Amana Church Society阿马纳教会协会

General Information一般资料

The Amana Society is a religious group in east central Iowa, that is conservative in theology, pacifistic, and has a strong communal tradition. Its origins are to be found in German pietism of the early 1700s.该阿马纳社会是一个宗教组织在美国爱荷华州中部以东,即神学保守的,和平的,具有很强的社区的传统。它的起源要早1700年在德国发现的虔诚主义的影响。 Some 800 members of the group migrated to the United States in 1842, settling first in Ebenezer, NY, but moving later to Iowa.该小组的成员大约800名移民到美国于1842年,首先在埃比尼泽定居纽约,但后来移动爱荷华州。Initially the members held all property in common, but in 1932 they discarded many communal practices and formed a business corporation to take over the group's farmland and other productive properties.最初的成员​​举行了共同所有的财产,但在1932年,他们丢弃的许多社区的做法,并形成了商业公司,接管组的耕地和其他生产性能。 The Amana Society continues as a religious organization, with about 900 members; the business corporation engages in farming and manufactures kitchen appliances.该阿马纳协继续作为一个宗教组织,大约有900名成员;商业机构从事农业和制成品的厨房用具。

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Bibliography 参考书目
J Liffring - Zug, The Amana Colonies (1988).Ĵ Liffring - 楚格的阿马纳殖民地(1988年)。

The Amana Church Society教会协会的阿马纳

General Information一般资料

The Amana Church Society is a religious community in the United States.阿马纳教会的社会是一个美国的宗教社区。It began as an outgrowth of the religious reform movement Pietism begun in Germany in 1714 by Eberhard Ludwig Gruber and Johann Friedrich Rock, who withdrew from the German Lutheran Church in protest against its formalism.它开始作为一个改革运动的宗教虔诚主义开始于1714年在德国的路德维希格鲁伯埃伯哈德和Johann Friedrich岩,谁从德国路德教会撤回其反对形式主义在抗议的产物。When the Pietists were persecuted as a religious minority, leading member Christian Metz and a number of others in search of religious freedom emigrated to the United States and purchased land there in 1842.当作为一个虔诚的宗教少数派的迫害,基督教梅斯和领导成员的在另一些人寻求宗教自由移民到美国,并于1842年购买了那里的土地。 More than 800 more Pietists followed, establishing six villages near Ebenezer, New York, and two in Canada.超过800名虔诚其次,建立六个村庄附近的谢,纽约,以及加拿大两个。They set up communities specializing in agriculture and the weaving of cloth, and among the early internal rules of the group were bans forbidding members to send their children to public school, bear arms, or serve in war.他们成立了社区专业农业和织布,并跻身于集团提早内部规则禁止,禁止成员送子女到公立学校,拿起武器,或服务于战争。No rite of baptism was observed.没有洗礼仪式进行了观察。

In 1854, the growing population of the city of Buffalo, New York, threatened the privacy of the Pietist's Ebenezer settlement, and the colony migrated to Iowa in 1855.在1854年,对纽约州布法罗市,市人口不断增加威胁到了虔信的埃比尼泽解决隐私,并于1855年的殖民地迁移到爱荷华州。 There they settled in seven villages and in 1859 incorporated with the name the Amana Church Society (the term Amana, from Song of Solomon, means "remain true").他们在那里定居,并于1859年七个村庄的名称注册成立的阿马纳教会协会(术语阿马纳,从所罗门之歌,意思是“保持真实”)。 The society reorganized in 1932, when private enterprise was adopted and religious and civil governments were separated.该协会在1932年重组时,通过民营企业和民间的政府和宗教分离。Population growth in Iowa brought about freer communication and marriage with people outside the society, and the Amana community became more assimilated.在爱荷华州的人口增长所带来的自由与外界的沟通和婚姻的社会人士,以及阿马纳社会变得更加同化。The Amana Church Society remains a dominant force in several villages in Iowa, the oldest of which bears the name Amana.阿马纳教会的社会保持在爱荷华州的几个村庄的主导力量,其中最古老的熊的名字阿马纳。


General Information一般资料

Amana is an unincorporated village in Iowa County, east central Iowa, near the Iowa River.阿马纳是在爱荷华州的一个县,东中部艾奥瓦州,爱荷华河附近的非法人的村庄。It is an agricultural trade center with manufacturing industries producing household appliances, furniture, woolen goods, wine, and processed food (especially meat).这是一个与制造业生产家用电器,家具,呢绒,酒,食品加工行业(特别是肉类)农业贸易中心。Amana is the oldest of seven adjacent villages established in 1855 by a communal band practicing Pietism led by Christian Metz.阿马纳是成立于1855年由社区执业虔诚主义乐队由基督教梅斯和七下相邻的村庄最古老的。In search of religious freedom, they had emigrated in 1843 from Germany and settled in Ebenezer, New York (near Buffalo).在寻求宗教自由,他们在1843年移居德国,在埃比尼泽,纽约(靠近布法罗)解决。

The communities, which flourished during the late 19th century, suffered during the depression of the 1930s and were reorganized in 1932, when private enterprise was adopted and religious and civil government were separated.社区,这在19世纪蓬勃发展,在20世纪30年代抑郁症,并在1932年重组时,通过民营企业和民间的政府和宗教分离。 The Amana Church Society remains a dominating force in the community.阿马纳教会的社会仍然是社会的主导力量。Among the many tourist attractions in the Amana villages are the Museum of Amana History, the Amana Heim Museum, and the Amana Society Barn Museum.其中许多村庄中的阿马纳旅游景点,博物馆的阿马纳历史上,阿马纳海姆博物馆,以及阿马纳社会谷仓博物馆。Population 475 (1990).人口475(1990)。


General Information一般资料

Amana, perennial.阿马纳,多年生。(1.) The Hebrew margin of 2 Kings 5:12 gives this as another reading of Abana (qv), a stream near Damascus. (1。)在希伯来文保证金2国王17:12提供的另一个阿巴纳(请参阅),大马士革附近的流读取的。(2.) A mountain (Cant. 4:8), probably the southern summit of Anti-Libanus, at the base of which are the sources of the Abana.(2。)阿山(Cant. 4:8),可能是反Libanus南方首脑会议的基地,这也构成了阿巴纳的来源。

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