Malikiyyah School, Maliki, Malikis, al-Muwatta, Muwatta马利基(逊尼派)

Advanced Information先进的信息

Doctrines教义

Malikiyyah is the second of the Islamic schools of jurisprudence.Malikiyyah是第二个判例的伊斯兰学校。The sources of Maliki doctrine are the Qur'an, the Prophet's traditions (hadith), consensus (ijma'), and analogy (qiyas).马利基学说的来源是“古兰经”,先知的传统(圣训),共识(ijma“)和类比(qiyas)。(Over time, however, the school came to understand consensus to be that of the doctors of law, known as 'ulama.) (然而,随着时间的推移,学校,了解法律,被称为“乌里玛医生的共识。)

Imam Malik's major contribution to Islamic law is his book al-Muwatta (The Beaten Path).伊玛目马立克伊斯兰法的主要贡献是他的书AL - Muwatta(因循守旧)。The Muwatta is a code of law based on the legal practices that were operating in Medina. Muwatta是在麦地那的法律实践为基础的法律规范。It covers various areas ranging from prescribed rituals of prayer and fasting to the correct conduct of business relations.它涵盖了各个领域,从规定的祈祷仪式,空腹业务关系的正确行为。The legal code is supported by some 2,000 traditions attributed to the Prophet.法律法规是由约2,000归因于先知的传统支持。

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History历史

Malikiyyah was founded by Malik ibn Anas (c.713-c.795), a legal expert in the city of Medina. Malikiyyah成立马利克本阿纳斯(c.713 - c.795),在麦地那市的法律专家。Such was his stature that it is said three 'Abbasid caliphs visited him while they were on Pilgrimage to Medina.这是他的身材,这是说,三个“阿拔斯王朝的哈里发参观了他,而他们在麦地那朝圣。The second 'Abbasid caliph, al-Mansur (d.775), approached the Medinan jurist with the proposal to establish a judicial system that would unite the different judicial methods that were operating at that time throughout the Islamic world.第二个“AL -曼苏尔(d.775),阿拔斯王朝的哈里发,走近Medinan法学家的建议设立的司法体制,团结不同的司法手段,当时整个伊斯兰世界的经营的。

The school spread westwards through Malik's disciples, becoming dominant in North Africa and Spain.学校蔓延向西通过马利克的弟子,在北非和西班牙成为主导。In North Africa Malikiyyah gave rise to an important Sufi order, Shadhiliyyah, which was founded by Abu al-Hasan, a jurist in the Malikite school, in Tunisia in the thirteenth century.在北非洲Malikiyyah上升到了一个重要的苏菲秩序,Shadhiliyyah,这是阿布 - 哈桑,在Malikite学校的法学家,在突尼斯,在13世纪创立。

During the Ottoman period Hanafite Turks were given the most important judicial in the Ottoman empire.哈纳非特土耳其人在奥斯曼帝国时期,在奥斯曼帝国的最重要的司法。North Africa, however, remained faithful to its Malikite heritage.然而,北非仍然忠实Malikite遗产。Such was the strength of the local tradition that qadis (judges) from both the Hanafite and Malikite traditions worked with the local ruler.这是当地的传统,无论从哈纳非特和Malikite传统qadis(法官)与当地统治者的实力。Following the fall of the Ottoman empire, Malikiyyah regained its position of ascendancy in the region.奥斯曼帝国垮台后,Malikiyyah恢复在该地区的优势地位。Today Malikite doctrine and practice remains widespread throughout North Africa, the Sudan and regions of West and Central Africa.今天Malikite理论和实践的整个苏丹和北非,西非和中非地区仍然普遍存在。

Symbols符号

As a school of law Malikiyyah has no symbols.由于法律Malikiyyah学校没有符号。

Adherents遗民

There are no figures indicating the size of the school.有没有数字显示的办学规模。

Headquarters / Main Centre总部/主要中心

The school has no headquarters or main centre.学校有没有总部或主要中心。

Bülent Þenay比伦特埃杰Þenay
Overview of World Religions Project世界宗教项目概述


Malikiyyah, Maliki, MalikisMalikiyyah,马利基,Malikis

Shi'a Information什叶派信息

Malik (715-795) worked on the assumption that the ways of the elders of Medina (the Companions of the Prophet and their descendants) should be uncorrupted either by the new converts or tribal ways, or by the influence of the subsequently developed garrison towns.马利克(715-795)曾假设长老麦地那(先知和他们的后裔的同伴)的方法应该是廉洁的新的转换或部落的方式,或由随后开发的驻军城镇影响。 The practice of Medina was the way of Muhammad and from this an idealized model of Medina emerged.麦地那的做法是穆罕默德的方式,从麦地那的一个理想化的模型出现。

Shaykh Fadhlalla Haeri伊Fadhlalla Haeri
THE ELEMENTS OF ISLAM, Chapter 4伊斯兰教,第4章的要素



Also, see:此外,见:
Islam, Muhammad伊斯兰教,穆罕默德
Koran, Qur'an可兰经,可兰经
Pillars of Faith支柱的信仰
Abraham 亚伯拉罕
Testament of Abraham全书亚伯拉罕
Allah 安拉
Hadiths hadiths
Revelation - Hadiths from Book 1 of al-Bukhari启示-h adiths从第一册的基地布哈里
Belief - Hadiths from Book 2 of al-Bukhari信仰-h adiths从第二册的基地布哈里
Knowledge - Hadiths from Book 3 of al-Bukhari知识-h adiths从第三册的基地布哈里
Times of the Prayers - Hadiths from Book 10 of al-Bukhari时代的祈祷-h adiths从书展1 0个基地布哈里
Shortening the Prayers (At-Taqseer) - Hadiths from Book 20 of al-Bukhari缩短祈祷(在taqseer ) -h adiths从书展2 0铝布哈里
Pilgrimmage (Hajj) - Hadiths from Book 26 of al-Bukhari朝圣(朝觐) -h adiths从书展2 6铝布哈里
Fighting for the Cause of Allah (Jihad) - Hadiths of Book 52 of al-Bukhari争取事业的阿拉(杰哈德) -h adiths图书5 2铝布哈里
ONENESS, UNIQUENESS OF ALLAH (TAWHEED) - Hadiths of Book 93 of al-Bukhari同一性,独特的阿拉tawheed ) -h adiths图书9 3铝布哈里
Hanafiyyah School Theology (Sunni)hanafiyyah学校神学(逊尼派)
Malikiyyah School Theology (Sunni)malikiyyah学校神学(逊尼派)
Shafi'iyyah School Theology (Sunni)shafi'iyyah学校神学(逊尼派)
Hanbaliyyah School Theology (Sunni)hanbaliyyah学校神学(逊尼派)
Maturidiyyah Theology (Sunni)maturidiyyah神学(逊尼派)
Ash'ariyyah Theology (Sunni)ash'ariyyah神学(逊尼派)
Mutazilah Theologymutazilah神学
Ja'fari Theology (Shia)ja'fari神学(什叶派)
Nusayriyyah Theology (Shia)nusayriyyah神学(什叶派)
Zaydiyyah Theology (Shia)zaydiyyah神学(什叶派)
Kharijiyyah kharijiyyah
Imams (Shia)伊玛目(什叶派)
Druze 德鲁兹
Qarmatiyyah (Shia)qarmatiyyah (什叶派)
Ahmadiyyah ahmadiyyah
Ishmael, Ismail伊斯梅尔,司马义。
Early Islamic History Outline早在伊斯兰历史纲要
Hegira hegira
Averroes averroes
Avicenna 阿维森纳
Machpela machpela
Kaaba, Black Stone天房,黑石头
Ramadan 斋月
Sunnites, Sunni逊尼派,逊尼派
Shiites, Shia什叶派,什叶派
Mecca 麦加
Medina 麦迪
Sahih, al-Bukharisahih ,铝-布哈里
Sufism 苏非派
Wahhabism 瓦哈比主义
Abu Bakr阿布巴克尔
Abbasids abbasids
Ayyubids ayyubids
Umayyads 倭马亚王朝
Fatima 法蒂玛
Fatimids (Shia)法蒂玛王朝(什叶派)
Ismailis (Shia)伊斯玛仪教派(什叶派)
Mamelukes mamelukes
Saladin 萨拉丁
Seljuks seljuks
Aisha 的Aisha
Ali 阿里
Lilith lilith
Islamic Calendar伊斯兰日历
Interactive Muslim Calendar互动穆斯林日历


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