AdamitesAdamites

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Adamites, or Adamians, were a sect of heretics that flourished in North Africa in the 2nd and 3rd centuries.Adamites,或Adamians,是一个蓬勃发展,在第二和第三世纪在北非的异端教派。Basing itself probably on a union of certain gnostic and ascetic doctrines, this sect pretended that its members were re-established in Adam's state of original innocency.立足本身可能对某些诺斯底和禁欲主义学说的一个联盟,这个教派假装,其成员重新建立在亚当的原始innocency状态。 They accordingly rejected the form of marriage, which, they said, would never have existed but for sin, and lived in absolute lawlessness, holding that, whatever they did, their actions could be neither good nor bad.因此,他们拒绝,他们表示,决不会存在,但为罪,婚姻形式,生活在绝对的无法无天,控股,不管他们,他们的行动可能是既不好也不坏。 During the middle ages the doctrines of this obscure sect, which did not itself exist long, were revived in Europe by the Brethren and Sisters of the Free Spirit.这个不起眼的教派,这本身不存在长期的教义,在中世纪欧洲复兴的弟兄姐妹和自由的精神。

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Adamites Adamites

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The Adamites were an obscure sect, dating perhaps from the second century, which professed to have regained Adam's primeval innocence. Adamites是一个不起眼的教派,也许从第二世纪约会,自称已恢复亚当的原始清白。St. Epiphanius and St. Augustine mention the Adamites by name, and describe their practices.圣埃皮法尼乌斯和圣奥古斯丁提到Adamites,按名称和描述他们的做法。They called their church Paradise; they condemned marriage as foreign to Eden, and they stripped themselves naked while engaged in common worship.他们呼吁他们的教会天堂,他们谴责外国伊甸园婚姻,他们剥夺自己赤裸而从事共同的崇拜。They could not have been numerous.他们无法过无数。Various accounts are given of their origin.各种帐户是其原产地。Some have thought them to have been an offshoot of the Carpocratian Gnostics, who professed a sensual mysticism and a complete emancipation from the moral law.有些人认为他们已经Carpocratian诺斯替教派的分支,自称一个感性的神秘主义和道德法律的彻底解放。Theodoret (Haer. Fab., I, 6) held this view of them, and identified them with the licentious sects whose practices are described by Clement of Alexandria. Theodoret(Haer.厂,我6)举行了他们的意见,并确定了他们的做法是由克莱门特的亚历山德里亚描述荒淫教派。Others, on the contrary, consider them to have been misguided ascetics, who strove to extirpate carnal desires by a return to simpler manners, and by the abolition of marriage.其他人,相反,认为他们有被误导的修道者,他们力图消灭肉体的欲望,回归简单的礼仪,取消婚姻。

Practices similar to those just described appeared in Europe several times in later ages.在欧洲出现类似刚才所描述的的做法多次在后世。In the thirteenth century they were revived in the Netherlands by the Brethren and Sisters of the Free Spirit, and, in a grosser form, in the fourteenth by the Beghards (qv) in Germany.在13世纪,他们在荷兰自由精神的弟兄姐妹们,并在格罗瑟的形式在第十四,Beghards(QV)在德国的复兴。 Everywhere they met with firm opposition.无处不在,他们遇到的坚决反对。The Beghards became the Picards of Bohemia, who took possession of an island in the river Nezarka, and gave themselves up to a shameful communism. Beghards成为波西米亚,谁占有了在河Nezarka岛Picards,并给自己一个可耻的共产主义。Ziska, the Bussite leader, nearly exterminated the sect in 1421 (cf. Höfler, Geschichtsquellen Böhmens, I, 414, 431); A brief revival of these doctrines took place in Bohemia after 1781, owing to the edict of toleration issued by Joseph II; these communistic Neo-Adamites were suppressed by force in 1849.日什卡,Bussite的领导者,几乎灭绝的教派于1421年(参见Höfler Geschichtsquellen Böhmens,我,414,431);这些学说的一个短暂的复苏之后1781年在波希米亚的地方,由于约瑟夫二世颁布法令宽容这些共产主义的新的Adamites被压制在1849年生效。

Francis P. Havey弗朗西斯体育Havey
The Catholic Encyclopedia, Volume I天主教百科全书,第一卷

Nihil Obstat, March 1, 1907.Nihil Obstat,1907年3月1日。Remy Lafort, STD, Censor Imprimatur.人头马lafort,性病,检查员认可。+John Cardinal Farley, Archbishop of New York+约翰farley枢机主教,大主教纽约

Bibliography 参考书目
CLEM. CLEM。of ALEX., Strom., III, iv; EPIPH., Haer., lii; AUGUSTINE, De Haer., XXXI; BOSSUET, Variations of Prot.亚历克斯,神池,三,四; EPIPH,Haer,LII;。奥古斯丁,德Haer,三十一;波舒哀,普罗特的变化。Churches; RUDINGER, De Eccles.教会; RUDINGER,德埃克尔斯。Frat.FRAT。in Bohemia; SVATEK, Adamiten und Deisten in Böhmen in culturhist.在波希米亚; SVATEK,Adamiten和Böhmen Deisten culturhist。Bilder aus Böhmen (Vienna, 1879), I, 97; HERGENRÖTHER, in Kirchenlex. Bilder澳元Böhmen(维也纳,1879年),我,97; HERGENRÖTHER,Kirchenlex。I., 216-218.一,216-218。



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