Imminence紧迫

General Information一般资料

After he came into contact with a group headed by Henry Drummond which was devoted to eschatological speculations, Edward Irving began to preach the imminence of the Second Coming of Christ. His writings on Christ, in which he deemed the human nature of Christ as sinful, led to his excommunication (1830) and his expulsion from the ministry (1833).之后,他接触了与亨利德拉蒙德成由一组专门负责这是末世论的揣测, 爱德华欧文开始宣讲基督紧迫的即将到来的第二次。他的著 ​​作对基督,其中他认为有罪的人作为基督的性质,导致了他的绝罚(1830)和他的部(1833年)驱逐出境。

In 1832 he joined with others in forming the Catholic Apostolic church. 1832年他加入了与他人形成天主教使徒教会。The members, known for a while as Irvingites, believed that the Second Coming was near and tried to restore the biblical organization of the church in preparation for Christ's return.的成员,作为Irvingites而闻名,相信第二次来接近并试图恢复教会在圣经的组织准备为基督的回报。The movement was somewhat influential in Britain until 1900; it then spread to Europe and the United States.这个运动有点影响力,直到1900年在英国,它然后蔓延到欧洲和美国。Membership in the church is about 50,000 at the present time, with over half of the members in Germany.教会成员大约是在目前50000,在德国有超过半数成员。

In 1870, at the age of 18, Charles Taze Russell, first president of the Watch Tower Bible and Tract Society of Pennsylvania (Jehovah's Witnesses) began a systematic study of the Bible with a small group of associates. Becoming convinced of the imminence of Christ's millennial reign, he began to preach and spread his teachings, and in 1879 he founded the Watch Tower journal. 1870年,在18岁以下的,查尔斯Taze罗素,证人)第一任总统的守望台圣经公会和呼吸道宾夕法尼亚(耶和华的开始与同事一小群有系统的研究圣经的。 的基督成为信服的紧迫性千年统治,他开始公开传教和传播他的教义,并于1879年,他创办了观赏塔杂志。Notable among Russell's writings is a 6 volume collection, Millennial Dawn (1886 - 1904).在罗素的著作值得注意的是6卷集,千年曙光(1886 - 1904)。

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Bibliography 参考书目
PE Shaw, The Catholic Apostolic Church (1946).体育逸夫,天主教使徒教会(1946)。


Imminence紧迫

Advanced Information先进的信息

Imminence is the doctrine that Christ can return at any moment and that no predicted event must intervene before that return. This view is held primarily by those who believe the church will be raptured before the seven year tribulation (also known as the seventieth week of Daniel). 紧迫性是理论,基督能返回任何时刻,任何预测的事件必须介入之前返回。丹尼尔持有这种观点主要是由那些谁相信教会会年会raptured前七磨难(也称为第七周的作为)。 It is the view typically held by dispensational premillennialism.它通常是由时代论premillennialism所持的观点。

Traditionally, most pretribulation rapturists have considered the imminence of Christ's return to be one of the strongest evidences that the rapture will occur before, rather than after, the tribulation.传统上,大多数pretribulation rapturists考虑过基督的回归是最强烈的证据显示,被提将发生之前而不是之后,磨难的紧迫性。The argument runs like this: The NT presents Christ's return as a comforting hope (John 14; 1 Thess. 4:17 - 18; Titus 2:13; James 5:7 - 8).这个论点是这样的:新台币呈现基督的回报,因为一安慰的希望(约翰14;一帖4:17 - 18;提多书2:13;詹姆斯5:7 - 8。)。Believers wait for Christ (1 Thess. 1:10) and are exhorted to watch and be sober (5:6); consequently, it is a purifying hope (1 John 3:1 - 3; cf. Rom. 13:11 - 12; 1 Pet. 4:7).信徒等候基督(1帖前1:10。),并告诫要儆醒谨守(5:6),因此,它是一个纯洁的希望(约翰一书3:1 - 3。。比照罗13:11 - 12;彼前4:7)。。If the hope is a blessed and comforting hope, no events of predicted trial and tribulation are expected to occur before Christ returns for the church.如果希望是祝福和安慰的希望,审判和磨难的预测没有任何事件发生之前预计为教会基督的回报。Otherwise, believers would dread the approach of Christ's return because of the preceding events to be endured.否则,信众会害怕基督的回报,因为前面的事件的方法,以忍受。

If Christ's return is the basis for exhortation to godly living, that return must be expected at any moment; events thought to be some distance away because of predicted intervening events do not serve well to promote purity and readiness.如果基督的回报是嘱咐,以圣洁的生活,返回必须在任何时刻预期的基础;事件被认为是一段距离,因为预测的事件不进行干预,以促进更好地服务纯度和准备。 Finally, believers are exhorted to live in watchfulness and expectation of Christ's return, not of intervening events.最后,信徒们都告诫生活在警惕和基督的回报预期不干预事件。According to pretribulationists, all these considerations imply that the event believers await is imminent, and a rapture that comes after a seven year tribulation cannot be imminent.据pretribulationists,所有这些因素意味着该事件信徒等待即将到来,一个狂喜,经过七年磨难来不能迫在眉睫。 Therefore the rapture must be pretribulational.因此,必须pretribulational狂喜。

Posttribulation rapturists reply by insisting that the passages in question only imply the believer's attitude of expectancy, but do not imply imminence. Posttribulation rapturists答复,坚持认为只有在有关段落暗示信徒的期待的态度,但并不意味着紧迫性。They also argue that the NT clearly implies certain necessary intervening events in the early church before Christ's return, such as time to carry out the Great Commission (Matt. 28:18 - 20; Acts 1:8) or the assurance to Peter he would reach old age (John 21:18 - 19; 2 Pet. 1:14).他们还认为,新台币显然意味着某些必要的干预活动,在早期教会基督之前的回报,如时间,进行大使命(28:18 - 20,徒1:8)或对彼得的保证,他将到老年(约翰21:18 - 19; 2宠物1:14。)。Thus, for the NT church the exhortations to watch could not have implied imminence.因此,新台币教会嘱托,看能不能暗示紧迫性。Why, then, should they now?那么,为什么他们现在应该?

The doctrine of imminence has been most characteristic of pretribulation rapturists.该学说的紧迫性已被大多数pretribulation rapturists特点。However, some who hold to a midseventieth week rapture accept at least a limited imminence by maintaining that the beginning of the seventieth week cannot be known.然而,一些谁坚持每周一midseventieth狂喜接受至少维持的是,第七周开始不能被称为有限的紧迫性。Also, those who either understand the tribulation or seventieth week to be already fulfilled or who spiritualize it can hold to the imminence of Christ's return.此外,无论是谁了解那些磨难或第七周是已经完成或谁spiritualize它可以容纳到基督的回报紧迫性。A few posttribulational premillennialists accept the imminence of Christ's return on this basis.一些posttribulational premillennialists接受基督的在此基础上返回紧迫性。Amillennialists are hesitant dogmatically to espouse a strict imminence doctrine, but they do not subscribe to a seven year period necessarily occurring before Christ's return. Amillennialists犹豫不决教条拥护严格的紧迫性学说,但他们不同意7年期间一定公元前回归发生。Though amillennialists are uncomfortable describing Christ's coming as strictly imminent, they do think it may be described as impending and as something the believer should always be ready and watchful for.虽然amillennialists不舒服形容严格即将基督的来临,他们认为这可能是为即将发生的事情,作为信徒应该随时准备和警惕的描述。

SN Gundry南北冈德里
(Elwell Evangelical Dictionary) (Elwell宣布了福音字典)

Bibliography 参考书目
RH Gundry, The Church and the Tribulation; GE Ladd, The Blessed Hope; JF Walvoord, The Blessed Hope and the Tribulation and The Rapture Question.相对湿度冈德里,教会和患难葛雷德,盼望的福,怡富Walvoord,有福了希望和磨难和被提问题。


Also, see:此外,见:
Adventism adventism
Millenarianism millenarianism

London (Westminster) Confession伦敦(西敏寺)不打自招
Augsburg Confession奥格斯堡自白
Thirty-Nine Articles39条

Second Coming of Christ耶稣第二次来
Eschatology 末世
Dispensation, Dispensationalism配药, dispensationalism
Last Judgement最后审判
Rapture, Tribulation破裂,磨难
Tribulation, Great Tribulation磨难,伟大的磨难

Also, an entirely different concept is:同时,一个完全不同的概念是:
Divine Immanence神圣的内在


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