Christian Zionism基督教犹太复国主义

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Christians have had an important part in supporting the Jewish people's restoration to "Zion."基督徒有一个支持的犹太人民的重要组成部分恢复“锡安”。Within the millenarian tradition the conviction that the Jews would return to Palestine became an important dogma.在千禧年的传统信念,即犹太人返回巴勒斯坦成为一个重要的教条。As premillennialism gained ground during the nineteenth century, forming the core of the early fundamentalist movement, adherents not only believed that the Jewish people would return, but also vocally supported the right of the Jews to be restored to their former homeland.由于premillennialism在十九世纪获得地面,形成初期的原教旨主义运动的核心,不仅信徒认为,犹太人民将返回,但也畅所欲言支持犹太人的权利,恢复其昔日的家园。

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Even before Theodor Herzl's Der Judenstaat fundamentalist - evangelical William E Blackstone advocated the reestablishment of a Jewish state and circulated a petition urging the United States to return the land of Palestine to the Jewish people.即使在西奥多赫茨尔的明镜Judenstaat原教旨主义 - 福音威廉E黑石主张一个犹太国家的重建,并分发了一份请愿书,要求美国归还巴勒斯坦的土地上的犹太人民。The Blackstone Petition of 1891 was signed by 413 outstanding Christian and Jewish leaders and through the State Department was distributed to the principal nations of the world. 1891年黑石集团签署了413个信访突出基督教和犹太教领袖,并通过国务院已分发给世界主要国家。During World War I, Blackstone urged a new petition on Woodrow Wilson, and in 1918 he was invited to address a Zionist mass meeting in Los Angeles.第一次世界大战期间,黑石在伍德罗威尔逊敦促新的申诉,并于1918年,他应邀在洛杉矶犹太复国主义的一个群众集会。

Other Christians, such as Herzl's close friend William H Hechler, worked diligently to promote political Zionism as the ultimate solution to the Jewish question.如其他基督徒赫茨尔的密友威廉H赫克勒,勤奋工作,以促进为最终解决犹太人问题的政治犹太复国主义。Hechler tried to encourage heads of state (including the Turkish sultan who controlled Palestine) to support Herzl's proposals, and he accompanied Herzl to Palestine in 1898 to meet with the kaiser.赫克勒试图鼓励国家元首(包括土耳其苏丹谁控制巴勒斯坦),以支持赫茨尔的建议,并陪同他在1898年向巴勒斯坦赫茨尔与皇帝见面。 The active support of such Christian Zionists in many countries influenced political action, and even the Balfour Declaration of 1917 was the product of religious as well as political activity.这种基督教犹太复国主义在许多国家的积极支持政治行动的影响,甚至1917年贝尔福宣言是宗教产品,以及政治活动。 Individual Christian Zionists came from a broad spectrum of theological traditions.个人基督教犹太复国主义来自一个广泛的神学传统。 Even liberal Protestantism, which has historically opposed Zionism, contributed clergymen through organizations such as the Christian Council of Palestine during World War II.即使是自由新教,这历来反对犹太复国主义,有助于通过诸如巴勒斯坦基督教协会在第二次世界大战期间组织神职人员。

Nevertheless, because of their premillennial eschatology fundamentalist evangelicals have been particularly supportive of the restoration of the Jewish people to Israel and of Israel itself in the twentieth century.不过,由于他们的premillennial末世福音派原教旨主义一直特别是犹太人民恢复对以色列的支持和以色列本身在二十世纪。 In his periodical Our Hope, Arno C Gaebelein advocated from 1894 to 1945 that the Jewish people would not only return to Palestine, but that they had an inherent right to that land as well.在他的期刊我们的希望,阿诺ç Gaebelein主张1894年至1945年,犹太人民不仅会返回巴勒斯坦,但他们有一个固有权利,土地以及。When Israel became a state in 1948, prophetically minded Christians viewed it as a miracle of God.当以色列在1948年成为一个州,预言志同道合的基督徒视为神的奇迹了。In the 1960s liberal Protestantism called for the "internationalization" of the city of Jerusalem, but the fundamentalist evangelical declared that the Bible gave it to the Jewish people.在20世纪60年代自由主义新教呼吁“国际化”的耶路撒冷城,但原教旨主义福音宣布圣经给了犹太人民。After the 1967 Six Day War the National Council of Churches denounced Israel's annexation of the old city of Jerusalem.1967年后,六日战争的全国教会理事会谴责以色列在耶路撒冷老城的吞并。In contrast, fundamentalist evangelicals rejoiced and insisted that God had seen to it that the Jewish people had come out on top in spite of world oppression and obstacle.与此相反,原教旨主义福音派欢欣鼓舞,并坚持认为上帝看见它,犹太人民在来到世界的压迫和障碍,尽管名列前茅。

On October 30, 1977, Billy Graham enhanced decades of support for Israel by addressing the National Executive Council meeting of the American Jewish committee and calling for the rededication of the United States to the existence and safety of Israel. 10月30日,1977年,葛培理增强解决全国执行委员会的美国犹太人委员会会议,并在美国重新致力于对以色列的生存和安全要求的对以色列的支持十年。 At the Bicentennial Congress of Prophecy in Philadelphia the year before, a proclamation in support of Israel had been signed by eleven prominent fundamentalist evangelicals.在预言的二百周年纪念大会在费城的前一年,在宣布支持以色列签署了十一个突出的原教旨主义福音派。It then quickly received seven thousand additional signatures and was presented to the ambassador of the State of Israel.然后,它很快收到七千额外的签名,并提交给了以色列国的大使。Statements of support have also appeared in full page newspaper advertisements, several in the New York Times.支持报表也出现了整版报纸广告,在纽约时报数。

Such unequivocable Christian Zionism has not gone without attack.这种unequivocable基督教犹太复国主义并没有消失无攻击。It has been criticized even within evangelicalism as an erroneous political philosophy based on a spurious interpretation of the Bible which dictates that modern Palestine is the Jew's own special piece of real estate.它被批评为在一个错误的福音,甚至政治上的圣经解释杂散这就决定了现代巴勒斯坦是犹太人自己的房地产专题片的基础理念。 These critics argue that Christian Zionism totally ignores the rights of the Palestinian Arab people and that the Jews forfeited their title to the Promised Land through unfaithfulness long ago.这些批评者认为,基督教犹太复国主义完全忽略了巴勒斯坦阿拉伯人民的权利和没收的犹太人通过他们的头衔不忠的乐土很久以前。

DA Rausch多巴胺劳施
(Elwell Evangelical Dictionary) (Elwell宣布了福音字典)

Bibliography 参考书目
H Fishman, American Protestantism and a Jewish State; DA Rausch, Zionism Within Early American Fundamentalism.ħ菲什曼,美国新教和一个犹太国家;多巴胺劳施,在美国早期犹太复国主义原教旨主义。


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