Kharijiyyah, Kharijite, KharijitesKhariji

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Kharijite belief is distinguished from that of mainstream Islam through its particular emphasis on good actions as well as belief. For the Kharijites the mere profession of the faith - "There is no God but Allah; Muhammad is the prophet of God" - was not sufficient in itself to make a person a Muslim; the profession had to be accompanied by righteousness and good works. Contrary to the Sunni view and practice, the Kharijites interpreted the Qur'anic command concerning "enjoining good and forbidding evil" to mean the vindication of their beliefs through the sword. Kharijite信念是从主流伊斯兰教通过其良好的行动,以及信仰上特别强调区分的Kharijites仅仅界的信仰- “没有上帝,但安拉,穆罕默德是神的先知” -是不够本身就使一个人一个穆斯林;行业伴随着正气和良好的工程,逊尼派和做法,相反,Kharijites解释古兰经的命令,关于“责令良好,禁止 “意味着平反。通过剑自己的信念。With regard to the question of who should lead the community of Muslims, the Kharijites claimed that the community could only be led by those who were pious and righteous.关于谁应该领导的穆斯林社会问题,Kharijites声​​称,社会只能由那些虔诚和正义的领导。It was deemed acceptable to overthrow a ruler whose conduct fell short of these ideals.它被视为接受推翻一个统治者的行为低于这些理想。

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History历史

Kharijiyyah emerged in the first century of Islam as a result of disputes within the community over the question of who should lead it.Kharijiyyah出现在第一世纪伊斯兰教作为社区内争论谁应该导致问题的结果。 During the reign of the third caliph, 'Uthman, certain groups accused the caliph of nepotism and misrule, and this discontent led to his assassination in 656.第三哈里发的统治期间,裙带关系和暴政的哈里发欧斯曼,某些团体指责,656本不满导致他的刺杀。After 'Uthman's death Ali, the cousin of the Prophet, was invited by the Muslims at Madina to accept the caliphate, which he did, and thus became the fourth caliph (656-661). “奥斯曼去世后,先知的堂弟阿里是在麦地那的穆斯林邀请接受哈里发,他做到了,并因此成为第四任哈里发(656-661)。Ali's rule was opposed by Uthman's nephew, Mu'awiyah, who rebelled against Ali, but subsequently agreed to settle the issue of who should lead the community through human arbitration.阿里的统治,反对奥斯曼的侄子,穆阿维叶,对阿里叛变,但后来同意和解,带领人类仲裁社会的问题。The principle of the use of human arbitration for this purpose was opposed by certain groups within the community, who became known to history as the Kharijites (a term which means "those who go out, go off").为此目的使用人类仲裁的原则,反对某些群体在社区内,谁成为Kharijites(一个术语,这意味着“那些走出去,去”)被称为历史。

Because of their belief that the pursuit of truth was done through the use of the sword, they embarked upon endless campaigns against the community. 因为他们的信仰,对真理的追求是通过使用的剑,他们走上社会后对无休止的运动。Gradually they were subdued, and within two centuries of the birth of Islam were wiped out. 渐渐地,他们制服,并在两个世纪伊斯兰教的诞生内被消灭。

Symbols符号

The Kharijites had no distinctive symbol system.Kharijites没有鲜明的符号体系。

Adherents遗民

The group has no contemporary adherents.本集团并无当代信徒。However, a moderate group called Ibadites, who refer themselves back to the Kharijites but reject their aggressive methods, are to be found in the sultanate of Oman and North Africa.然而,中度组称为Ibadites,是指自己的Kharijites,但拒绝他们的积极的方法,是在阿曼苏丹国和北非发现。

Headquarters / Main Centre总部/主要中心

The Kharijites were centred around the marshes around Basra and on the left bank of the Tigris, a location which afforded them the opportunity to escape to the mountainous regions of the Iranian plateaus if defeated in battle. Kharijites围绕巴士拉附近的沼泽和左岸的底格里斯河,一个位置,这使他们有机会逃到伊朗的高原山区,如果在战斗中击败。

Bülent Þenay比伦特埃杰Þenay
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Also, see:此外,见:
Islam, Muhammad伊斯兰教,穆罕默德
Koran, Qur'an可兰经,可兰经
Pillars of Faith支柱的信仰
Abraham 亚伯拉罕
Testament of Abraham全书亚伯拉罕
Allah 安拉
Hadiths hadiths
Revelation - Hadiths from Book 1 of al-Bukhari启示-h adiths从第一册的基地布哈里
Belief - Hadiths from Book 2 of al-Bukhari信仰-h adiths从第二册的基地布哈里
Knowledge - Hadiths from Book 3 of al-Bukhari知识-h adiths从第三册的基地布哈里
Times of the Prayers - Hadiths from Book 10 of al-Bukhari时代的祈祷-h adiths从书展1 0个基地布哈里
Shortening the Prayers (At-Taqseer) - Hadiths from Book 20 of al-Bukhari缩短祈祷(在taqseer ) -h adiths从书展2 0铝布哈里
Pilgrimmage (Hajj) - Hadiths from Book 26 of al-Bukhari朝圣(朝觐) -h adiths从书展2 6铝布哈里
Fighting for the Cause of Allah (Jihad) - Hadiths of Book 52 of al-Bukhari争取事业的阿拉(杰哈德) -h adiths图书5 2铝布哈里
ONENESS, UNIQUENESS OF ALLAH (TAWHEED) - Hadiths of Book 93 of al-Bukhari同一性,独特的阿拉tawheed ) -h adiths图书9 3铝布哈里
Hanafiyyah School Theology (Sunni)hanafiyyah学校神学(逊尼派)
Malikiyyah School Theology (Sunni)malikiyyah学校神学(逊尼派)
Shafi'iyyah School Theology (Sunni)shafi'iyyah学校神学(逊尼派)
Hanbaliyyah School Theology (Sunni)hanbaliyyah学校神学(逊尼派)
Maturidiyyah Theology (Sunni)maturidiyyah神学(逊尼派)
Ash'ariyyah Theology (Sunni)ash'ariyyah神学(逊尼派)
Mutazilah Theologymutazilah神学
Ja'fari Theology (Shia)ja'fari神学(什叶派)
Nusayriyyah Theology (Shia)nusayriyyah神学(什叶派)
Zaydiyyah Theology (Shia)zaydiyyah神学(什叶派)
Kharijiyyah kharijiyyah
Imams (Shia)伊玛目(什叶派)
Druze 德鲁兹
Qarmatiyyah (Shia)qarmatiyyah (什叶派)
Ahmadiyyah ahmadiyyah
Ishmael, Ismail伊斯梅尔,司马义。
Early Islamic History Outline早在伊斯兰历史纲要
Hegira hegira
Averroes averroes
Avicenna 阿维森纳
Machpela machpela
Kaaba, Black Stone天房,黑石头
Ramadan 斋月
Sunnites, Sunni逊尼派,逊尼派
Shiites, Shia什叶派,什叶派
Mecca 麦加
Medina 麦迪
Sahih, al-Bukharisahih ,铝-布哈里
Sufism 苏非派
Wahhabism 瓦哈比主义
Abu Bakr阿布巴克尔
Abbasids abbasids
Ayyubids ayyubids
Umayyads 倭马亚王朝
Fatima 法蒂玛
Fatimids (Shia)法蒂玛王朝(什叶派)
Ismailis (Shia)伊斯玛仪教派(什叶派)
Mamelukes mamelukes
Saladin 萨拉丁
Seljuks seljuks
Aisha 的Aisha
Ali 阿里
Lilith lilith
Islamic Calendar伊斯兰日历
Interactive Muslim Calendar互动穆斯林日历


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