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Ransom is one of the metaphors employed by the early church to speak of the saving work of Christ.赎金早期教会的比喻讲基督的拯救工作之一。It is found on the lips of Jesus in Mark 10:45 / Matt.这是耶稣的嘴唇在马可福音10:45 /马特。20:28, "The Son of man came not to be ministered unto, but to minister and to give his life as a ransom for many."20时28分,他说:“人子来不是要事奉祂,但部长作为许多赎金,并给予他的生命。”Paul also states that Christ gave himself as a "ransom for all" (I Tim. 2:6).保罗也指出基督给了自己作为一个(我添。2:6)“赎金”。As a metaphor ransom commonly points to a price paid, a transaction made, to obtain the freedom of others.作为隐喻的赎金通常分支付的价格,交易,获得他人的自由。These ideas are supported also by such expressions as "buying" and "price" (I Cor. 6:20) and "redeem" (I Pet. 1:18ff.).支持这些想法也由“购买”和“价格”(林前6:20)和这样的表达式,“赎回”(我宠物。1时18 FF。)。

The ideas are rooted in the ancient world where slaves and captured soldiers were given their freedom upon the payment of a price.在古代世界奴隶和被俘士兵时支付的价格给予他们的自由的思想根源。In the OT ransom is linked again with slaves, but also with varied aspects of the cultures as well as the duties of kinsmen (cf. Ruth 4).在旧约赎金再次与奴隶,但也与文化的各个方面,以及亲属(参露丝4)的职责。Most importantly the idea of ransom (redeem) is also linked with the deliverance out of Egypt (eg, Deut. 7:8) and the return of the exiles (eg, Isa. 35:10).最重要的赎金(赎回)的想法也与埃及拯救出来(例如,申7:8)和流亡者返回(例如,ISA 35:10)。In both settings the focus is no longer on the price paid but on the deliverance achieved and the freedom obtained.在这两种环境的重点已经不再是上付出的代价,但上的解脱和自由获得。Now the focus is on the activity of God and his power to set his people free.现在的重点是上帝和他的权力,设置他的人的自由活动。 When the ideas of ransom are linked to the saving activity of God, the idea of price is not present.当赎金的想法是与神的节能活动,价格的想法是不存在的。

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When the NT, therefore, speaks of ransom with reference to the work of Christ, the idea is not one of transaction, as though a deal is arranged and a price paid.当NT,因此,赎金讲基督的工作,这个想法是不是一个交易,虽然交易安排和支付的价格。Rather the focus is on the power (I Cor. 1:18) of the cross to save.而重点是交叉的权力(我肺心病。1:18),保存。In the famous ransom saying of Mark 10:45 Jesus speaks of his coming death as the means of release for many.说马克10时45分在著名的赎金,耶稣说,作为释放的手段很多,他即将死亡。The contrast is between his own solitary death and the deliverance of the many.之间的反差是他自己孤独的死亡和许多解脱。In the NT the terms of ransom and purchase, which in other contexts suggest an economic or financial exchange, speak of the consequences or results (cf. I Cor. 7:23).在NT赎金购买的条款,这在其他情况下,建议经济或金融的交流,发言的后果或结果(参见我肺心病。7:23)。The release is from judgment (Rom. 3:25-26), sin (Eph. 1:7), death (Rom. 8:2).释放是从判决(罗马书3:25-26),罪(以弗所书1:7),死亡(罗马书8:2)。

There is no need, then, to ask the question posed so often in the past: To whom was the ransom paid?有没有必要,那么,要求在过去经常提出的问题:向谁支付赎金?It is not possible to consider payment to Satan as though God were obligated to meet Satan's demands or "asking price."这是不可能的考虑虽然神有义务满足撒旦的要求或付款撒旦“要价”。And since the texts speak always of the activity of God in Christ, we cannot speak of God paying himself.因为文本总是说神在基督里的活动,我们可以不说话,上帝付出自己。While the sacrifice of Christ is rooted in the holiness and justice of God, it is not to be seen against the background of law only but more especially of covenant.虽然基督的牺牲是植根于神的圣洁和正义,这是不能只看到,但更多的公约,特别是对法律的背景。In Christ, God takes upon himself the freedom, the release from bondage, of his people.在基督里,上帝的自由,他的人从束缚的释放,在自己身上。He meets the demands of his own being.他满足自己的被需求。

RW Lyon RW里昂
(Elwell Evangelical Dictionary)(Elwell宣布了福音字典)

Bibliography 参考书目
D. Hill, Greek Words and Hebrew Meanings: Studies in the Semantics of Soteriological Terms; F. Buchsel, TDNT, IV, 340-56; L. Morris, Apostolic Preaching of the Cross. D.山,希腊字和希伯来文的含义:救世神学条款的语义研究; F. Buchsel,TDNT,四,340-56; L ·莫里斯,使徒讲道的十字架。

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