Maturidiyyah Theology, Maturidi School, Maturidites Maturidi (逊尼派)

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Doctrines教义

Maturidiyyah, along with Ash'ariyyah, forms the basis of orthodox Sunni theology. Maturidi theology can best be understood in comparison with that of Mu'tazilah and Ash'ariyyah.Maturidiyyah,随着Ash'ariyyah,形式正统的逊尼派神学的基础 。Maturidi神学,最好是能在与Mu'tazilah和Ash'ariyyah比较了解。

One of the principal theological questions with which each of these schools engaged concerned the role of human reason in the development of religious faith.与这些学校的每一个从事有关人类理性的宗教信仰的发展中的作用的神学的主要问题之一。Unlike the school of al-Ash'ari which claimed that knowledge of God derives from revelation through the prophets, Maturidiyyah argues that knowledge of God's existence can be derived through reason alone.不同的是AL -阿什阿里学校声称通过先知的启示,神的知识, 从派生,Maturidiyyah认为,上帝存在的知识,可以通过唯一的原因而得。

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Another major issue that concerned all three schools was the relationship between human freedom and divine omnipotence. Maturidiyyah claims that although humanity has a free will God is still all-powerful and in control of history. It is humanity's ability to distinguish between good and evil that means that humanity is responsible for whatever good or evil actions are performed.另一个主要问题,涉及所有三个学校是人类的自由和神圣的全能之间的关系。Maturidiyyah声称,虽然人类有自由意志上帝是仍然全能和控制的历史 。人类区分善恶的是之间能力这意味着,人类无论善或恶的行动执行负责。

The third major issue concerned God's attributes.第三个大问题有关上帝的属性。Ash'ariyyah teaches that what the Qur'an says about God's attributes must be accepted as correct even though we do not properly understand the meaning of many of the statements about God. Ash'ariyyah教,“古兰经”说,关于上帝的属性必须接受为正确的,即使我们没有正确地理解了许多关于上帝的陈述的意思。

History历史

Maturidiyyah is a Sunni theological school named after its founder Abu Mansur al-Maturidi (d.944). Maturidiyyah是其创始人阿布曼苏尔AL - Maturidi(d.944)的名字命名的一个逊尼派穆斯林神学学校。In the Mamluk age the school came to be widely recognised as the second orthodox Sunni theological school beside Ash'ariyyah.在马穆鲁克时代的学校来作为第二个正统的逊尼派神学学校旁边Ash'ariyyah的广泛认可。Resident in Samarqand in Central Asia, al-Maturidi had little impact on mainstream Islamic intellectual life during his lifetime.居住在中亚撒马尔罕,AL - Maturidi主流伊斯兰知识分子的生活影响不大,在他的一生。Maturidiyyah only came to be important as a result of its acceptance by the Turkish tribes of Central Asia. Maturidiyyah才接受中亚的土耳其部落的重要。The Maturidi school of theology gradually came to prevail among the Hanafite communities everywhere. Maturidi学校的神学逐渐哈纳非特社区之间的处处占上风。Because the Turks were mostly Hanafite the Turkish expansion through the Ottoman empire enabled the Hanafite and Maturidite schools to spread throughout western Persia, Iraq, Anatolia, and Syria.由于土耳其人大多哈纳非特通过奥斯曼帝国的土耳其的扩张使哈纳非特和Maturidite学校传遍了整个安纳托利亚,伊拉克,波斯,西部和叙利亚。

Symbols符号

As a school of law Maturidiyyah has no symbols.由于法律Maturidiyyah学校没有符号。

Adherents遗民

Today nearly 53% of Sunni Muslims are Hanafites, and the majority of Hanafites are Maturidites.今天近53%的逊尼派穆斯林Hanafites,Hanafites多数Maturidites。Maturidiyyah is now present in Turkey, the Balkans, Central Asia, China, India, Pakistan and Eritrea. Maturidiyyah现在在土耳其,巴尔干,中亚,中国,印度,巴基斯坦和厄立特里亚。

Headquarters / Main Centre总部/主要中心

The school has no headquarters or main centre.学校有没有总部或主要中心。

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Also, see:此外,见:
Islam, Muhammad伊斯兰教,穆罕默德
Koran, Qur'an可兰经,可兰经
Pillars of Faith支柱的信仰
Abraham 亚伯拉罕
Testament of Abraham全书亚伯拉罕
Allah 安拉
Hadiths hadiths
Revelation - Hadiths from Book 1 of al-Bukhari启示-h adiths从第一册的基地布哈里
Belief - Hadiths from Book 2 of al-Bukhari信仰-h adiths从第二册的基地布哈里
Knowledge - Hadiths from Book 3 of al-Bukhari知识-h adiths从第三册的基地布哈里
Times of the Prayers - Hadiths from Book 10 of al-Bukhari时代的祈祷-h adiths从书展1 0个基地布哈里
Shortening the Prayers (At-Taqseer) - Hadiths from Book 20 of al-Bukhari缩短祈祷(在taqseer ) -h adiths从书展2 0铝布哈里
Pilgrimmage (Hajj) - Hadiths from Book 26 of al-Bukhari朝圣(朝觐) -h adiths从书展2 6铝布哈里
Fighting for the Cause of Allah (Jihad) - Hadiths of Book 52 of al-Bukhari争取事业的阿拉(杰哈德) -h adiths图书5 2铝布哈里
ONENESS, UNIQUENESS OF ALLAH (TAWHEED) - Hadiths of Book 93 of al-Bukhari同一性,独特的阿拉tawheed ) -h adiths图书9 3铝布哈里
Hanafiyyah School Theology (Sunni)hanafiyyah学校神学(逊尼派)
Malikiyyah School Theology (Sunni)malikiyyah学校神学(逊尼派)
Shafi'iyyah School Theology (Sunni)shafi'iyyah学校神学(逊尼派)
Hanbaliyyah School Theology (Sunni)hanbaliyyah学校神学(逊尼派)
Maturidiyyah Theology (Sunni)maturidiyyah神学(逊尼派)
Ash'ariyyah Theology (Sunni)ash'ariyyah神学(逊尼派)
Mutazilah Theologymutazilah神学
Ja'fari Theology (Shia)ja'fari神学(什叶派)
Nusayriyyah Theology (Shia)nusayriyyah神学(什叶派)
Zaydiyyah Theology (Shia)zaydiyyah神学(什叶派)
Kharijiyyah kharijiyyah
Imams (Shia)伊玛目(什叶派)
Druze 德鲁兹
Qarmatiyyah (Shia)qarmatiyyah (什叶派)
Ahmadiyyah ahmadiyyah
Ishmael, Ismail伊斯梅尔,司马义。
Early Islamic History Outline早在伊斯兰历史纲要
Hegira hegira
Averroes averroes
Avicenna 阿维森纳
Machpela machpela
Kaaba, Black Stone天房,黑石头
Ramadan 斋月
Sunnites, Sunni逊尼派,逊尼派
Shiites, Shia什叶派,什叶派
Mecca 麦加
Medina 麦迪
Sahih, al-Bukharisahih ,铝-布哈里
Sufism 苏非派
Wahhabism 瓦哈比主义
Abu Bakr阿布巴克尔
Abbasids abbasids
Ayyubids ayyubids
Umayyads 倭马亚王朝
Fatima 法蒂玛
Fatimids (Shia)法蒂玛王朝(什叶派)
Ismailis (Shia)伊斯玛仪教派(什叶派)
Mamelukes mamelukes
Saladin 萨拉丁
Seljuks seljuks
Aisha 的Aisha
Ali 阿里
Lilith lilith
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