Shafi'iyyah School, Shafi'i, Shafi:沙菲 (逊尼派)

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Doctrines教义

Shafi'iyyah was the third school of Islamic jurisprudence. According to the Shafi'i school the paramount sources of legal authority are the Qur'an and the Sunnah. Of less authority are the Ijma' of the community and thought of scholars (Ijitihad) exercised through qiyas.Shafi'iyyah的伊斯兰法学的第三学校,法律权威的最重要来源,据沙菲仪学校是“古兰经 ”和圣训较少的权力。Ijma“社会学者认为(Ijitihad)通过qiyas行使。The scholar must interpret the ambiguous passages of the Qur'an according to the consensus of the Muslims, and if there is no consensus, according to qiyas.学者必须解释“古兰经”的暧昧通道,按照穆斯林的共识,如果没有达成共识,根据qiyas。

History历史

The Shafi'iyyah school of Islamic law was named after Muhammad ibn Idris al-Shafi'i (767-819).伊斯兰法的Shafi'iyyah学校被命名后,穆罕默德伊本伊德里斯AL -沙菲仪(767-819)。He belonged originally to the school of Medina and was also a pupil of Malik ibn Anas (d.795), the founder of Malikiyyah.他原先属于麦地那的学校,也是一个学生,Malikiyyah创始人马利克本阿纳斯(d.795)。However, he came to believe in the overriding authority of the traditions from the Prophet and identified them with the Sunnah.然而,他来的传统压倒一切的权威认为,从先知,并确定他们与圣行。

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Baghdad and Cairo were the chief centres of the Shafi'iyyah.巴格达和开罗的Shafi'iyyah行政中心。From these two cities Shafi'i teaching spread into various parts of the Islamic world.从这两个城市沙菲仪教学,传播到伊斯兰世界的各个部分。In the tenth century Mecca and Medina came to be regarded as the school's chief centres outside of Egypt.在十世纪,麦加和麦地来到了学校的行政中心以外的埃及。In the centuries preceding the emergence of the Ottoman empire the Shafi'is had acquired supremacy in the central lands of Islam.在几个世纪前的奥斯曼帝国的Shafi'is伊斯兰教中央土地收购至上的兴起。It was only under the Ottoman sultans at the beginning of the sixteenth century that the Shafi'i were replaced by the Hanafites, who were given judicial authority in Constantinople, while Central Asia passed to the Shi'a as a result of the rise of the Safawids in 1501.正是在奥斯曼帝国的苏丹在十六世纪初,沙菲仪Hanafites,在君士坦丁堡的司法权威,而中亚的什叶派的兴起通过更换Safawids于1501年。 In spite of these developments, the people in Egypt, Syria and the Hidjaz continued to follow the Shafi'i madhhab.尽管这些事态发展,在埃及,叙利亚和Hidjaz人民继续遵循沙菲仪madhhab。Today it remains predominant in Southern Arabia, Bahrain, the Malay Archipelago, East Africa and several parts of Central Asia.今天,它仍然在南沙特,巴林,马来群岛,东非和中亚几个部分主要。

Symbols符号

The school has no symbol system.学校有没有符号系统。

Adherents遗民

There are no figures for the number of followers of the school.有学校的追随者没有数字。It has some adherents in the following countries: Jordan, Palestine, Syria, the Lebanon and Yemen.它有一些信徒在以下国家:约旦,巴勒斯坦,叙利亚,黎巴嫩和也门。It has a large following in the following countries: Egypt, Indonesia, the Philippines, Brunei, Singapore, Thailand, Sri Lanka, the Maldives, and among the Kurdish people.它有大批追随者在以下国家:埃及,印度尼西亚,菲律宾,文莱,新加坡,泰国,斯里兰卡,马尔代夫和库尔德人之间的。

Headquarters / Main Centre总部/主要中心

The school does not have a headquarters or main centre.学校没有一个总部或主要中心。

Bülent Þenay比伦特埃杰Þenay
Overview of World Religions Project世界宗教项目概述


Shafi'iyyahShafi'iyyah

Shi'a Information什叶派信息

it was Al-Shafi`i (767-820) who brought greater clarity to the different bases for legal decisions.它是铝沙菲`我(767-820),他带来了更大的清晰度对有关法律问题的决定的不同基地。He regarded of paramount importance all the general principles as well as the specific commandments in the Qur`an.他认为最重要的古兰经`所有的一般原则以及具体的戒律。Equally important were the prophetic practices recorded in the Hadith, which he regarded as more important than the cumulative practices of the communities.同样重要的是记录在圣训中,先知的做法他视为比社区的累计做法更重要。For him the way of the Prophet was the manifestation of God's will, amply confirming or elaborating on the Qur`anic injunctions.对他的先知,是神的意志的体现,充分证实或阐述古兰经`阿尼奇禁令。The words and deeds of the Prophet drew out the implications and provisions of the Qur`an, and thus the Sunnah complemented the Qur`an.先知的言论和事迹提请古兰经`的影响和规定,从而圣训补充古兰经`。

Shaykh Fadhlalla Haeri伊Fadhlalla Haeri
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Also, see:此外,见:
Islam, Muhammad伊斯兰教,穆罕默德
Koran, Qur'an可兰经,可兰经
Pillars of Faith支柱的信仰
Abraham 亚伯拉罕
Testament of Abraham全书亚伯拉罕
Allah 安拉
Hadiths hadiths
Revelation - Hadiths from Book 1 of al-Bukhari启示-h adiths从第一册的基地布哈里
Belief - Hadiths from Book 2 of al-Bukhari信仰-h adiths从第二册的基地布哈里
Knowledge - Hadiths from Book 3 of al-Bukhari知识-h adiths从第三册的基地布哈里
Times of the Prayers - Hadiths from Book 10 of al-Bukhari时代的祈祷-h adiths从书展1 0个基地布哈里
Shortening the Prayers (At-Taqseer) - Hadiths from Book 20 of al-Bukhari缩短祈祷(在taqseer ) -h adiths从书展2 0铝布哈里
Pilgrimmage (Hajj) - Hadiths from Book 26 of al-Bukhari朝圣(朝觐) -h adiths从书展2 6铝布哈里
Fighting for the Cause of Allah (Jihad) - Hadiths of Book 52 of al-Bukhari争取事业的阿拉(杰哈德) -h adiths图书5 2铝布哈里
ONENESS, UNIQUENESS OF ALLAH (TAWHEED) - Hadiths of Book 93 of al-Bukhari同一性,独特的阿拉tawheed ) -h adiths图书9 3铝布哈里
Hanafiyyah School Theology (Sunni)hanafiyyah学校神学(逊尼派)
Malikiyyah School Theology (Sunni)malikiyyah学校神学(逊尼派)
Shafi'iyyah School Theology (Sunni)shafi'iyyah学校神学(逊尼派)
Hanbaliyyah School Theology (Sunni)hanbaliyyah学校神学(逊尼派)
Maturidiyyah Theology (Sunni)maturidiyyah神学(逊尼派)
Ash'ariyyah Theology (Sunni)ash'ariyyah神学(逊尼派)
Mutazilah Theologymutazilah神学
Ja'fari Theology (Shia)ja'fari神学(什叶派)
Nusayriyyah Theology (Shia)nusayriyyah神学(什叶派)
Zaydiyyah Theology (Shia)zaydiyyah神学(什叶派)
Kharijiyyah kharijiyyah
Imams (Shia)伊玛目(什叶派)
Druze 德鲁兹
Qarmatiyyah (Shia)qarmatiyyah (什叶派)
Ahmadiyyah ahmadiyyah
Ishmael, Ismail伊斯梅尔,司马义。
Early Islamic History Outline早在伊斯兰历史纲要
Hegira hegira
Averroes averroes
Avicenna 阿维森纳
Machpela machpela
Kaaba, Black Stone天房,黑石头
Ramadan 斋月
Sunnites, Sunni逊尼派,逊尼派
Shiites, Shia什叶派,什叶派
Mecca 麦加
Medina 麦迪
Sahih, al-Bukharisahih ,铝-布哈里
Sufism 苏非派
Wahhabism 瓦哈比主义
Abu Bakr阿布巴克尔
Abbasids abbasids
Ayyubids ayyubids
Umayyads 倭马亚王朝
Fatima 法蒂玛
Fatimids (Shia)法蒂玛王朝(什叶派)
Ismailis (Shia)伊斯玛仪教派(什叶派)
Mamelukes mamelukes
Saladin 萨拉丁
Seljuks seljuks
Aisha 的Aisha
Ali 阿里
Lilith lilith
Islamic Calendar伊斯兰日历
Interactive Muslim Calendar互动穆斯林日历


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