Allah, al-llah真主,基地llah

General Information 一般資料

Allah is the proper name of God in Islam. 真主是正確的真主的名義,在伊斯蘭教。 He is one, unique and incomparable, and his unlimited sovereignty implies absolute freedom. But there is also a firm relationship between him, the Lord of Mercy, and all human beings, based on his being the creator and sustainer and on his providing in nature and history abundant signs of his goodness, reflected specifically in his sending of messengers and prophets. 他是一個獨特和無法比擬的,和他的無限主權意味著絕對的自由,但有一點是很堅定的關係,他說,對於上帝的憐憫,和所有的人,根據他的被造物和sustainer以及他提供性歷史和豐富的跡象,他的善良,具體反映在他的派遣使者和先知。 The interrelated emphases on Allah's uniqueness and on the significance of his revelatory act are expressed in the Islamic witness: "There is no God but Allah, and Muhammad is his messenger."相互關聯的重點是安拉的唯一性和重要性,他的啟示法表示,在伊斯蘭證人: "沒有上帝,但真主,穆罕默德是他的信使" 。

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Bibliography: 參考書目:
Macdonald, DB, "Allah," in Encyclopaedia of Islam (1913-38); Gardet, L., "Allah," in Encyclopaedia of Islam, new ed.麥克唐納,分貝, "真主" ,在百科全書中的伊斯蘭教( 1913年至1938年) ;加德特,屬"真主" ,在百科全書中的伊斯蘭教,新的海關。 (1960- ); Ullah, Mohammed Z., The Islamic Concept of God (1984). ( 1960年-) ; u llah,穆罕默德種,伊斯蘭神的觀念( 1 984) 。


Allah, al-llah真主,基地llah

General Information 一般資料

Allah is the Muslim name for the Supreme Being.真主是穆斯林名字為最高福祉。 The term is a contraction of the Arabic al-llah, "the God."任期是一個收縮的阿拉伯語基地llah , "上帝" 。 Both the idea and the word existed in pre-Islamic Arabian tradition, in which some evidence of a primitive monotheism can also be found.無論是理念與字存在於前伊斯蘭阿拉伯的傳統,其中一些證據的原始神,也同樣可以找到。 Although they recognized other, lesser gods, the pre-Islamic Arabs recognized Allah as the supreme God.儘管他們承認,較輕的神,前伊斯蘭阿拉伯人承認安拉作為至高無上的神。

The Qur'an (Koran), the holy book of Islam, asserts that Allah is the creator and the one who rewards and punishes; that he is unique and can only be one; that he is eternal, omniscient, omnipotent, and all-merciful. The core of the religion is submission to the will of Allah; people must abandon themselves entirely to God's sovereignty.古蘭經(古蘭經) ,聖書的伊斯蘭教,宣稱安拉是造物主和一個人的獎勵和懲罰,即他是獨一無二的,只能一個;他是永恆的,無所不知,無所不能,全慈悲為核心的宗教是提交給將於安拉的人們必須放棄自己完全交給上帝的主權。

Although as creator Allah is utterly transcendent and not to be compared to any of his creatures, he is nevertheless a personal god, a fair judge, merciful and benevolent. Each chapter of the Qur'an begins with "Allah, the Merciful, the Compassionate," and before fulfilling religious obligations the Muslim recites, "In the name of Allah, the Merciful, the Compassionate." 雖然作為造物主安拉是完全超然,不作比較,以他的任何動物,他卻是個人的上帝,一個公平的法官,慈悲和善意的,每章的古蘭經,始於"真主,仁慈的,富有同情心" ,然後履行宗教義務穆斯林朗誦" ,在名稱的真主,仁慈的,富有同情心" 。

Islam does not admit of any mediator between Allah and humans; a person approaches Allah directly in personal prayer and in reciting the Qur'an, which is considered literally the speech of Allah.伊斯蘭教不承認任何人之間的調停人的真主與人類; 某人辦法安拉直接在個人祈禱和朗誦可蘭經,這被認為是字面上的講話,真主。 The prophets, who conveyed the word of Allah, are not considered in any way divine.先知們,他們轉達了這個詞的真主,是不會考慮任何方式的神。


Allah安拉

Additional Information 補充資料

Many Christians and Jews see Allah as a spurious Being, a concept that is opposite the God of Judaism and Christianity.許多基督徒和猶太人見真主作為一個虛假的,是一種概念的想法相反的神,猶太教和基督教。 Christian and Jewish scholars understand differently, that Allah is actually one and the same as God.基督教和猶太教學者理解不同,即真主,其實是同一個上帝。

A review of the Koran shows Allah creating Adam, and then Eve.審查古蘭經顯示安拉創造亞當,然後除夕。 Later, Abraham is instructed by Allah to take his son to a hill and to sacrifice him, which Abraham prepares to do.後來,亞伯拉罕是指示真主以他的兒子到山和犧牲他,亞伯拉罕準備這樣做。 The Koran includes a variance here from the Bible/Torah/Pentateuch in that the son to be sacrificed was not Isaac but Ishmael, his first son.古蘭經包括一個差額,從這裡聖經/律法/ pentateuch在這兒子被犧牲掉,是不是艾薩克,但伊斯梅爾,他的第一個兒子。 As in the Bible, Allah stopped Abraham from completing the sacrifice, but Abraham had proven his total Devotion, establishing himself as the very first true believer in the One Allah.因為在聖經中,阿拉停止亞伯拉罕從完成的犧牲,但亞伯拉罕已經證明了他的總投入,建立自己的第一個真正的信徒是在一個真主。

As such, Abraham, and Ishmael are central to Muslim Faith, and they face Mecca for all Prayers to Allah because they believe that Abraham built a special building there, the Kaaba, on instructions from Allah.這樣,亞伯拉罕和伊斯梅爾是中央向穆斯林信仰,他們所面對的麥加,為所有祈禱真主,因為他們相信亞伯拉罕建立了一個特殊的建築有,天房,就指示由真主。

The Koran also includes the entire story of Moses, including the Ten Commandments, his brother Aaron's errors regarding the Golden Calf, Egypt, the desert, and all the rest.可蘭經,還包括整個故事的摩西,包括十誡,他的弟弟亞倫的錯誤,就黃金犢牛,埃及,沙漠,而所有的休息。 Often, when Allah chose to give guidance to individuals, the Angel Jibril (Gabriel) appeared.很多時候,當安拉的選擇給予指導,以個人,天使賈布里勒(加布里埃爾)出現了。 Dozens of other familiar people and stories from the first five Books of the Bible are similarly presented in the Koran.其他數十個熟悉的人與故事,從第一個五年書籍的聖經,同樣在可蘭經。

Scholars all agree that these many similarities necessarily establish that Allah is one and the same as the God YHWH (Jehovah) of the Jews and the same as He Who Christians call Father.學者們都同意,這些許多相似之處一定確定安拉是同一個,因為上帝yhwh (耶和華)的猶太人和相同的,因為他的人基督徒呼籲父親。 In hundreds of places, the Koran refers to "the Book" as being the Pentateuch, the first five Books of the Bible, as being the center of all Faith.在數以百計的地方,可蘭經指"書" ,被稱為是pentateuch ,首五本書的聖經,作為該中心的所有信仰。 To a great extent, the Koran initially expressed a Faith that was essentially identical to Judaism, being based on the exact same Scriptures and the same Deity, Allah / YHWH.要在相當程度上,可蘭經初步表達了信心,基本上是相同的猶太教,正在此基礎上一模一樣的經文和相同的神,安拉/ yhwh 。 Later Muslim leaders and teachers chose to make different interpretations of verses in the Koran, sometimes out of context, to establish claims of support for their leadership, which gradually developed into rather severe animosity toward Jews and Christians.後來穆斯林領袖和教師選擇,使不同的詮釋小詩,在可蘭經,有時斷章取義,建立債權的支持,他們的領導能力,逐步發展成為比較嚴重的憎恨猶太人和基督徒。

But it cannot be dismissed, that Allah is the exact same One and Only God that Jews and Christians believe in. Individuals on either side may want to claim otherwise, but this is an unavoidable truth.但它不能被解僱,即真主是完全相同的一個和唯一的真神,即猶太人和基督徒相信 的個人對任何一方可能要索賠,否則,不過,這是無可迴避的事實。


Also, see:此外,見:
Islam, Muhammad 伊斯蘭教,穆罕默德
Koran, Qur'an 可蘭經,可蘭經
Pillars of Faith 支柱的信仰
Abraham 亞伯拉罕
Testament of Abraham 全書亞伯拉罕
Allah 安拉
Hadiths hadiths
Revelation - Hadiths from Book 1 of al-Bukhari 啟示-h adiths從第一冊的基地布哈里
Belief - Hadiths from Book 2 of al-Bukhari 信仰-h adiths從第二冊的基地布哈里
Knowledge - Hadiths from Book 3 of al-Bukhari 知識-h adiths從第三冊的基地布哈里
Times of the Prayers - Hadiths from Book 10 of al-Bukhari 時代的祈禱-h adiths從書展1 0個基地布哈里
Shortening the Prayers (At-Taqseer) - Hadiths from Book 20 of al-Bukhari 縮短祈禱(在taqseer ) -h adiths從書展2 0鋁布哈里
Pilgrimmage (Hajj) - Hadiths from Book 26 of al-Bukhari 朝聖(朝覲) -h adiths從書展2 6鋁布哈里
Fighting for the Cause of Allah (Jihad) - Hadiths of Book 52 of al-Bukhari 爭取事業的阿拉(傑哈德) -h adiths圖書5 2鋁布哈里
ONENESS, UNIQUENESS OF ALLAH (TAWHEED) - Hadiths of Book 93 of al-Bukhari 同一性,獨特的阿拉tawheed ) -h adiths圖書9 3鋁布哈里
Hanafiyyah School Theology (Sunni) hanafiyyah學校神學(遜尼派)
Malikiyyah School Theology (Sunni) malikiyyah學校神學(遜尼派)
Shafi'iyyah School Theology (Sunni) shafi'iyyah學校神學(遜尼派)
Hanbaliyyah School Theology (Sunni) hanbaliyyah學校神學(遜尼派)
Maturidiyyah Theology (Sunni) maturidiyyah神學(遜尼派)
Ash'ariyyah Theology (Sunni) ash'ariyyah神學(遜尼派)
Mutazilah Theology mutazilah神學
Ja'fari Theology (Shia) ja'fari神學(什葉派)
Nusayriyyah Theology (Shia) nusayriyyah神學(什葉派)
Zaydiyyah Theology (Shia) zaydiyyah神學(什葉派)
Kharijiyyah kharijiyyah
Imams (Shia) 伊瑪目(什葉派)
Druze 德魯茲
Qarmatiyyah (Shia) qarmatiyyah (什葉派)
Ahmadiyyah ahmadiyyah
Ishmael, Ismail 伊斯梅爾,司馬義。
Early Islamic History Outline 早在伊斯蘭歷史綱要
Hegira hegira
Averroes averroes
Avicenna 阿維森納
Machpela machpela
Kaaba, Black Stone 天房,黑石頭
Ramadan 齋月
Sunnites, Sunni 遜尼派,遜尼派
Shiites, Shia 什葉派,什葉派
Mecca 麥加
Medina 麥迪
Sahih, al-Bukhari sahih ,鋁-布哈里
Sufism 蘇非派
Wahhabism 瓦哈比主義
Abu Bakr 阿布巴克爾
Abbasids abbasids
Ayyubids ayyubids
Umayyads 倭馬亞王朝
Fatima 法蒂瑪
Fatimids (Shia) 法蒂瑪王朝(什葉派)
Ismailis (Shia) 伊斯瑪儀教派(什葉派)
Mamelukes mamelukes
Saladin 薩拉丁
Seljuks seljuks
Aisha 的Aisha
Ali 阿里
Lilith lilith
Islamic Calendar 伊斯蘭日曆
Interactive Muslim Calendar 互動穆斯林日曆


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