Hanafiyyah, Hanafi School, Hanafis哈纳菲(逊尼派)占

General Information一般资料

Doctrines教义

The Hanafiyyah school is the first of the four orthodox Sunni schools of law. Hanafiyyah学校是第一四个正统的逊尼派法学院。It is distinguished from the other schools through its placing less reliance on mass oral traditions as a source of legal knowledge. It developed the exegesis of the Qur'an through a method of analogical reasoning known as Qiyas. 这是区别于其他学校通过Qiyas已知的类比推理方法,通过减少对法律知识的来源群众口头传统的依赖。发达国家的“古兰经”的训诂。 It also established the principle that the universal concurrence of the Ummah (community) of Islam on a point of law, as represented by legal and religious scholars, constituted evidence of the will of God.它也建立了伊斯兰教的穆斯林团体(社区)在法律观点,法律和宗教学者为代表,普遍同意的原则,即构成神的旨意的证据。 This process is called ijma', which means the consensus of the scholars.这个过程被称为ijma“,这意味着学者的共识。Thus, the school definitively established the Qur'an, the Traditions of the Prophet, ijma' and qiyas as the basis of Islamic law.因此,学校明确设立“古兰经”,先知,ijma“和作为伊斯兰法的基础上qiyas的传统。 In addition to these, Hanafi accepted local customs as a secondary source of the law.除了这些,哈纳菲接受当地的风俗习惯,作为法律的辅助源。

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History历史

The Hanafi school of law was founded by Nu'man Abu Hanifah (d.767) in Kufa in Iraq.哈纳菲法律学​​校成立由努曼阿布Hanifah在库法(d.767)在伊拉克。It derived from the bulk of the ancient school of Kufa and absorbed the ancient school of Basra.来自库法的古代学校的大部分,并吸收了古代学校的巴士拉。Abu Hanifah belonged to the period of the successors (tabiin)of the Sahabah (the companions of the Prophet).阿布Hanifah属于Sahabah的接班人(tabiin)(先知的同伴)的时期。He was a Tabi'i since he had the good fortune to have lived during the period when some of the Sahabah were still alive.他是一个Tabi'i时的Sahabah一些人还活着,因为他有幸居住期间。Having originated in Iraq, the Hanafi school was favoured by the first 'Abbasid caliphs in spite of the school's opposition to the power of the caliphs.起源在伊拉克,哈纳菲学校所青睐的第一个“阿拔斯王朝的哈里发在学校的反对哈里发的权力,但。

The privileged position which the school enjoyed under the 'Abbasid caliphate was lost with the decline of the 'Abbasid caliphate.学校下所享有的“阿拔斯王朝哈里发的特权地位,失去了与”阿拔斯王朝哈里发的下降。However, the rise of the Ottoman empire led to the revival of Hanafi fortunes.然而,奥斯曼帝国的崛起导致哈纳菲命运的复兴。Under the Ottomans the judgement-seats were occupied by Hanafites sent from Istanbul, even in countries where the population followed another madhhab.在奥斯曼帝国的判断席被占领从伊斯坦布尔发送Hanafites,即使在国家的人口跟着另一个madhhab。Consequently, the Hanafi madhhab became the only authoritative code of law in the public life and official administration of justice in all the provinces of the Ottoman empire.因此,哈纳菲madhhab成为奥斯曼帝国的所有省份的公共生活和司法官员管理的唯一法律的权威性代码。Even today the Hanafi code prevails in the former Ottoman countries.即使在今天,哈纳菲代码前奥斯曼国家普遍存在。It is also dominant in Central Asia and India.它是在中亚和印度也占主导地位。

Symbols符号

The Hanafi school of jurisprudence has no distinctive symbol system.哈纳菲学校的法学没有鲜明的符号体系。

Adherents遗民

There are no official figures for the number of followers of the Hanafi school of law.有法律哈纳菲学校的追随者的数量没有官方数字。It is followed by the vast majority of people in the Muslim world.其次是在穆斯林世界的人绝大多数。

Headquarters / Main Centre总部/主要中心

The school has no headquarters as such.学校有没有这样的总部。It is followed by the majority of the Muslim population Of Turkey, Albania, the Balkans, Central Asia, Afghanistan, Pakistan, China, India and Iraq.其次是土耳其,阿尔巴尼亚,巴尔干,中亚,阿富汗,巴基斯坦,中国,印度和伊拉克的穆斯林人口的大多数。

Bülent Þenay比伦特埃杰Þenay
Overview of World Religions Project世界宗教项目概述


Hanafiyyah School, HanafiHanafiyyah学校,哈纳菲

Shi'a Information什叶派信息

Abu Hanifa (699-767) placed the emphasis on opinions reached by individual reasoning, and used analogy extensively.阿布哈尼法(699-767)的重点放在个别的推理达成的意见,并广泛使用的比喻。 His broad interpretations displayed a flexibility that increased the appeal of his jurisprudence, particularly to rulers who sought easy justifications for their actions.他宽泛的解释,显示出灵活性,增加了他的裁决提出上诉,特别是统治者寻求对自己的行为很容易理据。He was by profession a trader in silk in Kufa, where he also taught, and the school of law that now bears his name claims the largest number of Sunni adherents.他在库法,他还教丝绸专业交易者,法学院,现在他的名字命名的索赔人数最多的逊尼派信徒。

Shaykh Fadhlalla Haeri伊Fadhlalla Haeri
THE ELEMENTS OF ISLAM, Chapter 4伊斯兰教,第4章的要素



Also, see:此外,见:
Islam, Muhammad伊斯兰教,穆罕默德
Koran, Qur'an可兰经,可兰经
Pillars of Faith支柱的信仰
Abraham 亚伯拉罕
Testament of Abraham全书亚伯拉罕
Allah 安拉
Hadiths hadiths
Revelation - Hadiths from Book 1 of al-Bukhari启示-h adiths从第一册的基地布哈里
Belief - Hadiths from Book 2 of al-Bukhari信仰-h adiths从第二册的基地布哈里
Knowledge - Hadiths from Book 3 of al-Bukhari知识-h adiths从第三册的基地布哈里
Times of the Prayers - Hadiths from Book 10 of al-Bukhari时代的祈祷-h adiths从书展1 0个基地布哈里
Shortening the Prayers (At-Taqseer) - Hadiths from Book 20 of al-Bukhari缩短祈祷(在taqseer ) -h adiths从书展2 0铝布哈里
Pilgrimmage (Hajj) - Hadiths from Book 26 of al-Bukhari朝圣(朝觐) -h adiths从书展2 6铝布哈里
Fighting for the Cause of Allah (Jihad) - Hadiths of Book 52 of al-Bukhari争取事业的阿拉(杰哈德) -h adiths图书5 2铝布哈里
ONENESS, UNIQUENESS OF ALLAH (TAWHEED) - Hadiths of Book 93 of al-Bukhari同一性,独特的阿拉tawheed ) -h adiths图书9 3铝布哈里
Hanafiyyah School Theology (Sunni)hanafiyyah学校神学(逊尼派)
Malikiyyah School Theology (Sunni)malikiyyah学校神学(逊尼派)
Shafi'iyyah School Theology (Sunni)shafi'iyyah学校神学(逊尼派)
Hanbaliyyah School Theology (Sunni)hanbaliyyah学校神学(逊尼派)
Maturidiyyah Theology (Sunni)maturidiyyah神学(逊尼派)
Ash'ariyyah Theology (Sunni)ash'ariyyah神学(逊尼派)
Mutazilah Theologymutazilah神学
Ja'fari Theology (Shia)ja'fari神学(什叶派)
Nusayriyyah Theology (Shia)nusayriyyah神学(什叶派)
Zaydiyyah Theology (Shia)zaydiyyah神学(什叶派)
Kharijiyyah kharijiyyah
Imams (Shia)伊玛目(什叶派)
Druze 德鲁兹
Qarmatiyyah (Shia)qarmatiyyah (什叶派)
Ahmadiyyah ahmadiyyah
Ishmael, Ismail伊斯梅尔,司马义。
Early Islamic History Outline早在伊斯兰历史纲要
Hegira hegira
Averroes averroes
Avicenna 阿维森纳
Machpela machpela
Kaaba, Black Stone天房,黑石头
Ramadan 斋月
Sunnites, Sunni逊尼派,逊尼派
Shiites, Shia什叶派,什叶派
Mecca 麦加
Medina 麦迪
Sahih, al-Bukharisahih ,铝-布哈里
Sufism 苏非派
Wahhabism 瓦哈比主义
Abu Bakr阿布巴克尔
Abbasids abbasids
Ayyubids ayyubids
Umayyads 倭马亚王朝
Fatima 法蒂玛
Fatimids (Shia)法蒂玛王朝(什叶派)
Ismailis (Shia)伊斯玛仪教派(什叶派)
Mamelukes mamelukes
Saladin 萨拉丁
Seljuks seljuks
Aisha 的Aisha
Ali 阿里
Lilith lilith
Islamic Calendar伊斯兰日历
Interactive Muslim Calendar互动穆斯林日历


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