Qarmatiyyah, Qarmati, Qarmatis, Isma'iliyyah Qarmati (什叶派)

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The Qarmatis are a schismatic branch of Isma'iliyyah.Qarmatis是一个Isma'iliyyah分裂分支。Their beliefs are in many respects the same as Isma'iliyyah.他们的信仰一样Isma'iliyyah许多方面。They believed that the shari'ah should be replaced and that the revelations of prophets such as Moses, Jesus and Muhammad were invalid.他们认为,应改为伊斯兰教和先知,如摩西,耶稣和穆罕默德的启示是无效的。They also believed in reincarnation.他们还相信轮回。They differed from mainstream Isma'iliyyah (represented by the Fatimid caliphs) in refusing to recognise the Fatimid caliphs as their Imams.他们不同于主流Isma'iliyyah(法蒂玛哈里发代表)拒不承认作为他们的伊玛目法蒂玛哈里发。Instead they maintained that Muhammad ibn Isma'il was the final Imam who would return as the Mahdi.相反,他们认为,穆罕默德伊本Isma'il是最终的伊玛目马赫迪将返回。

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History历史

The Qarmatiyyah is an Isma'ilite Shi'ite community which settled mainly in the Bahrein peninsula in the 10th century.Qarmatiyyah Isma'ilite什叶派社区,主要是在10世纪定居在巴林半岛。There are different opinions about the origins of the name of the movement; one of the more common views is that it derives from the name of an early convert, Hamdan b.有关的运动的名称起源有不同的意见;,一个共同的看法是,它从早期转换的名称,哈姆丹B.派生Qarmat, a cattle breeder and driver who lived in the second half of the 9th century. Qarmat,牛饲养员和司机住在9世纪的下半年。

The movement acquired its impetus from the belief in the imminent return of the Mahdi.运动收购其动力从马赫迪即将回归的信念。This impetus expressed itself in a number of attacks carried out by the movement into Iraq, one of which threatened to capture the Abbasid capital Baghdad.这一动力表示,在进入伊拉克的运动,其中一个威胁,捕捉到阿拔斯王朝的首都巴格达进行攻击。In 930 the Qarmatis attacked Mecca during the pilgrimage season, killing many residents and pilgrims, and removed the black stone of the ka'bah.930 Qarmatis攻击在朝圣季节麦加,许多居民和朝圣者丧生,并取消ka'bah黑石头。The removal of the Black Stone symbolised the Qarmati claim that Islam had now come to an end.去除黑石头象征Qarmati声称伊斯兰教现在已经走到了尽头。(It was not until 951 that the Black Stone was returned to Mecca.)(直到951,黑石头是返回麦加。)

In 932 a young Persian prisoner was proclaimed as the awaited Mahdi.在932一个年轻的波斯囚犯被宣布期待已久的马赫迪。At this point events got out of hand.此时的事件一发不可收拾。The Persian is believed to have ordered the killing of certain Qarmati leaders and to have required the community to worship fire.波斯被认为是某些Qarmati领导人下令杀害和有需要的社会崇拜火。Eventually, in order to restore order the Persian himself was put to death.最终,以恢复秩序波斯自己置于死地。

The subsequent history of the Qarmati movement is one of steady decline. Qarmati运动以后的历史,是一个稳步下降。In 1078 the Qarmati state of Bahrein came to an end, while other Qarmati communities were absorbed by Twelver Shi'ism.1078巴林Qarmati状态宣告结束,而其他Qarmati社区Twelver什叶派吸收。By the 14th century the movement was all but extinct.到14世纪的运动是所有绝迹。

Symbols符号

The movement has no distinctive symbol system.运动有没有鲜明的符号体系。

Adherents遗民

The movement has no contemporary adherents.运动没有当代信徒。

Headquarters / Main Centre总部/主要中心

The movement was centred around the Bahrein peninsula.运动是围绕巴林半岛。

Bülent Þenay比伦特埃杰Þenay
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Also, see:此外,见:
Islam, Muhammad伊斯兰教,穆罕默德
Koran, Qur'an可兰经,可兰经
Pillars of Faith支柱的信仰
Abraham 亚伯拉罕
Testament of Abraham全书亚伯拉罕
Allah 安拉
Hadiths hadiths
Revelation - Hadiths from Book 1 of al-Bukhari启示-h adiths从第一册的基地布哈里
Belief - Hadiths from Book 2 of al-Bukhari信仰-h adiths从第二册的基地布哈里
Knowledge - Hadiths from Book 3 of al-Bukhari知识-h adiths从第三册的基地布哈里
Times of the Prayers - Hadiths from Book 10 of al-Bukhari时代的祈祷-h adiths从书展1 0个基地布哈里
Shortening the Prayers (At-Taqseer) - Hadiths from Book 20 of al-Bukhari缩短祈祷(在taqseer ) -h adiths从书展2 0铝布哈里
Pilgrimmage (Hajj) - Hadiths from Book 26 of al-Bukhari朝圣(朝觐) -h adiths从书展2 6铝布哈里
Fighting for the Cause of Allah (Jihad) - Hadiths of Book 52 of al-Bukhari争取事业的阿拉(杰哈德) -h adiths图书5 2铝布哈里
ONENESS, UNIQUENESS OF ALLAH (TAWHEED) - Hadiths of Book 93 of al-Bukhari同一性,独特的阿拉tawheed ) -h adiths图书9 3铝布哈里
Hanafiyyah School Theology (Sunni)hanafiyyah学校神学(逊尼派)
Malikiyyah School Theology (Sunni)malikiyyah学校神学(逊尼派)
Shafi'iyyah School Theology (Sunni)shafi'iyyah学校神学(逊尼派)
Hanbaliyyah School Theology (Sunni)hanbaliyyah学校神学(逊尼派)
Maturidiyyah Theology (Sunni)maturidiyyah神学(逊尼派)
Ash'ariyyah Theology (Sunni)ash'ariyyah神学(逊尼派)
Mutazilah Theologymutazilah神学
Ja'fari Theology (Shia)ja'fari神学(什叶派)
Nusayriyyah Theology (Shia)nusayriyyah神学(什叶派)
Zaydiyyah Theology (Shia)zaydiyyah神学(什叶派)
Kharijiyyah kharijiyyah
Imams (Shia)伊玛目(什叶派)
Druze 德鲁兹
Qarmatiyyah (Shia)qarmatiyyah (什叶派)
Ahmadiyyah ahmadiyyah
Ishmael, Ismail伊斯梅尔,司马义。
Early Islamic History Outline早在伊斯兰历史纲要
Hegira hegira
Averroes averroes
Avicenna 阿维森纳
Machpela machpela
Kaaba, Black Stone天房,黑石头
Ramadan 斋月
Sunnites, Sunni逊尼派,逊尼派
Shiites, Shia什叶派,什叶派
Mecca 麦加
Medina 麦迪
Sahih, al-Bukharisahih ,铝-布哈里
Sufism 苏非派
Wahhabism 瓦哈比主义
Abu Bakr阿布巴克尔
Abbasids abbasids
Ayyubids ayyubids
Umayyads 倭马亚王朝
Fatima 法蒂玛
Fatimids (Shia)法蒂玛王朝(什叶派)
Ismailis (Shia)伊斯玛仪教派(什叶派)
Mamelukes mamelukes
Saladin 萨拉丁
Seljuks seljuks
Aisha 的Aisha
Ali 阿里
Lilith lilith
Islamic Calendar伊斯兰日历
Interactive Muslim Calendar互动穆斯林日历


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