Ash'ariyyah Theology, Ashariyyah, Ashari Ash'ariyyah的神學,Ashariyyah,Ashari

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Doctrines教義

Ash'ariyyah theology represents a reaction against the extreme rationalism of the Mu'tazilah. It holds that human reason should fall under the authority of divine revelation. Human reason is incapable of discerning good and evil; the goodness or evil of a particular action depends upon God's declaring it to be so.對極端理性主義的Mu'tazilah Ash'ariyyah神學的反應, 認為應屬於人類的理性權威的神的啟示。人類的理性是無法挑剔的善良與邪惡,善良或邪惡的特別行動取決於當神的宣告,它是如此。 Humanity can only acquire religious truths through revelation.人類只能獲得宗教真理的啟示。

A second aspect of Ash'ariyyah theology concerned the nature of the divine attributes. Contrary to the Mu'tazilites, who understood Qur'anic references to God's physical attributes metaphorically, Ash'ari theology argued for the veracity of these attributes while rejecting all crudely anthropomorphic conceptions of God. 的第二個方面Ash'ariyyah神學的性質有關神的屬性。相反,穆爾太齊賴派,他們理解古蘭經神的物理屬性比喻,阿什阿里神學認為這些屬性的真實性而拒絕粗製濫造擬人化的神的概念。

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Thirdly, contrary to Mu'tazilah theology, Ash'ariyyah taught that the Qur'an was eternal and, therefore, uncreated. Human actions, however, are entirely dependent upon God's providing the means and power to act. 第三,相反Mu'tazilah神學,Ash'ariyyah教導說,“古蘭經”是永恆的,因此,非受造的。人類的行為,但是,完全依賴於上帝的提供手段和權力採取行動。 This teaching had the purpose of preserving the doctrine of divine omnipotence, but gradually led to the formation of a deterministic outlook.這樣的教學有目的的保護神無所不能的教義,而是逐漸形成的確定性前景。

History歷史

The systematization of Sunni theology in the tenth century was done in reaction to the emergence of heterodox schismatic groups in previous centuries, particularly Mu'tazilah.在10世紀的遜尼派神學系統化做反應的出現異端分裂集團在過去幾個世紀以來,特別是Mu'tazilah。 The founder of Ash'ariyyah, Abu al-Hasan (873-935), was formerly a Mu'tazilite.的創始人的Ash'ariyyah,阿布·哈桑(873-935),前身是一家Mu'tazilite,。 He wrote a number of important books which became the foundation of Ash'arite theology such as the Kitab al-Ibanah (The Book of Elucidations) and also an extensive work on the views of various Islamic schools and sects called Maqalat al-Islamiyyin (Doctrines of the Muslims).他寫了一些重要的書籍,成為如基塔AL-Ibanah的(書闡發),也是一個大量的工作在不同的伊斯蘭學校和教派的意見Ash'arite神學的基礎,被稱為Maqalat AL-Islamiyyin的(教義穆斯林)。

Another major figure in the development of Ash'arite theology was the Sufi theologian and jurist al-Ghazzali (1058-1111).中的發展的Ash'arite神學的另一個重要人物是蘇非派神學家和法學家,Ghazzali(1058 - 1111)。 Through al-Ghazzali and other prominent theologians - such as Al-Baqillani (d.1013), al-Baghdadi (d.1038), al-Djuwayni (d.1085) and al-Shahrastani (d.1153) - Ashariyyah spread throughout the Sunni Islamic world.通過的AL-Ghazzali和其他著名的神學家 - 如鋁Baqillani(d.1013),AL-巴格達迪(d.1038),AL-Djuwayni(d.1085)和Al-Shahrastani(d.1153) - Ashariyyah傳遍了整個遜尼派伊斯蘭世界。 It is now dominant in Iraq, Syria, Egypt and Northwest Africa, and has a strong presence in Central Asia and Anatolia and to a lesser extent in India and Pakistan.這是現在在伊拉克,敘利亞,埃及和西北地區佔主導地位,並在中亞和安納托利亞,並在較小程度上,印度和巴基斯坦有一個強大的存在。

Along with the Maturidiyyah school of theology, Ashariyyah remains the dominant source of theology in the Sunni world.伴隨的Maturidiyyah學校的神學中,Ashariyyah仍然在遜尼派世界神學的主要來源。

Symbols符號

As a school of theology, Ash'ariyyah does not identify itself through the use of symbols.作為一所學校的神學,Ash'ariyyah不識別通過使用符號。

Adherents遺民

The majority of those who follow the Malikite jurisprudential madhhab, which is comprised of 13% of worldwide Sunni Muslims, and some 75% of those who follow the Shafi'ite jurisprudential madhhab, which constitutes some 33% of worldwide Sunni Muslims, and a very small proportion of those who follow the Hanafite and Hanbalite jurisprudential madhhabs follow the Ash'arite school of theology.對那些誰遵循法理的Malikite madhhab,它是由13%的全球遜尼派穆斯林,約有75%的人誰遵循的Shafi'ite的法理madhhab,構成了約33%的全球遜尼派穆斯林,和一個非常大部份那些誰遵循hanafita,並Hanbalite的法理madhhabs按照Ash'arite學校的神學的比例很小。

Headquarters / Main Centre總部/主要中心

The school has no headquarters or main centre.學校有沒有總部或主要中心。

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Overview of World Religions Project世界宗教項目概述



Also, see:此外,見:
Islam, Muhammad 伊斯蘭教,穆罕默德
Koran, Qur'an 可蘭經,可蘭經
Pillars of Faith 支柱的信仰
Abraham 亞伯拉罕
Testament of Abraham 全書亞伯拉罕
Allah 安拉
Hadiths hadiths
Revelation - Hadiths from Book 1 of al-Bukhari 啟示-h adiths從第一冊的基地布哈里
Belief - Hadiths from Book 2 of al-Bukhari 信仰-h adiths從第二冊的基地布哈里
Knowledge - Hadiths from Book 3 of al-Bukhari 知識-h adiths從第三冊的基地布哈里
Times of the Prayers - Hadiths from Book 10 of al-Bukhari 時代的祈禱-h adiths從書展1 0個基地布哈里
Shortening the Prayers (At-Taqseer) - Hadiths from Book 20 of al-Bukhari 縮短祈禱(在taqseer ) -h adiths從書展2 0鋁布哈里
Pilgrimmage (Hajj) - Hadiths from Book 26 of al-Bukhari 朝聖(朝覲) -h adiths從書展2 6鋁布哈里
Fighting for the Cause of Allah (Jihad) - Hadiths of Book 52 of al-Bukhari 爭取事業的阿拉(傑哈德) -h adiths圖書5 2鋁布哈里
ONENESS, UNIQUENESS OF ALLAH (TAWHEED) - Hadiths of Book 93 of al-Bukhari 同一性,獨特的阿拉tawheed ) -h adiths圖書9 3鋁布哈里
Hanafiyyah School Theology (Sunni) hanafiyyah學校神學(遜尼派)
Malikiyyah School Theology (Sunni) malikiyyah學校神學(遜尼派)
Shafi'iyyah School Theology (Sunni) shafi'iyyah學校神學(遜尼派)
Hanbaliyyah School Theology (Sunni) hanbaliyyah學校神學(遜尼派)
Maturidiyyah Theology (Sunni) maturidiyyah神學(遜尼派)
Ash'ariyyah Theology (Sunni) ash'ariyyah神學(遜尼派)
Mutazilah Theology mutazilah神學
Ja'fari Theology (Shia) ja'fari神學(什葉派)
Nusayriyyah Theology (Shia) nusayriyyah神學(什葉派)
Zaydiyyah Theology (Shia) zaydiyyah神學(什葉派)
Kharijiyyah kharijiyyah
Imams (Shia) 伊瑪目(什葉派)
Druze 德魯茲
Qarmatiyyah (Shia) qarmatiyyah (什葉派)
Ahmadiyyah ahmadiyyah
Ishmael, Ismail 伊斯梅爾,司馬義。
Early Islamic History Outline 早在伊斯蘭歷史綱要
Hegira hegira
Averroes averroes
Avicenna 阿維森納
Machpela machpela
Kaaba, Black Stone 天房,黑石頭
Ramadan 齋月
Sunnites, Sunni 遜尼派,遜尼派
Shiites, Shia 什葉派,什葉派
Mecca 麥加
Medina 麥迪
Sahih, al-Bukhari sahih ,鋁-布哈里
Sufism 蘇非派
Wahhabism 瓦哈比主義
Abu Bakr 阿布巴克爾
Abbasids abbasids
Ayyubids ayyubids
Umayyads 倭馬亞王朝
Fatima 法蒂瑪
Fatimids (Shia) 法蒂瑪王朝(什葉派)
Ismailis (Shia) 伊斯瑪儀教派(什葉派)
Mamelukes mamelukes
Saladin 薩拉丁
Seljuks seljuks
Aisha 的Aisha
Ali 阿里
Lilith lilith
Islamic Calendar 伊斯蘭日曆
Interactive Muslim Calendar 互動穆斯林日曆


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