Episcopal Church圣公会

General Information一般资料

The Protestant Episcopal church in the United States is a part of the worldwide Anglican Communion.新教在美国圣公会教堂是全球圣公会的一部分。In the late 1980s the church had about 2,500,000 members in some 7,000 parishes and missions, with about 14,000 clergy.在80年代后期,教会已在一些7000教区和使命约250名成员,约14,000神职人员。Divided into 4 provinces that include all the states and territories of the United States, it has 106 dioceses and missionary districts.到4个省,包括所有国家和美国领土分裂,有106个教区和传教区。

The history of the Episcopal church began with the English exploration and colonization of North America.在英国圣公会的历史开始与英国勘探和北美的殖民化。Although the New England colonies were established by Puritans opposed to Anglicanism, large numbers of Anglicans settled in the southern colonies, and the Church of England became the established church in the Carolinas, Maryland, and Virginia.虽然新英格兰殖民地,由反对英国国教,在南部的殖民地定居大批教徒,和英国清教徒建立教会成为了卡罗来纳州,马​​里兰州和弗吉尼亚州建立了教堂。 The American Revolution severed ties between the Church of England and the church in the colonies.美国独立战争切断英国教会和在殖民地教会的关系。Thus in 1789, the Protestant Episcopal church began its separate existence, determined to preserve its Anglican heritage but also committed to such American ideals as the separation of Church and State.因此,在1789年,新教圣公会开始其独立的存在,决定保留其英国圣公会的遗产,而且还致力于为教会和国家分离等美国的理想。

The character of the Episcopal church was influenced during its early years by the struggle between the Low church party, led by William White, the first bishop of Pennsylvania, and a High church party, led by Samuel Seabury, bishop of Connecticut.在英国圣公会的性质是影响期间由低教会党之间的威廉怀特,宾夕法尼亚第一主教,以及高教会党塞缪尔西伯里,康涅狄格主教领导,领导斗争初期。 Seeking to resolve the struggle, the Episcopal church established a polity in which a democratic, lay dominated church structure was set in tension with the aristocratic, episcopally dominated government structure.谋求解决的斗争,英国圣公会建立了一个民主政体中,占主导地位奠定教会的架构是与贵族,episcopally主导的政府结构张力集。 A general convention was established, composed of a house of bishops and a house of clerical and lay deputies, and chartered to meet triennially.一项一般性公约,建立了一个主教房子,房子的文书打下代表组成,每三年包车去满足。Further tension was to exist between this national convention and the local dioceses and missionary districts, which resisted interference by the national body.进一步紧张,是这个国家之间存在着公约和地方教区和传教区,其中抵制的国家机构的干涉。Unity has been maintained by commonly held traditions embodied in a constitution and canon law, the Book of Common Prayer, and the threefold ministry of bishops, priests, and deacons, as well as through a common agreement to coexist.团结一直保持在宪法和教会法,通用祈祷书,和主教,司铎和执事部三倍体现普遍的传统,以及通过一个共同的协议共存。

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The subsequent history of the Episcopal church is largely that of its expansion with the growth of the United States in territory and population, and of revisions of polity, laws, and liturgy.在随后的历史圣公会教堂是在很大程度上是其扩张与在美国领土和人口的增长,以及对政治,法律,礼仪修订。The church's missionary commitments led to the founding of the Domestic and Foreign Missionary Society in 1821.教会的传教承诺导致了国内和外国传教士协会成立于1821年。Its president was the senior and presiding bishop of the house of bishops.其总裁是高级住宅的主教和主教主持。This marked the beginning of a permanent national executive for the church.这标志着一个永久性的教堂国家行政机关的开始。 In 1919 the general convention created the national council, later called the executive council, which absorbed the missionary society and other societies for education and social concerns. 1919年总公约创建全国委员会,后来所谓的行政会议,其中吸收了传教社会和其他教育和社会问题的社会。In 1976 the general convention approved both a revision of the Book of Common Prayer (previously revised in 1892 and 1928) and the admission of women to the ordained ministry. 1976年,一般都批准公约的共同祈祷书(先前在1892年和1928年修订)和妇女部受戒入场,复习一下。These actions provoked widespread contention, causing some church members to leave for other churches or to establish a new church, the Anglican Church of North America.这些行动激起了广泛的争论,导致一些教会成员离开其他教会或设立一个新的教会,北美圣公会。The consecration of Barbara Harris as the first woman bishop in 1989 provoked the formation of the Episcopal Synod of America, a dissenting group supported by several Episcopal bishops.哈里斯的芭芭拉在1989年作为第一位女性主教祝圣激起了美国圣公会主教,一组由几个不同圣公会主教的支持形成。

The Episcopal church has been actively engaged in the Ecumenical Movement, largely through the National Council of Churches and World Council of Churches.英国圣公会一直积极从事合一运动,主要是通过全国教会理事会和世界基督教协进会。It has participated in conversations with other churches, chiefly the Presbyterian, Roman Catholic, and Lutheran churches.它参加了与其他教会,主要是长老会,罗马天主教和路德教会的交谈。

John E Booty约恩E藏宝

Bibliography 参考书目
R Albright, History of the Protestant Episcopal Church (1964); J Booty, The Episcopal Church in Crisis (1988); D Locke, The Episcopal Church (1991); R Pritchard, ed., Readings from the History of the Episcopal Church (1986). 001的新教圣公会(1964年)历史奥尔布赖特; Ĵ战利品,在危机圣公会(1988年); ð洛克,英国圣公会(1991);。ř普里查德,版,阅读从圣公会(历史1986年)。


Protestant Episcopal Church in the United States of America新教圣公会在美国美国

Catholic Information天主教新闻

The history of this religious organization divides itself naturally into two portions: the period of its dependence upon the Church of England and that of its separate existence with a hierarchy of its own.这个宗教组织本身的自然历史划分为两个部分:其对英国教会的依赖期,以及它与它自己的等级独立存在。

I. BEFORE THE AMERICAN REVOLUTION一,前美国革命

The Church of England was planted permanently in Virginia in 1607, at the foundation of the Jamestown Colony.英国教会的永久种植在弗吉尼亚州在1607年,在詹姆斯敦殖民地的基础。There had been sporadic attempts before this date -- in 1585 and 1587, under the auspices of Walter Raleigh in the Carolinas, and in 1607, under the auspices of Chief Justice Popham and Sir Ferdinando Gorges in Maine.在此之前曾有过零星的尝试日期 - 1585年和1587年,在卡罗来纳下的沃尔特罗利主持下,于1607年,根据终审法院首席法官波法姆爵士和费迪南三峡在缅因州的主持下进行。The attempt to found colonies had failed, and with it, of course, the attempt to plant the English ecclesiastical institutions.对发现​​的殖民地的企图失败了,有了它,当然,尝试植物的英文教会机构。

During the colonial period the Church of England achieved a quasi-establishment in Maryland and Virginia, and to a lesser extent in the other colonies, with the exception of New England, where for many years the few Episcopalians were bitterly persecuted and at best barely tolerated.在殖民地时期,英国教会在马里兰州和弗吉尼亚州取得准设立,并在较小程度上与其他殖民地新英格兰,在那里多年的少数圣公会的迫害和痛苦充其量勉强容忍外, 。In the Southern states -- notably in Virginia and Maryland, in the latter of which the Church of England has dispossessed the Catholics not only of their political power, but even of religious liberty -- the Church of England, although well provided for from a worldly point of view, was by no means in a strong state, either spiritually or intellectually.在南方国家 - 特别是在弗吉尼亚州和马里兰州在其中,英国教会已一无所有后者,天主教徒不只是他们的政治权力,但对宗教的自由,甚至 - 英国教会虽然也提供了从为,世俗的观点,决不是一个强大的国家,无论是精神或智力。The appointment to parishes was almost wholly in the hands of vestries who refused to induct ministers and so give them a title to the emoluments of their office, but preferred to pay chaplains whom they could dismiss at their pleasure.到教区任命几乎完全掌握在谁的vestries引导部长拒绝,所以给他们一个标题,其职务的薪酬,但他们宁愿支付牧师解雇他们可以在他们的快乐。 This naturally resulted in filling the ranks of the ministry with very unworthy candidates, and reduced the clergy to a position of contempt in the eyes of the laity.这自然导致了非常卑微的候选人填补该部的行列,并减少在俗人眼中的神职人员地位的蔑视。

As there were no bishops in America, the churches in the colonies were under the jurisdiction of the Bishop of London, who governed them by means of commissaries; but, although among the commissaries were men of such eminence as Dr. Bray in Maryland, and Dr. Blair, the founder of William and Mary College in Virginia, the lay power was so strong and the class of men willing to undertake the work of the ministry so inferior that very little could be done.由于没有在美国的主教,在殖民地教会都是在伦敦的主教,谁受小卖部手段司法管辖权,但是,尽管在这样的小卖部都是男性隆起布雷博士在马里兰和布莱尔博士,威廉和玛丽学院,弗吉尼亚州的创始人,奠定权力是那么强烈,男人愿意承担该部使劣势,很少可以做的工作类别。 Even the efforts of the Society for the Propagation of the Gospel proved of very little effect in the South, though in Pennsylvania, New York, and New Jersey it bore much better fruit.即使是福音传播协会的努力证明了很少在南方的影响,但在宾夕法尼亚州,纽约州和新泽西州这里孕育更好的成果。

But, while the Anglican church was sunk in spiritual and intellectual lethargy in the South, and while it had a rather attenuated existence in the Middle states, an event occurred in New England in 1722 which was of the greatest promise for the future of Anglicanism, and which shook Congregationalism in New England to its very foundations.但是,尽管英国圣公会教堂被击沉在精神和智力昏睡在南方,虽然它已经在中东国家的存在而减弱,事件发生于1722年在新英格兰,为其中的英国国教未来最大的承诺是,和震撼,在新英格兰公理其根本基础。 Timothy Cutler, the rector of Yale College, with six other Congregational ministers, all men of learning and piety, announced to their brethren in the Congregational ministry of Connecticut that they could no longer remain out of visible communion with an Episcopal Church: that some of them doubted of the validity, while others were persuaded of the invalidity, of Presbyterian ordinations.蒂莫西卡特勒,在耶鲁大学校长同其他六个堂会的部长,所有的学习和虔诚的人宣布,在美国康涅狄格堂部的弟兄,叫他们不能再继续用有形的共融的主教教会了:那部分他们怀疑的有效性,而另一些人被说服了长老祝无效。 Three of them were subsequently persuaded to remain in the Congregational ministry, the rest becoming Episcopalians, and three of them, Messrs. Cutler, Johnson, and Brown, were ordained to the ministry of the Anglican Church.其中三人后来说服留在堂部,其余成为圣公会,其中三,卡特勒先生,约翰逊,布朗,被祝圣为圣公会教会的事工。

During the Revolution在革命

During the period of the Revolution the Church of England in America suffered greatly in the estimation of Americans by its strong attachment to the cause of the British Crown.在革命时期的英国教会在美国遭受了极大的美国人估计其强烈的依恋到英国王室的原因。But there were not wanting both clergymen and laymen most eminent in their loyalty to the cause of the colonies and in the patriotic sacrifices which they made to the cause of independence.但也有不想神职人员和普通人都在他们最忠诚的殖民地,他们在向独立事业牺牲的爱国事业突出。Among the clergy two such men were Mr. White, an assistant of Christ Church, Philadelphia, and Mr. Provost, assistant of Trinity Church, New York.其中两个这样的男子神职人员怀特先生,一个基督教会,费城和教务长先生,三一教堂,纽约助理助理。The rectors of these churches being Tories, these gentlemen subsequently succeeded them in the pastorate of their respective parishes.这些教会被保守党的校长,这些嘉宾随后成功地在他们各自的教区的牧师。

II.二。AFTER THE AMERICAN REVOLUTION美国革命后

The Seabury Faction派的西伯里

At the close of the war, Episcopalians, as they were already commonly called, realized that, if they were to play any part in the national life, their church must have a national organization.在战争,圣公会教徒,他们已经接近俗称,意识到,如果他们在国家生活中发挥任何部分,他们的教会必须有一个全国性组织。 the greatest obstacle to this organization was the obtaining of bishops to carry on a national hierarchy.最大的障碍是这个组织取得的主教进行了国家层次。In Connecticut, where those who had gone into the Episcopal Church had not only read themselves into a belief in the necessity of Episcopacy, but had also adopted many other tenets of the Caroline divines, a bishop was considered of absolute necessity, and, accordingly, the clergy of that state elected the Rev. Samuel Seabury and requested him to go abroad and obtain the episcopal character.在康涅狄格州,在那里那些谁已经进入了主教派教会不仅在读入必要的主教信仰本身,而且还通过了其他许多卡罗琳神学教义,主教是绝对必要的考虑,并据此,该州选举产生的神职人员牧师塞缪尔西伯里,并请他到国外去,并取得主教字符。

It was found impossible to obtain the episcopate in England, owing to the fact that the bishops there could not by law consecrate any man who would not take the oath of allegiance, and, although during the War of the Revolution, Seabury had been widely known for his Tory sympathies, it would have been impossible for him to return to America if he had received consecration as a British subject.结果发现无法取得英国的主教,因为主教的事实,在法律上不可能有任何人奉献谁也不会采取宣誓效忠,而且,虽然在革命战争中,已广为人知西伯里他的保守党的同情,这本来是不可能让他回到美国,如果他还收到英国臣民奉献。 Upon the refusal of the English bishops to confer the episcopate, he proceeded to Scotland, where, after prolonged negotiations, the Nonjuring bishops consented to confer the episcopal character upon him.后,英国主教拒绝授予主教,他前往苏格兰,在那里,经过长时间的谈判,Nonjuring主教同意授予他的主教字符。

These bishops were the remnant of the Episcopal Church which the Stuarts had so ardently desired to set up in Scotland and which had lost the protection of the State, together with all its endowments, by its fidelity to James II.这些主教是英国圣公会的斯图亚特王朝所热切期望有这么设置在苏格兰,并已失去了国家的保护,连同其所有的禀赋富达,以詹姆斯二世的残余。 Their religious principles were looked upon by Scottish Presbyterians as scarcely less obnoxious than those of Catholics and politically they were considered quite as dangerous.看着他们的宗教原则,由苏格兰长老会在几乎不为厌恶那些比天主教徒和政治上他们被认为是相当危险的。They were indeed exceedingly High Churchmen, and had made such alterations in the liturgy as brought their doctrine of the Holy Eucharist very near to that of the Catholic Church.他们确实是非常高牧师,并作出了在礼仪等修改,带来了他们的圣体圣事非常接近的天主教教会的教义。They had even been known to use chrism in confirmation, and they were strong believers in the sacerdotal character of the Christian ministry and in the necessity of Apostolic succession and episcopal ordination.他们甚至被称在确认圣油,而他们在基督教部sacerdotal性质和主教的使徒继承和协调的必要性强烈的信徒。 Dr. Seabury was consecrated by them in 1784, and, being of very similar theological opinions himself, he signed a concordat immediately after his consecration, where by he agreed to do his utmost to introduce the liturgical and doctrinal peculiarities of the Nonjurors into Connecticut.博士西伯里是consecrated他们在1784年,而且,神学的观点十分相似自己存在,他立即签署后,他的奉献,如经他同意尽最大努力引进到康涅狄格Nonjurors礼仪和教义特点一协约。 Upon his return to his own state he proceeded to organize and govern his diocese very much as a Catholic bishop would do; he excluded the laity from all deliberations and ecclesiastical councils and, as much as he could, from all control of ecclesiastical affairs.当他回到自己的国家,他着手组织和管理作为一所天主教教区主教将尽十分,他排除了所有议会审议和教会教友,并能和他一样多,从所有的教会事务。

The White and Provost Factions白色和教务长派系

But if sacerdotalism was triumphant in Connecticut, a very different view was taken in New York, Pennsylvania, and Virginia.但是,如果sacerdotalism在康涅狄格,胜利的一个非常不同的看法是在纽约,宾夕法尼亚州和弗吉尼亚州。 Dr. White, now rector of Christ Church, and a doctor of divinity, believed that if the Episcopal Church was ever to live and grow in America it must assent to, and adopt as far as possible, the principle of representative government.怀特医生,现在校长的基督教堂,和最好的医生,相信如果教会主教曾经在美国生活和成长,必须要同意,并采取尽可能,代议政制的原则。 He would have been willing to go on without the episcopate until such time as it could have been obtained from England, and in the meantime to ordain candidates to the ministry by means of Presbyterian ordination, with the proviso, however, that upon the obtaining of a bishop these gentlemen were to be conditionally re-ordained.他会一直没有愿意去的主教之前,就因为它可能已获得来自英国,并在此期间向阿拉维通过长老会向卫生部协调means候选人,但规定,但是,经征得主教这些先生们是有条件重新受戒。 This last suggestion, however, found little favour among Episcopalians, and at last, after considerable difficulty, an Act was passed in Parliament whereby the English bishops were empowered to confer the episcopate upon men who were not subject to the British Crown.这最后的建议,不过,发现其中圣公会小忙,最后,经过相当大的困难,这一行动是在议会通过,据此,英国主教有权授予后男人谁没有受到英国王室的主教。 Accordingly, Dr. White, being elected Bishop of Pennsylvania, and Dr. Provost, Bishop of New York, proceeded to England and received consecration at the hands of the then Archbishop of Canterbury, Dr. Moore, on Septuagesima Sunday, 1787;因此,怀特医生,宾夕法尼亚主教当选博士和教务长,纽约主教,前往英国,并接待的坎特伯雷,摩尔博士,在Septuages​​ima星期日,1787年则大主教手中奉献;

Tenuous Union of the Various Factions脆弱的联盟的各派

Upon their return to America, although there were now three bishops in the United States there were so many differences between the Connecticut churchmen and those of the Middle and Southern states, especially with regard to the presence of laymen in ecclesiastical councils, that it was not until 1789 that a union was effected.当他们返回美国,尽​​管现在有三个美国主教有这么多的差异康涅狄格教士和中东和南部各州,特别是那些关于在教会议会外行的存在,这是不直到1789年,一个工会是影响。 Even after that date, when Dr. Madison was elected by Virginia to be its bishop, he proceeded to England for his consecration because Bishop Provost, of New York, refused to act in conjunction with the Bishop of Connecticut.即使在该日期之后,在麦迪逊博士被当选为弗吉尼亚州的主教,他开始为他奉献给英国主教教务长,因为纽约,拒绝采取行动在与康涅狄格主教一起。 The union, however, was finally cemented in 1792, when Dr. Claggert being elected Bishop of Maryland, and there being three bishops in the country of the Anglican line exclusive of Dr. Seabury, the Bishop of New York withdrew his objections as far as to allow Dr. Seabury to make a fourth.工会,然而,终于在1792年,当博士Claggert主教当选马里兰州,有被在英国圣公会线惟一的一家乡村医生西伯里三名主教胶结,纽约主教撤回了自己的反对意见,据让博士西伯里使四分之一。 If Dr. Seabury had not been invited to take part in the consecration of Dr. Claggert, a schism between Connecticut an the rest of the country would have been the immediate result.如果博士西伯里没有被邀请参加博士Claggert,康涅狄格州之间的分裂国家的其余的将得到的直接的结果奉献的一部分。

III.三。THE THREE PARTIES OF EPISCOPALIANS作者:圣公会三方

Almost from the very beginning of its independent life, the tendencies which have shown themselves in the three parties in the Episcopal Church of the present day were not only evident, but were even embodied in the members of the Episcopate.几乎从一开始其独立生活的倾向,这表明在目前的一天圣公会三党本身不仅是显而易见的,但即使在主教团的成员体现。

Bishop Provost, of New York, represented the rationalistic temper of the eighteenth century, which has eventuated in what is called the Broad Church Party.纽约主教教务长,代表了十八世纪,它在所谓的广大教会党eventuated理性的脾气。

Bishop White represented the Evangelical Party, with its belief in the desirability rather than the necessity of Apostolic succession and its desire to fraternize as nearly as possible with the other progeny of the Reformation.白主教代表其信仰中的可取性,而不是使徒继承必要性和友好往来的愿望与其他的改革后代尽可能接近党的福音。 Bishop Seabury, on the other hand, represented the traditional High Church position, intellectual rather than emotional, and laying more stress upon the outward ecclesiastical organization of the Church than upon emotional religion.主教西伯里,另一方面,代表了传统的高教会的立场,而不是感性知识,并奠定更应向外教会组织,教会的宗教比后,情绪压力。

High Church Party高教会党

This school has played a very important part in the history of the Protestant Episcopal Church in the United States; and, while it was undoubtedly influenced to a large extent by the Oxford Movement, it was existent and energetic long before 1833.这所学校起到了的新教圣公会在美国历史上一个非常重要的一部分,而这无疑影响到了牛津运动在很大程度上,这是存在的,充满活力的前1833长。 Indeed, in the twenties Bishop Hobart was already presenting that type of evangelical piety, united with high sacramental ideas, which has been the principal characteristic of the party ever since.事实上,在二十几岁就已经提出主教霍巴特是虔诚的福音派型,高圣事的思想统一,这一直以来,在​​党的主要特征。

The Oxford Movement, however, was not without its influence, and as early as 1843 the disputes between the extreme High Churchmen and the rest of the Episcopal Church had reached a condition of such acerbity that when the Rev. Arthur Cary, in his examination for orders, avowed the principles of "Tract 90" -- and in spite of that fact was not refused ordination -- the controversy broke out into an open war.牛津运动,然而,是不是没有它的影响力,如1843年年初之间的极端高牧师和教会的主教其余的纠纷已经达到了这样的条件下,当酸牧师阿瑟卡里,在他的考试订单,公开宣称的“道90”的原则 - 在该事实是,尽管没有拒绝统筹 - 争议爆发成公开的战争。The Bishop of Philadelphia, Dr. Onderdonk, was suspended from his office on a charge of drunkenness, the real reason being his sympathy with High Churchmen; and his dispossession was so unjust that it was declared by the famous legal authority, Horace Binney, to be absolutely illegal.在费城主教博士德多克,是从他的办公室的醉酒暂停收费,真正的原因是他与高牧师的同情和他的占有权是如此不公正的,它是由著名的法律权威,贺拉斯宾尼,已申报是绝对非法的。 He was not, however, restored to the exercise of his functions for more than ten years.他不是,然而,恢复了十多年的行使其职能。His brother bishop of New York fared even worse.他对纽约的弟弟主教表现更差。Charges of immorality were preferred against him, and he was suspended from his office for the rest of his life, despite the fact that the vast majority of his fellow-citizens, whether they belonged to his communion or not, firmly believed in his innocence.不道德的指控是对他的首选,他暂停了他对他的余生办公室尽管他的同胞们,绝大多数公民,无论他们属于他的共融与否,坚定地相信自己是无辜的事实。 An attempt, however, to suspend a third bishop of High Church views, the father of the late Monsignor Doane, failed after he had been presented four times.尝试,然而,暂停了第三次高教会的主教,已故主教多恩的父亲,失败后,他已提交了四次。Bishop Doane, not only by his unrivalled diplomatic skill, but by the goodness and probity of his life, made an ecclesiastical trial impossible.多恩主教,而不是只用他无与​​伦比的外交技巧,而是由他的善良和正直的生活,作出了教会的审判是不可能的。

In 1852 the Bishop of North Carolina, Dr. Ives, resigned his position in the Episcopal Church and submitted to the Apostolic See, and he was followed into the Catholic Church by a considerable number, both of clergymen and laymen. 1852年北卡罗莱纳州,博士艾夫斯,主教辞职,他在英国圣公会的立场,并提交给使徒看,他进了​​天主教之后相当数量,均牧师和外行。His secession drew out of the Episcopal Church all those of distinctly Roman sympathies, but the High Church Party lived on, grown, and in some degrees prospering, in spite of hostile legislation, while in course of time a pro-Roman party sprang up again.他的分裂国家拿出英国圣公会的所有罗马同情那些明显,但高教会党在,成长生活,并在一定程度上的繁荣,尽管敌对的立法,同时随着时间的推移亲罗马党再次兴起。 After the passing of the open-pulpit canon in the General Convention of 1907, some twenty clergymen and a large number of the laity submitted to the Catholic Church.后在1907年的总公约,大约二十神职人员和提交给天主教教会的俗人大量开放讲坛佳能传递。

Evangelical Party福音派党

On the other hand, the extreme Evangelical Party, disturbed by the growth of ritualism, and unable to drive out High Churchmen in any large numbers, themselves seceded from the Protestant Episcopal Church in 1873, and formed what is known as the Reformed Episcopal Church.另一方面,极端基督教党,由仪式主义的增长,并不能干扰赶在任何大批高牧师,从自身分离出去的新教圣公会在1873年,并形成了所谓的改革圣公会而闻名。 Unlike many of the Protestant bodies, the Episcopal Church was not permanently disrupted by the Civil War, for with the collapse of the Confederacy the separate organization of the Protestant Episcopal Church in the Confederate States ceased.不像许多新教团体,英国圣公会没有永久打乱了内战,以便与南方邦联的新教圣公会单独组织在联盟国停止崩溃。

Broad Church Party广大教会党

The Broad Church party, however, have remained in the Protestant Episcopal Church, and of late years have seriously affected its attitude towards such subjects as higher criticism and the necessity of episcopal ordination.广大教会党,然而,依然在新教圣公会教堂,以及最近几年已经严重影响了其对作为更高的批评和祝圣主教的必要性等科目的态度。 The most outspoken advocates of this school, who in their conclusions differed little or not at all from the extreme modernists, have not been able seriously to alter the teaching of the Episcopal Church upon such fundamental truths as the Trinity and Incarnation; and in a few cases the High Church Party and the Evangelical, by combining, have been strong enough to exclude them from the Episcopal Church.这所学校最直言不讳主张,谁在他们的结论来自于不同的极端现代主义者都很少或没有,未能认真修改后,作为三一和化身等基本真理的英国圣公会的教学,并在数案件高教会党和基督教的结合,已经强大到足以排除在圣公会他们。 The party, however, is gaining strength; its clergymen are men of intellect and vigour, and the laity who support the party are in the main people of large means.党,然而,正在发展壮大,它的神职人员是智慧和活力的男人,谁支持的俗人在大是指党的主人们。To it the future of Anglicanism belongs more than to any other school of thought within the Anglican body.给它的未来是属于英国国教的思想比任何身体内的其他学校圣公会更多。

IV.四。STATISTICS统计

In 1907, the Protestant Episcopal Church of the United States of America possessed a hierarch of 5413 clergy, 438 candidates for orders, and 946,252 communicants. 1907年,新教圣公会教堂的美利坚合众国拥有的5413神职人员,候选人438订单,946252圣餐教主。These communicants should be multiplied at least three times in order to give an idea of the adherents of the Protestant Episcopal Church.这些圣餐应乘以至少三次,以作出的新教圣公会的信徒的想法。It possessed nine colleges and universities and fifteen theological seminaries.它拥有九高校和十五神学院。

Publication information Written by Sigourney W. Fay.出版信息撰稿西格妮瓦特费伊。Transcribed by Bryan R. Johnson.转录由布莱恩河约翰逊。The Catholic Encyclopedia, Volume XII.天主教百科全书,卷十二。Published 1911.1911年出版。 New York: Robert Appleton Company.纽约:罗伯特Appleton还公司。Nihil Obstat, June 1, 1911. Nihil Obstat,1911年6月1日。Remy Lafort, STD, Censor.人头马lafort,性病,检查员。Imprimatur.认可。+John Cardinal Farley, Archbishop of New York+约翰法利枢机主教,大主教纽约

Bibliography参考书目

TIFFANY, Hist.蒂芬妮,历史。of the Prot.在普罗特。Episc.Episc。Church in the US of America, in American Church History Series, VII (New York, 1907); McCONNEL, Hist.教会在美国的美国,在美国教会的历史系列,第七章(纽约,1907年);麦克科内尔,组织胺。of the Am.的AM。Ep.集。Church from the Planting of the Colonies to the End of the Civil War (New York, 1890); WHITE, Memoirs of the Prot.教会从殖民地种植到南北战争(纽约,1890年)末,白,对普罗特回忆录。Ep.集。Church in the US (New York, 1880); COLEMAN.教会在美国(纽约,1880年);科尔曼。The Church in America (New York, 1895).该教会在美国(纽约,1895年)。


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