Nusayriyyah, Nusayr, Nusayri, NusayrisNusayri (什叶派)

General Information一般资料

Doctrines教义

Nusayriyyah is an extreme Shi'ite group named after its purported founder, Abu Shu'ayb Muhammad ibn Nusayr (d.868). Nusayriyyah是一个极端的什叶派集团后,其本意是创始人,麦德彦阿布穆罕默德伊本Nusayr(d.868)命名。Nusayri doctrine is a mixture of Islamic, Gnostic and Christian beliefs. Nusayri主义是伊斯兰教,诺斯替教和基督教信仰的混合物。The Nusayris possess three distinctive doctrines which have led them to be treated as heretics by Sunni Muslims. Nusayris具有三个鲜明的教义,导致他们成为逊尼派穆斯林异端治疗。

  1. The belief in incarnation.在化身的信念。The Nusayris believe that Ali is God in the flesh.Nusayris相信,阿里是在肉体的上帝。Ali created Muhammad from his spirit, and Muhammad created Salman, an early Shi'ite saint.阿里创建穆罕默德从他的精神,和穆罕默德创建萨勒曼,早日什叶派圣。These three form a Trinity in which Ali is described as the 'meaning', Muhammad is the 'name' and Salman is the 'door'.这三种形式,其中阿里描述为“义”三位一体,穆罕默德是“名”和Salman是'门'。
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  2. The rejection of the Qur'an and all forms of prayer associated with the Sunni tradition.“古兰经”和祈祷所有相关的表单与逊尼派传统的排斥反应。All Islamic teaching can be interpreted spiritually and therefore does not have to be taken literally.可以解释所有伊斯兰教学精神,因此没有字面。
  3. Nusayris believe in reincarnation.Nusayris相信轮回。Contrary to Islamic belief, the Nusayris claim that women do not have souls and, therefore, there is no need to explain the secrets of Nusayri doctrine to women.相反,伊斯兰信仰,Nusayris声称,妇女没有灵魂和,因此,有没有必要解释妇女Nusayri学说的秘密。

Nusayris have their own distinct religious leaders, called shaikhs. These shaikhs are believed to be endowed with a kind of divine authority. Nusayris有自己独特的宗教领袖,所谓shaikhs,这些shaikhs被认为是一种神圣的权力赋予。One of the Shaikh's duties is to lead religious and other forms of ceremony.谢赫的职责之一,是导致宗教和其他形式的仪式。Nusayris have special feasts in which they celebrate the anniversaries of their sacred figures. Nusayris有特殊的节日,他们在庆祝自己的神圣人物的纪念日。

At the age of 19 Nusayris undergo an initiation rite in which they begin to learn some of the secrets of the sect.在19 Nusayris岁接受成年礼中,他们开始学习一些教派的秘密。Nusayris are in fact born into the sect; the initiation ceremony serves to confirm their membership. Nusayris出生到该教派在启动仪式是为了确认其会员资格。

History历史

The Nusayris trace their origins to the eleventh Shi'a Imam al-Hasan al-Askari (d.873) and his pupil Ibn Nusayr (d.868).Nusayris追踪他们的起源第十一什叶派伊玛目哈桑AL -阿斯卡里(d.873)和他的学生伊Nusayr(d.868)。The Nusayris mostly lived in the mountains of Syria, supported by the Shi'ite Hamdanid dynasty. Nusayris大多居住在叙利亚的山区,由什叶派Hamdanid王朝的支持。In 1085 the Shi'ite state fell to the Seljuk Turks.在1085什叶派状态下降到塞尔柱土耳其人。The break down of political support made the Nusayris extremely vulnerable to attack and persecution.打破政治上的支持Nusayris,非常容易受到攻击和迫害。In 1260 the Mongols captured Aleppo, the capital of the region, and killed many thousands of Shi'as. 1260年,蒙古人攻占阿勒颇,该地区的资本,并杀害了成千上万的什叶派。At the end of the 13th century many Shi'as were massacred by Sunni Muslims who objected to Shi'a support for the Christian crusaders.在13世纪结束时,许多什叶派杀害逊尼派穆斯林反对什叶派支持的基督教十字军。From then on the Nusayris and other Shi'ite branches were required to conform to the practices of Sunni Islam.从此Nusayris和其他什叶派分行须符合伊斯兰教逊尼派的做法。

In the twentieth century Nusayris have enjoyed a degree of political dominance that is disproportionate to their size.在二十世纪Nusayris享有政治主导权的程度,其规模是不相称的。 After the first world war the French, who were ruling Syria at the time, made an unsuccessful attempt to establish a separate Nusayri state.第一次世界大战后,当时统治叙利亚,法国不成功的企图建立一个独立的Nusayri状态。 Since 1970, following the coup of the Nusayri air force chief, Hafiz al-Asad, the Nusayris have been dominant in Syrian political and military life.自1970年以来,Nusayri空军司令政变后,哈菲兹阿萨德,Nusayris一直占主导地位的叙利亚的政治和军事生活。 Attempts to politically discredit President Asad because of his heterodox religious beliefs have been unsuccessful.政治抹黑,因为他的异端宗教信仰总统阿萨德的尝试没有成功。

Symbols符号

Nusayris use wine as a symbol for God.Nusayris用酒作为一个神的象征。

Adherents遗民

It is estimated that there about 600,000 Nusayris in Syria who make up about 11% of the population of the country (Halm 1991, 159).据估计,还有约60万在叙利亚Nusayris弥补该国人口约11%(1991年,159)Halm。

Headquarters / Main Centre总部/主要中心

The headquarters of the movement is in Damascus, Syria.运动的总部设在大马士革,叙利亚。

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Also, see:此外,见:
Islam, Muhammad伊斯兰教,穆罕默德
Koran, Qur'an可兰经,可兰经
Pillars of Faith支柱的信仰
Abraham 亚伯拉罕
Testament of Abraham全书亚伯拉罕
Allah 安拉
Hadiths hadiths
Revelation - Hadiths from Book 1 of al-Bukhari启示-h adiths从第一册的基地布哈里
Belief - Hadiths from Book 2 of al-Bukhari信仰-h adiths从第二册的基地布哈里
Knowledge - Hadiths from Book 3 of al-Bukhari知识-h adiths从第三册的基地布哈里
Times of the Prayers - Hadiths from Book 10 of al-Bukhari时代的祈祷-h adiths从书展1 0个基地布哈里
Shortening the Prayers (At-Taqseer) - Hadiths from Book 20 of al-Bukhari缩短祈祷(在taqseer ) -h adiths从书展2 0铝布哈里
Pilgrimmage (Hajj) - Hadiths from Book 26 of al-Bukhari朝圣(朝觐) -h adiths从书展2 6铝布哈里
Fighting for the Cause of Allah (Jihad) - Hadiths of Book 52 of al-Bukhari争取事业的阿拉(杰哈德) -h adiths图书5 2铝布哈里
ONENESS, UNIQUENESS OF ALLAH (TAWHEED) - Hadiths of Book 93 of al-Bukhari同一性,独特的阿拉tawheed ) -h adiths图书9 3铝布哈里
Hanafiyyah School Theology (Sunni)hanafiyyah学校神学(逊尼派)
Malikiyyah School Theology (Sunni)malikiyyah学校神学(逊尼派)
Shafi'iyyah School Theology (Sunni)shafi'iyyah学校神学(逊尼派)
Hanbaliyyah School Theology (Sunni)hanbaliyyah学校神学(逊尼派)
Maturidiyyah Theology (Sunni)maturidiyyah神学(逊尼派)
Ash'ariyyah Theology (Sunni)ash'ariyyah神学(逊尼派)
Mutazilah Theologymutazilah神学
Ja'fari Theology (Shia)ja'fari神学(什叶派)
Nusayriyyah Theology (Shia)nusayriyyah神学(什叶派)
Zaydiyyah Theology (Shia)zaydiyyah神学(什叶派)
Kharijiyyah kharijiyyah
Imams (Shia)伊玛目(什叶派)
Druze 德鲁兹
Qarmatiyyah (Shia)qarmatiyyah (什叶派)
Ahmadiyyah ahmadiyyah
Ishmael, Ismail伊斯梅尔,司马义。
Early Islamic History Outline早在伊斯兰历史纲要
Hegira hegira
Averroes averroes
Avicenna 阿维森纳
Machpela machpela
Kaaba, Black Stone天房,黑石头
Ramadan 斋月
Sunnites, Sunni逊尼派,逊尼派
Shiites, Shia什叶派,什叶派
Mecca 麦加
Medina 麦迪
Sahih, al-Bukharisahih ,铝-布哈里
Sufism 苏非派
Wahhabism 瓦哈比主义
Abu Bakr阿布巴克尔
Abbasids abbasids
Ayyubids ayyubids
Umayyads 倭马亚王朝
Fatima 法蒂玛
Fatimids (Shia)法蒂玛王朝(什叶派)
Ismailis (Shia)伊斯玛仪教派(什叶派)
Mamelukes mamelukes
Saladin 萨拉丁
Seljuks seljuks
Aisha 的Aisha
Ali 阿里
Lilith lilith
Islamic Calendar伊斯兰日历
Interactive Muslim Calendar互动穆斯林日历


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