Theology of Paul神学保罗

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Paul gives two different accounts of the source of his theology.保罗给出了两个不同的帐户,他的神学的来源。In Gal.在GAL。1:11-12 he insists that he did not receive it from men but "through a revelation of Jesus Christ," referring to his experience on the Damascus Road. 1:11-12他坚持说他没有收到来自男性,但“通过耶稣基督的启示”,指他在大马士革的路上的经验。But in I Cor.但在我肺心病。 15:3-8 he pictures himself as simply passing on the tradition he had received about Christ's atoning death, burial, and resurrection.15:3-8他的照片作为自己简单地传递他对基督的赎罪死亡,埋葬和复活的传统。Some scholars (eg, Drane) maintain that two different Pauls are speaking in these passages: the former an enthusiastic individualist, whose theology was based on the immediate inspiration of the Holy Spirit; the latter an older, more sober Paul, whose individualism has been curbed by the experience of conflict and the need to come to terms with the other apolstles' understanding of the faith.有些学者(例如,Drane)认为,两个不同的保罗在这些经文讲:前一个热心的个人主义者,其神学圣灵的即时灵感的基础上,后者年纪大了,更清醒的保罗,其个人主义已遏制冲突的经验和需要来与其他apolstles信仰的理解。 Others (eg, Bruce) argue that Paul's acceptance of the radically new tradition about Jesus, in opposition to "the traditions of my fathers" (Gal. 1:14), was a direct result of the Damascus Road revelation, so that the one complements the other.其他(例如,布鲁斯)认为,保罗接受全新的关于耶稣的传统,反对“我祖宗的传统”(加拉太书1:14),是直接导致了大马士革路的启示,使一个补充其他。

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Either way, it is a problem to know why Paul presents the gospel in terms so different from those which Jesus himself used.无论哪种方式,它是一个问题,知道为什么保罗提出的条款,从耶稣本人使用不同的福音。For instance, why is "justification by faith", scarcely present in Jesus' teaching, so prominent in Paul's, and why does Paul virtually ignore Jesus' great theme of the kingdom of God?例如,为什么是“正当理由的信仰”,几乎在耶稣的教导,因此,在保罗的突出,为什么保罗几乎忽略耶稣的神的国度的伟大主题? Plainly Paul felt himself empowered, as an apostle of Christ, to speak in his name (II Cor. 13:3) under the inspiration of the Holy Spirit (I Cor. 2:12-13, 16) in ways in which the earthly Christ had never spoken.很明显,保罗觉得自己的授权,作为基督的使者,在他的名字发言下,灵感圣灵在这尘世的方式(我肺心病。2:12-13,16)(二肺心病。13时03)基督从来没有发言。 IN fact, his thought is fantastically creative combination of elements drawn together, under the orchestration of the Spirit, from many different sources: from Jesus' earthly teaching (eg, I Cor. 7:10-11; 9:14), from his own background in Pharisaism (eg, Rom. 10:6-9; Gal. 4:22-26), from earlier Christian traditions (eg, I Cor. 15:3-7; Rom. 3:24-25; Phil. 2:6-11), from secular Greek thought (eg, Rom. 2:15; Col. 3:18-4:1), from his own insight (Eph. 3:4), and above all from the OT (Rom. 15:4; II Tim. 3:15-16).事实上,他的思想是飞驰的创意绘制在一起,圣灵的编排下,来自许多不同来源的元素组合:他从耶稣的尘世教学(例如,我林前7:10-11; 9:14),从法利赛自己的背景(例如,罗10:6-9;加拉太4:22-26),从早期基督教传统(例如,我林前15:3-7;罗3:24-25;菲尔。 2:6-11),(例如,罗2:15;上校3:18-4:1)从世俗的希腊思想,从自己的见解(弗3:4),以上所有从OT( ROM 15:4; II添3:15-16)。Opinions are of course divided as to whether Paul thus distorted the message of Jesus or not.是否保罗从而扭曲耶稣的消息或不划分当然有意见。

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