Zaydiyyah School, Zaydi,ZaydiyyahZaydi (什叶派)

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Zaydiyyah is a Shi'ite school of law which, of all the groups in Shi'a, is closest to the Sunni tradition. Zaydiyyah是什叶派学校的法律,所有的什叶派团体,是最接近逊尼派的传统。The Zaydis are principally distinguished from other Shi'ite groups in their conception of the nature of the Imamate.Zaydis主要区别于其他什叶派团体Imamate的性质的概念。Unlike the Imamis and Isma'ilis, who believe that the Imamate is handed down through a particular line of descendants, the Zaydis believe that anyone in the house of Ali is eligible for the Imamate. Imamis和Isma'ilis,认为Imamate是通过特定行的后裔交给不同,Zaydis相信,在阿里的房子的人是Imamate资格。 The Zaydis reject the doctrine of the Hidden Imam and the return of the Mahdi.Zaydis拒绝隐藏伊玛目马赫迪回归的教义。 The Imam is regarded as neither infallible nor capable of performing miracles.伊玛目被视为既不犯错,也不能够执行奇迹。 Personal merit, rather than investiture, governs who should be made Imam.个人的优点,而不是天职,谁应伊玛目管辖。

The Zaydis reject any form of 'sufi' tradition.Zaydis拒绝任何形式的“苏菲”的传统。Theologically they are closest to the Mu'tazila school.神学,他们是最接近的Mu'tazila学校。

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History历史

The term "Zaydi" is applied to the followers of Zayd b.“Zaydi”一词适用于宰B.追随者Ali, the grandson of al-Husayn (the son of the fourth caliph, Ali) and half-brother of the fifth Imam, Muhammad al-Baqir.阿里人侯赛因的孙子(第四哈里发的儿子,阿里)和第五伊玛目,穆罕默德Baqir同父异母的弟弟。Zaid b.扎伊德B.Ali was killed in 740 in an uprising against the Ummayad Caliph al-Hisham.阿里被杀害了740对伍麦叶王朝哈里发AL -希沙姆起义。

In the 9th century two Zaydi states were established: one in Tabaristan, a region south of the Caspian Sea, and the other in Yemen.在第九世纪Zaydi国家建立了:在Tabaristan,里海地区南部,在也门和其他。The Zaydi state came to an end in 928 when its ruler, al-Hasan ibn al-Qasim, fell in battle. Zaydi状态是在928结束的时候,它的统治者,哈桑本AL -卡西姆,在战斗中下跌。However, in 964 a second Zaydi Imamate was established; this lasted until the twelfth century.然而,在964第二Zaydi Imamate成立,这持续直到12世纪。From the twelfth century the Zaydi communities declined in importance, and during the fifteenth and sixteenth centuries were gradually incorporated into the Twelver Shi'a.从12世纪Zaydi社区的重要性已经下降,并在第十五届和第十六届世纪逐渐被纳入到Twelver什叶派。The Yemeni state of Zaydis was founded in 890 by Yahya ibn al-Husayn and has lasted up until the present day. Zaydis也门国家始建于890海亚伊本侯赛因,已经持续了直到今天。In spite of internal fighting over succession and attacks from the Isma'ilis, the Yemeni state retained its independence until 1539 when it was conquered by the Ottoman Turks and became a province within the Ottoman empire.尽管在继承和攻击Isma'ilis内部的战斗,也门国家保留其独立性,直到1539,当它被奥斯曼土耳其人征服,并成为在奥斯曼帝国的一个省。 In 1595 the Yemen Zaydis declared war on the Turks, which finally led to the departure of the last Ottoman governor in 1635.在1595年,也门Zaydis宣布对土耳其人的战争,最终导致在1635年最后奥斯曼总督离开。The Yemen retained its independence until 1872 when once again it became a province within the Ottoman empire.也门一直保留,直到1872年独立时,再次成为在奥斯曼帝国的一个省。De facto independence was achieved during the first world war and actual independence with the fall of the Ottoman empire after the first world war.在第一次世界战争和第一次世界大战后,奥斯曼帝国垮台的实际独立取得事实上的独立。

Following the dissolution of the Ottoman empire Imam Yahya was left in control of the Yemen.解散奥斯曼帝国的伊玛目叶海亚被留在也门的控制。In 1948 Imam Yahya was assassinated in an attempted palace coup.伊玛目叶海亚在1948年被暗杀未遂的宫廷政变。The coup was defeated by Yahya's son, Ahmad, who succeeded his father as Imam.政变被击败了叶海亚的儿子艾哈迈德,谁接替他的父亲作为伊玛目。When Imam Ahmad died in September 1962 he was succeeded by his son, Muhammad.当伊玛目艾哈迈德在1962年9月去世,他是由他的儿子,穆罕默德成功。A week later an army coup deposed the Imam established the Yemen Arab Republic.一个星期后,军队发动政变废黜的伊玛目成立了阿拉伯也门共和国。Since that time the Imamate has remained vacant.,自那时以来,Imamate一直空缺。

Symbols符号

Zadiyyah does not have a distinctive symbol system.Zadiyyah没有一个鲜明的符号体系。

Adherents遗民

Zaydis are estimated to constitute 8 million of the some 70 million Shi'ite population of the world. Zaydis估计构成约70万什叶派穆斯林占世界人口8万。(Yann Richard, Shi'ite Islam (Oxford University Press, 1995 )).(晏理查德,什叶派伊斯兰(牛津大学出版社,1995))。

Headquarters / Main Centre总部/主要中心

Zaydiyyah has no headquarters or such.Zaydiyyah有没有总部或等。It is, however, the official school of the Yemen.然而,这是也门官方的学校。

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Also, see:此外,见:
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Koran, Qur'an可兰经,可兰经
Pillars of Faith支柱的信仰
Abraham 亚伯拉罕
Testament of Abraham全书亚伯拉罕
Allah 安拉
Hadiths hadiths
Revelation - Hadiths from Book 1 of al-Bukhari启示-h adiths从第一册的基地布哈里
Belief - Hadiths from Book 2 of al-Bukhari信仰-h adiths从第二册的基地布哈里
Knowledge - Hadiths from Book 3 of al-Bukhari知识-h adiths从第三册的基地布哈里
Times of the Prayers - Hadiths from Book 10 of al-Bukhari时代的祈祷-h adiths从书展1 0个基地布哈里
Shortening the Prayers (At-Taqseer) - Hadiths from Book 20 of al-Bukhari缩短祈祷(在taqseer ) -h adiths从书展2 0铝布哈里
Pilgrimmage (Hajj) - Hadiths from Book 26 of al-Bukhari朝圣(朝觐) -h adiths从书展2 6铝布哈里
Fighting for the Cause of Allah (Jihad) - Hadiths of Book 52 of al-Bukhari争取事业的阿拉(杰哈德) -h adiths图书5 2铝布哈里
ONENESS, UNIQUENESS OF ALLAH (TAWHEED) - Hadiths of Book 93 of al-Bukhari同一性,独特的阿拉tawheed ) -h adiths图书9 3铝布哈里
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Malikiyyah School Theology (Sunni)malikiyyah学校神学(逊尼派)
Shafi'iyyah School Theology (Sunni)shafi'iyyah学校神学(逊尼派)
Hanbaliyyah School Theology (Sunni)hanbaliyyah学校神学(逊尼派)
Maturidiyyah Theology (Sunni)maturidiyyah神学(逊尼派)
Ash'ariyyah Theology (Sunni)ash'ariyyah神学(逊尼派)
Mutazilah Theologymutazilah神学
Ja'fari Theology (Shia)ja'fari神学(什叶派)
Nusayriyyah Theology (Shia)nusayriyyah神学(什叶派)
Zaydiyyah Theology (Shia)zaydiyyah神学(什叶派)
Kharijiyyah kharijiyyah
Imams (Shia)伊玛目(什叶派)
Druze 德鲁兹
Qarmatiyyah (Shia)qarmatiyyah (什叶派)
Ahmadiyyah ahmadiyyah
Ishmael, Ismail伊斯梅尔,司马义。
Early Islamic History Outline早在伊斯兰历史纲要
Hegira hegira
Averroes averroes
Avicenna 阿维森纳
Machpela machpela
Kaaba, Black Stone天房,黑石头
Ramadan 斋月
Sunnites, Sunni逊尼派,逊尼派
Shiites, Shia什叶派,什叶派
Mecca 麦加
Medina 麦迪
Sahih, al-Bukharisahih ,铝-布哈里
Sufism 苏非派
Wahhabism 瓦哈比主义
Abu Bakr阿布巴克尔
Abbasids abbasids
Ayyubids ayyubids
Umayyads 倭马亚王朝
Fatima 法蒂玛
Fatimids (Shia)法蒂玛王朝(什叶派)
Ismailis (Shia)伊斯玛仪教派(什叶派)
Mamelukes mamelukes
Saladin 萨拉丁
Seljuks seljuks
Aisha 的Aisha
Ali 阿里
Lilith lilith
Islamic Calendar伊斯兰日历
Interactive Muslim Calendar互动穆斯林日历


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