Pontius Pilate本丢彼拉多

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After the deposition of the eldest son of Herod, Archelaus (who had succeeded his father as ethnarch), Judea was placed under the rule of a Roman procurator.阿基劳斯(希律王,曾成功为ethnarch父亲)的长子沉积后,犹太置于统治下的罗马检察官。Pilate, who was the fifth, succeeding Valerius Gratus in AD 26, had greater authority than most procurators under the empire, for in addition to the ordinary duty of financial administration, he had supreme power judicially.彼拉多,谁是第五,在公元26日成功Valerius Gratus,根据帝国大于最检察官的权力,除了财务管理的普通责任,他有至高无上的权力,司法。His unusually long period of office (AD 26-36) covers the whole of the active ministry both of St. John the Baptist and of Jesus Christ.他的不寻常的长期任职期间(公元26-36年)涵盖整个圣施洗约翰和耶稣基督的积极部。

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As procurator Pilate was necessarily of equestrian rank, but beyond that we know little of his family or origin.作为检察彼拉多是必然的马术比赛排名,但除此之外,我们知道他的家人或起源。Some have thought that he was only a freedman, deriving his name from pileus (the cap of freed slaves) but for this there seems to be no adequate evidence, and it is unlikely that a freedman would attain to a post of such importance.有些人认为,他只有一个自由民,菌盖(被释放的奴隶第)源于他的名字,但是这似乎是有没有足够的证据,而且它是不可能的,弗里德曼将达到一个如此重要的职位。 The Pontii were a Samnite gens. Pontii是Samnite一族。Pilate owed his appointment to the influence of Sejanus.彼拉多Sejanus影响欠他的任命。The official residence of the procurators was the palace of Herod at Cæsarea; where there was a military force of about 3,000 soldiers.检察官邸是希律王的宫殿,在该撒利亚,那里有一个约3000名士兵的军事力量。 These soldiers came up to Jerusalem at the time of the feasts, when the city was full of strangers, and there was greater danger of disturbances, hence it was that Pilate had come to Jerusalem at the time of the Crucifixion.这些士兵来到耶路撒冷的节日时,当这个城市的陌生人,并有更大的​​骚乱的危险,因此,彼拉多在十字架上的时间已经到来耶路撒冷。 His name will be forever covered with infamy because of the part which he took in this matter, though at the time it appeared to him of small importance.他的名字将永远与骂名覆盖,因为这是他在这个问题上的部分,虽然在当时看来他的小重要性。

Pilate is a type of the worldly man, knowing the right and anxious to do it so far as it can be done without personal sacrifice of any kind, but yielding easily to pressure from those whose interest it is that he should act otherwise.彼拉多是一个世俗的人的类型,知道的权利和急于这样做,因为它可以做,没有任何形式的个人牺牲,但容易产生那些兴趣的是,他应该采取行动,否则的压力。 He would gladly have acquitted Christ, and even made serious efforts in that direction, but gave way at once when his own position was threatened.他会很乐意被宣告无罪的基督,甚至朝这一方向所作的认真努力,但他一次的方式,当他自己的地位受到了威胁。

The other events of his rule are not of very great importance.他的统治的其他事件都非常重视。Philo (Ad Gaium, 38) speaks of him as inflexible, merciless, and obstinate.斐罗(38)广告Gaium,说话不灵活的,无情的,他的顽固。The Jews hated him and his administration, for he was not only very severe, but showed little consideration for their susceptibilities.犹太人恨他和他的政府,因为他不仅非常严重,但表现出很少考虑其敏感性。 Some standards bearing the image of Tiberius, which had been set up by him in Jerusalem, caused an outbreak which would have ended in a massacre had not Pilate given way.轴承形象,已成立由他在耶路撒冷,提庇留引起一些标准,其将在大屠杀中结束,没有彼拉多给予的方式爆发。At a later date Tiberius ordered him to remove certain gilt shields, which he had set up in Jerusalem in spite of the remonstrances of the people.在稍后的日期,提比略下令他删除某些鎏金盾牌,这是他在耶路撒冷,尽管人民remonstrances。The incident mentioned in St. Luke 13:1, of the Galilaeans whose blood Pilate mingled with the sacrifices, is not elsewhere referred to, but is quite in keeping with other authentic events of his rule.的血液混到彼拉多与牺牲的Galilaeans中提到的圣卢克13时01分,事件发生后,其他地方是没有,但在与其他正宗的事件,他的统治相当。 He was, therefore, anxious that no further hostile reports should be sent to the emperor concerning him.因此,他着急,没有进一步的敌对报告应送交有关他的皇帝。

The tendency, already discernible in the canonical Gospels, to lay stress on the efforts of Pilate to acquit Christ, and thus pass as lenient a judgment as possible upon his crime, goes further in the apocryphal Gospels and led in later years to the claim that he actually became a Christian.更进一步的倾向,在典型福音已经明显,奠定彼拉多的努力无罪基督压力,从而传递宽松的作为可能根据自己的罪行的判断,在猜测福音,并声称在以后的几年LED他实际上成为基督徒。 The Abyssinian Church reckons him as a saint, and assigns 25 June to him and to Claudia Procula, his wife.阿比西尼亚教会估计作为圣人的他,向他和他的妻子克劳迪娅Procula,分配6月25日。The belief that she became a Christian goes back to the second century, and may be found in Origen (Hom., in Mat., xxxv).她成为基督徒的信仰可以追溯到公元二世纪,可能会发现在奥利(Hom.,在垫,XXXV)。The Greek Church assigns her a feast on 27 October.希腊教会分配给她的盛宴10月27日。Tertullian and Justin Martyr both speak of a report on the Crucifixion (not extant) sent in by Pilate to Tiberius, from which idea a large amount of apocryphal literature originated.德尔图良和贾斯汀烈士,同时说彼拉多在发送到提庇留在十字架上(现存),从它的想法的大量猜测文学起源的一份报告。 Some of these were Christian in origin (Gospel of Nicodemus), others came from the heathen, but these have all perished.其中有些是在基督教的起源(尼哥底母福音),来自异教徒,但这些都灭亡了。

His rule was brought to an end through trouble which arose in Samaria.通过在撒马利亚产生的麻烦,他的统治宣告结束。An imposter had given out that it was in his power to discover the sacred vessels which, as he alleged, had been hidden by Moses on Mount Gerizim, whither armed Samaritans came in large numbers.冒名顶替者,他发现,作为他声称,已经由摩西隐藏在山盖里济姆的神圣的船只的权力,往那武装撒玛利亚来大量涌现。 Pilate seems to have thought the whole affair was a blind, covering some other more important design, for he hurried forces to attack them, and many were slain.彼拉多似乎认为整个事件是一个盲人,涵盖其他一些更重要的设计,他急忙攻击他们的力量,和许多被杀害。They appealed to Vitellius, who was at that time legate in Syria, saying that nothing political had been intended, and complaining of Pilate's whole administration.他们呼吁Vitellius,在叙利亚使节,说什么政治已经打算,并抱怨彼拉多的整体管理。He was summoned to Rome to answer their charges, but before he could reach the city the Emperor Tiberius had died.他被传唤到罗马回答他们的收费,但之前,他可以到达城市的皇帝提庇留死了。

That is the last we know of Pilate from authentic sources, but legend has been busy with his name.这是去年我们知道彼拉多来源可信的,但传说一直忙于他的名字。He is said by Eusebius (HE, ii, 7), on the authority of earlier writers, whom he does not name, to have fallen into great misfortunes under Caligula, and eventually to have committed suicide.他说尤西比乌斯(HE,II,7),早期作家的权威,他不姓成很大的不幸倒下下卡里古拉,并最终自杀。Other details come from less respectable sources.少尊敬的来源来自其他细节。His body, says the "Mors Pilati", was thrown into the Tiber, but the waters were so disturbed by evil spirits that the body was taken to Vienne and sunk in the Rhône, where a monument, called Pilate's tomb, is still to be seen.他的身体,他说的“MORS皮拉蒂”,是到台伯河抛出,但水域是如此,身体是采取以维埃纳省和沉没的罗纳,其中一座丰碑,叫彼拉多的墓邪恶的精神不安,仍是有待可见。 As the same thing occurred there, it was again removed and sunk in the lake at Lausanne.由于同样的事情发生,它再次被删除,在湖中沉没在洛桑。Its final disposition was in a deep and lonely mountain tarn, which, according to later tradition, was on a mountain, still called Pilatus, close to Lucerne.它的最终处置是深刻和孤独的山塔恩,根据后来的传统,在山区,仍然被称为皮拉图斯山,靠近卢塞恩。The real origin of this name is, however, to be sought in the cap of cloud which often covers the mountain, and serves as a barometer to the inhabitants of Lucerne.然而,这个名字的真正来源是,寻求在云盖往往涵盖了山,作为一个卢塞恩居民的晴雨表。The are many other legends about Pilate in the folklore of Germany, but none of them have the slightest authority.对彼拉多很多其他的传说,在德国民间传说,但他们都没有丝毫的权力。

Publication information Written by Arthur S. Barnes.阿瑟S.巴恩斯编写的出版物信息。Transcribed by Lawrence Progel.转录由劳伦斯Progel。The Catholic Encyclopedia, Volume XII.天主教百科全书,第十二卷。Published 1911.发布1911年。 New York: Robert Appleton Company.纽约:罗伯特Appleton还公司。Nihil Obstat, June 1, 1911. Nihil Obstat,1911年6月1日。Remy Lafort, STD, Censor.人头马lafort,性病,检查员。Imprimatur.认可。+John Cardinal Farley, Archbishop of New York+约翰farley枢机主教,大主教纽约


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