Adamites Adamites

General Information 一般資料

Adamites, or Adamians, were a sect of heretics that flourished in North Africa in the 2nd and 3rd centuries. Adamites,或Adamians,是一個異端教派的蓬勃發展,在北非的第2和第3世紀。 Basing itself probably on a union of certain gnostic and ascetic doctrines, this sect pretended that its members were re-established in Adam's state of original innocency.本身可能對某些工會的諾斯底主義和禁慾主義的理論基礎,這個教派假裝,其成員重新建立在亞當的原無罪的狀態。 They accordingly rejected the form of marriage, which, they said, would never have existed but for sin, and lived in absolute lawlessness, holding that, whatever they did, their actions could be neither good nor bad.因此,他們拒絕了,他們說,婚姻形式,就不會存在,但罪,生活在絕對無法無天,持有的是,不管他們做什麼,他們的行動可能是既不好也不壞。 During the middle ages the doctrines of this obscure sect, which did not itself exist long, were revived in Europe by the Brethren and Sisters of the Free Spirit.在中世紀這個不起眼的教派的教義,沒有自身長期存在,重新在歐洲的弟兄姐妹們的自由精神。

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Adamites Adamites

Catholic Information 天主教信息

The Adamites were an obscure sect, dating perhaps from the second century, which professed to have regained Adam's primeval innocence.在Adamites是一個不起眼的教派,也許是從第二個世紀,自稱已經恢復了亞當的原始純真的約會。 St. Epiphanius and St. Augustine mention the Adamites by name, and describe their practices.聖埃皮法尼烏斯和聖奧古斯丁提Adamites,名稱,描述他們的做法。 They called their church Paradise; they condemned marriage as foreign to Eden, and they stripped themselves naked while engaged in common worship.他們稱,他們的教堂天堂,他們譴責婚姻的外國伊甸園,他們剝奪了自己的裸體,而從事共同的崇拜。 They could not have been numerous.他們不可能是多不勝數。 Various accounts are given of their origin.各種各樣的帳戶給其來源。 Some have thought them to have been an offshoot of the Carpocratian Gnostics, who professed a sensual mysticism and a complete emancipation from the moral law.有些人認為他們有一個分支的Carpocratian諾斯替教,他自稱是一個感性的神秘主義和徹底解放的道德律。 Theodoret (Haer. Fab., I, 6) held this view of them, and identified them with the licentious sects whose practices are described by Clement of Alexandria. theodoret公司(Haer.廠,I,6)持這一觀點的人,並他們放肆的教派,其做法是克萊門特的亞歷山德里亞。 Others, on the contrary, consider them to have been misguided ascetics, who strove to extirpate carnal desires by a return to simpler manners, and by the abolition of marriage.其他的,相反,認為他們被誤導的修道者,努力消滅肉體的慾望,回歸到簡單的舉止,並通過廢除婚姻。

Practices similar to those just described appeared in Europe several times in later ages.那些剛剛出現在歐洲多次在後世的做法類似。 In the thirteenth century they were revived in the Netherlands by the Brethren and Sisters of the Free Spirit, and, in a grosser form, in the fourteenth by the Beghards (qv) in Germany.在13世紀,他們重新在荷蘭的弟兄姐妹們的自由精神,在票房收入形式,在14世紀的Beghards(請參閱)在德國。 Everywhere they met with firm opposition.無論在任何地方,他們遇到的堅決反對。 The Beghards became the Picards of Bohemia, who took possession of an island in the river Nezarka, and gave themselves up to a shameful communism.結果的Beghards成為Picards的波希米亞,誰佔有的島嶼在河Nezarka,給自己一個可恥的共產主義。 Ziska, the Bussite leader, nearly exterminated the sect in 1421 (cf. Höfler, Geschichtsquellen Böhmens, I, 414, 431); A brief revival of these doctrines took place in Bohemia after 1781, owing to the edict of toleration issued by Joseph II; these communistic Neo-Adamites were suppressed by force in 1849.什卡,Bussite的領導者,幾乎滅絕了一個短暫的復甦,這些教義的教派1421(參見HÖFLER,,我GeschichtsquellenBöhmens,414,431);發生在1781年,波希米亞後由於約瑟夫二世頒布法令的寬容這些共產主義的新Adamites抑制力於1849年。

Francis P. Havey弗朗西斯P. Havey
The Catholic Encyclopedia, Volume I天主教百科全書,第I卷“

Nihil Obstat, March 1, 1907. Nihil Obstat,1907年3月1日。 Remy Lafort, STD, Censor Imprimatur.人頭馬lafort,性病,檢查員的認可。 +John Cardinal Farley, Archbishop of New York +約翰法利樞機主教,大主教紐約

Bibliography 參考書目
CLEM. CLEM。 of ALEX., Strom., III, iv; EPIPH., Haer., lii; AUGUSTINE, De Haer., XXXI; BOSSUET, Variations of Prot. ALEX。,神池,III,IV EPIPH。,Haer,崇禮AUGUSTINE,:德Haer。,XXXI;波舒哀,PROT的變化。 Churches; RUDINGER, De Eccles.的教會; RUDINGER,德埃克爾斯。 Frat.兄弟會。 in Bohemia; SVATEK, Adamiten und Deisten in Böhmen in culturhist.在波希米亞,SVATEK,Adamiten和DeistenBöhmen在culturhist。 Bilder aus Böhmen (Vienna, 1879), I, 97; HERGENRÖTHER, in Kirchenlex. ,Bilder澳大利亞Böhmen(維也納,1879年),I,97;HERGENRÖTHER,在Kirchenlex。 I., 216-218.一,216-218。



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