Jafari School of Shari'a, Ja'fari, Jacfariyya贾法里(什叶派)

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Arabic: jacfariyya阿拉伯语:jacfariyya

The Jafari School of Shari'a is the law system of the Twelver Shi'i Islam.贾法里的伊斯兰教法的学校是Twelver什叶派伊斯兰的法律制度。Jafari is also used as another name for the Twelver Shi'is, reflecting the integration between law and theology in the creed.贾法里也被用作Twelver Shi'is的另一个名字,反映了法律和神学的信条之间的整合。In many texts and books, Jafari and Twelver Shi'ism is not distinguished, but presented as one orientation.在许多文章和书籍,贾法里和什叶派Twelver是没有区别的,但作为一个方向。

The fiqh of Jafari is somewhat different from that of Sunni schools, in which it does not employ qiyas, but uses the intellect, caql.贾法里的律是来自逊尼派的学校,它不聘请qiyas有所不同,但使用的智力,caql。Another difference is of course, that it doesn't use the same hadiths.当然另一个区别是,它不使用相同的圣训。Many Sunni hadiths are excluded due to being attributed to enemies of Shi'ism, like what is the case with Aisha's hadiths.许多逊尼派穆斯林圣训被排除因被归结为什叶派的敌人,好像是与阿伊莎的圣训。Also they have a rich collection of their own unique hadiths, related to the imams, which by Shi'i definition could not commit sin or err.此外,他们丰富了自己独特的圣训的收集,伊玛目,什叶派的定义不能犯罪或犯错。

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Among the differences between Sunni and Shi'i law are the focus on taqiyya, the permit to lie when life and health is in danger, and mut'a, temporary marriage.在逊尼派和什叶派法律之间的分歧taqiyya重点,许可证说谎时的生命和健康处于危险之中,并mut'a,临时婚姻。

Tore Kjeilen撕毁Kjeilen


Jafari School of Shari'a贾法里学校的伊斯兰教法

Shi'a Information什叶派信息

The principles of legal reasoning (the roots of fiqh) grew into an important arena of scholarship as they dealt with the place of Hadith and the legitimacy of such traditions, as well as the limits and method of ijtihad.法律推理的原则(教律的根源)增长到奖学金的一个重要舞台,因为他们与圣训的地方,这种传统的合法性,以及ijtihad的限制和方法处理。 Shi`i Muslim groups developed their own system of law and moral precepts, which came to be called the Ja`fari school of law, so named after its foremost exponent, the sixth Shi`i Imam Ja`far As-Sadiq (d.765) who was the greatest teacher of his time in Medina.施`我的穆斯林群体开发了自己的法律和道德戒律系统,这后来被称为JA`fari法学院,故命名其最重要的指数后,第六次施`我伊玛目JA`尽量-萨迪克(D. 765)谁是最伟大的老师,他在麦地那的时间。Both Abu Hanifa and Imam Malik were among those, said to number four thousand, who benefited from his teachings.在那些阿布哈尼法和伊玛目马立克说,数400万,从他的教诲中受益。Ja`fari fiqh regarded consensus as valid only if the opinion of the Imam was included. JA`fari教律视为有效的共识,只有伊玛目认为被列入。The line of development in Shi`i jurisprudence was more direct because of the belief that the Imams were infallible.施`我判例的发展,是因为,伊玛目是万无一失的信念更直接。The Imams simply reflected and therefore reproduced the original prophetic teaching in different circumstances over a period of time.伊玛目只是反映,因此在不同的情况下转载原来的预言教学,过了一段时间。As a result of this advantage, they did not need to resort to analogy (which indeed later became unacceptable in Shi`i theology) nor was much importance attached to consensus.这一优势,他们并不需要诉诸比喻(这的确后来成为施`我神学不可接受)也不是很大的重视共识。They considered `Ali and the Ahl al-Bayt (the household of the Prophet) to be the best interpreters of the Qur`an and prophetic teachings.他们认为,阿里和AHL人朝Bayt(家庭先知)的古兰经`和先知的教诲最好的口译员。 Thus the Shi`i school is based entirely on traditions and teachings from the twelve Imams, each of whom was appointed by his predecessor, starting from `Ali Ibn Abi Talib and therefore the Prophet himself.因此,施`我校是完全基于传统和十二个月的伊玛目,每个人被任命为他的前任,从阿里伊本阿比利布,因此先知自己开始的教诲。 The last Imam entered occultation, and his return is awaited as the savior.最后的伊玛目进入掩星,他的回报是期待已久的救世主。

Shaykh Fadhlalla Haeri伊Fadhlalla Haeri
THE ELEMENTS OF ISLAM, Chapter 4伊斯兰教,第4章的要素



Also, see:­外,见:
Islam, Muhammad伊斯兰教,穆罕默德
Koran, Qur'an可兰经,可兰经
Pillars of Faith支柱的信仰
Abraham 亚伯拉罕
Testament of Abraham全书亚伯拉罕
Allah 安拉
Hadiths hadiths
Revelation - Hadiths from Book 1 of al-Bukhari启示-h adiths从第一册的基地布哈里
Belief - Hadiths from Book 2 of al-Bukhari信仰-h adiths从第二册的基地布哈里
Knowledge - Hadiths from Book 3 of al-Bukhari知识-h adiths从第三册的基地布哈里
Times of the Prayers - Hadiths from Book 10 of al-Bukhari时代的祈祷-h adiths从书展1 0个基地布哈里
Shortening the Prayers (At-Taqseer) - Hadiths from Book 20 of al-Bukhari缩­祈祷(在taqseer ) -h adiths从书展2 0铝布哈里
Pilgrimmage (Hajj) - Hadiths from Book 26 of al-Bukhari朝圣(朝觐) -h adiths从书展2 6铝布哈里
Fighting for the Cause of Allah (Jihad) - Hadiths of Book 52 of al-Bukhari争取事业的阿拉(杰哈德) -h adiths图书5 2铝布哈里
ONENESS, UNIQUENESS OF ALLAH (TAWHEED) - Hadiths of Book 93 of al-Bukhari同一性,独特的阿拉tawheed ) -h adiths图书9 3铝布哈里
Hanafiyyah School Theology (Sunni)hanafiyyah­ 神­(逊尼派)
Malikiyyah School Theology (Sunni)malikiyyah­ 神­(逊尼派)
Shafi'iyyah School Theology (Sunni)shafi'iyyah­ 神­(逊尼派)
Hanbaliyyah School Theology (Sunni)hanbaliyyah­ 神­(逊尼派)
Maturidiyyah Theology (Sunni)maturidiyyah神­(逊尼派)
Ash'ariyyah Theology (Sunni)ash'ariyyah神­(逊尼派)
Mutazilah Theologymutazilah神­
Ja'fari Theology (Shia)ja'fari神­(什叶派)
Nusayriyyah Theology (Shia)nusayriyyah神­(什叶派)
Zaydiyyah Theology (Shia)zaydiyyah神­(什叶派)
Kharijiyyah kharijiyyah
Imams (Shia)伊玛目(什叶派)
Druze 德鲁兹
Qarmatiyyah (Shia)qarmatiyyah (什叶派)
Ahmadiyyah ahmadiyyah
Ishmael, Ismail伊斯梅尔,司马义。
Early Islamic History Outline早在伊斯兰历史纲要
Hegira hegira
Averroes averroes
Avicenna 阿维森纳
Machpela machpela
Kaaba, Black Stone天房,黑石头
Ramadan 斋月
Sunnites, Sunni逊尼派,逊尼派
Shiites, Shia什叶派,什叶派
Mecca 麦 
Medina 麦迪
Sahih, al-Bukharisahih ,铝-布哈里
Sufism 苏非派
Wahhabism 瓦哈比主义
Abu Bakr阿布巴克尔
Abbasids abbasids
Ayyubids ayyubids
Umayyads ­马亚王朝
Fatima 法蒂玛
Fatimids (Shia)法蒂玛王朝(什叶派)
Ismailis (Shia)伊斯玛仪教派(什叶派)
Mamelukes mamelukes
Saladin 萨拉丁
Seljuks seljuks
Aisha 的Aisha
Ali 阿里
Lilith lilith
Islamic Calendar伊斯兰日历
Interactive Muslim Calendar互动穆斯林日历


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