Ahmadiyyah, Qadiyani, Qadiyanis, Ahmadi, Ahmadis 艾哈邁迪

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Doctrines教義

Ahmadiyyah is a missionary-oriented sect of Indian origin, founded in Qadiyan by Miraz Ghulam Ahmad (1839-1908). Ahmadiyyah是一個傳教士為導向的教派起源於印度,在Qadiyan成立的Miraz古拉姆·艾哈邁德(1839年至1908年)。 The sect believes its founder to be the madhi, the Christian Messiah, an avatar of the Hindu god Krishna, and a reappearance of Muhammad.該教派認為它的創始人是馬齊,基督教的彌賽亞,印度教神克里希納的化身,和穆罕默德再現。 The sect believes that Jesus did not die in Jerusalem but feigned death and resurrection, and escaped to India where he died at the age of 120.該教派認為耶穌沒有死在耶路撒冷,但假裝死亡和復活,逃到印度,在那裡,他在120歲去世。

Although Ahmadiyyah departs from mainstream Sunni Islamic doctrines in terms of its belief in the special status of Mirza Ghulam Ahmad, they follow most of the main duties of Islam such as prayer, fasting, pilgrimage and almsgiving, as well as the basic Sunni interpretations of Islamic theology. ,雖然Ahmadiyyah偏離主流的遜尼派伊斯蘭的教義中的特殊地位,它認為米爾扎·古拉姆·艾哈邁德·,他們遵循的大部分伊斯蘭教的主要職責,如祈禱,齋戒,朝聖和施捨,以及基本的遜尼派伊斯蘭的解釋神學。 Of the two branches of Ahmadiyyah in existence today, the minority Lahore branch, is considered to be within mainstream Sunni theology.的的兩個分支Ahmadiyyah,存在今天,少數拉合爾的分支,被認為是在主流的遜尼派神學。 The majority Qadiyanis are, however, not considered to be part of Islam by orthodox Muslims.然而,大多數Qadiyanis,並不被認為是伊斯蘭教的正統派的穆斯林。

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History歷史

The founder of the Ahmadiyyah sect, Mirza Ghulam Ahmad, was born into the leading family of the small town of Qadiyan in the Punjab, India in about 1839.的創始人,米爾扎·古拉姆·艾哈邁德·Ahmadiyyah教派,出生於領先的家庭,在旁遮普邦,印度在大約1839年的小城鎮Qadiyan。 He received a good traditional education, learning how to meditate and acquired a deep knowledge of religion.他收到了良好的傳統教育,學習如何打坐和宗教獲得一個深刻的認識。 On 4 March 1889 he announced that he received a special revelation from God and gathered a small group of disciples around him. 1889年3月4日,他宣布,他收到了一份特殊的啟示來自上帝和他周圍聚集了一批弟子。 Opposition from the Muslim community began two years later when he announced that he was the Messiah and the Mahdi (a figure whose arrival is believed by some Muslims to herald the end of the world).反對穆斯林社區開始兩年後,當他宣布他是彌賽亞,馬赫迪(一個人物,他的到來被認為是由一些穆斯林預示著世界末日)。 In 1896 he gave a sermon called al-Hutbat al-Ilhamiyyah which he claimed to be unique because it was divinely inspired in pure Arabic. 1896年,他給的講道AL-Hutbat的人,Ilhamiyyah他聲稱自己是獨一無二的,因為它是神聖的靈感來自於純粹的阿拉伯語。 After this sermon he came to be referred to by his followers as a prophet, a title which he regarded as honorary since he did not claim to bring a new revelation or new law.在此之後講道,他來到被稱為由他的追隨者作為一個先知,一個標題,他認為這是榮譽,因為他沒有權利要求帶來了新的啟示,新的法律。 However, in spite of his denial of doctrinal innovation in 1900 he claimed that he was the Second Advent of Jesus and an avatar of Krishna.然而,儘管他拒絕在1900年的理論創新,他聲稱自己是耶穌的第二次降臨和奎師那的化身。

On the death of the founder in 1908, a successor called Mawlawi Nur ad-Din was elected by the community.在死亡的創始人於1908年,繼任者稱為Mawlawi羅布泊廣告錠當選的社區。 In 1914 a schism occurred over whether or not Ghulam Ahmad had claimed to be a prophet (nabi) and if so how he saw his prophetic role.在1914年發生了分裂,是否古拉姆·艾哈邁德自稱是先知(彩蝶),如果讓他如何看待他的預言作用。 The secessionists, led by one of Ghulam Ahmad's sons, rejected the prophetic claims of Ghulam Ahmad, regarding him only as a reformer (mujaddid), and established their centre in Lahore (in modern day Pakistan).由古拉姆·艾哈邁德的兒子,分裂主義,拒絕預言索賠的古拉姆·艾哈邁德,關於他只改革者(穆賈迪德),並建立了自己的中心,在現代巴基斯坦拉合爾()。 The majority, however, remained at Qadiyan and continued to recognise Ghulam Ahmad as a prophet.的大部分,但是,仍然在Qadiyan和繼續認識到古拉姆·艾哈邁德為先知。 Following the partition of India and Pakistan, the Qadiyanis, as the majority group came to be known, moved their headquarters to Rabwah in what was then West Pakistan.分區印度和巴基斯坦Qadiyanis,多數後來被稱為,把他們的總部在當時的西巴基斯坦Rabwah。 They remain both highly organised and very wealthy, due largely to the monthly dues received from their members.他們保持高度組織化和非常富有,這主要是由於其成員收到每月的會費。

The Lahore group, which is known as the Ahmadis and is considerably smaller than the Qadiyanis, has sought to win converts to Islam rather than its own particular sect.拉合爾組,這是被稱為阿赫馬迪和是相當比Qadiyanis小,設法贏得皈依伊斯蘭教,而不是它自己的特定的教派。 The Lahore group was also much more involved with the Indian Muslim struggle against the British presence in India.拉合爾組也更多地參與英國在印度與印度穆斯林的鬥爭。

Both groups are noted for their missionary work, particularly in the West and in Africa.兩個團體都指出他們的傳教工作,特別是在西方和非洲。 Within Muslim countries, however, strong opposition remains to the Qadiyani group because of its separatist identity and its claim that Ghulam Ahmad was a prophet.在穆斯林國家,但是,強烈反對,仍到Qadiyani組,因為分裂的身份和索賠古拉姆·艾哈邁德是一位先知。

Symbols符號

The sects' members are identified through their wearing a red cowl and a red veil.該教派的成員確定他們身穿紅色罩和一個紅色的面紗。 The Qadiyanis also employ a red banner. Qadiyanis也採用了紅色的橫幅。

Adherents遺民

The Qadiyanis currently have a presence in many countries, including most western countries. Qadiyanis目前在許多國家,包括大多數西方國家的存在。 Their worldwide numbers are estimated as high as 10 million (Harris et al 1994, 79).其全球範圍內的號碼,估計高達10億美元(Harris等人1994年,79頁)。

Headquarters / Main Centre總部/主要中心

The Qadiyanis have their headquarters in Rabwah in Pakistan; the Ahmadis have their headquarters in Lahore in Pakistan. Qadiyanis有其在巴基斯坦總部設在Rabwah的阿赫馬迪有他們的總部設在巴基斯坦的拉合爾。

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Also, see:此外,見:
Islam, Muhammad 伊斯蘭教,穆罕默德
Koran, Qur'an 可蘭經,可蘭經
Pillars of Faith 支柱的信仰
Abraham 亞伯拉罕
Testament of Abraham 全書亞伯拉罕
Allah 安拉
Hadiths hadiths
Revelation - Hadiths from Book 1 of al-Bukhari 啟示-h adiths從第一冊的基地布哈里
Belief - Hadiths from Book 2 of al-Bukhari 信仰-h adiths從第二冊的基地布哈里
Knowledge - Hadiths from Book 3 of al-Bukhari 知識-h adiths從第三冊的基地布哈里
Times of the Prayers - Hadiths from Book 10 of al-Bukhari 時代的祈禱-h adiths從書展1 0個基地布哈里
Shortening the Prayers (At-Taqseer) - Hadiths from Book 20 of al-Bukhari 縮短祈禱(在taqseer ) -h adiths從書展2 0鋁布哈里
Pilgrimmage (Hajj) - Hadiths from Book 26 of al-Bukhari 朝聖(朝覲) -h adiths從書展2 6鋁布哈里
Fighting for the Cause of Allah (Jihad) - Hadiths of Book 52 of al-Bukhari 爭取事業的阿拉(傑哈德) -h adiths圖書5 2鋁布哈里
ONENESS, UNIQUENESS OF ALLAH (TAWHEED) - Hadiths of Book 93 of al-Bukhari 同一性,獨特的阿拉tawheed ) -h adiths圖書9 3鋁布哈里
Hanafiyyah School Theology (Sunni) hanafiyyah學校神學(遜尼派)
Malikiyyah School Theology (Sunni) malikiyyah學校神學(遜尼派)
Shafi'iyyah School Theology (Sunni) shafi'iyyah學校神學(遜尼派)
Hanbaliyyah School Theology (Sunni) hanbaliyyah學校神學(遜尼派)
Maturidiyyah Theology (Sunni) maturidiyyah神學(遜尼派)
Ash'ariyyah Theology (Sunni) ash'ariyyah神學(遜尼派)
Mutazilah Theology mutazilah神學
Ja'fari Theology (Shia) ja'fari神學(什葉派)
Nusayriyyah Theology (Shia) nusayriyyah神學(什葉派)
Zaydiyyah Theology (Shia) zaydiyyah神學(什葉派)
Kharijiyyah kharijiyyah
Imams (Shia) 伊瑪目(什葉派)
Druze 德魯茲
Qarmatiyyah (Shia) qarmatiyyah (什葉派)
Ahmadiyyah ahmadiyyah
Ishmael, Ismail 伊斯梅爾,司馬義。
Early Islamic History Outline 早在伊斯蘭歷史綱要
Hegira hegira
Averroes averroes
Avicenna 阿維森納
Machpela machpela
Kaaba, Black Stone 天房,黑石頭
Ramadan 齋月
Sunnites, Sunni 遜尼派,遜尼派
Shiites, Shia 什葉派,什葉派
Mecca 麥加
Medina 麥迪
Sahih, al-Bukhari sahih ,鋁-布哈里
Sufism 蘇非派
Wahhabism 瓦哈比主義
Abu Bakr 阿布巴克爾
Abbasids abbasids
Ayyubids ayyubids
Umayyads 倭馬亞王朝
Fatima 法蒂瑪
Fatimids (Shia) 法蒂瑪王朝(什葉派)
Ismailis (Shia) 伊斯瑪儀教派(什葉派)
Mamelukes mamelukes
Saladin 薩拉丁
Seljuks seljuks
Aisha 的Aisha
Ali 阿里
Lilith lilith
Islamic Calendar 伊斯蘭日曆
Interactive Muslim Calendar 互動穆斯林日曆


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