Saint Simon the Apostle圣西门使徒

General Information一般资料

Saint Simon the Less, one of the 12 apostles, appears only in the biblical lists of Jesus' disciples.圣西门少,耶稣的12门徒之一,仅出现在耶稣的门徒“圣经”名单。Called the Zealot by Luke and called the Cananaean (Aramaic for "zealot") by Matthew and Mark, he may have originally belonged to the Zealots, an extremist group (possibly called the Sicarri) opposed to Roman rule in Palestine.卢克和所谓的狂热者称为Cananaean(“痴迷者”阿拉姆)由马修和马克,他可能原本属于狂热者,反对罗马统治巴勒斯坦的极端主义小组(可能是所谓的Sicarri)。 Feast day: May 10 (Eastern); Oct. 28 (Western; with Saint Jude).节日:5月10日(东区); 10月28日(西方;与圣犹大)。

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Saint Simon圣西门

Catholic Information天主教信息

The name of Simon occurs in all the passages of the Gospel and Acts, in which a list of the Apostles is given.西蒙的名字在所有通道的福音和行为的发生,其中一个使徒的名单。To distinguish him from St. Peter he is called (Matthew 10:4; Mark 3:18) Kananaios, or Kananites, and Zelotes (Luke 6:15; Acts 1:13).为了区分他从圣彼得他是所谓的(马太福音10:4;马可福音3:18)Kananaios,或Kananites,Zelotes(路加福音6:15;徒1:13)。 Both surnames have the same signification and are a translation of the Hebrew qana (the Zealous).这两个姓氏有相同的意义和翻译希伯来文卡纳(热忱)。The name does not signify that he belonged to the party of Zealots, but that he had zeal for the Jewish law, which he practised before his call.这个名字并不意味着他属于党的狂热者,但他对犹太法律的热情,这是他之前,他呼吁实行的。Jerome and others wrongly assumed that Kana was his native place; were this so, he should have been called Kanaios.杰罗姆和其他错误地认为假名是他的籍贯是这样的话,他应该被称为Kanaios。The Greeks, Copts, and Ethiopians identify him with Nathanael of Cana; the first-mentioned also identify him with the bridegroom of the marriage of Cana, while in the "Chronicon paschale" and elsewhere he is identified with Simon Clopas.希腊人,科普特人,埃塞俄比亚人识别与塔卡纳拿他首先提及的塔卡纳结婚的新郎,他还确定,而在“Chronicon paschale”和其他地方,他与西蒙Clopas确定。

The Abyssinians accordingly relate that he suffered crucifixion as the Bishop of Jerusalem, after he had preached the Gospel in Samaria.阿比西尼亚相应的有关耶路撒冷的主教,他因被钉十字架后,他鼓吹在撒马利亚福音。Where he actually preached the Gospel is uncertain.他在那里实际上是宣扬福音的是不确定的。Almost all the lands of the then known world, even as far as Britain, have been mentioned; according to the Greeks, he preached on the Black Sea, in Egypt, Northern Africa, and Britain, while, according to the Latin "Passio Simonis et Judae" -- the 7author of which was (Lipsius maintains) sufficiently familiar with the history of the Parthian Empire in the first century -- Simon laboured in Persia, and was there martyred at Suanir.几乎所有土地,当时已知世界,甚至远至英国,已经提到,根据希腊人,他鼓吹对黑海,埃及,北非,和英国,同时,根据拉丁文“Passio Simonis等Judae“ - 7author其中Lipsius保持足够的熟悉与帕提亚帝国的历史,在一世纪 - 西蒙在波斯劳动,并有在Suanir烈属。However, Suanir is probably to be sought in Colchis.然而,Suanir可能是在寻求Colchis。According to Moses of Chorene, Simon met his death in Weriosphora in Iberia; according to the Georgians, he preached in Colchis.据Chorene摩西,西蒙在Weriosphora会见他的死亡在伊比利亚据格鲁吉亚人,他在Colchis鼓吹。 His place of burial is unknown.他的埋葬地点是未知之数。

Concerning his relics our information is as uncertain as concerning his preaching.关于他的遗物,我们的信息是关于他的说教的不确定。From Babylon to Rome and Toulouse we find traces of them; at Rome they are venerated under the Altar of the Crucifixion in the Vatican.从巴比伦到罗马和图卢兹,我们发现它们的踪迹;在罗马,他们崇敬的祭坛下,在梵蒂冈受难。His usual attribute is the saw, since his body was said to have been sawed to pieces, and more rarely the lance.他通常的属性是看到了,因为他的身体已被锯成碎片,更很少兰斯说。He is regarded as the patron of tanners.他被视为制革靠山。In the Western Church he is venerated together with Jude (Thaddaeus); in the East separately.在西方教会,他是崇敬连同裘德(达太);在东分开。The Western Church keeps his feast on 28 October; the Greeks and Copts on 10 May.西方教会保持于10月28日他的盛宴10希腊人和科普特人。

Publication information Written by Klemens Löffler.克莱门斯Löffler编写的出版物信息。Transcribed by Gerald Morine.转录由杰拉尔德Morine。The Catholic Encyclopedia, Volume XIII.天主教百科全书,卷十三。Published 1912.发布1912年。 New York: Robert Appleton Company.纽约:罗伯特Appleton还公司。Nihil Obstat, February 1, 1912. Nihil Obstat,1912年2月1日。Remy Lafort, DD, Censor.人头马lafort,副署长,检查员。Imprimatur.认可。+John Cardinal Farley, Archbishop of New York+约翰farley枢机主教,大主教纽约


Apostle Simon the Zealot使徒西门的狂热者

Orthodox Information东正教信息

(This information may not be of the scholastic quality of the other articles in BELIEVE. Since few Orthodox scholarly articles have been translated into English, we have had to rely on Orthodox Wiki as a source. Since the Wikipedia collections do not indicate the author's name for articles, and essentially anyone is free to edit or alter any of their articles (again, without any indication of what was changed or who changed it), we have concerns. However, in order to include an Orthodox perspective in some of our subject presentations, we have found it necessary to do this. At least until actual scholarly Orthodox texts are translated from the Greek originals!) (此信息的信奉的其他文章的学术质量。由于少数东正教学术文章已被译成英文翻译,我们都不得不依靠作为源东正教的Wiki。以来的维基百科集合做不注明作者的姓名的文章,而且基本上任何人自由编辑或改变任何自己的文章(再没有什么改变,或改变它的任何指示),我们有顾虑。然而,为了在我们的一些主题,包括东正教的角度介绍,我们发现有必要做到这一点。,至少要等到实际学术东正教文本翻译从希腊原件!)

The holy, glorious and all-laudable Apostle Simon the Zealot was one of the Twelve Apostles of Jesus Christ, referenced in Matthew 10:2-4 and other places in Holy Scripture.神圣,光荣和所有值得称道的使徒西门狂热者是耶稣基督的十二门徒之一,在圣经马太福音10:2-4和其他地方引用。 His feast day is May 10.他的宗教节日是5月10日。

Life生命

Simon was born in Cana of Galilee and was one of the Twelve Great Apostles.西蒙出生在加利利的迦拿和大十二使徒之一。He was the bridegroom at the wedding feast where Christ changed the water into wine (John 2:1-11).他是新郎在婚礼的盛宴,其中基督水变成酒(约翰福音2:1-11)。Because of that miracle, St. Simon left his home, parents and bride to follow Christ.因为这个奇迹,圣西门离开他的家,父母和新娘跟随基督。After Pentecost, he preached the Gospel in Mauritania in Africa.五旬节之后,他鼓吹在毛里塔尼亚在非洲的福音。

He ended his missionary work in Georgia.他结束了他在格鲁吉亚的传教工作。St. Simon was tortured and crucified by the pagans in Abkhazia.圣西门被拷打和在阿布哈兹的异教徒钉在十字架上。

Hymns赞美诗

Troparion (Tone 3)Troparion(音3)

O holy apostle Simon,Ø神圣使徒西门,
entreat the merciful God,恳求仁慈的上帝,
to grant our souls forgiveness of transgressions.给予我们的灵魂的越轨行为的宽恕。

Kontakion (Tone 2)集祷颂(音2)

Let us all bless the eloquent Simon in praise,让我们大家祝福赞美雄辩西蒙,
who sowed the doctrines of wisdom in the hearts of the faithful;谁播下智慧的学说的忠实的心;
for he now stands before the throne of glory因为他现在代表的荣耀的宝座上前
and rejoices with the angels,与天使的喜乐,
as he prays for us all unceasingly.为他祈祷,为我们不断。

Source来源

St. Nikolai Velimirovic, The Prologue of Ohrid圣尼古拉Velimirovic,奥赫里德的序言

External links外部链接

Apostle Simon Zealotes (OCA)使徒西门Zealotes(亚奥理事会)
Simon the Zealot & Apostle (GOARCH)西蒙狂热者和使徒(GOARCH)
The Holy Apostle Simon, the Zealot (Prologue of Ohrid)圣使徒西门,狂热者(奥赫里德序幕)


Simon the Canaanite (Zealot)西蒙的迦南人(狂热者)

Coptic Orthodox Information科普特东正教信息

Yet another faithful disciples about whom very little has been recorded in Scripture is Simon the Canaanite (Mark 3:18; Matthew 10:4) or Simon the Zealot (Luke 6:15; Acts 1:13).然而,另一个关于他很少有被记录在圣经的忠实弟子,是西蒙的迦南人(马克3点18;马太10时04分)或西门狂热者(路加福音6:15;徒1:13)。 The two words "Canaanite" and "Zealot" mean the same thing.“迦南人”和“狂热者”这两个词的意思是相同的。"Canaanite" is a Hebrew designation and "Zealot" is a Greek term.“迦南”是希伯来文的指定和“狂热者”是一个希腊词。As a result the NIV in its translation has "Zealot" in all four places.因此在其翻译为证:“狂热者”在所有四个地方。

Characteristics of This Disciple这个徒弟的特点

JB Phillips in his translation of the New Testament in each of the four lists calls Simon "Simon the Patriot." JB在他翻译的新约四个列出各菲利普斯呼吁西蒙“西蒙的爱国者”。The term designates him as a member of a political party.长期指定他作为一个政党的成员。A "zealot" was a patriotic Jew willing to rebel against the Roman government.一个“狂热者”是一个爱国的犹太人愿意反抗罗马政府。 Their goal was to deliver Judea from the Roman servitude and drive the Roman legions from the country.他们的目标是提供从罗马奴役朱迪亚和驱动器从该国的罗马军团。This party had been organized by a rabid revolutionary, Judas of Galilee, about 20 years before Jesus began his public ministry.这个党前20年已经举办了一个狂热的革命,加利利的犹大,耶稣开始他的公共事务部。It had become an underground movement that was ruthless and violent.它已成为一个地下运动是残酷和暴力的。Its terrorist program of murder and sabotage did not free the country but resulted in acts of revenge by the Roman officials.其恐怖的谋杀和破坏方案没有自由的国家,但在罗马官员的报复行为。

Perhaps Simon initially came to Jesus because he saw in Christ the power his group needed to successfully drive the Romans out.或许西蒙最初来到耶稣,因为他在基督的权力,他的研究小组成功推动入乡随俗看到。For many Jews, the Messiah was no longer a spiritual Savior but an earthly Conqueror.对于许多犹太人,弥赛亚不再是一种精神的救主,但尘世的征服者。Since a zealot was a fanatic and eventually resorted to violence, Simon would have left this cause when he gave up all to follow Jesus.由于一个痴迷者是一个狂热的,并最终诉诸暴力,西蒙将离开这一事业时,他放弃了一切跟随耶稣。Jesus preached a message of nonviolence (Matthew 5:39, 43-44; 26:52).耶稣宣扬的非暴力的消息(马太福音5:39,43-44; 26:52)。 Simon was transformed by the Jesus and his message.西蒙是耶稣和他的信息转化。He was still a Patriot who was willing to work and fight, but now the fight was against the forces of Satan and the kingdom for which he worked belonged to God.他仍然是一个爱国者,谁愿意工作和战斗,但现在的对抗撒旦的势力,他曾属于神的王国。Throughout history the church has suffered from fanaticism.纵观历史,教会遭受了从狂热。At first the church was persecuted, then it became the persecutor.起初,教会被迫害,那么它成为迫害。Misguided fanatics, rather than helping, have done great harm to the cause of Christ.基督的事业,而不是帮助误入歧途的痴迷者,都做了很大的伤害。Our political concerns dare never overshadow our Savior nor cloud his message.我们的政治问题,从来不敢掩盖我们的救主,也没有云他的消息。There is little that we can be certain of when it comes to Simon.有一点我们可以肯定的,当谈到西蒙。This much we do know - Simon, along with the other apostles witnessed the miracles and teachings of Jesus and the miracle of his Resurrection.我们知道这么多 - 西蒙,以及与其他使徒,见证了奇迹和耶稣的教导和他的复活的奇迹。They were with him at the Last Passover and in the Garden of Gethsemane.他们与他在最后的逾越节,并在客西马尼园。They were present at the time Jesus appeared to Thomas.他们在耶稣托马斯出现的时间。All but Judas Iscariot were listed as receiving the Holy Spirit at Pentecost, and all were sent out as witnesses of the Gospel of Christ throughout the earth (Acts 1:8, 13; 2:1-4).但犹大被列为接受圣灵在五旬节,并全部被送往整个地球的基督福音的见证人(徒1:8,13; 2:1-4)。Outside of Scripture, it is claimed that Simon was a determined missionary who preached principally in Mesopotamia, including Parthia and Babylon.的经文之外,它声称西蒙是一个坚定的传教士鼓吹主要是在美索不达米亚,包括安息和巴比伦。Eusebius in his Church History names Simon as one of the missionaries "beyond the Ocean to the isles called the Britannia Isles."作为一个传教士尤西比乌斯“超越小岛叫大不列颠岛的海洋。”在他的教会的历史名称西蒙This happened after preaching in Egypt and Africa.这发生后,在埃及和非洲的说教。

The traditions of the early church report he met a martyr's death in Persia, where he and others were sawed in half.早期教会报告的传统,他会见了在那里,他和其他人被锯掉一半的波斯,是烈士的死亡。

Simon is represented by a fish - he was a fisher of men - resting on top of a book which indicates the gospel he preached.西蒙为代表的鱼 - 他是渔民的男人 - 这表明他所宣扬的福音的一本书上面休息。Sometimes he is represented by a saw because one tradition says he was cut in two during a time of persecution.有时,他是代表看到,因为一个传统说,他是在两个削减期间受迫害的时间。

James F. Korthals詹姆斯F Korthals



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