Shi'a Imams of Islam伊玛目(什叶派)

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Ali (AS), The First Imam阿里(AS),第一伊玛目

It was Friday 13th of Rajab 30 Amulfeel Hazrat Fatima binte Asad, the wife of Hazrat Abu Talib entered the precincts of the Kaaba and prayed to Allah saying O'my protector ease my pain.'All of a sudden the wall of the Kaaba opened up and she, as if by some unseen force went inside the Kaaba and the wall closed.回历30 Amulfeel哈兹拉特法蒂玛binte阿萨德13日是星期五,哈兹拉特阿布利布的妻子进入天房专用区,并祈求真主说O'my保护缓解我的痛苦。“突然天房的墙壁打通而她,如果由一些看不见的力量里面去了天房墙封闭。 Ali (AS) the youngest son of Abu Talib was born inside the Holy Kaaba.阿里(AS)的阿布利布最年轻的儿子出生了神圣的克尔白内。She stayed inside for three days.她逗留三天内。On the 3rd day she came out through the door and Muhammad was waiting outside.第3天,她通过门走了出来,穆罕默德是在外面等着。 She told Muhammad (SA) that the boy had not taken any milk.她告诉穆罕默德(SA),这名男孩没有采取任何牛奶。Muhammad gave him the first feed from his mouth and afterwards asked his uncle Abu Talib that he wished to adopt the baby.穆罕默德给了他从他的嘴里的第一个饲料和事后问他的叔叔阿布利布,他希望通过婴儿。Ali entered the house of Muhammad from the very first day of his birth.进入阿里穆罕默德的房子,从他出生的第一天。Ali's mother Fatima binte Assad Also lived there who looked after his own son as well as Muhammad(SA) so much so that later the Holy Prophet used to say that she was like his own mother.阿里的母亲法蒂玛binte阿萨德也住那里看着后,自己的儿子穆罕默德(SA)以及以至于后来神圣的先知说,她像自己的母亲。

Shah Waliullah, Mohadith-e-Dehlvi writes in the book “Izalatul Kholafa” giving reference from Imam Hakim in his Mustadrak Part 3, Page 483.沙阿Waliullah,Mohadith - E - Dehlvi写入书“Izalatul Kholafa”从伊玛目哈基姆在给他Mustadrak第3,第483页的参考。Qud Tawatarul Akhbar Inna Fatimah Binte Asad woledat Aliyan Fi Jaufil Kaaba”.Qud Tawatarul消息报茵法蒂玛Binte阿萨德woledat Aliyan连接Jaufil天房“。Another writer of the old school Sibtel Jauzi in his book Tazkeratul Khawas ul Umma, page 7 mentions the same fact that Ali was born inside the Kaaba.另一个作​​家的旧学校Sibtel Jauzi Tazkeratul Khawas UL乌玛,他的书第7页提到相同的事实,阿里生于内的天房​​。

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Masoodi the famous historian writes in his book of history Muruj el Zahab, that Ali was born inside the Kaaba on the orders of Muhammad the Messenger of God. Masoodi著名历史学家写在他的书的历史Muruj EL Zahab,阿里出生于真主的使者穆罕默德的订单内的天房。

It was after the adoption of Ali(AS) that he lived with the Holy Prophet in his house.它是通过阿里(AS)的,他住在他家的神圣先知后。

Some historians try to show that when Muhammad(SA) declared his prophethood Ali(AS) was the first among male children who accepted Islam.一些历史学家试图表明,当穆罕默德(SA)宣布他的先知阿里(AS)是接受伊斯兰教的男性儿童第一。The implication here is that both Muhammad(SA) and Ali(AS) were non -believers before this declaration.这里言下之意是,穆罕默德(SA)和阿里(AS)的非信徒在此之前声明。This is against the Qur'anic verdict which says that Ibrahim was a muslim and he taught his children to be muslims so that when the Prophet was born among the descendents of Ibrahim through the line of Ismael he was born a muslim and so was Ali.这是对“古兰经”的判决说,易卜拉欣是一个穆斯林,他教他的孩子是穆斯林,以便通过伊斯梅尔线时,先知易卜拉欣的后裔之间出生,他出生一个穆斯林,所以阿里。 The correct thing to say would be that when Muhammad (SA)declared his prophethood openly Ali (AS) immediately adhered to the declaration without hesitation.将穆罕默德(SA)宣布,当他的先知公开阿里(AS)立即遵守申报毫不犹豫地说是正确的。

The three persons seen in prayers in the Kaaba were Muhammad, Khadija and Ali before anyone else accepted Islam.3天房祈祷者穆罕默德,卡蒂嘉和阿里在其他人之前接受伊斯兰教。For 3 years young and poor persons of Makka were accepting Islam secretly.Makka 3年的年轻和贫困的人偷偷接受伊斯兰教。 The first open declaration came when the Qora'anic verse tells the Prophet to "come out openly and warn the people of your own clan."第一次公开声明,当Qora'anic诗句告诉先知“走出来公开和自己氏族的人发出警告。”Invitations were sent to leaders of the Banu Hashim to come to the house of Muhammad (SA)for Dinner.邀请被送往巴努哈希姆领导人穆罕默德(SA)来家吃饭。Forty of them came, ate food and then heard Muhammad (SA)about his mission of ' No god but Allah and Muhammad(SA) as the messenger of Allah and whoever offers his help to propagate this religion will be his deputy and successor.其中四十来了,吃的食物,然后听到关于安拉的使者,谁提供他的帮助传播这个宗教将他的副手和接班人的使命,他“没有上帝,但安拉和穆罕默德(SA)穆罕默德(SA)。 No one stood up except Ali(AS).没有人站起来了除阿里(AS)。After announcing this 3 times Muhammad(SA) declared that Ali (AS)will be his deputy to his mission and will be his successor after him.在宣布这3次穆罕默德(SA)宣布,阿里(AS)将他的副手,他的使命,将是他后,他的继任者。People thought it as a joke that a 13 year old boy was to be a deputy of this prophetic mission.人们认为它作为一个笑话,一个13岁的男孩是这个先知的使命副。Even Abu Lahab jokingly told Abu Talib, go and obey your son to which AbuTalib smilingly accepted.即使阿布Lahab开玩笑说阿布利布,去听从你的儿子,这AbuTalib微笑着接受。Ali(AS) promissed to help Muhammad(SA) in his mission and kept this promise all his life.阿里(AS)promissed穆罕默德(SA),以帮助在他的使命,他一生都保持这个承诺。

Once the family settled in the newly adopted city of Madina their first task was to complete the mosque around which their houses were also built.一旦定居在新近通过的麦地那的城市家庭,他们的首要任务是完成围绕着他们的房子也建清真寺。Ali initially stayed with his mother but when he married Fatima the daughter of the Prophet he was given a house next to the Prophet by the side of the mosque.阿里最初还是留与他的母亲,但是当他娶了法蒂玛先知的女儿给了他房子旁边的先知清真寺一侧。He had been betrothed to her several days before the battle of Badr.他已经许配给她数天前巴德尔战役。But the marriage was celebrated three months later.但婚姻是3个月后庆祝。Ali was about 23 years old and Fatima was 18.阿里约23岁,法蒂玛18。This was most happy and celebrated marriage.这是最高兴和庆祝结婚的。The distinctiveness of their respectivecharacters blended so well with each other that they never quarrelled and complained of one another and led a happy and most contended life.他们respectivecharacters的独特性相互混合,这么好,他们从来没有争吵和互相抱怨,率领一个愉快和最争辩的生活。 Materially the couple did not posses much, spiritually they were at the highest level of assent.重大夫妇不具备多,精神上,他们在最高水平的同意。They had no worries if they go hungry or their clothes had patches.They would be more concerned if an orphan goes away from their door without receiving any food.他们无后顾之忧,如果他们挨饿,或自己的衣服,如果一个孤儿没有收到任何食物,远离他们的门,patches.They将更加关注。

Ibne Abil Hadid, the Motazelli commentator of Nahjul Balagha says that: Ali(AS) had a personality in which opposite characteristics had so gathered that it was difficult to believe a human mind could manifest such a combination.Ibne阿维尔哈迪德,Nahjul Balagha Motazel​​li评论员说:阿里(AS)的一个相反的特点,以便收集,很难相信一个人的心灵能体现这样的组合的个性。He was the bravest man that history could cite and such brave men are always hard hearted, cruel and eager to shed blood.他是最勇敢的人,历史还可以举出这样的勇敢的男人们总是硬心肠,残酷和急于抛头颅,洒热血。On the contrary Ali was kind, sympathetic, responsive and warmhearted person, qualities quite contrary to the other phase of his character and more suited to pious and God fearing persons.Ali's bravery and piety both became legendry.Life in Madina while the Holy Prophet was alive was the most busy for Ali.相反阿里是善良,同情,响应和热情的人,素质完全相反,以他的性格,更适合虔诚和上帝担心persons.Ali的勇气和虔诚的其他阶段,都成为麦地那的legendry.Life而神圣的先知活着是阿里最繁忙的。 But he remembers these times as the best times of his life.但他记得他生命的最佳时间,这些时间。He says in Nehjul Balagha ' Life with my brother was a life of ease and happiness.'他说,在Nehjul Balagha“我弟弟的生命是一个轻松和快乐的生活。”

Hasan (AS), The Second Imam哈桑(AS)第二伊玛目

Born in Madina 15th Ramazan 3rd year of Hijri.出生于麦地那的第15届拉马赞回历的第三年。Elder son of Ali and Fatima, grandson of the Prophet of Islam.阿里和法蒂玛的长子,伊斯兰教先知的孙子。When he was born and the news of the birth of a grandson was conveyed to the Holy Prophet he came to the house of Fatima, took hold of the baby in his arms, said Azan and Iqamah in his ears and said, this is a beautiful child, I name him Hasan.当他出生的孙子出生的消息传达给他来到法蒂玛的房子神圣的先知,抱在他怀里的宝宝,在他耳边说,在手机和Iqamah,并表示,这是一个美丽孩子,我的名字他哈桑。 He will keep Islam and muslims safe from the hands of its destroyers.他将保持其驱逐舰手中伊斯兰教和穆斯林的安全。Historians note that this child looked like his grand father the Holy Prophet in looks and in manners.历史学家注意到,这个孩子看起来像他的外公在外观和在礼仪神圣的先知。

Hussain Ibn Ali (AS), The Third Imam第三伊玛目侯赛因伊本阿里(AS)

Second son of Fatima (SA) and Ali (AS) Hussain (AS) was born on 3rd Shabaan, 4th year of Hijri (10.1.626 AD) When he was born the Holy Prophet was given the news of the birth of his 2nd grandson.法蒂玛(SA)和阿里(AS)的次子侯赛因(AS)出生于Shabaan第三,第四年回历(10.1.626 AD),当他出生的神圣的先知被赋予了他的第二个孙子出生的消息。He arrived at the house of his daughter, took the little baby in his arms, said the Azan and Iqamah in his ears.他来到他的女儿家,在他怀里的小宝宝,在他耳边说,在手机和Iqamah。People around the Prophet saw tears in his eyes.先知周围的人们看到了在他眼中的泪水。Fatimah asked what was the reason for this, he told her that this boy of hers will achieve martyrdom, but consoled her by adding that God will create a nation who will mourn Hussain till the Day of Judgement.法蒂玛问这是什么原因,他告诉她,她的这个男孩将达到殉难,但安慰她补充说,神将创造一个民族将悼念侯赛因,直到审判日。 Another famous saying of the Prophet at the same time became synonymous with the name of his grandson Hussain.另一个在同一时间的先知的一句名言成为他的孙子侯赛因的名字的代名词。“Hussian-o-Minni wa Ana Minul Hussain”.“Hussian - O -米尼米纳维华安娜Minul侯赛因”。Hussain is from me and I am from Hussain.侯赛因是从我和我从侯赛因。One can explain this Hadith that Hussain, being the grand son of the Prophet was from him biologically.人能解释这圣训,侯赛因是先知的大儿子从他是生物。How a grandfather was from his grand son needs to be explained.祖父是如何从他的大儿子需要加以解释。Prophets of God speak spiritually rather than materially.神的先知发言精神上的,而比重大。He was talking about Islam the Deen he was assigned by God to propagate God's religion.他谈论的是伊斯兰教,他是上帝分配给上帝的宗教传播迪恩He was for Islam and his whole life was for Islam and its establishment on earth.他把伊斯兰教和他的一生是伊斯兰教和地球上成立的。 Any break in this mission would subvert this mission which was the purpose of his creation.任何在这一使命的突破,将颠覆这一使命,这是他创作的目的。The message of the Holy Prophet in this saying was that Hussain will, in some near future save this mission from destruction, hence the very purpose of his being will be saved by the sacrifice of his grandson.这句话的神圣先知的消息是,侯赛因将保存在一些不久的将来,从破坏这个使命,因此他是非常的目的是通过牺牲他的孙子保存。 He was giving the news of a future occurrence.他是给未来发生的新闻。The story of Kerbala unfolds.卡尔巴拉的故事展开。

Ali Ibn el Hussain, Zainul Abedeen (AS), The Fourth Imam伊EL侯赛因阿里,Zainul Abedeen(AS)的,第四伊玛目

When the young Ali took the mantle of Imamat, times were hard on the Ahlulbayt of the Prophet.当年轻的阿里Imamat地幔,时间难以先知Ahlulbayt。His is the saddest story of all time.他的所有时间最悲惨的故事。On the 10th of Muharram at the time of Asr Prayers, when his father Hussain(AS) was alone in the battlefield ready to do battle, he withdrew to the camp of his ailing son, came beside hibed, woke him and told him that the story of Kerbala was over, that he was about to go to sacrifice his own life for the cause of Islam.在ASR的祈祷时间,当他的父亲侯赛因(AS)是在战场上单独做战准备10日回历正月,他撤回到他生病的儿子营地,来到旁边hibed,叫醒他,并告诉他,卡尔巴拉的故事已经结束,他即将前往伊斯兰教事业而牺牲自己的生命。 It was at that time that the father transferred the mantle of Imamat, the spiritual guidance, to his son to lead the muslim Ummah towards the Right Path.当时,父亲转移地幔的Imamat,精神指导下,他的儿子到穆斯林世界引向正确的道路。

He was born in Madina some 22 years ago, on 5th Shabaan 38 year of Hijra.他出生于麦地那的大约22年前,第五Shabaan 38年希吉拉。In some history books his date of birth is shown as 15th Jamadiul Awwal 38 AH.在一些历史书籍,他的出生日期是15日Jamadiul伊斯兰外交部长会议38啊。His mother was Shahr Bano the daughter of Yazdjurd II, the last of the Persian Kings before Islam.他的母亲是赫尔巴诺Yazdjurd二女儿,波斯国王伊斯兰之前的最后。She was taken prisoner when muslim armies conquered Persia.她被采取了囚犯,当穆斯林军队征服波斯。When she was brought in Madina Imam Ali(AS) spoke to her and she embraced Islam and was married to his 2nd son Imam Hussain.(AS) She had died after giving birth to her only son.当她被带到麦地那的伊玛目阿里(AS)的跟她说话,她信奉伊斯兰教和结婚他的第二个儿子伊玛目侯赛因(AS)的她已经死了,生完孩子后她的唯一的儿子。 He was only two years old when his grand father Ali (AS) was martyred in the Mosque at Kufa.他只有两岁时,他的外公阿里(AS)的烈属,在库法清真寺。After that the whole family of the Prophet returned to live in Madina.在这之后的先知全家返回住在麦地那。For the next 10 years under Imam Hasan(AS) as Imam and after his martyrdom, his father Imam Hussain(AS) as the Imam, the young Ali was growing in their shadow and watching the workings of the Imamat without the wordly authority.根据伊玛目哈桑(AS)为伊玛目后,他的殉难在未来10年,他的父亲伊玛目侯赛因(AS)的伊玛目,年轻的阿里是生长在它们的阴影并没有wordly权力看Imamat运作。 People knew they were the grand sons of the Holy Prophet and followed them by their hearts but outwardly because of the fear of the Ummayad ruler in Damascus, there was very little following of the Ahlulbayt of the Prophet.人们知道他们是神圣的先知的宏伟儿子,其次他们的心,但表面上,因为在大马士革伍麦叶王朝的统治者的恐惧,有很少先知Ahlulbayt以下。 In 60 Hijri when his father Imam Hussain(AS) had to leave Madina for Makka and then for Kerbala, he was with him all the time.在60回历,当他的父亲伊玛目侯赛因(AS)为Makka不得不离开麦地那和卡尔巴拉然后,他与他所有的时间。 In Kerbala all male children of Ali(AS) and Hussain(AS) were killed except Ali Ibn el Hussain who with providence became so ill that he was unable to participate in the Jihad with his father and survived the massacre.阿里(AS)和侯赛因(AS)的所有男性儿童在卡尔巴拉被杀害了除阿里伊EL侯赛因与普罗维登斯变得如此虐待,他无法与他的父亲在参加圣战,并幸存下来的大屠杀。 His life and with that the line of descendents of Hussain(AS) survived because the Imamat had to go on.他的生活与侯赛因(AS)的后代幸存下来,因为Imamat了去。He became the 4th Imam on the 10th of Muharram 61 Hijri.他成为第四回历61回历10日伊玛目。He was taken captive and was brought to Kufa and then to Damascus in chains.他被俘虏,被带到了库法和链,然后在大马士革。In spite of his illness and humiliating position in front of Yazid the Ummayad ruler, when Yazid addressed him in an insulting manner saying that his father wasted his life by refusing to give the oath of allegiance to Yazid, Imam replied, it was to save Islam.伊玛目回答说,尽管他的疾病,在耶齐德的伍麦叶王朝的统治者,耶齐德解决在侮辱的方式,他说,他的父亲浪费他的生命,拒绝宣誓效忠耶齐德面前屈辱地位,它是保存伊斯兰。 They were wondering how Islam was saved.他们想知道,伊斯兰教是如何保存的。When time for Azan came and the Moazzin screamed from the minaret” I bear witness that Muhammad is the messenger of Allah, Imam shouted to Yazid, this is the way Islam was saved.当为手机上的时间和Moazzin尖叫从尖塔“我作证,穆罕默德是安拉的使者,伊玛目喊来耶齐德,这是伊斯兰教保存方式。 People would have forgotten the name of Muhammad as the Messenger of Allah if his grand son would not have shown the world that you were a ruler by default.人会忘记安拉的使者穆罕默德的名字,如果他的宏伟儿子不会有显示的世界,你是一个默认的标尺。Yazid ordered his swordsman to kill this young man, but by the intervention of his aunt Zainab his life was spared.耶齐德下令将他的剑客杀这个年轻人,但他的生活由他的姑姑Zainab的干预才幸免于难。He remained in prison for one year with the whole family.他仍然带着全家人在监狱一年。There was turmoil in all parts of the Islamic empire on this brutal killing.在这个残酷杀害的伊斯兰帝国的所有地区的动荡。In the end Yazid was afraid that if he kept the family of the Prophet in prison any longer, he will loose his kingdom.最后,耶齐德是害怕,如果他不停的家人在监狱里的先知不再,他将失去他的王国。So he sent orders to bring the family before him and told him that he was releasing them.因此他发出订单之前,他带来的家庭,并告诉他,他是将他们释放。He also asked what they wish to do now.他还问他们想现在要做的。In reply to this His aunt Zainab said that they would wish to hold a gathering in Damascus so that she can tell the people what happened in Kerbala.他的姑姑Zainab答复说,他们希望在大马士革举行的聚会,使她可以告诉人们,在卡尔巴拉发生了什么。Yazid agreed and the first Majlis was held in Damascus.耶齐德同意,并在大马士革举行的第一次议会。In this Majlis most of the women of Damascus took part who were secretly following the path of Ahlulbayt which included Yazid's wife Hind.在这个议会中大部分大马士革的妇女参加了秘密Ahlulbayt的路径,其中包括耶齐德的妻子后。Then they all returned to Kerbala to pay homage over the graves of their beloved father, uncles and brothers.然后,他们都返回到卡尔巴拉支付超过他们敬爱的父亲,叔叔和兄弟的墓地祭奠。It was on the 20th of the month of Safar 62 Hijri that they arrived back in Kerbala.据萨法尔62回历月20日,他们抵达卡尔巴拉。The first Majlis of Arbaeen was held in Kerbala in which his aunt Zainab and all the surviving family attended. Arbaeen的第一次议会举行卡尔巴拉中,他的姑姑Zainab和所有的遗属出席。It was at that time that one of the companions of the Prophet Jabir Ibn Abullah Ansari visited the grave of Hussain(AS) who later narrated the whole story of Kerbala to many of his listeners in Madina and many other towns he visited.当时先知贾比尔伊Abullah安萨里的同伴之一,参观了他后来他在麦地那和他参观了许多其他城镇的许多听众讲述整个故事的卡尔巴拉的侯赛因坟墓(AS)。 The message of Hussain(AS) was spreading from town to town and from country to country.侯赛因消息(AS)的蔓延从镇​​到镇,从国家到国家。

Muhammed Ibn Ali el-Baqir (AS), The Fifth Imam穆罕默德伊本阿里EL - Baqir(AS),第五伊玛目

Born in Madina on Ist Rajab 57 Hijri, died in Madina on 7th Zilhijja 114 Hijri (31.1.733AD) at the age of 57 years.出生于北京时间回历57回历马迪纳,第七Zilhijja 114回历(31.1.733AD)死亡,57岁的年龄在麦地那。Period of Imamat 19 years.期间的Imamat 19年来。

On the evidence of the most authentic Hadith narrated by Sunni and Shia historians, one of the companions of the Holy Prophet Jabir Ibn Abdallah Ansari was in the presence of the Holy Prophet.在逊尼派和什叶派历史学家叙述了最正宗的圣训的证据,神圣的先知贾比尔本阿卜杜拉安萨里的同伴之一是神圣先知的存在。 He asked the Prophet about the names of descendants from his daughter Hazrat Fatima and Ali (AS).他要求有关后裔,他的女儿哈兹拉特法蒂玛和阿里(AS)的名称的先知。The Prophet told him,先知告诉他,

“O Jabir, you will have a long life, and although you will go blind, but you will meet the 5th in line of my descendants whose name will be my name, who will walk like me and who will be the 5th Imam of the time. “O贾比尔,你将有一个长期的生活,虽然你会失明,但你会满足我的子孙,他的名字将被我的名字,他们会走和我一样,将是第五届伊玛目5日时间。 When you will meet him, give my salaams to him”.当你将他见面,他给我的salaams“。
As predicted by the Holy Prophet Jabir ibn Abdullah Ansari had a long life and became blind in his old age.神圣的先知贾比尔本阿卜杜拉安萨里的预测寿命长,并在自己的晚年生活变得盲目。But he devoutly waited for the time when he would meet the 5th Imam.但他虔诚的等待时间时,他会满足第五伊玛目。Each morning he would come out from his house, sit by the road side and wait for the sound of the footsteps to recognise the 5th Imam.每天早晨,他会走出来,从他的房子,坐在路边,等待的脚步声中认识到第五的伊玛目。One such day while he was waiting in the street of Madina, he heard someone walking towards him, the sound of footsteps reminded him of the way Holy Prophet used to walk.一个这样的一天,当他在等待麦地那街时,他听到有人朝他走来,脚步声提醒他神圣的先知用来走路的方式。Jabir stood up, stopped the man and asked his name.贾比尔站了起来,停止该名男子,并问他的名字。He replied,”Muhammad”, Jabir asked, whose son?, he replied “Ali Ibnul Hussain”.他回答说,“穆罕默德”,贾比尔问,他的儿子?,他回答说:“阿里Ibnul侯赛因”。Jabir immediately recognised the man he was talking to was the 5th Imam.贾比尔立即承认他说的是该名男子是第五伊玛目。He kissed his and told him the message from the Holy Prophet and that the Prophet sent his salaams to him.他吻了他,并告诉他从神圣的先知,先知派他salaams他的消息。Imam took him to his home, asked his friends to gather as many people as they can.伊玛目了,他到他家,问他的朋友们收集尽可能多的人,因为他们可以。When they all assembled in his house, the Imam asked Jabir to tell the whole story again.当他们都在他的房子里组装,伊玛目问贾比尔再次告诉整个故事。Jabir narrated the story, they all cried and attested in unison of the Imamat of the Fifth Imam and also the names of the other Seven Imams in his line up to the Twelvth Imam.贾比尔讲述的故事,他们都哭着第五伊玛目Imamat齐声证明,并在他行的其他七伊玛目名Twelvth伊玛目。

After the death of the 4th Imam in 95 Hijri, the caliphs in Damascus were so preoccupied with their conquests of foreign lands that they did not have time to worry about the people in Madina, their loyalties or their hostilities.第四伊玛目在回历95死亡后,在大马士革的哈里发忙于征服外国土地,他们没有时间担心麦地那的人,他们的忠诚或敌对行动。 They were also satisfied that the Imams of the Ahlulbayt would not divulge in any rebellion against them due to the most peaceful and quite life of the 4th Imam Zainul Abedeen (AS).他们还满意的Ahlulbayt伊玛目不会在任何叛乱,由于第四伊玛目Zainul Abedeen(AS)最和平和相当的生活对他们透露。They left the people of Madina to their activities in some peace.他们离开麦地那的人,他们的活动在一些和平。This was the time Imams of Ahlulbayt were waiting for.这是时间的Ahlulbayt伊玛目正在等待。Our 5th Imam opened a school to teach Qor'an and Hadith as it was taught by the Holy Prophet and Imam Ali AS).我们的第五伊玛目开了一所学校,教Qor'an和圣训,因为它是由神圣的先知和伊玛目阿里作为教授)。

Ja'afar Ibn Muhammad el-Sadiq (AS), The Sixth Imam贾阿法伊本穆罕默德埃尔 - 萨迪克(AS),第六伊玛目

The 6th Imam, Ja'afar Ibn Muhammad el Sadiq(AS) was Born in Madinah on 17th Rabiul Awwal 83 Hijiri (23.4.702 AD).在麦地那的第17届伊斯兰外交部长83 Hijiri(23.4.702 AD)第六届伊玛目,贾阿法伊本穆罕默德埃尔萨迪克(AS)的诞生。Died in Madinah on 15th Shawwal, 148 Hijri (7.12.765 AD) at the age of 63.在63岁以下死亡Shawwal 15日,148回历(7.12.765公元)在麦地那。Period of Imamat 34 years. Imamat 34年期。

Musa Ibn Ja'afar al-Kasim (AS), The Seventh Imam穆萨伊贾阿法第七伊玛目AL -脱维(AS)

Born in Madina on 7th Safar 128 Hijri (10.11.745AD).第七萨法尔128回历(10.11.745AD)出生于麦地那的。 Died in Baghdad Iraq 25th Rajab 183 Hijri (4.9.799 AD) Period of Imamat was 35 years.死在巴格达的伊拉克25日回历183回历(4.9.799 AD)Imamat期间为35岁。

Imam Musa Ibn Ja'afar was born during the struggle between the Ummayads and the Abbasids.伊玛目穆萨本贾阿法是出生在Ummayads的阿巴斯王朝之间的斗争。He was only four years old when Abul Abbas “Saffah”, “The Shedder of Blood”, came to the throne as the first Abbasid caliph.他只有4岁,当阿布阿巴斯“Saffah”,“血的漩涡发生体”,阿拔斯王朝哈里发第一的宝座。For twenty years he was under the authority of his father, who died ten years before the end of the long reign of Mansur.二十年来,他是根据他的父亲死于十年前的长期统治的曼苏尔结束,谁的权力。The Imamat of the 7th Imam extended through the ten remaining years of the caliphat of Mansur, and included the ten years of the rule of Mahdi, one year and some months of Hadi and about twelve years of the reign of Harun al- Rashid.第七伊玛目Imamat延长曼苏尔caliphat通过10余年,其中包括马赫迪,一年的统治10年,哈迪几个月,约12年哈伦拉希德王朝。 Thus for thirty five years he was the Imam.因此三十五年,他是伊玛目。He held this coveted distinction as the longest period of Imamat of the Eleven Imams.他认为这个觊觎的Imamat十一伊玛目最长的时期区别。

With six brothers and nine sisters Imam Musa (AS) grew up in a large family.伊玛目穆萨(AS)的有六个兄弟和九姐妹在一个大家庭中长大。Ismail the oldest brother died at a young age and Musa was chosen by Divine providence to succeed his father as the Imam.司马义大哥死在一个年轻的年龄和穆萨是神圣的普罗维登斯选择接替他的父亲伊玛目。There were those among the followers of the 6th Imam who thought that Imamat should be hereditary and therefore the eldest son of the 6th Imam should succeed.第六伊玛目的追随者之间的那些思想,Imamat应该是遗传的,因此应该会成功的第六伊玛目长子。They misunderstood the whole concept of Imamat which was neither hereditary nor mandatory for any one person.他们误解Imamat整体的概念,它既不是世袭,也没有任何一个人的强制性。It was divinely selected and the Imam at his death bed reveals the name of the next Imam.这是神圣的选择和在他的临终伊玛目揭示了未来的伊玛目名称。

The Abasid caliphs were always on the alert with this distinctive source of Imamat and our 7th Imam was fully aware of this danger. Abasid哈里发总是警报与鲜明的Imamat来源和我们的第七伊玛目是充分认识到这种危险。The Caliphs were on the alert to discover any real or imaginary disloyalty with the Imam or his followers and they would immediately put them under arrest.哈里发分别提高警觉,发现任何与伊玛目或他的追随者的真实的或想象的不忠,他们将立即把他们逮捕。This natural anxiety, however, does not appear to have seriously interrupted his life as an Imam.然而,这种天然的焦虑,不出现严重中断他的生活作为伊玛目。He continued to disseminate Qora'anic teachings as his father Imam Ja'afar al-Sadiq (AS) used to do through the Islamic schools opened in Madina during the life of the 5th Imam.他继续传播Qora'anic教义,他的父亲伊玛目贾阿法AL -萨迪克(AS)的通过开在第五伊玛目生活在麦地那的伊斯兰学校用来做。

Ali Ibn Musa, al-Reza (AS), The Eighth Imam伊本阿里穆萨,AL -礼(AS),第八伊玛目

Born in Madina 11th Zeeqaad 148 Hijri (1.1.766 AD).出生于麦地那的第11 Zeeqaad 148回历(1.1.766 AD)。Died in the city of Tus Iran on 17th Safar 203 Hijri (26.5.819 AH) Period of Imamat 20 years.萨法尔203回历(26.5.819啊)Imamat 20年期17日死在土族伊朗城市。

His grandfather Imam Ja'afar Al-sadiq (AS) died one month before the birth of Imam Reza(AS) The family must have been consoled by his birth which took place after such a great loss.他的祖父贾阿法AL -萨迪克(AS)的伊玛目死了1个月之前出生的伊玛目礼萨(AS)的家庭,必须由他的诞生了这样一个巨大的损失后的安慰。He was brought up and instructed by his affectionate father under whose supervision he passed his boyhood and youth.他和他的深情的父亲在其监督下,他通过他的童年和青年的指示。He availed himself of the instructions of his learned father for thirty one years till the later was taken to Baghdad to suffer the hardship of imprisonment for four years till his death. “他利用他了解到父亲的指示,31个年自己,直到后来被带到巴格达遭受困难的监禁4年直到他的死亡。

It is thought in some historical circles that the 8th Imam involved himself in politics while his ancestors up to the 7th Imam after the martyrdom of Imam Ali(AS) refrained from this journey.它被认为是在一定的历史界,第八伊玛目自己,而他的祖先第七伊玛目阿里殉教后的伊玛目(AS)从这次旅程没有参与政治。 Outwardly it looks like the Imam was abandoning the policy of his predecessors for the Imam could not be the heir- apparent to the caliphate without becoming involved in the politics of the day.从表面上看,它看起来像伊玛目放弃伊玛目他的前任的政策,不能明显没有卷入在当天的政治继承人哈里发。The Imam took pains, however, to indicate that it was not his desire, but that he was acting only in accord with the summons he had received from Mamoun.伊玛目煞费苦心,但是,以表明它是不是他的愿望,但他只有在符合他从Mamoun收到的传票。He seemed to have no choice but to proceed on this hazardous journey.他似乎已别无选择,只有进行这种危险的旅程。Indeed if he had refused to proceed or shown any reluctance, force would surely have been used which would have been more humiliating for the Imam and his family.事实上,如果他拒绝继续或表现出任何不情愿,力肯定会一直使用的伊玛目和他的家人已经为更多的羞辱。

It is mentioned by various historians, Both of Shia and Sunni schools of thought, that when Mamoun initially offered the Imam his throne, the Imam declined the offer firmly and resolutely.这是所提到的各种历史学家,无论是思想的什叶派和逊尼派的学校,当Mamoun最初提供的伊玛目,他的王位,伊玛目坚定和坚决地拒绝了该提议。 After several attempts to bring the Imam to accept the offer failed, Mamoun told him to accept the offer of being his heir- apparent to succeed him after Mamoun's death.带来的伊玛目接受要约的多次尝试失败后,Mamoun告诉他,接受他的继承人呼之欲出提供Mamoun的去世后,他成功。 Imam replied to this offer, “ I will accept this to console you, but this will never happen for I will leave this world before you.” Once Mamoun achieved his desire to get the consent of the Imam as his successor, he declared this openly to all in order to see the reaction of the Abbasid clan who were favouring his half brother Amin.伊玛目回答这个提议,“我会接受这个控制台你,但绝不会出现这种情况,我会离开这个世界之前。”一旦Mamoun实现他的愿望,得到同意作为他的继任者的伊玛目,他这一公开宣布向所有为了看阿拔斯王朝的家族,谁是有利于他的同父异母的弟弟阿明的反应。

Muhammad Ibn Ali al-Taqi al-Jawad (AS), The Ninth Imam伊本阿里穆罕默德塔基AL -贾瓦德(AS),第九届伊玛目

Born in Madina, 10th Rajab 195 Hijri (12.4.811 AD).出生于麦地那,第10回历195回历(12.4.811 AD)。 Died in Baghdad Iraq 29th Zeeqad 220 Hijiri (27.11.835, aged 25 years, Period of Imamat 17 years.死在巴格达的伊拉克29日Zeeqad 220 Hijiri(27.11.835年龄25岁,Imamat 17岁的时期。

At the time of the death of Imam Ali Al-Reza (AS) our 9th Imam was only 9 years old.我们的第九伊玛目在伊玛目阿里礼(AS)的死亡时间只有9岁。Some people from among the followers of Ahlulbayt and others, doubted Imam's eligibility to become Imam at this young age.从Ahlulbayt和其他的追随者,有些人怀疑伊玛目的资格,成为在这个年纪的伊玛目。Kulaini in his Kafi relates that the Mutawalli of the Holy Ka'aba questioned Imam for several days before he was satisfied and accepted him as the Imam of the Time.在他的Kafi Kulaini关乎神圣的克尔白Mutawalli质疑伊玛目前几天,他感到满意和接受了他的时间伊玛目。

Ali Ibn Muhammad (Al-Naqi, Al-Hadi) (AS), The Tenth Imam阿里伊本穆罕默德(AL - Naqi,AL -哈迪)(AS),第十伊玛目

Born in Madina 5th Rajab 214 Hijri ( 8.9.829 AD).出生于麦地那的第五回历214回历(8.9.829 AD)。 Died in Samarrah, Iraq 3rd Rajab 254 Hijri ( 1.7.868) aged 40 years.死在Samarrah,伊拉克第三回历254回历(1.7.868)年龄为40岁。Period of Imamat 34 years. Imamat 34年期。

The period of Imamat of our 10th Imam coincided with the decline of the power of the Abbasid Empire.我们的第10伊玛目Imamat期间恰逢阿拔斯帝国的权力下降。They were threatened by the Turks and had to move the Capital from Baghdad to Samarrah.他们是由土耳其人的威胁和移动从巴格达到Samarrah资本。He was only 6 years old when his father Imam Muhammad Taqi (AS) was martyred in Baghdad when poisoned by Mu'tasim Billah Abbasi.他只有6岁,当他的父亲伊玛目穆罕默德塔基(AS)的烈属,在巴格达Mu'tasim Billah阿巴西中毒。Our Imam lived in Madina for the remaining 8 years of the reign of Mu'tasim and 5 years of the reign of Wathiq Billah.我们的伊玛目住在麦地那的Mu'tasim的统治和5年的Wathiq Billah统治,其余8年。It was when Mutawakkil became caliph in 236 Hijiri (847 AD) the Imam was called over to the Abbasid capital Baghdad.穆塔瓦基勒成为哈里发在236 Hijiri(公元847)被称为伊玛目阿巴斯王朝首都巴格达。Mutawakkil, was the most cruel and deadly enemy of the Ahlulbayt (AS), who tried to drown the Grave of Imam Hussain (AS) in Kerbala by diverting the waters of the Eupheretes River.穆塔瓦基勒,Ahlulbayt(AS),谁试图转移Eupheretes河水域淹没在卡尔巴拉伊玛目侯赛因(AS)的墓最残忍和最致命的敌人。 But by a miracle the river water encircled the grave and did not go over it in spite of the fact that the surrounding ground was higher.但一个奇迹河水包围了坟墓,并没有在它周围地面较高的事实,但。When the Caliph failed in his action of drowning the grave he ordered that the whole area should be turned into farmland but when horses failed to take the plough over the grave, he realised his folly.当哈里发在他溺水的坟墓,他下令整个地区变成农田,但马失败时接管严重的犁,他意识到自己的愚蠢的行动失败。Eventually he left the hallowed ground as it was but as long as he lived he forbade any pilgrimage to the Shrine of Imam Hussain (AS).最终,他离开的理由,因为它是神圣的,但只要他住他禁止任何朝圣的伊玛目侯赛因(AS)的靖国神社。 History tells us that pilgrims to the grave of Sayyidush Shohada (AS) did continue to go in spite of the danger to their lives.历史告诉我们,香客Sayyidush Shohada(AS)的坟墓并继续走尽管会有生命危险。Indeed many were killed on their way to the Shrine but the enthusiasm to visit the grave never subsided.事实上,许多被杀害他们的方式参拜靖国神社,但访问的热情从来没有消退坟墓。

Hasan ibn Ali (al-Askari) (AS), The Eleventh Imam哈桑本阿里(AL -阿斯卡里)(AS),第十一伊玛目

Born in Madina on the 10th of Rabuil Akhar 232 Hijri ( 6.12.846 AD) Died in Samarrah Iraq on 8th of Rabiul Awwal 260 Hijri (4.1.874) aged 28 years.出生于麦地那的Rabuil Akhar 232回历(6.12.846公元)伊斯兰外交部长260回历年龄28岁(4.1.874)第八Samarrah伊拉克死亡10。Period of Imamat 6 years.Imamat 6年期。

Muhammad ibn al-Hasan (Al-Mahdi-Sahibuz Zaman) (AS), The Twelfth Imam穆罕默德本哈桑(马赫迪Sahibuz扎曼)(),第十二伊玛目

(The hidden Imam who is expected to return)(隐藏伊玛目有望重返)

“The world will not come to an end,” said the Prophet Muhammad, “ until a man from my family (Ahlulbayt) and of my name shall be master of the world, When you see a green ensign coming from the direction of Khorasan, then join them, for the Imam of God will be with the standards who will be called al-Mahdi.” “世界不会走到了尽头,”先知穆罕默德说,“直到从我的家庭(Ahlulbayt)和我的名字的人应是世界的主人,当你看到一个绿色的少尉从呼罗珊的方向,然后加入他们的行列,为神的伊玛目将与将被称为马赫迪的标准。“

“The Mahdi will be descended from me, he will be a man with an open countenance and a face with a high nose.“马赫迪将是我的后裔,他将是一个以开放的面容和一张脸,高鼻子的人。He will fill the earth with equity and with justice, just as it has been filled with tyranny and oppression.” (Biharul Anwar, Majlisi)他将填补公平和正义的地球,只是因为它一直充满暴政和压迫。“(Biharul安华,Majlisi)

Imam Muhammad Abul Qasim (al Mahdi)(AS), the last in the line of the Twelve Ithna Ashari Imams was born on 15th Shaban 255 Hijri in Samarra, Iraq.在萨马拉,伊拉克,伊玛目穆罕默德阿布卡西姆(AL马赫迪)(AS),最后在十二Ithna Ashari伊玛目出生于15日回历255回历。His father was the Eleventh Imam Hasan al-Askari (AS) and his mother was Nargis Khatoon, grand daughter of the Emperor of Rum.他的父亲是“十一伊玛目哈桑 - 阿斯卡里(AS)和他的母亲是”纳尔吉斯“Khatoon,糖酒会的大皇帝的女儿。

It was 8th Rabiul Awwal 260 Hijri when our Twelfth Imam led the funeral prayer of his father Imam Hasan al-Askari (AS).这是第8届伊斯兰外交部长回历260时,我们的第十二伊玛目带领他的父亲伊玛目哈桑 - 阿斯卡里(AS)的葬礼祈祷。He was only Five years old, yet the whole crowd of muslims including the Abbasid caliph of that time Al-Mu'tamid followed the young Imam without question.他只有5岁,但毫无疑问整个人群,包括铝Mu'tamid当时的阿拔斯王朝哈里发的穆斯林遵循年轻的伊玛目。Once the prayers were over and the Imam went inside the house, that the Caliph realised the full implication and significance of the occasion and he immediately ordered his soldiers to enter the house and search for the young Imam.一旦祈祷和伊玛目了屋内,哈里发实现的完整含义和意义的场合,他立即下令他的士兵进入房子和寻找年轻的伊玛目。They did not find any one inside the house.他们没有发现任何一个屋内。The Caliph was very angry at this incompetence of ministers and other officials who were unable to find a boy of five who had just led the prayers and had just disappeared.哈里发在此无法找到刚刚带领祈祷,刚刚消失了五个男孩的部长和其他官员的无能感到非常愤怒。The caliph had no inkling of the secrets that God did not want to reveal.哈里发没有的秘密,神不想透露端倪。He went back to his palace and into the luxurious life of a playboy king while the world around him squeezed his empire into oblivion.他回到他的宫殿,并成一个花花公子国王的奢华生活,而他周围的世界挤进遗忘他的帝国。

This is an essential belief that Imam Muhammad al-Mahdi (AS) Sahibuz zaman, is alive and guide's his followers whenever such need arises.这是一个重要的的信念,伊玛目穆罕默德马赫迪(AS)的Sahibuz扎曼,还活着,只要有需要时,引导他的追随者。 This is based on the verses of the Holy Qur'an that express the idea of Divine Guidance through the Prophets and Imams.这是基于古兰经“的诗句,表达了神圣指引的想法通过先知和伊玛目。“ And among those whom we have created are a people who guide others with truth, and in accordance therewith act justly” .“是的人,我们已经创建了一个人,用真理引导他人,并按照相关的行为公正”。(Sura vii V 180)(苏拉第七V 180)

As in the above saying of Imam Hussain (AS) that due to the excessive length of the concealment of the 12th Imam many believers will have doubts about his existence.作为在上面说的伊玛目侯赛因(AS)的的,由于隐瞒第12伊玛目许多信徒的时间过长,会怀疑他的存在。Many will question the very longevity of his life and the usefulness of his presence as an Imam.许多人会怀疑他的生活非常长寿,他的存在作为伊玛目用处。

To the question of existence, we have seen above the many Verses from the Qora'an and Hadith of the Prophet and all the Eleven Imams.存在的问题,我们已经看到从Qora'an和圣训的先知和所有十伊玛目以上的许多诗篇。We have also read quotations from the Books of Ahlul Sunna wal Jama'a and many scholars and philosophers from the earliest times to the present.我们也看到了Ahlul圣训沃尔玛Jama'a书籍和许多学者和哲学家的报价从最早的时候到现在。

Although absent and unrepresented, Imam al-Mahdi (AS) still guides people and defends the faith.虽然缺席,无律师代表,伊玛目马赫迪(AS)的引导人们守的信念。Even though unseen, the Imam supervises the world affairs and guides it.虽然看不见,伊玛目监督世界事务和引导。This curtain will exist as long as Providence deems it necessary.只要普罗维登斯认为有必要,这幕会存在。The time will come, which may be too late for many of us, but when the curtain of absence will be removed, Imam al-Mahdi (AS) will reappear and as predicted by the Prophet, fill the world with justice and equity, discarding the prevailing injustices and oppressions.会的时间,这可能是我们许多为时已晚,但伊玛目马赫迪(AS)时将被删除的情况下帷幕,将再次出现,先知预言,填补与正义和公平,丢弃的世界现行的不公正和压迫。 May God bring about his early reappearance and ease his coming.愿上帝带来他的早期的再现和减轻他的到来。


Editor's Notes编者的话

The texts above are excerpts from much more complete scholarly presentations from the web-site: al-islam.org上述案文是从更完整的学术演讲节选的网站:AL - islam.org

They represent well researched and well-documented information, presented from the perspective of Twelver Shi'a Muslims.他们很好地研究和记录信息,Twelver什叶派穆斯林的角度提出。Fiver and Sevemer Shi'a generally agree on the first Imams, but disagree regarding how many Imams have been valid.Fiver和Sevemer什叶派的普遍认同在第一伊玛目,但不同意就多少伊玛目已被有效的。Sunni Muslims only accept the Prophets (until Ali, the First Imam) and do not accept the validity of the Imamates of those after him.逊尼派穆斯林只接受先知(直到第一伊玛目阿里)和不接受后,他Imamates的有效性。



Also, see:此外,见:
Islam, Muhammad伊斯兰教,穆罕默德
Koran, Qur'an可兰经,可兰经
Pillars of Faith支柱的信仰
Abraham 亚伯拉罕
Testament of Abraham全书亚伯拉罕
Allah 安拉
Hadiths hadiths
Revelation - Hadiths from Book 1 of al-Bukhari启示-h adiths从第一册的基地布哈里
Belief - Hadiths from Book 2 of al-Bukhari信仰-h adiths从第二册的基地布哈里
Knowledge - Hadiths from Book 3 of al-Bukhari知识-h adiths从第三册的基地布哈里
Times of the Prayers - Hadiths from Book 10 of al-Bukhari时代的祈祷-h adiths从书展1 0个基地布哈里
Shortening the Prayers (At-Taqseer) - Hadiths from Book 20 of al-Bukhari缩短祈祷(在taqseer ) -h adiths从书展2 0铝布哈里
Pilgrimmage (Hajj) - Hadiths from Book 26 of al-Bukhari朝圣(朝觐) -h adiths从书展2 6铝布哈里
Fighting for the Cause of Allah (Jihad) - Hadiths of Book 52 of al-Bukhari争取事业的阿拉(杰哈德) -h adiths图书5 2铝布哈里
ONENESS, UNIQUENESS OF ALLAH (TAWHEED) - Hadiths of Book 93 of al-Bukhari同一性,独特的阿拉tawheed ) -h adiths图书9 3铝布哈里
Hanafiyyah School Theology (Sunni)hanafiyyah学校神学(逊尼派)
Malikiyyah School Theology (Sunni)malikiyyah学校神学(逊尼派)
Shafi'iyyah School Theology (Sunni)shafi'iyyah学校神学(逊尼派)
Hanbaliyyah School Theology (Sunni)hanbaliyyah学校神学(逊尼派)
Maturidiyyah Theology (Sunni)maturidiyyah神学(逊尼派)
Ash'ariyyah Theology (Sunni)ash'ariyyah神学(逊尼派)
Mutazilah Theologymutazilah神学
Ja'fari Theology (Shia)ja'fari神学(什叶派)
Nusayriyyah Theology (Shia)nusayriyyah神学(什叶派)
Zaydiyyah Theology (Shia)zaydiyyah神学(什叶派)
Kharijiyyah kharijiyyah
Imams (Shia)伊玛目(什叶派)
Druze 德鲁兹
Qarmatiyyah (Shia)qarmatiyyah (什叶派)
Ahmadiyyah ahmadiyyah
Ishmael, Ismail伊斯梅尔,司马义。
Early Islamic History Outline早在伊斯兰历史纲要
Hegira hegira
Averroes averroes
Avicenna 阿维森纳
Machpela machpela
Kaaba, Black Stone天房,黑石头
Ramadan 斋月
Sunnites, Sunni逊尼派,逊尼派
Shiites, Shia什叶派,什叶派
Mecca 麦加
Medina 麦迪
Sahih, al-Bukharisahih ,铝-布哈里
Sufism 苏非派
Wahhabism 瓦哈比主义
Abu Bakr阿布巴克尔
Abbasids abbasids
Ayyubids ayyubids
Umayyads 倭马亚王朝
Fatima 法蒂玛
Fatimids (Shia)法蒂玛王朝(什叶派)
Ismailis (Shia)伊斯玛仪教派(什叶派)
Mamelukes mamelukes
Saladin 萨拉丁
Seljuks seljuks
Aisha 的Aisha
Ali 阿里
Lilith lilith
Islamic Calendar伊斯兰日历
Interactive Muslim Calendar互动穆斯林日历


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