Ali阿里

General Information 一般資料

Ali (Ali ibn Abi Talib), bc600, d.阿里(阿里伊本ABI的利布) , bc600 ,四 Jan. 24, 661, fourth caliph of the Muslim community, is regarded by Shiite Muslims as the only legitimate successor of the Prophet Muhammad. 1月24日, 661名,第四哈里發的穆斯林社區,被視為是什葉派穆斯林,作為唯一合法的繼任人的先知穆罕默德。 The first cousin of Muhammad and husband of the Prophet's daughter Fatima, Ali was passed over in the caliphal succession until 656, when he received the office after the murder of Uthman, the third caliph.第一堂弟穆罕默德和丈夫的先知的女兒法蒂瑪,阿里轉交在caliphal繼承,直到656 ,當他接到辦公室後,謀殺uthman ,第三個哈里發。

BELIEVE Religious Information Source web-site相信宗教信息來源
Our List of 2,300 Religious Subjects我們所列出的2300名宗教科目
E-mail電子郵件
He was immediately challenged by an aristocratic faction led by the prophet's widow, Aisha, whom he defeated.他立即提出質疑貴族派為首的先知的遺孀的Aisha ,他打敗了。 Ali then became involved in a civil war with Muawiyah, governor of Syria, and at the same time a group known as the Kharijites ("seceders") created a schism among his own followers.阿里,然後成為自己捲入一場內戰與穆阿維耶,省長敘利亞,並在同一時間,一組被稱為該kharijites ( " seceders " ) ,創造了一個分裂而他自己的追隨者。 When Ali was murdered by one of the Kharijites, Muawiyah seized the caliphate and founded the first Muslim dynasty, the Umayyads. Ali's partisans, the Shiites, never recognized Muawiyah, claiming that only Ali's sons could rightfully have succeeded him.當阿里是被人謀殺的,由其中的kharijites ,穆阿維耶繳獲哈里發,並創建了第一個穆斯林王朝,倭馬亞王朝阿里山的黨派,什葉派,從來不承認穆阿維耶,聲稱只有阿里的兒子,可正當接任。


Ali阿里

General Information 一般資料

Ali, in Arabic, Ali ibn Abi Talib (600?-661), fourth caliph of Islam and son-in-law of the Prophet Muhammad .阿里,以阿拉伯語, 阿里伊本ABI的利布 ( 600嗎? -661 ) , 第四屆哈里發的伊斯蘭教和女婿的先知穆罕默德 He was born in Mecca, the son of Abu Talib, Muhammad's uncle.他出生在麥加,他們兒子的阿布利布說,穆罕默德的叔父。 Ali was one of the first converts to Islam and one of the most faithful followers of the Prophet.阿里是第一個皈依伊斯蘭教,其中一個最忠實的追隨者的先知。 He married Muhammad's daughter Fatima, who bore him two sons, Hasan and Husayn.他已婚,穆罕默德的女兒法蒂瑪,負有對他的兩個兒子哈桑和侯賽因。 In 632, when Muhammad died, Ali claimed the right of succession.在632時,穆罕默德死了,阿里聲稱有權繼承的。 He was preceded in the caliphate, however, by Abu Bakr, Umar I, and Uthman ibn Affan, and did not become caliph until 656.他先在哈里發,但是,由阿布巴克爾,烏馬爾我和uthman伊本阿番,但並沒有成為哈里發,直到656 。

In the first year of Ali's reign he was forced to deal with a rebellion led by Aisha, whom Muhammad had married after the death of Fatima's mother and who bitterly opposed Ali's claim of succession.在第一年的阿里的統治地位,他被迫以應付叛亂為首的Aisha ,其中穆罕默德結婚去世後,法蒂瑪的母親與人強烈反對阿里聲稱繼承。 Although the rebellion was suppressed in late 656, disputes over Ali's right to the caliphate were not resolved.雖然起義被鎮壓,在晚656的爭端,阿里的權利哈里發沒有得到解決。 Muawiyah I, a member of Uthman's family, refused to recognize Ali as caliph and claimed the caliphate himself.穆阿維耶,我的成員uthman的家庭,拒不承認阿里為哈里發,並聲稱哈里發自己。 This dispute continued until 661, when Ali was murdered at Al Kûfah by a member of the Kharijite sect; Muawiyah I was then acknowledged caliph.這一爭議一直持續到661時,阿里是被人謀殺在Al kûfah由成員之一kharijite節;穆阿維耶當時我承認哈里發。

Dissension between Ali's adherents and his opponents continued to shake the Muslim world.糾紛阿里的追隨者和他的對手,繼續動搖回教世界。 This conflict led to the first and most important schism in Islam, between the Shiites (adherents of Ali) and the Sunnites (orthodox Muslims) .這場衝突導致的第一個也是最重要的裂在伊斯蘭教之間的什葉派(遺民阿里)遜尼派(正統穆斯林) Ali is the ancestor of the Fatimid line of caliphs, who traced their descent from Ali and Fatima.阿里是祖先的法蒂瑪王朝線caliphs ,追查他們的後裔,從阿里和法蒂瑪。


Also, see:此外,見:
Islam, Muhammad 伊斯蘭教,穆罕默德
Koran, Qur'an 可蘭經,可蘭經
Pillars of Faith 支柱的信仰
Abraham 亞伯拉罕
Testament of Abraham 全書亞伯拉罕
Allah 安拉
Hadiths hadiths
Revelation - Hadiths from Book 1 of al-Bukhari 啟示-h adiths從第一冊的基地布哈里
Belief - Hadiths from Book 2 of al-Bukhari 信仰-h adiths從第二冊的基地布哈里
Knowledge - Hadiths from Book 3 of al-Bukhari 知識-h adiths從第三冊的基地布哈里
Times of the Prayers - Hadiths from Book 10 of al-Bukhari 時代的祈禱-h adiths從書展1 0個基地布哈里
Shortening the Prayers (At-Taqseer) - Hadiths from Book 20 of al-Bukhari 縮短祈禱(在taqseer ) -h adiths從書展2 0鋁布哈里
Pilgrimmage (Hajj) - Hadiths from Book 26 of al-Bukhari 朝聖(朝覲) -h adiths從書展2 6鋁布哈里
Fighting for the Cause of Allah (Jihad) - Hadiths of Book 52 of al-Bukhari 爭取事業的阿拉(傑哈德) -h adiths圖書5 2鋁布哈里
ONENESS, UNIQUENESS OF ALLAH (TAWHEED) - Hadiths of Book 93 of al-Bukhari 同一性,獨特的阿拉tawheed ) -h adiths圖書9 3鋁布哈里
Hanafiyyah School Theology (Sunni) hanafiyyah學校神學(遜尼派)
Malikiyyah School Theology (Sunni) malikiyyah學校神學(遜尼派)
Shafi'iyyah School Theology (Sunni) shafi'iyyah學校神學(遜尼派)
Hanbaliyyah School Theology (Sunni) hanbaliyyah學校神學(遜尼派)
Maturidiyyah Theology (Sunni) maturidiyyah神學(遜尼派)
Ash'ariyyah Theology (Sunni) ash'ariyyah神學(遜尼派)
Mutazilah Theology mutazilah神學
Ja'fari Theology (Shia) ja'fari神學(什葉派)
Nusayriyyah Theology (Shia) nusayriyyah神學(什葉派)
Zaydiyyah Theology (Shia) zaydiyyah神學(什葉派)
Kharijiyyah kharijiyyah
Imams (Shia) 伊瑪目(什葉派)
Druze 德魯茲
Qarmatiyyah (Shia) qarmatiyyah (什葉派)
Ahmadiyyah ahmadiyyah
Ishmael, Ismail 伊斯梅爾,司馬義。
Early Islamic History Outline 早在伊斯蘭歷史綱要
Hegira hegira
Averroes averroes
Avicenna 阿維森納
Machpela machpela
Kaaba, Black Stone 天房,黑石頭
Ramadan 齋月
Sunnites, Sunni 遜尼派,遜尼派
Shiites, Shia 什葉派,什葉派
Mecca 麥加
Medina 麥迪
Sahih, al-Bukhari sahih ,鋁-布哈里
Sufism 蘇非派
Wahhabism 瓦哈比主義
Abu Bakr 阿布巴克爾
Abbasids abbasids
Ayyubids ayyubids
Umayyads 倭馬亞王朝
Fatima 法蒂瑪
Fatimids (Shia) 法蒂瑪王朝(什葉派)
Ismailis (Shia) 伊斯瑪儀教派(什葉派)
Mamelukes mamelukes
Saladin 薩拉丁
Seljuks seljuks
Aisha 的Aisha
Ali 阿里
Lilith lilith
Islamic Calendar 伊斯蘭日曆
Interactive Muslim Calendar 互動穆斯林日曆


This subject presentation in the original English language本主題介紹在原來的英文


Send an e-mail question or comment to us: E-mail發送電子郵件的問題或意見給我們:電子郵箱

The main BELIEVE web-page (and the index to subjects) is at主要相信網頁(和索引科目),是在