Medina, Madina, Al-Madinah, Medinat-en-Nabi, Medinat Øasul Allah麥迪,馬迪娜,鋁麥地, medinat恩-彩蝶, medinat øasul安拉

General Information 一般資料

Medina (Arabic: Al-Madinah), the second holiest city in Islam (after Mecca) and site of the tomb of Muhammad, is located in Hejaz region, western Saudi Arabia.麥迪(阿拉伯語:鋁麥) ,第二個最神聖的城市,在伊斯蘭教(僅次於麥加)和現場的墓,穆罕默德,是設在hejaz地區,西部沙特阿拉伯。 It is about 485 km (300 mi) north of Mecca by coastal highway, 1,320 km (820 mi) south of Damascus by railroad, and 193 km (120 mi) northeast of the Red Sea.它是關於485公里( 300米)以北的麥加,由沿海高速公路, 1320公里( 820米)南大馬士革的,由鐵路, 193公里( 120英里) ,東北的紅海。 The population is 198,196 (1986 est.).人口198196 ( 1986估值) 。 All residents are Arabic-speaking Muslims.所有居民都講阿拉伯語的穆斯林。 The city lies 625 m (2,050 ft) above sea level, on the western edge of a large lava field along the eastern slope of the Hejaz mountain range.城市謊言625米( 2050英尺)海平面以上,對西部邊緣的一個大場熔岩沿東邊坡的hejaz山脈。

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Medina is noted for its pottery and date palms and has recently developed a date-packing industry.麥迪指出,為陶器和椰棗,並於最近制定了一個日期-包裝工業。 Other agricultural produce includes fruit, grapes, vegetables, and cereal grains.其他的農產品,包括水果,葡萄,蔬菜,穀物。 The old walled city is surrounded by the pilgrim camping ground (Al Manakh) and the An Bariya Quarter, the former commercial district in which the Turks located the railroad station.老寨城四周諸神的宿營地(基地manakh )和一個bariya季度,前商業中心區,其中土耳其人位於火車站。 Islamic University (1961) has about 1,000 students.伊斯蘭大學( 1961年) ,有大約1000名學生。 Numerous historical sites include the tomb of Aaron as well as that of Muhammad; the Mosque of Quba, the first mosque in Islamic history; the Mosque of the Two Quiblahs, commemorating Muhammad's changing of the direction to be faced while praying from toward Jerusalem to toward Mecca; and the Prophet's Mosque, which Muhammad helped to build.眾多的歷史遺址,包括墓阿倫以及即穆罕默德;清真寺的quba ,第一清真寺在伊斯蘭歷史;清真寺的兩個quiblahs ,紀念穆罕默德的轉變的方向必須面對的,而祈禱,從對耶路撒冷走向麥加;先知的清真寺,穆罕默德幫助建造的。 Medina is often visited by Muslim pilgrims en route to Mecca.麥迪那是經常訪問的穆斯林朝聖者前往麥加朝聖。 Non-Muslims are forbidden access to all pilgrimage sites.非穆斯林是禁止進入所有的朝聖地點。

The first settlers of Medina were Jews expelled from Palestine by the Romans in AD 135.第一批定居者的麥迪那名猶太人驅逐出巴勒斯坦,由羅馬人在公元135 。 Muhammad arrived from Mecca in 622, and, although he first treated the Jews with indulgence, he soon drove them out of Hejaz and made Medina the administrative capital of his Islamic state, a position it maintained until 661.穆罕默德從抵達麥加,在622 ,而且,雖然他在第一次接受治療猶太人與放縱,他很快將他們走出hejaz作出了麥迪的行政首都,他的伊斯蘭國家,而且這樣的地位保持到661 。 After 661 the Umayyads, Egyptians, and Turks controlled the city at various times until 1916, when the independent Arab kingdom of Hejaz was formed.經過661的倭馬亞王朝,埃及人,土耳其人控制了城市在不同時期,直到1916年,當獨立的阿拉伯王國hejaz形成。 In 1932, Hejaz became part of Saudi Arabia. 1932年, hejaz成了一部分沙特阿拉伯。

Ira Sheskin愛爾蘭共和軍sheskin


Medina麥迪

General Information 一般資料

Medina, also Medinat-en-Nabi (Arabic for "City of the Prophet") and Medinat Øasul Allah ("City of the Apostle of God"), city in western Saudi Arabia, located in the Al Hijâz (Hejaz) Province.麥迪,也medinat恩-彩蝶(阿拉伯語為"城市的先知" )和medinat øasul阿拉( "城市的宗徒們的神" ) ,市,在沙特西部,坐落在基地hijâz ( hejaz )省。 The city houses the remains of the Prophet Muhammad, who fled to Medina from Mecca in 622, an event that marks the beginning of the Islamic calendar. Medina is consequently one of the most sacred shrines of Islam.城市住房的遺骸先知穆罕默德,他們逃到了麥迪從麥加在622事件為標誌開始的伊斯蘭日曆。 麥迪那是因此其中一個最神聖的聖地的伊斯蘭教。 It is second only to Mecca among the holy places of Muslim pilgrimage. Muhammad's tomb is in the Mosque of the Prophet, located in the eastern section of the city. 它是僅次於麥加之間聖地的朝聖活動。穆罕默德的陵墓,是在清真寺裡的先知,位於東段的城市。 The mosque also contains the tombs of Muhammad's daughter Fatima and of Umar I, the second Orthodox caliph of the Muslim Empire.清真寺還載有陵,穆罕默德的女兒法蒂瑪和奧馬爾,我的第二個正統哈里發的回教帝國。

In ancient times, Medina was known as Yathrib.在遠古時代,麥迪被稱為yathrib 。 The Alexandrian geographer Ptolemy referred to it as Lathrippa in the 2nd century AD.在亞歷山大的地理學家托勒密所指的,它作為lathrippa在二世紀的廣告。 Medina was the capital of the Muslim world until 661, when the caliphate was transferred to Damascus.麥迪那是資本的穆斯林世界,直到661 ,當哈里發被轉移到大馬士革。 Later, Medina was successively controlled by the Egyptians and the Ottoman Turks.後來,麥迪先後由埃及人和奧斯曼土耳其人。 The latter were expelled in 1919 by the troops of Husein ibn Ali, first king of Al Hijâz.後者被驅逐於1919年由部隊侯賽因伊本阿里首先國王鋁hijâz 。 Husein's forces were defeated (1924) by Abdul Aziz ibn Saud, sultan of Najd.侯賽因的部隊被擊敗( 1924 ) ,由阿卜杜勒阿齊茲伊本沙特,文萊蘇丹和najd 。 The city of Medina was incorporated into the kingdom of Saudi Arabia in 1932.市麥地被吸收到沙特阿拉伯王國於1932年。 Population (1990 estimate) 500,050.人口( 1990年估計) 500050 。


Also, see:此外,見:
Islam, Muhammad 伊斯蘭教,穆罕默德
Koran, Qur'an 可蘭經,可蘭經
Pillars of Faith 支柱的信仰
Abraham 亞伯拉罕
Testament of Abraham 全書亞伯拉罕
Allah 安拉
Hadiths hadiths
Revelation - Hadiths from Book 1 of al-Bukhari 啟示-h adiths從第一冊的基地布哈里
Belief - Hadiths from Book 2 of al-Bukhari 信仰-h adiths從第二冊的基地布哈里
Knowledge - Hadiths from Book 3 of al-Bukhari 知識-h adiths從第三冊的基地布哈里
Times of the Prayers - Hadiths from Book 10 of al-Bukhari 時代的祈禱-h adiths從書展1 0個基地布哈里
Shortening the Prayers (At-Taqseer) - Hadiths from Book 20 of al-Bukhari 縮短祈禱(在taqseer ) -h adiths從書展2 0鋁布哈里
Pilgrimmage (Hajj) - Hadiths from Book 26 of al-Bukhari 朝聖(朝覲) -h adiths從書展2 6鋁布哈里
Fighting for the Cause of Allah (Jihad) - Hadiths of Book 52 of al-Bukhari 爭取事業的阿拉(傑哈德) -h adiths圖書5 2鋁布哈里
ONENESS, UNIQUENESS OF ALLAH (TAWHEED) - Hadiths of Book 93 of al-Bukhari 同一性,獨特的阿拉tawheed ) -h adiths圖書9 3鋁布哈里
Hanafiyyah School Theology (Sunni) hanafiyyah學校神學(遜尼派)
Malikiyyah School Theology (Sunni) malikiyyah學校神學(遜尼派)
Shafi'iyyah School Theology (Sunni) shafi'iyyah學校神學(遜尼派)
Hanbaliyyah School Theology (Sunni) hanbaliyyah學校神學(遜尼派)
Maturidiyyah Theology (Sunni) maturidiyyah神學(遜尼派)
Ash'ariyyah Theology (Sunni) ash'ariyyah神學(遜尼派)
Mutazilah Theology mutazilah神學
Ja'fari Theology (Shia) ja'fari神學(什葉派)
Nusayriyyah Theology (Shia) nusayriyyah神學(什葉派)
Zaydiyyah Theology (Shia) zaydiyyah神學(什葉派)
Kharijiyyah kharijiyyah
Imams (Shia) 伊瑪目(什葉派)
Druze 德魯茲
Qarmatiyyah (Shia) qarmatiyyah (什葉派)
Ahmadiyyah ahmadiyyah
Ishmael, Ismail 伊斯梅爾,司馬義。
Early Islamic History Outline 早在伊斯蘭歷史綱要
Hegira hegira
Averroes averroes
Avicenna 阿維森納
Machpela machpela
Kaaba, Black Stone 天房,黑石頭
Ramadan 齋月
Sunnites, Sunni 遜尼派,遜尼派
Shiites, Shia 什葉派,什葉派
Mecca 麥加
Medina 麥迪
Sahih, al-Bukhari sahih ,鋁-布哈里
Sufism 蘇非派
Wahhabism 瓦哈比主義
Abu Bakr 阿布巴克爾
Abbasids abbasids
Ayyubids ayyubids
Umayyads 倭馬亞王朝
Fatima 法蒂瑪
Fatimids (Shia) 法蒂瑪王朝(什葉派)
Ismailis (Shia) 伊斯瑪儀教派(什葉派)
Mamelukes mamelukes
Saladin 薩拉丁
Seljuks seljuks
Aisha 的Aisha
Ali 阿里
Lilith lilith
Islamic Calendar 伊斯蘭日曆
Interactive Muslim Calendar 互動穆斯林日曆


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