Sacrifice牺牲

General Information一般资料

A sacrifice is a religious act belonging to worship in which offering is made to God of some material object belonging to the offerer - this offering being consumed in the ceremony, in order to attain, restore, maintain or celebrate friendly relations with the deity.牺牲是属于崇拜中,为了与神达到,恢复,维持或庆祝友好合作关系,提供一些物质的发货人的对象 - 神消耗本次发行仪式,在一个宗教行为。A sacrifice is meant to express faith, repentance, and adoration.牺牲是为了表达信心,悔改,和崇拜。The main purpose of the sacrifice is to please the deity and to secure His favor.牺牲的主要目的是为了取悦神,并确保他的青睐。

The act of religious sacrifices was practiced from ancient times (Gen. 4:4ff; 8:20ff; 12:7,8; 13:4,18; 15:4ff; 26:25; Job 1:5; 42:7-9).宗教牺牲的行为,实行从远古时代(创4时04 FF(FF); 8时20分; 12:7,8; 13:4,18; 15时04 FF; 26:25;职位1:5; 42:7 - 9)。Before the building of the Temple in Jerusalem, sacrifices were made by the heads of families.之前在耶路撒冷的圣殿建设,牺牲家庭的户主。Sacrifices have not been offered by Jews since the destruction of the Temple by the Romans in 70 AD.牺牲尚未以来犹太人在公元70年罗马人摧毁寺。

In Mosaic sacrifices, only certain kinds of animals and fowl could be offered.在马赛克的牺牲,各种动物和家禽只有某些可以提供。Sacrifices were of two kinds, animal and vegetable.两种,动物和植物的牺牲。

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Animal sacrifices:动物的牺牲:

Vegetable sacrifices:蔬菜的牺牲:

All Old Testament sacrifices point forward to and are a type of the sacrifice of Jesus Christ (Heb. 9:10), symbolized by His Body and His Blood and Bread and Wine.所有旧约牺牲点和牺牲的耶稣基督(希伯来书9:10),他的身体,和他的血和面包和酒的象征,是一个类型。


Sacrifice牺牲

Advanced Information先进的信息

Sacrifice is a ritual act in which an offering is made to the object of worship or religious veneration.牺牲是一种仪式行为,在其中一个产品是崇拜或宗教崇拜的对象。The offering may be in plant, animal, or even human form.该产品可在植物,动物,甚至人类的形式。Found in the religions of many cultures, past and present, sacrifice is a practice intended to honor or appease a deity and to make holy the offering.在许多文化中,过去和现在的宗教,牺牲是旨在表彰或安抚神和罗马教廷提供一个实践。

In pre-Columbian America thousands of human victims (many of them war captives) were offered annually in accordance with the complex Aztec ritual calendar; human sacrifice also occurred on a lesser scale among the Maya and various Andean and North American Indian groups.在哥伦布发现美洲大陆前的美国成千上万人的受害者(其中许多战争中的俘虏),每年提供根据复杂的阿兹台克人祭祀日历;人的牺牲,也发生在玛雅和各种安第斯和北美印第安人团体之间的较小规模。 Among cultures of Africa, the Far East, Southeast Asia, and Oceania, sacrifice is commonly offered in connection with ancestor worship.在非洲,远东,东南亚,和大洋洲的文化,牺牲是通常提供与祖先崇拜。Human sacrifice was formerly practiced by certain groups in all of these areas.人类牺牲的前身是由某些群体在所有这些领域实行。 The ancient Vedic tradition of India has a highly developed ritual of sacrifice (see Hinduism).印度古代吠陀传统有一个高度发达的牺牲仪式(见印度教)。Sacrificial offering does not play a significant role in Islam.祭祀不打在伊斯兰中的重要作用。

In the Old Testament of the Bible the first mention of sacrifice is God's rejection of Cain's offering and his acceptance of Abel's (Gen. 4:2-5).在旧约圣经中牺牲的第一个一提的是上帝的拒绝该隐的产品和他接受亚伯(创4:2-5)。The principal sacrifices of ancient Hebrew worship were the Paschal Lamb and the scapegoat. For Christians all sacrifice is fulfilled in the once-for-all self-offering of Jesus (Heb. 9-10).古代希伯来人崇拜的主要牺牲逾越节的羔羊和替罪羊。 基督徒,所有的牺牲是一次耶稣的自我祭(希伯来9-10)履行。Postbiblical writers call the Christian Eucharist a sacrifice, identifying it with the pure offering of Malachi (Mal. 1:11).Postbiblical作家称之为基督教圣体的一种牺牲,确定它与纯玛拉基募股(玛拉基书1:11)。

Bibliography 参考书目
Hubert, Henri, Sacrifice: Its Nature and Function, trans.休伯特,亨利,牺牲其性质和功能,跨。by WD Halls (1964); Mitchell, LL, The Meaning of Ritual (1977); Yerkes, Royden K., Sacrifice in Greek and Roman Religion and Early Judaism (1952).WD厅(1964年);米切尔,礼仪的意义(1977)LL耶基斯,Royden K.,牺牲在希腊和罗马的宗教和早期的犹太教(1952)。


Sacrifice牺牲

Advanced Information先进的信息

The offering up of sacrifices is to be regarded as a divine institution.提供的牺牲是作为一个神圣的机构。It did not originate with man.它没有起源于人。God himself appointed it as the mode in which acceptable worship was to be offered to him by guilty man.神亲自任命,在可接受的崇拜是有罪的人向他提供的模式。The language and the idea of sacrifice pervade the whole Bible.语言和牺牲的想法弥漫整个圣经。Sacrifices were offered in the ante-diluvian age.牺牲是提供在事前diluvian年龄。The Lord clothed Adam and Eve with the skins of animals, which in all probability had been offered in sacrifice (Gen. 3:21).身披主与动物的皮肤,在所有的概率已经牺牲提供的(创3:21)亚当和夏娃。Abel offered a sacrifice "of the firstlings of his flock" (4:4; Heb. 11:4).阿贝尔提供了“他的羊群firstlings”的牺牲(4:4;希伯来书11:4)。

A distinction also was made between clean and unclean animals, which there is every reason to believe had reference to the offering up of sacrifices (Gen. 7:2, 8), because animals were not given to man as food till after the Flood.区分清洁和不洁的动物之间,这有充分的理由相信有参考的牺牲,提供高达(创7:2),因为动物不作为食品对人类,直到洪水过后。 The same practice is continued down through the patriarchal age (Gen. 8:20; 12:7; 13:4, 18; 15:9-11; 22:1-18, etc.).同样的做法是继续通过宗法时代(创8时20; 12时07分,13时04分,18岁; 15:9-11; 22:1-18等)。 In the Mosaic period of Old Testament history definite laws were prescribed by God regarding the different kinds of sacrifices that were to be offered and the manner in which the offering was to be made.在旧约历史的马赛克期间,关于牺牲,提供不同类型和以何种方式提供了作出明确的法律所规定的神。The offering of stated sacrifices became indeed a prominent and distinctive feature of the whole period (Ex. 12:3-27; Lev. 23:5-8; Num. 9:2-14).说牺牲的提供成为确实的整个期间的突出和鲜明的特点(出12:3-27; 23:5-8列弗;数9:2-14)。

We learn from the Epistle to the Hebrews that sacrifices had in themselves no value or efficacy.我们学会从书信的希伯来人,牺牲在自己没有价值或疗效。They were only the "shadow of good things to come," and pointed the worshippers forward to the coming of the great High Priest, who, in the fullness of the time, "was offered once for all to bear the sin of many."他们只是“好东西来的阴影”,并指出崇拜者着伟大的大祭司,在丰满的时间,未来“为所有人提供一次承受了许多的罪。” Sacrifices belonged to a temporary economy, to a system of types and emblems which served their purposes and have now passed away.牺牲属于一个临时的经济,自己的目的服务,现在去世的系统类型和标志。The "one sacrifice for sins" hath "perfected for ever them that are sanctified."“牺牲为罪”祂所“完善以往他们成圣。”

Sacrifices were of two kinds:两种牺牲:

(Easton Illustrated Dictionary)(伊斯顿说明字典)



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