigh, strangers made fellow citizens of the household, and dividing walls removed.他的作品包括为期不远作出夜间,陌生人家庭的同胞,并拆除分隔墙。His testimony to reconciliation's results dwells especially upon peace with God (Rom. 5:1; Eph. 2:14; Col. 1:20); upon "access" to God's presence (Rom. 5:2; Eph. 2:18; 3:12; see Col. 1:22) in place of estrangement; "joy in God" replacing dread of "wrath" (Rom. 5:9, 11); and assurance that "God is for us," not against us (Rom. 8:31ff.).他的证词和解的结果,住,特别是在与神(罗马书5:1;弗2点14分;上校1点20);和平后的“准入”上帝的存在(罗马书5:2;弗2时18分。 ; 3:12;隔阂的地方上校1:22);取代“在上帝的喜悦”害怕“愤怒”(罗马书5:9,11);和保证,“上帝对我们来说是”不反对我们(罗马书8点31分几段)。

The Central Concept of Christianity基督教的核心概念

Since a right relationship with God is the heart of all religion, reconciliation which makes access, welcome, and fellowship possible for all may be held the central concept in Christianity.由于与神权的关系是所有宗教的核心,这使得访问的和解,欢迎和奖学金,对所有可能举行的基督教的核心概念。 But to describe this experience with doctrinal precision raises questions.但是教义精密来形容这方面的经验,提出了一些问题。 Man being made for fellowship with God, what is the difficulty requiring Christ's intervention?男子为团契与上帝,什么是困难,需要基督的干预?Since reconciliation involves "not imputing trespasses," "Christ made sin for us" (II Cor. 5:18ff.), part of the answer must be sin, which separates God and men.由于和解涉及为我们“不归咎于过犯”,“基督的罪”(二肺心病。FF 5点18分),答案的一部分必须罪,分开神和人。This "alienation" from God and from his people (Eph. 2:12; 4:18) deepens into resentment, "enmity" (Rom. 5:10), increased by canrnality hostile to God (Rom. 8:7), expressed in rebellious wickedness: "you estranged hostile in mind, doing evil deeds" (Col. 1:21).这种“异化”(弗2:12; 4:18)上帝和他的人加深到怨恨,“敌意”(罗马书5:10),增加canrnality敌对上帝(罗马书8:7),叛逆邪恶表示:“。你疏远 敌对记住,这样做的恶行”(西1:21)。 This total attitude of man needs to be removed.这人总的态度,需要删除。

If this were all, then revelation of truth, the example of Christ, the demonstration of divine love, would remove misunderstanding, effecting reconciliation.如果这一切,然后启示的真理,基督,神圣的爱的示范,消除误解,有效和解。But Rom.但罗。11:28 (contrasting "enemies" with "beloved"), repeated references to divine "judicial" wrath (Rom. 1:18; 5:9; 12:19), and the whole case for divine condemnation (Rom. 1-3) suggest that men are "the objects of divine hostility" (Denney); that man's sense of estrangement ("a certain fearful looking-for of judgment") witnesses to a barrier on God's side, precluding fellowship, not, certainly, any reluctance in God's mind, which Jesus must change, but a moral, even judicial, barrier that requires the death of Jesus, not merely his message or example, to remove. 11时28分(对比鲜明的“敌人”与“宠儿”),多次提到神圣之怒“司法”(罗马书1:18; 5时09分,12时19分),和神圣的谴责(罗马书1全案 - 3)建议,男人都“的对象神圣的敌意”(丹尼);说,人的意识的隔阂(“一个一定的恐惧判断的前瞻性,为”)证人站在上帝的一边的障碍,解除奖学金,不,当然,任何在上帝的心目中,耶稣必须改变,而是一种道德,甚至司法,障碍,需要耶稣之死的不情愿,不只是他的消息,例如,删除。

Man the Reconciled曼和解

Who, then, is reconciled?那么,谁是不甘心呢?Certainly man is changed.当然,人是改变。"We were reconciled being reconciled we received reconciliation he reconciled us be ye reconciled" consistently apply reconciliation to man.“我们不甘心 正在不甘心 我们收到和解 他不甘心我们 你们不甘心”一贯申请和解人。Estrangement gives place to prayer and fellowship, hostility becomes faith, and rebellion becomes obedience.疏远的地方祈祷和奖学金,敌意成为信仰,和叛乱成为服从。Further, man is reconciled to men (Eph. 2:14ff.); and also to life itself, "to the discipline God appoints and the duty he commands" (Oman): reconciliation breeds contentment.此外,男子是不甘心的男性(以弗所书2时14分几段)。;和生活本身,“纪律神的任命和责任,他命令”(阿曼):和解品种知足。 The world, too, is reconciled (II Cor. 5:19) or to be reconciled (Eph. 1:10; Col. 1:20).世界,是不甘心(二肺心病5:19)或不甘心(弗1:10;上校1:20)。

But this change in man could be affected without Christ by persuasion, example, or education.但是,这在人的变化可能是影响没有基督的劝说下,例如,或教育。Yet in the NT the basis of reconciliation is "the death of his Son," "through the cross," "by the blood of his cross," "in his body of flesh by his death" (Rom. 5:10; Eph. 2:16; Col. 1:20, 22); and its means are "through Christ made to be sin" (II Cor. 5:18, 21).然而,在新台币和解的基础是他的儿子“死亡”,“通过交叉”,“由他的十字架的血”,“在他的肉身,他的死亡”(罗马书5:10;弗2时16分;上校1:20,22);,其手段是“通过基督 罪”(二肺心病5:18,21)。Some therefore hold that "God is reconciled, in the sense that his will to bless us is realised as it was not before God would not be to us what he is if Christ had not died" (Denney).因此,有些认为“上帝是不甘心,在意义,因为它是不 上帝不会给我们什么,他是基督若没有死之前,他会保佑我们实现”(丹尼)。 Man's sin affects God, so as to require from him judgment, withdrawal, correction, creating for God too a barrier to fellowship, a problem to be resolved before God and sinful man can be at one again.人的罪影响上帝,以他需要判断,撤销,更正,太一道屏障,以奖学金为上帝创造,上帝面前罪孽深重的人可以再次在一个要解决的问题。 ("At-one-ment" once meant reconciliation; now atonement means reparation, satisfaction, the basis of reconciliation.) Whether or not God could ignore the separation wrought by sin and embrace men in fellowship without further ado, he did not: "We were reconciled to God by the death of his Son." (“于一体的”一次意味着和解,现在赎罪意味着赔偿,满意度,和解的基础上)与否,上帝可以忽略罪所造成的分离和奖学金男子拥抱事不宜迟,他没有:“我们不甘心由他的儿子死亡的神。“

Arguments against any reconciliation of God to men stress the absence of that expression from the NT; deny wrath, judgment, atonement; and expound a subjective, moral influence theory of reconciliation.男人压力的表达,从NT的情况下对任何上帝和解的参数;否认愤怒,判断,赎罪,并阐述了一种主观的,和解的道德影响力的理论。

God the Reconciler神的协调器

Then who reconciles?那么谁协调?In all other religions man propitiates his gods.在所有其他宗教的男子propitiates他的神。Christianity declares "God was in Christ reconciling the world to himself" (II Cor. 5:19), an accomplished fact which men are urged to accept.基督教宣称“上帝在基督里调和自己的世界”(二肺心病。5:19),其中男性敦促接受既成事实。"We have received the reconciliation" (Rom. 5:11).“我们已经收到的和解”(罗马书5:11)。As Christ is our peace; as we are reconciled by his death; as God put forward Christ in expiatory power (Rom. 3:25); and as the sin that separates is ours, not God's, only God could reconcile.如同基督是我们的和平;,因为我们是他的死不甘心;作为上帝提出基督赎罪功率(罗马书3:25);分开的罪是我们的,不是神,只有神才能调和。

The resulting paradox, that God reconciles those he recognizes up to the moment of reconciliation as enemies, is no greater than in the command "Love your enemies."神调和,他承认作为敌人和解的时刻,由此产生的矛盾,没有更大的比命令中的“爱你的敌人。”For love always treats its enemies as no enemies at all.对于爱情总是把它的敌人,没有敌人。

REO White选举事务处的白
(Elwell Evangelical Dictionary) (Elwell宣布了福音字典)

Bibliography 参考书目
V. Taylor, Forgiveness and Reconciliation; JS Stewart, Man in Christ; J. Denney, Christian Doctrine of Reconciliation.五泰勒,宽恕与和解; JS斯图尔特,​​在基督里的人的J.丹尼,和解的基督教教义。


Advanced Information先进的信息

Reconciliation is a change from enmity to friendship.和解是一个从敌意友谊的变化。It is mutual, ie, it is a change wrought in both parties who have been at enmity.这是相互的,也就是说,它是在各方都在敌意造成改变。(1.) In Col. 1:21, 22, the word there used refers to a change wrought in the personal character of the sinner who ceases to be an enemy to God by wicked works, and yields up to him his full confidence and love. (1)在22上校1:21,,有使用的词是指在个人性格造成的罪人,他不再是恶人工程敌人神的改变,和单产他充满信心和爱。In 2 Cor.2肺心病。5:20 the apostle beseeches the Corinthians to be "reconciled to God", ie, to lay aside their enmity. 5点二十分使徒beseeches哥林多前书是“神”,即对账,放下他们的敌意。(2.) Rom.(2)ROM。5:10 refers not to any change in our disposition toward God, but to God himself, as the party reconciled. 5:10是指没有任何改变我们对上帝的处置,但神自己,作为党不甘心。Romans 5:11 teaches the same truth.罗马书5:11教导不变的真理。From God we have received "the reconciliation" (RV), ie, he has conferred on us the token of his friendship.我们已经收到了“和解”(RV),即,他从上帝赋予我们对他的友谊的象征。So also 2 Cor.因此,2肺心病。 5: 18, 19 speaks of a reconciliation originating with God, and consisting in the removal of his merited wrath. 5:18,19,讲一个和解与神的起源,并在去除他值得忿怒。

In Eph.在弗。2: 16 it is clear that the apostle does not refer to the winning back of the sinner in love and loyalty to God, but to the restoration of God's forfeited favour. 2:16很明显,使徒不参考的爱和对上帝的忠诚的罪人赢回,但要恢复上帝的没收青睐。This is effected by his justice being satisfied, so that he can, in consistency with his own nature, be favourable toward sinners.这是影响他的公义得到满足,这样他就可以,用他自己的本质的一致性,利于走向罪人。Justice demands the punishment of sinners.正义要求惩罚的罪人。The death of Christ satisfies justice, and so reconciles God to us.基督的死满足正义,所以调和神给我们。This reconciliation makes God our friend, and enables him to pardon and save us.这个和解使得神我们的朋友,使他的赦免和拯救我们。(See Atonement.)(见赎罪。)

(Easton Illustrated Dictionary)(伊斯顿说明字典)

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