Soul Sleep灵魂睡眠

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Psychopannychy, or soul sleep, is the doctrine that the soul sleeps between death and resurrection.Psychopannychy,睡眠或灵魂,是灵魂之间的死亡和复活睡觉的学说。It has been held sporadically in the church.它一直在教堂举行零星。It is not a heresy in the narrower sense, due to the paucity of Scripture teaching on the intermediate state, but it may be called a doctrinal aberration.这是不是异端邪说,在狭义上,由于缺乏对中间状态圣经的教导,但它可能是所谓的理论像差。Some Anabaptists endorsed it.一些再洗礼派赞同。In the Forty-two Articles of Edward VI, which preceded the Thirty-nine Articles, the following statement, as the Fortieth Article, was included: "They which say that the souls of those who depart hence do sleep being without all sense, feeling or perceiving till the Day of Judgment, do utterly dissent from the right belief disclosed to us in Holy Scripture."在爱德华六世,前三十九名文章四十篇文章,下面的语句,作为40条,包括:“他们说,启程因此那些灵魂休眠状态而无需所有的感觉,感觉或察觉,直到审判日,从圣经向我们披露的权利的信念毫无异议。“

The case for soul sleep rests principally on these considerations: (1) Human existence demands the unity of soul and body.灵魂睡眠的情况下,主要就在于这些因素:(1)人类生存需求的灵魂和肉体的统一。 If the body ceases to function, so must the soul.如果身体停止运行,所以必须的灵魂。(2) The use of the term "sleep" in Scripture for death is alleged to point to the cessation of consciousness.(2)使用的“睡眠”圣经死亡据称点停止意识。(3) A state of consciousness between death and resurrection, characterized by bliss or woe, unwarrantably anticipates the judgment of the last day, when the basis for these experiences provided.(3)之间的死亡和复活的意识状态,幸福或荣辱与共,无故预期判断的最后一天,当这些经验的基础上提供。

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On the contrary view, while the normal state of man is admittedly a union of soul and body, the possibility of disembodied conscious existence is firmly held, both on the analogy of God's existence as pure spirit (man being made in his image) and on the basis of such passages as Heb.相反的观点,而正常状态的人是无可否认的灵魂和身体的联合,无形的意识的存在的可能性是牢牢举行,双方对上帝的纯精神的男子被他的形象作出存在下去的比喻和对作为希伯来书的有关段落的基础。 12:23 and Rev. 6:9-11. 12时23分和启示录6:9-11。As to the word "sleep," it is intended to apply to the body, even though the individual as such may be said to sleep in death.至于字“睡眠”,它是旨在适用于人体,即使这样的人可能会说睡在死亡。This is clear from Matt.这是马特明确。27:52; John 11:11; Acts 13:36, etc. On the third point it may be replied that the exclusion of the possibility of bliss or woe from the intermediate state, on the ground that the divine judgment which justifies such reactions will not yet have been pronounced, would logically rule out the joyful assurance of salvation in this life as well as the foreboding of judgment to come. 27:52;约翰十一时11分,13时36分,在第三点等可能会回答说,极乐或中间状态的疾苦的可能性排除,在地面上,神圣的判断,这证明这种反应将尚未被宣判,将逻辑排除在此生活的救恩快乐的保证,以及不祥的判断来。 But see John 5:24; Phil.但看到约翰福音5:24;菲尔。1:28.1:28。

Continuing consciousness after death seems to be a necessary (rather than an accidental) element in Jesus' account of the rich man and Lazarus, and also in our Lord's promise to the dying thief.持续死后的意识似乎是一个必要元素(而不是一个偶然的)在耶稣的财主和拉撒路的帐户,并在我们的主的承诺,死于贼也。 The clearest and strongest passages, however, are in Paul's writings (Phil. 1:23; II Cor. 5:8).清晰,实力最强的通道,然而,在保罗的著作(腓1:23;二,肺心病5时08分)。If it be contended in the case of the former passage that the sleep of the soul so effectually erases the interval between death and resurrection that the prospect of being with Christ, even though actually long delayed, could produce joyful anticipation, in any event the same thing can hardly be said for the second passage, where not only the resurrection body but the intermediate state is directly contemplated, being a less desirable alternative than the change to the resurrection body without death (vs. 4).如果它是争前通过的情况下,睡眠,以便有效果的灵魂擦除之间的死亡和复活,在任何情况下,即使实际上拖延已久的,与基督的前景,可以产生欢乐的期待,同样的时间间隔第二通道,不仅是复活的身体,但中间状态的直接考虑,是一个比无死亡复活的身体变化(比4)不太理想的替代的事情很难说。

EF Harrison外汇基金哈里森
(Elwell Evangelical Dictionary) (Elwell宣布了福音字典)

Bibliography 参考书目
J. Calvin, Psychopannychia; O. Cullmann, Immortality of the Soul or Resurrection of the Dead?J.卡尔文Psychopannychia; O. Cullmann,不朽的灵魂或死人的复活?E. Lewis, Christ, the First Fruits; R. Whately, A view of the Scripture Revelations concerning a Future State. E.刘易斯,基督的第一批成果; R ·惠特利,圣经有关未来国家的启示。



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