Hanbaliyyah, Hanbali School, Hanbalis罕百里(逊尼派)

General Information一般资料

Doctrines教义

The Hanbali school is the fourth orthodox school of law within Sunni Islam. Hanbali学校法第四伊斯兰教逊尼派的正统学校内It derives its decrees from the Qur'an and the Sunnah, which it places above all forms of consensus, opinion or inference. The school accepts as authoritative an opinion given by a Companion of the Prophet, providing there is no disagreement with anther Companion.它源于其从“古兰经”和圣训,它上面的所有形式的共识,意见或推论的地方的法令 。学校接受同伴的先知意见作为权威,有花药伴侣并无意见分歧。In the case of such disagreement, the opinion of the Companion nearest to that of the Qur'an or the Sunnah will prevail.在这种分歧的情况下,最近的“古兰经”或圣训的同伴的意见会占上风。

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History历史

The Hanbali school of law was established by Ahmad b.艾哈迈德B. Hanbali法律学校成立Hanbal (d.855).罕百里(d.855)。He studied law under different masters, including Imam Shafi'i (the founder of his own school).师从不同的主人,包括伊玛目沙菲仪(创办自己的学校)的法律。He is regarded as more learned in the traditions than in jurisprudence.他被认为是在传统的学习比在法理。His status also derives from his collection and exposition of the hadiths.他的状态也源于他的收集和圣训的论述。His major contribution to Islamic scholarship is a collection of fifty-thousand traditions known as 'Musnadul-Imam Hanbal'.他的主要贡献伊斯兰奖学金,是一个被称为“Musnadul伊玛目罕百里”五千年传统的集合。

In spite of the importance of Hanbal's work his school did not enjoy the popularity of the three preceding Sunni schools of law.在罕百里的工作的重要性,但他的学校没有享受上述三个法律的逊尼派学校的普及。Hanbal's followers were regarded as reactionary and troublesome on account of their reluctance to give personal opinion on matters of law, their rejection of analogy, their fanatic intolerance of views other than their own, and their exclusion of opponents from power and judicial office.罕百里的追随者被视为反动和麻烦,对他们不愿意给个人的意见,对法律问题,他们拒绝的比喻,他们的意见比自己狂热的不容忍,和他们的对手排除在权力和司法办公室。 Their unpopularity led to periodic bouts of persecution against them.对他们,他们不受欢迎,导致迫害的定期较量。

The later history of the school has been characterised by fluctuations in their fortunes.后来学校的历史已经在他们的财富波动的特点。Hanbali scholars such as Ibn Taymiyya (d.1328) and Ibn Qayyim al-Jouzia (d.1350), did display more tolerance to other views than their predecessors and were instrumental in making the teachings of Hanbali more generally accessible.Hanbali学者,如伊Taymiyya(d.1328)和伊本盖伊​​目AL - Jouzia(d.1350),并显示更多的宽容比他们的前辈的意见,并在Hanbali更普遍的教诲。

From time to time Hanbaliyyah became an active and numerically strong school in certain areas under the jurisdiction of the 'Abbassid Caliphate.不时Hanbaliyyah成为“Abbassid哈里发管辖下的一个活跃和数字强的学校,在某些领域。But its importance gradually declined under the Ottoman Turks.但它的重要性逐渐下降下的奥斯曼土耳其人。The emergence of the Wahabi in the nineteenth century and its challenge to Ottoman authority enabled Hanbaliyyah to enjoy a period of revival.出现在19世纪,它的挑战奥斯曼权威的Wahabi启用Hanbaliyyah享受一个复兴时期。Today the school is officially recognised as authoritative in Saudi Arabia and areas within the Persian Gulf.今天学校正式承​​认为权威,在沙特阿拉伯和波斯湾内的地区。

Symbols符号

Hanbaliyyah does not possess a distinctive symbol system.Hanbaliyyah不具备鲜明的符号体系。

Adherents遗民

There are no official figures identifying the number of people associated with the school.有没有确定与学校相关的人数的官方数字。

Headquarters / Main Centre总部/主要中心

The school has no headquarters or main centre.学校有没有总部或主要中心。

Bülent Þenay比伦特埃杰Þenay
Overview of World Religions Project世界宗教项目概述


HanbaliyyahHanbaliyyah

General Information一般资料

Ibn Hanbal (d.855), to whom the Hanbali school is attributed, used the foundation of Al-Shafi`i for the development of his line of thought. Hanbali学校,是因为人,伊本罕百里(d.855),用于发展他的思路,沙菲`我的基础。He emphasized methods of choosing Hadith, even preferring a weak Hadith over a strong analogy.他强调,选择圣训的方法,甚至宁愿弱圣训较强烈的比喻。

Shaykh Fadhlalla Haeri伊Fadhlalla Haeri
THE ELEMENTS OF ISLAM, Chapter 4伊斯兰教,第4章的要素



Also, see:此外,见:
Islam, Muhammad伊斯兰教,穆罕默德
Koran, Qur'an可兰经,可兰经
Pillars of Faith支柱的信仰
Abraham 亚伯拉罕
Testament of Abraham全书亚伯拉罕
Allah 安拉
Hadiths hadiths
Revelation - Hadiths from Book 1 of al-Bukhari启示-h adiths从第一册的基地布哈里
Belief - Hadiths from Book 2 of al-Bukhari信仰-h adiths从第二册的基地布哈里
Knowledge - Hadiths from Book 3 of al-Bukhari知识-h adiths从第三册的基地布哈里
Times of the Prayers - Hadiths from Book 10 of al-Bukhari时代的祈祷-h adiths从书展1 0个基地布哈里
Shortening the Prayers (At-Taqseer) - Hadiths from Book 20 of al-Bukhari缩短祈祷(在taqseer ) -h adiths从书展2 0铝布哈里
Pilgrimmage (Hajj) - Hadiths from Book 26 of al-Bukhari朝圣(朝觐) -h adiths从书展2 6铝布哈里
Fighting for the Cause of Allah (Jihad) - Hadiths of Book 52 of al-Bukhari争取事业的阿拉(杰哈德) -h adiths图书5 2铝布哈里
ONENESS, UNIQUENESS OF ALLAH (TAWHEED) - Hadiths of Book 93 of al-Bukhari同一性,独特的阿拉tawheed ) -h adiths图书9 3铝布哈里
Hanafiyyah School Theology (Sunni)hanafiyyah学校神学(逊尼派)
Malikiyyah School Theology (Sunni)malikiyyah学校神学(逊尼派)
Shafi'iyyah School Theology (Sunni)shafi'iyyah学校神学(逊尼派)
Hanbaliyyah School Theology (Sunni)hanbaliyyah学校神学(逊尼派)
Maturidiyyah Theology (Sunni)maturidiyyah神学(逊尼派)
Ash'ariyyah Theology (Sunni)ash'ariyyah神学(逊尼派)
Mutazilah Theologymutazilah神学
Ja'fari Theology (Shia)ja'fari神学(什叶派)
Nusayriyyah Theology (Shia)nusayriyyah神学(什叶派)
Zaydiyyah Theology (Shia)zaydiyyah神学(什叶派)
Kharijiyyah kharijiyyah
Imams (Shia)伊玛目(什叶派)
Druze 德鲁兹
Qarmatiyyah (Shia)qarmatiyyah (什叶派)
Ahmadiyyah ahmadiyyah
Ishmael, Ismail伊斯梅尔,司马义。
Early Islamic History Outline早在伊斯兰历史纲要
Hegira hegira
Averroes averroes
Avicenna 阿维森纳
Machpela machpela
Kaaba, Black Stone天房,黑石头
Ramadan 斋月
Sunnites, Sunni逊尼派,逊尼派
Shiites, Shia什叶派,什叶派
Mecca 麦加
Medina 麦迪
Sahih, al-Bukharisahih ,铝-布哈里
Sufism 苏非派
Wahhabism 瓦哈比主义
Abu Bakr阿布巴克尔
Abbasids abbasids
Ayyubids ayyubids
Umayyads 倭马亚王朝
Fatima 法蒂玛
Fatimids (Shia)法蒂玛王朝(什叶派)
Ismailis (Shia)伊斯玛仪教派(什叶派)
Mamelukes mamelukes
Saladin 萨拉丁
Seljuks seljuks
Aisha 的Aisha
Ali 阿里
Lilith lilith
Islamic Calendar伊斯兰日历
Interactive Muslim Calendar互动穆斯林日历


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