Saint Bartholomew圣巴塞洛缪

General Information一般资料

Saint Bartholomew was one of the Apostles, mentioned only in the lists of the Twelve (Matt. 10:3; Mark 3:18; Luke 6:14; Acts 1:13).圣巴塞洛缪是使徒之一,仅在列出的十二中提到的(太10:3;马克3:18;路加福音6:14;徒1:13)。His name means "son of Tolmai," and he is frequently identified with Nathanael (John 1).他的名字的意思是“儿子的Tolmai,”他经常拿(约翰1)确定。According to tradition, he was martyred in Armenia.根据传统,在亚美尼亚,他以身殉国。Feast day: Aug. 24 (Western); June 11 (Eastern).节日:8月24日(西方); 6月11日(东区)。

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Saint Bartholomew圣巴塞洛缪

Advanced Information先进的信息

Bartholomew was a son of Tolmai, and one of the twelve apostles (Matt. 10:3; Acts 1:13); generally supposed to have been the same as Nathanael.巴塞洛缪是Tolmai儿子,和十二使徒(太10:3;徒1:13);一般应该已经为拿一样。In the synoptic gospels Philip and Bartholomew are always mentioned together, while Nathanael is never mentioned; in the fourth gospel, on the other hand, Philip and Nathanael are similarly mentioned together, but nothing is said of Bartholomew.在对观福音书菲利普和巴塞洛缪总是提到在一起,而拿从来没有提过,在第四福音,另一方面,菲利普和拿同样提到在一起,但没有什么是巴塞洛缪说。 He was one of the disciples to whom our Lord appeared at the Sea of Tiberias after his resurrection (John 21:2).他是我们的主在太巴列海出现后,他的复活(约翰福音21:2)的弟子之一。He was also a witness of the Ascension (Acts 1:4, 12, 13).他还升天的见证(徒1:4,12,13)。He was an "Israelite indeed" (John 1:47).他是一个“以色列人确实”(约翰福音1:47)。

(Easton Illustrated Dictionary)(伊斯顿说明字典)


Saint Bartholomew圣巴塞洛缪

Catholic Information天主教信息

One of the Twelve Apostles, mentioned sixth in the three Gospel lists (Matthew 10:3; Mark 3:18; Luke 6:14), and seventh in the list of Acts (1:13).在三个福音列出的十二门徒之一,提到第六(马太福音10:3,马可福音3:18;路加福音6:14),和行为(1:13)第七。

The name (Bartholomaios) means "son of Talmai" (or Tholmai) which was an ancient Hebrew name, borne, eg by the King of Gessur whose daughter was a wife of David (2 Samuel 3:3).名称(Bartholomaios)是指“儿子”挞买(或Tholmai)这是一个古老的希伯来文的名字,承担,如Gessur国王,他的女儿是一个大卫(3:3撒母耳)的妻子。 It shows, at least, that Bartholomew was of Hebrew descent; it may have been his genuine proper name or simply added to distinguish him as the son of Talmai.它表明,至少,巴塞洛缪是希伯来人后裔;它可能已被他真正的正确的名称,或干脆加入来区分他作为儿子的挞买。Outside the instances referred to, no other mention of the name occurs in the New Testament.提到的实例之外,其他提及的名字没有出现在新约。

Nothing further is known of him for certain.没有什么可以再被称为他对某些。Many scholars, however, identify him with Nathaniel (John 1:45-51; 21:2).然而,许多学者,确定他与纳撒尼尔(约翰福音1:45-51; 21:2)。The reasons for this are that Bartholomew is not the proper name of the Apostle; that the name never occurs in the Fourth Gospel, while Nathaniel is not mentioned in the synoptics; that Bartholomew's name is coupled with Philip's in the lists of Matthew and Luke, and found next to it in Mark, which agrees well with the fact shown by St. John that Philip was an old friend of Nathaniel's and brought him to Jesus; that the call of Nathaniel, mentioned with the call of several Apostles, seems to mark him for the apostolate, especially since the rather full and beautiful narrative leads one to expect some important development; that Nathaniel was of Galilee where Jesus found most, if not all, of the Twelve; finally, that on the occasion of the appearance of the risen Savior on the shore of the Sea of Tiberias, Nathaniel is found present, together with several Apostles who are named and two unnamed Disciples who were, almost certainly, likewise Apostles (the word "apostle" not occurring in the Fourth Gospel and "disciple" of Jesus ordinarily meaning Apostle) and so, presumably, was one of the Twelve.这种情况的原因是,巴塞洛缪是没有的使徒适当的名称;,这个名字从未出现在第四福音,而纳撒尼尔是不是在对观福音提到;,Bartholomew的名字是与菲利普马修和卢克的名单中的耦合,并发现它旁边马克,同意由圣约翰表明,菲利普是纳撒尼尔的老朋友,并带他到耶稣的事实;提到的几个使徒的召唤,纳撒尼尔呼叫,似乎标志他为使徒以来,特别是相当完整和美丽的的叙事线索期望一些重要的发展;纳撒尼尔加利利耶稣在那里发现的十二大部分,如果不是所有,最后,对外观之际纳撒尼尔上升救主太巴列海的岸边,发现目前,连同几个使徒的命名和两个无名弟子,几乎可以肯定,同样的使徒(字不发生在第四福音“使徒”和“门徒“通常意义耶稣的使徒)等,据推测,是十二。 This chain of circumstantial evidence is ingenious and pretty strong; the weak link is that, after all, Nathaniel may have been another personage in whom, for some reason, the author of the Fourth Gospel may have been particularly interested, as he was in Nicodemus, who is likewise not named in the synoptics.这种间接证据链是巧妙的和相当强的薄弱环节,毕竟,纳撒尼尔可能已被另一个在其中,第四福音的作者可能出于某种原因,特别感兴趣的人物,因为他在尼哥底母谁是同样没有被命名,在对观福音。

No mention of St. Bartholomew occurs in ecclesiastical literature before Eusebius, who mentions that Pantaenus, the master of Origen, while evangelizing India, was told that the Apostle had preached there before him and had given to his converts the Gospel of St. Matthew written in Hebrew, which was still treasured by the Church.没有提到圣巴塞洛缪发生前尤西比乌斯,谁提到Pantaenus,奥利主的教会文学,在传福音印度时,被告知,使徒曾鼓吹他面前,并给予他转换成书面圣马太的福音在希伯来文,这是教会珍惜。 "India" was a name covering a very wide area, including even Arabia Felix. “印度”是一个涵盖非常广泛的领域,甚至包括阿拉伯菲利克斯的名称。Other traditions represent St. Bartholomew as preaching in Mesopotamia, Persia, Egypt, Armenia, Lycaonia, Phrygia, and on the shores of the Black Sea; one legend, it is interesting to note, identifies him with Nathaniel.其他传统圣巴塞洛缪代表说教在美索不达米亚,波斯,埃及,亚美尼亚,Lycaonia,弗里吉亚,黑海沿岸的一个传奇,它有趣的是,他与纳撒尼尔标识。

The manner of his death, said to have occurred at Albanopolis in Armenia, is equally uncertain; according to some, he was beheaded, according to others, flayed alive and crucified, head downward, by order of Astyages, for having converted his brother, Polymius, King of Armenia.他的死亡的方式,说有Albanopolis在亚美尼亚发生,同样是不确定的;根据一些,他被斩首,根据他人的,剥了皮活着,钉在十字架上,头朝下,阿斯提阿格斯为了转换了他的弟弟, Polymius,亚美尼亚国王。On account of this latter legend, he is often represented in art (eg in Michelangelo's Last Judgment) as flayed and holding in his hand his own skin.帐户后者的传奇,他往往是在艺术上代表(如米开朗基罗的最后的审判)去皮,拿在手里自己的皮肤。His relics are thought by some to be preserved in the church of St. Bartholomew-in-the-Island, at Rome.他的遗物被认为是由一些在圣巴塞洛缪岛,在罗马的教堂保存。His feast is celebrated on 24 August.8月24日庆祝他的盛宴。An apocryphal gospel of Bartholomew existed in the early ages.巴塞洛缪杜撰的福音,存在于早期的年龄。

Publication information Written by John Francis Fenlon.由约翰弗朗西斯Fenlon书面的公开信息。 Transcribed by the Cloistered Dominican Nuns, Monastery of the Infant Jesus, Lufkin, Texas.转录的与世隔绝多米尼加修女,修道院的婴儿耶稣,勒夫,得克萨斯州。Dedicated to Jesus the Redeemer The Catholic Encyclopedia, Volume II.献给耶稣的救世主天主教百科全书,第二卷。Published 1907.发布1907年。 New York: Robert Appleton Company.纽约:罗伯特Appleton还公司。Nihil Obstat, 1907.Nihil Obstat,1907年。Remy Lafort, STD, Censor.人头马lafort,性病,检查员。Imprimatur.认可。+John M. Farley, Archbishop of New York+约翰米farley,大主教纽约

Bibliography参考书目

LE CAMUS, Vie de Notre Seigneur (tr. New York, 1906), I; IDEM in VIG., Dict. LE加缪,争先恐后去巴黎领主(编辑部纽约,1906年),我在VIG同上,快译通。de la Bible, where references are given for the sources of the traditions, FOUARD, Life of Christ (New York, 1891).德拉圣经,其中引用的传统,FOUARD,基督(纽约,1891年)的生活来源。


St. Bartholomew the Apostle圣巴塞洛缪使徒

Orthodox Information东正教信息

(This information may not be of the scholastic quality of the other articles in BELIEVE. Since few Orthodox scholarly articles have been translated into English, we have had to rely on Orthodox Wiki as a source. Since the Wikipedia collections do not indicate the author's name for articles, and essentially anyone is free to edit or alter any of their articles (again, without any indication of what was changed or who changed it), we have concerns. However, in order to include an Orthodox perspective in some of our subject presentations, we have found it necessary to do this. At least until actual scholarly Orthodox texts are translated from the Greek originals!) (此信息的信奉的其他文章的学术质量。由于少数东正教学术文章已被译成英文翻译,我们都不得不依靠作为源东正教的Wiki。以来的维基百科集合做不注明作者的姓名的文章,而且基本上任何人自由编辑或改变任何自己的文章(再没有什么改变,或改变它的任何指示),我们有顾虑。然而,为了在我们的一些主题,包括东正教的角度介绍,我们发现有必要做到这一点。,至少要等到实际学术东正教文本翻译从希腊原件!)

The holy, glorious and all-laudable Apostle Bartholomew (also known as Nathaniel) was one of the Twelve Great Apostles.神圣,光荣和所有值得称道的使徒巴塞洛缪(也被称为纳撒尼尔)的十二大使徒之一。He is referenced in the Synoptic Gospels and in the Acts of the Apostles.他是在对观福音书和使徒行传引用。His feast days are celebrated on June 11 (with St. Barnabas) and August 25 (the translation of his relics).他的节日庆祝6月11日(与圣巴纳巴斯)和8月25日(翻译他的遗物)。It is believed that he is the same person commemorated on April 22 with Apostles Luke and Clement as Nathaniel of the Seventy.据认为,他是同一个人,在4月22日纪念使徒卢克和克莱门特七十纳撒尼尔。

Life生命

After the Ascension of Christ, Bartholomew preached in Asia with the Apostle Philip, Philip's sister Mariamma, and Apostle John.巴塞洛缪鼓吹基督升天后,在亚洲与使徒菲利普,菲利普的妹妹Mariamma,和使徒约翰。He later preached in India and then Armenia where he was martyred.后来,他鼓吹在印度,然后亚美尼亚他以身殉国的地方。Prior to India, he was crucified upside down in Hierapolis with the Apostle Philip for causing the death of a great serpent the people worshiped and healing people through prayer.到印度之前,他被钉在十字架上倒挂的使徒菲利浦在希拉波利斯造成一个伟大的蛇崇拜的人的死亡和愈合通过祈祷的人。He was removed from the cross during a great earthquake because the people thought God was judging them; St. Philip had already reposed.大地震期间他从十字架上被删除,因为人们认为上帝是来看他们;圣菲已经寄予。

He then went to India, translated the Gospel of Matthew and cured the Armenian king's daughter of insanity; but the king's envious brother had him crucified, skinned him, and finally beheaded him.然后,他前往印度,译马太的福音和治愈的亚美尼亚国王的女儿精神错乱,但羡慕国王的哥哥把他钉在十字架上,皮肤的他,终于斩杀了他。

Christians buried his body but because of the miracles happening over his relics the pagans threw his coffin into the sea.基督徒埋葬他的身体,但因为他的遗物中发生的奇迹,全身心地投入到大海的异教徒他的棺材。 The coffin ended up at the island of Lipara where Bishop Agathon—who met it via a revelation in a dream—buried it in a church.棺材结束Lipara岛主教阿加谁会见了一个梦想埋它通过一个启示在教堂。St. Bartholomew appeared to St. Joseph the Hymnographer and blessed him that he might be able to sing spiritual hymns, saying, "Let heavenly water of wisdom flow from your tongue!"圣巴塞洛缪出现圣若瑟Hymnographer和祝福他,他可能能够唱精神文明圣歌,他说,“让天上的智慧,你的舌头流的水!” He also appeared to Emperor Anastasius (491-518) and told him that he would protect the new town of Dara.他也出现了皇帝阿纳斯塔修斯(491-518),并告诉他,他会保护达拉新镇。Later his relics were translated to Rome where miracles continue to occur.后来,他的遗物被翻译成罗马的奇迹不断发生的地方。

Hymns赞美诗

Troparion (Tone 3)Troparion(音3)

Holy Apostles Bartholomew and Barnabas,圣使徒巴塞洛缪和巴拿巴,
entreat the merciful God恳求仁慈的上帝
to grant our souls forgiveness of transgressions.给予我们的灵魂的越轨行为的宽恕。

Kontakion (Tone 4)集祷颂(音4)

You have appeared to the universe as a great sun,你已经出现宇宙作为一个伟大的太阳,
shining with the radiance of your teachings and awesome miracles.闪耀着您的教诲和真棒奇迹的光芒。
You enlighten those who honor you, apostle of the Lord, Bartholomew.您开导那些孝敬您,主,巴塞洛缪使徒。

Source来源

St. Nikolai Velimirovic, The Prologue of Ohrid圣尼古拉Velimirovic,奥赫里德的序言

External links外部链接

Apostle Bartholomew of the Twelve (OCA)十二使徒巴塞洛缪(OCA)
Return of the Relics of the Apostle Bartholomew from Anastasiopolis to Lipari (OCA)使徒巴塞洛缪的文物,从Anastasiopolis返回到利帕里(亚奥理事会)
Bartholomew and Barnabas the Holy Apostles (GOARCH)巴塞洛缪和巴拿巴圣使徒(GOARCH)
Return of the Body of Bartholomew the Glorious Apostle (GOARCH)返回的光荣使者(GOARCH巴塞洛缪机构)
Martyrdom of the Holy and Glorious Apostle Bartholomew from Ante-Nicene从前厅尼西亚殉难的神圣和光荣的使徒巴塞洛缪
Fathers in the Christian Classics Ethereal Library父亲在基督教经典抓包图书馆
Saint Bartholomew, the Apostle (Prologue of Ohrid)圣巴塞洛缪,使徒(奥赫里德的序言)


Saint Bartholomew, also known as Nathanael圣巴塞洛缪,也被称为拿

Coptic Orthodox Information科普特东正教信息

The details of Bartholomew or Nathanael's call to discipleship are recorded in John 1:43-51.巴塞洛缪或拿的号召,以门徒的细节都记录在约翰福音1:43-51。He was brought to Jesus by his friend Philip.他被带到耶稣由他的朋友菲利普。

It is generally believed that Nathanael and Bartholomew are the same individual.人们普遍认为拿和巴塞洛缪是同一个人。The Synoptic gospels (Matthew, Mark and Luke) do not mention a Nathanael as a disciples.天气福音(马太,马可和路加)没有提到作为一个弟子拿。John's gospel makes no mention of Bartholomew.约翰福音没有提到的巴塞洛缪。

Notice that Bartholomew's name is coupled with Philip's name in the listings of Matthew and Luke.请注意,巴塞洛缪的名字是与菲利普的马修和卢克目录的名称加上。It is found next to Philip in the list of Mark.这是菲利普在标记列表。This would seem to agree with the gospel of John, where the evangelist describes Philip as an old friend who brought Nathanael to Jesus.这似乎与约翰福音的传播者描述菲利普作为老朋友,谁拿耶稣同意。

Bartholomew means "son of Talmai (Tolmai)" which was ancient Hebrew name.巴塞洛缪是指“儿子挞买(Tolmai)”,这是古代希伯来文的名字。It appears in 2 Samuel 3:3 where it is listed as the given name of the King of Geshur who was the father of a wife of David, Maacah.它出现在2塞缪尔3:3的地方,它是基述王谁是父亲,玛迦大卫的妻子给定的名称上市。Just as we sometimes refer to close friends by their family name rather than their given name, so it appears that only John lists this disciple by his given name.正如我们有时关闭自己的姓氏,而不是其名称的朋友,所以看来只有约翰列出了他的这个徒弟。The other three gospel writers apparently designated him by his family name, Bar-Tolmai.其他三个福音书的作者显然他指定由他的家人的名字,酒吧Tolmai。

Characteristics of This Disciple这个徒弟的特点

Nathanael means "gift of God."拿的意思是“上帝的恩赐。”John's account tells us that he was from Cana in Galilee, a small village about 5 miles northeast of Nazareth.约翰的帐户告诉我们,他在加利利的迦拿,拿撒勒东北约5英里的一个小村庄。He might well have been present when Jesus performed his first miracle in that town.他很可能已经存在,当耶稣在那个小镇进行他的第一个奇迹。One obscure legend even suggests that he was the bridegroom at that wedding; another pictures him as the former boyfriend of the bride who didn't quite make it.一个模糊的传说,甚至表明他是新郎的婚礼,另一个图片作为他的新娘不太使它的前男友。Thankfully we can ignore such reports.幸运的是,我们可以忽略这样的报告。When Philip suggested that Jesus was the Messiah, Nathanael honestly expressed his doubts.当菲利普认为耶稣是弥赛亚,拿诚实地表达了他的疑虑。He failed to see how such a great one could come from a town such as Nazareth.他没有看到这样一个伟大的人可能来自如拿撒勒镇。 Bartholomew reminds us of the many very nice people we meet who straightforwardly tell us that they don't believe in Jesus as their Savior.巴塞洛缪提醒我们许多非常好的人,我们满足他们直截了当地告诉我们,他们不相信耶稣为他们的救主。Maybe they had a bad experience with a church or a pastor or some church members.也许他们有一个坏的经验与教会或牧师或一些教会成员。Perhaps they are confused about religion in general.也许他们是对一般的宗教混为一谈。Like Nathanael, they need to see Jesus.拿一样,他们需要看到耶稣。We won't be able to change their minds, but we can invite them to "come and see."我们将不能够改变他们的想法,但我们可以邀请他们“来看看。”

Other than his call to be a disciple Nathanael/Bartholomew is not mentioned frequently in the biblical record.除了他的电话是一个拿/巴塞洛缪是圣经的记载中没有提到经常弟子。He is mentioned with the other apostles after the resurrection in the account recorded in John 21, in particular verse 2.他提到与复活后的其他使徒约翰21记录的帐户,尤其是第2节。His innocence and simplicity won high praise from the lips of the Savior when Philip brought him to Jesus.当菲利普带他到耶稣救主的嘴唇赢得自己的清白和简单的高度赞誉。

Outside of Scripture, we hear little of this man.的经文之外,我们很少听到这名男子。There is no mention of him in ecclesiastical literature before Eusebius, who records in his Church History that Pantaenus of Alexandria, the teacher of Origen, visited India in the second century and found there a Hebrew copy of the Gospel According to Matthew.他没有提及前尤西比乌斯,在他的教会的历史记录,Pantaenus的亚历山德里亚,奥利老师,访问印度的第二个世纪,发现有一个福音希伯来副本据马修教会文学。 He was told that Bartholomew had been to India before him and had left this gospel.有人告诉他,巴塞洛缪在他之前已经向印度,离开了这个福音。We should note that "India," at the time, meant everything from Arabia to the east.我们应该注意到,“印度,”在当时,这意味着一切从阿拉伯半岛到东部。Other traditions suggest that Bartholomew preached in Mesopotamia, Persia, Egypt, Armenia, Phrygia and the shores of the Black Sea.其他传统的建议,巴塞洛缪在美索不达米亚,波斯,埃及,亚美尼亚,弗里吉亚和黑海沿岸鼓吹。

Even church tradition cannot agree on his death.即使是教会的传统不能同意他的死亡。He supposedly died in Albanopolis (Urbanopolis) in Armenia.据说,他死于Albanopolis(Urbanopolis)在亚美尼亚。 Some say he was beheaded and others insist that he was skinned alive and crucified head down at the command of King Astyages for having converted King Polymios.有人说他被斩首和其他人坚持认为,他在国王阿斯提阿格斯的命令剥皮活着,并钉在十字架上的头转换王Polymios。

In Michaelangelo's "Last Judgment" he is pictured as flayed and holding in his hand his own skin.在米开朗基罗的“最后的审判”,他描绘成剥了皮和拿在手里自己的皮肤。Due to this account of his death, the symbol for Bartholomew/Nathanael is a skinning knife or a series of them.由于这对他的死亡的帐户,巴塞洛缪/拿的象征,是一个剥皮刀或他们的系列。Sometimes the knives are pictured together with a "skin."有时刀合照与“皮肤。”

James F. Korthals詹姆斯F Korthals



This subject presentation in the original English language这在原来的主题演讲, 英语



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The main BELIEVE web-page (and the index to subjects) is at:的, 主要相信网页(和索引科目),是在:
BELIEVE Religious Information Source相信宗教信息来源
http://mb-soft.com/believe/beliecha.html