Supralapsarianism Supralapsarianism

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Supralapsarianism is the doctrine that God decreed both election and reprobation before the fall. Supralapsarianism是秋教义,上帝和reprobation颁布前两个选举。Supralapsarianism differs from infralapsarianism on the relation of God's decree to human sin. The differences go back to the conflict between Augustine and Pelagius. Supralapsarianism不同于罪infralapsarianism上的关系对人类的上帝的法令。差异回到奥古斯丁和伯拉纠之间的冲突。 Before the Reformation, the main difference was whether Adam's fall was included in God's eternal decree; supralapsarians held that it was, but infralapsarians acknowledged only God's foreknowledge of sin.改革前,主要的区别是,是否亚当的下降是在上帝的永恒的法令包括在内; supralapsarians认为它是,但infralapsarians承认只有上帝的先见之明的罪过。Luther, Zwingli, and Calvin were agreed that Adam's fall was somehow included in God's decree; it came to be referred to as a "permissive decree," and all insisted that God was in no way the author of sin.路德,茨温利和加尔文被认为亚当的下跌,一定是在上帝的法令,包括它后来被称为的“宽容法令”,所有坚持认为,上帝决不是罪过。 As a result of the Reformers' agreement, after the Reformation the distinction between infra - and supralapsarianism shifted to differences on the logical order of God's decrees.作为协议的结果的维新派, 宗教改革后的红外区别- supralapsarianism转移和法令差异对上帝的逻辑顺序。

Theodore Beza, Calvin's successor at Geneva, was the first to develop supralapsarianism in this new sense.西奥多Beza,卡尔文的日内瓦的继任者,是最早开发这种新的理念supralapsarianism。By the time of the Synod of Dort in 1618 - 19, a heated intraconfessional controversy developed between infra - and supralapsarians; both positions were represented at the synod.到了1618年主教的dort时间 - 19,争论激烈intraconfessional之间发展基础设施 - 和supralapsarians;两个职位是在主教代表。Francis Gomarus, the chief opponent of James Arminius, was a supralapsarian.弗朗西斯戈马鲁斯,詹姆斯亚米纽斯的主要对手,是一个supralapsarian。

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The question of the logical, not the temporal, order of the eternal decrees reflected differences on God's ultimate goal in predestination and on the specific objects of predestination. Supralapsarians considered God's ultimate goal to be his own glory in election and reprobation, while infralapsarians considered predestination subordinate to other goals. The object of predestination, according to supralapsarians, was uncreated and unfallen humanity, while infralapsarians viewed the object as created and fallen humanity.该法令问题的逻辑,而不是时间的永恒秩序中的体现目标差异对上帝的终极宿命和对象上的宿命具体。Supralapsarians视为神的终极目标,是他和reprobation自己的荣耀在选举,而infralapsarians认为宿命从属于其他目标。对象的宿命,根据supralapsarians,被毁灭和unfallen人性,而infralapsarians对象视为人类创造了大跟头。

The term "supralapsarianism" comes from the Latin words supra and lapsus; the decree of predestination was considered to be "above" (supra) or logically "before" the decree concerning the fall (lapsus), while the infralapsarians viewed it as "below" (infra) or logically "after" the decree concerning the fall.术语“supralapsarianism”来自拉丁词前和失策;法令的宿命被认为是“以上”(同上)或逻辑“前”的有关秋天(过失)法令,而infralapsarians被视为“下方“(基础设施)或逻辑”之后加入“有关的法令下降。 The contrast of the two views is evident from the following summaries.这两个相反的意见是显而易见的,从下面的摘要。

The logical order of the decrees in the supralapsarian scheme is: 逻辑顺序的supralapsarian计划中的法令是:

The logical order of the decrees according to infralapsarians is: 到infralapsarians按照逻辑顺序的法令是:

Infralapsarians were in the majority at the Synod of Dort. Infralapsarians人在主教的dort多数。The Arminians tried to depict all the Calvinists as representatives of the "repulsive" supralapsarian doctrine.阿敏念派试图描绘出的所有作为“丑恶”supralapsarian加尔文主义的代表。Four attempts were made at Dort to condemn the supralapsarian view, but the efforts were unsuccessful.四次尝试在多特进行了谴责supralapsarian的看法,但所作的努力均告失败。Although the Canons of Dort do not deal with the order of the divine decrees, they are infralapsarian in the sense that the elect are "chosen from the whole human race, which had fallen through their own fault from their primitive state of rectitude into sin and destruction" (I,7; cf.I,1).虽然大炮的dort不涉及法令的神圣秩序,他们是在这个意义上说,选举是infralapsarian“从整个人类的比赛,这已经下降到通过自己的过失罪从他们的正直的原始状态和选择毁灭“(一,7; cf.I,1)。The reprobate "are passed by in the eternal decree" and God "decreed to leave (them) in the common misery into which they have willfully plunged themselves" and "to condemn and punish them forever...for all their sins" (I,15).在堕落的“是通过在永恒的法令”和神“下令留在共同的苦难(他们)到他们自己陷入了故意”和“谴责和惩罚他们永远对他们所有的罪孽...”(我,15)。

Defenders of supralapsarianism continued after Dort.捍卫者的supralapsarianism后继续多特。 The chairman of the Westminister Assembly, William Twisse, was a supralapsarian but the Westminister standards do not favor either position.该西敏寺议会主席威廉Twisse,是一个supralapsarian但西敏寺标准不偏向哪个位置。Although supralapsarianism never received confessional endorsement within the Reformed churches, it has been tolerated within the confessional boundaries.虽然supralapsarianism从未收到教派内的归正教会的认可,它已被容忍在教派界限。In 1905 the Reformed churches of the Netherlands and the Christian Reformed Church in 1908 adopted the Conclusions of Utrecht, which stated that "our Confessional Standards admittedly follow the infralapsarian presentation in respect to the doctrine of election, but that it is evident...that this in no wise intended to exclude or condemn the supralapsarian presentation." 1905年,荷兰归正教会和基督教归正教会于1908年通过了乌得勒支,其中的结论说:“无可否认,我们的自白标准按照有关选举学说infralapsarian表现,但显而易见的是...那这在任何明智旨在排除或谴责supralapsarian介绍。“ Recent defenders of the supralapsarian position have been Gerhardus Vos, Herman Hoeksema, and GH Kersten.最近的supralapsarian立场捍卫者Gerhardus沃斯,赫尔曼Hoeksema,和生长激素克斯滕。

FH Klooster跳频克洛斯特
(Elwell Evangelical Dictionary) (Elwell宣布了福音字典)

Bibliography 参考书目
L Berkhof, Systematic Theology; H Heppe, Reformed Dogmatics; H Hoeksema, Reformed Dogmatics; GH Kersten, Reformed Dogmatics; BB Warfield, "Predestination in the Reformed Confessions," in Studies in Theology.L伯克霍夫的,有系统的神学; ħ黑珀,归正教义,高h Hoeksema,归正教义;生长激素克斯滕,归正教义;沃菲尔德,“在改革的供述宿命,”在神学研究。


Also, see:此外,见:
Infralapsarianism infralapsarianism

Canons of Dort大炮的dort
Westminster Confession西敏寺自白

Sanctification 成圣
Justification 理由
Conversion 转换
Confession 自白
Salvation 救赎

Various Attitudes不同态度
Arminianism arminianism
Amyraldianism amyraldianism


This subject presentation in the original English language这在原来的主题演讲, 英语



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