Holy Week圣周

General Information一般资料

Holy Week, in the Christian liturgical year, is the week immediately preceding Easter, beginning with Palm Sunday.在基督教的礼仪年,圣周,是周紧接复活节,棕榈周日开始。Solemn rites are observed commemorating the passion, death, and resurrection of Jesus Christ.庄严的仪式纪念的激情,死亡,和耶稣基督复活的观察。Special observances recalling the institution of the Eucharist are held on Maundy Thursday; Scripture readings, solemn prayers, and veneration of the cross recall the crucifixion of Christ on Good Friday.濯足节举行特别纪念活动,回顾了圣体圣事的机构;圣经朗诵会,庄严的祈祷和崇拜的交叉记得基督钉十字架的耶稣受难日。 Holy Saturday commemorates the burial of Christ; midnight vigil services inaugurate the Easter celebration of the resurrection.圣周六纪念埋葬基督;午夜守夜服务开创复活的复活节的庆典。Holy Week is sometimes called the "Great Week" by Roman Catholic and Orthodox Christians because it commemorates the great deeds of God for humankind.圣周是由罗马天主教和东正教徒有时也被称为“伟大的一周”,因为它纪念神对人类的伟大事迹。

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Holy Week圣周

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Holy Week is the week preceding Easter, observing in a special manner the passion and death of Jesus Christ.圣周是复活节前的一周,在一种特殊的方式观察耶稣基督的激情和死亡。It may also be called the Greater Week in remembrance of the great work performed by God during that week.它也可能被称为大周在纪念神在这一周的伟大的工作。It may be called the Paschal Week in reference to the coming resurrection.它可能是被称为逾越节周参考未来复活。Athanasius of Alexandria used the phrase "Holy Week" in the fourth century.亚历山大的亚他那修在第四世纪使用的短语“圣周”。 It is sometimes referred to as the week of remission because confession is one of the experiences asked of some Christians in preparation for the celebration of Easter.它有时被称为缓解一周,因为供认是为庆祝复活节的要求,准备一些基督徒的经验之一。Eastern Christians sometimes call it the week of salvation.东部基督徒有时称之为一周的救赎。

In the early development of Holy Week only Good Friday and Holy Saturday were designated as holy days.在圣周的早期发展,只有良好的周五和圣周六被指定为圣日。Some areas referred to a triduum of three days, including Easter Sunday morning within Holy Week.有些地方提到了三天,包括复活节周日上午在圣周triduum。Holy Thursday officially became a holy day in the fourth century.圣周四正式成为一个神圣的日子,在第四世纪。Wednesday was added to commemorate the plot of Judas to give Jesus over to his enemies.周三纪念犹大给耶稣交给他的敌人的阴谋。The other days of the week were added by the middle of the fourth century.一周中的其他日子增加的第四个世纪中叶。In general, most of the Holy Week observances originated in Jerusalem and were adopted by Europe.在一般情况下,大部分的圣周纪念活动起源于耶路撒冷和欧洲采用。Before the Council of Nicaea the great feast which was celebrated was the Christian Passover on the night of Holy Saturday.尼西亚会议之前大摆筵席,庆祝圣周六晚上是基督教的逾越节。

After the medieval period Holy Week lost quite a bit of its appeal.中世纪时期后,圣周失去了其吸引力相当位。Pius XII attempted to give it central importance to the church in the 1950s.庇护十二世试图给它的极端重要性,以在20世纪50年代的教会。It is now considered by many to be the heart of the Catholic Church's yearly celebration of the events of the life, death, and resurrection of Jesus Christ.现在许多人认为是天主教教会的生命,死亡,和耶稣基督复活的事件每年庆祝的心脏。The central mystery of redemption is relived during Holy Week.中央赎回之谜重温圣周期间。

Holy Thursday, or Maundy Thursday, as part of Holy Week is properly called Thursday of the Lord's Supper.圣周四,或濯足节,圣周的一部分是正确称为周四主的晚餐。It commemorates the changing of bread and wine into the body and blood of Jesus Christ.纪念耶稣基督的身体和血液的面包和酒的改变。Mass on Holy Thursday is celebrated in the evening.圣周四弥撒是在晚上庆祝。

Good Friday is the anniversary of the crucifixion of our Lord; it is a day of sorrow.耶稣受难日是我们的主受难纪念日,这是一个悲哀的一天。Its full title is "Friday of the passion and death of the Lord."其全称是“周五的激情和死亡的主。”The liturgical section includes (1) the reading service, (2) the veneration of the cross, (3) the Communion service.礼仪部分包括:(1)阅读服务,(2)交叉的崇拜,(3)圣餐服务。The service of the stations of the cross is optional.跨站的服务是可选的。

Holy Saturday is usually a quiet day of prayer and reflection in preparation for the celebration of the resurrection of our Lord Jesus Christ on Easter Sunday.圣周六通常是一个安静的一天祈祷和反思在准备庆祝复活节星期天我们的主耶稣基督复活。

TJ German TJ德国
(Elwell Evangelical Dictionary)(Elwell宣布了福音字典)

Bibliography 参考书目
WJ O'Shea, The Meaning of Holy Week; C. Howell, Preparing for Easter; J. Gaillard, Holy Week and Easter; L. Bouyer, The Paschal Mystery: Meditations on the Last Three Days of Holy Week; M. Tierney, Holy Week: A Commentary.WJ奥谢,圣周的意义; C.豪威尔,准备复活节; J.盖拉德,圣周和复活节; L. Bouyer,逾越节之谜:圣周的最后三个天的沉思; M ·蒂尔尼圣周:评注。



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