Abu Bakr阿布巴克爾

General Information 一般資料

Abu Bakr, bc573, d.阿布巴克爾, bc573 ,四 Aug. 23, 634, father-in-law of the Prophet Muhammad, was first caliph ("successor") after the Prophet's death in 632. 8月23日, 634 ,岳父的先知穆罕默德,是第一次哈里發( "接班人" )後,先知的死亡632 。 An early convert and loyal follower of Muhammad, Abu Bakr led the Muslim community from 632 to 634, but his caliphate was contested by Ali, the Prophet's son-in-law.儘早轉換和忠實追隨者穆罕默德,阿布巴克爾為首的穆斯林社區,由632至634名,但他的哈里發是有爭議的,由阿里,先知的女婿。 He also faced opposition from unruly tribes and led successful military campaigns across the Arabian peninsula into Syria and Palestine.他還面臨來自反對黨的不法部落,並導致成功的軍事戰役橫跨阿拉伯半島到敘利亞和巴勒斯坦。

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Bibliography: 參考書目:
Crone, P., and Hinds, M., God's Caliph (1986); Shaban, MA, Islamic History, AD 600-750 (1971). crone頁,並因茲,米,上帝的哈里發( 1986年) ; shaban ,馬,伊斯蘭歷史,公元600-750 ( 1971 ) 。


Abu Bakr阿布巴克爾

General Information 一般資料

Abu Bakr (573-634), was the first Muslim caliph (632-634), and father of Aisha, the wife of the Prophet Muhammad.阿布巴克爾( 573-634 ) ,是第一個穆斯林哈里發( 632-634 ) ,以及父親的Aisha ,妻子的先知穆罕默德。 He was born in Mecca and became Muhammad's most trusted follower, accompanying him on the Hegira.他出生在麥加,成為穆罕默德的最值得信賴的跟隨者,隨行就hegira 。 After Muhammad died, Abu Bakr was made caliph, or successor to the Prophet, by an assembly of the faithful.之後,穆罕默德死了,阿布巴克爾了哈里發,或繼任人向先知,由一個集會的信徒。 As caliph, Abu Bakr prevented some tribes from reverting to heathenism and fought successfully against Persia and the Byzantine Empire.由於哈里發,阿布巴克爾阻止一些部落不走回頭路heathenism ,頑強拼搏,成功地對波斯和拜占庭帝國。 He was succeeded by Umar I.他的繼任烏馬爾一。


Also, see:此外,見:
Islam, Muhammad 伊斯蘭教,穆罕默德
Koran, Qur'an 可蘭經,可蘭經
Pillars of Faith 支柱的信仰
Abraham 亞伯拉罕
Testament of Abraham 全書亞伯拉罕
Allah 安拉
Hadiths hadiths
Revelation - Hadiths from Book 1 of al-Bukhari 啟示-h adiths從第一冊的基地布哈里
Belief - Hadiths from Book 2 of al-Bukhari 信仰-h adiths從第二冊的基地布哈里
Knowledge - Hadiths from Book 3 of al-Bukhari 知識-h adiths從第三冊的基地布哈里
Times of the Prayers - Hadiths from Book 10 of al-Bukhari 時代的祈禱-h adiths從書展1 0個基地布哈里
Shortening the Prayers (At-Taqseer) - Hadiths from Book 20 of al-Bukhari 縮短祈禱(在taqseer ) -h adiths從書展2 0鋁布哈里
Pilgrimmage (Hajj) - Hadiths from Book 26 of al-Bukhari 朝聖(朝覲) -h adiths從書展2 6鋁布哈里
Fighting for the Cause of Allah (Jihad) - Hadiths of Book 52 of al-Bukhari 爭取事業的阿拉(傑哈德) -h adiths圖書5 2鋁布哈里
ONENESS, UNIQUENESS OF ALLAH (TAWHEED) - Hadiths of Book 93 of al-Bukhari 同一性,獨特的阿拉tawheed ) -h adiths圖書9 3鋁布哈里
Hanafiyyah School Theology (Sunni) hanafiyyah學校神學(遜尼派)
Malikiyyah School Theology (Sunni) malikiyyah學校神學(遜尼派)
Shafi'iyyah School Theology (Sunni) shafi'iyyah學校神學(遜尼派)
Hanbaliyyah School Theology (Sunni) hanbaliyyah學校神學(遜尼派)
Maturidiyyah Theology (Sunni) maturidiyyah神學(遜尼派)
Ash'ariyyah Theology (Sunni) ash'ariyyah神學(遜尼派)
Mutazilah Theology mutazilah神學
Ja'fari Theology (Shia) ja'fari神學(什葉派)
Nusayriyyah Theology (Shia) nusayriyyah神學(什葉派)
Zaydiyyah Theology (Shia) zaydiyyah神學(什葉派)
Kharijiyyah kharijiyyah
Imams (Shia) 伊瑪目(什葉派)
Druze 德魯茲
Qarmatiyyah (Shia) qarmatiyyah (什葉派)
Ahmadiyyah ahmadiyyah
Ishmael, Ismail 伊斯梅爾,司馬義。
Early Islamic History Outline 早在伊斯蘭歷史綱要
Hegira hegira
Averroes averroes
Avicenna 阿維森納
Machpela machpela
Kaaba, Black Stone 天房,黑石頭
Ramadan 齋月
Sunnites, Sunni 遜尼派,遜尼派
Shiites, Shia 什葉派,什葉派
Mecca 麥加
Medina 麥迪
Sahih, al-Bukhari sahih ,鋁-布哈里
Sufism 蘇非派
Wahhabism 瓦哈比主義
Abu Bakr 阿布巴克爾
Abbasids abbasids
Ayyubids ayyubids
Umayyads 倭馬亞王朝
Fatima 法蒂瑪
Fatimids (Shia) 法蒂瑪王朝(什葉派)
Ismailis (Shia) 伊斯瑪儀教派(什葉派)
Mamelukes mamelukes
Saladin 薩拉丁
Seljuks seljuks
Aisha 的Aisha
Ali 阿里
Lilith lilith
Islamic Calendar 伊斯蘭日曆
Interactive Muslim Calendar 互動穆斯林日曆


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